Matta_2020_Sci.Rep_10_14492

Reference

Title : An altered glial phenotype in the NL3(R451C) mouse model of autism - Matta_2020_Sci.Rep_10_14492
Author(s) : Matta SM , Moore Z , Walker FR , Hill-Yardin EL , Crack PJ
Ref : Sci Rep , 10 :14492 , 2020
Abstract : Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; autism) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by deficits in social communication, and restricted and/or repetitive behaviours. While the precise pathophysiologies are unclear, increasing evidence supports a role for dysregulated neuroinflammation in the brain with potential effects on synapse function. Here, we studied characteristics of microglia and astrocytes in the Neuroligin-3 (NL3(R451C)) mouse model of autism since these cell types are involved in regulating both immune and synapse function. We observed increased microglial density in the dentate gyrus (DG) of NL3(R451C) mice without morphological differences. In contrast, WT and NL3(R451C) mice had similar astrocyte density but astrocyte branch length, the number of branch points, as well as cell radius and area were reduced in the DG of NL3(R451C) mice. Because retraction of astrocytic processes has been linked to altered synaptic transmission and dendrite formation, we assessed for regional changes in pre- and postsynaptic protein expression in the cortex, striatum and cerebellum in NL3(R451C) mice. NL3(R451C) mice showed increased striatal postsynaptic density 95 (PSD-95) protein levels and decreased cortical expression of synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25). These changes could contribute to dysregulated neurotransmission and cognition deficits previously reported in these mice.
ESTHER : Matta_2020_Sci.Rep_10_14492
PubMedSearch : Matta_2020_Sci.Rep_10_14492
PubMedID: 32879325

Related information

Citations formats

Matta SM, Moore Z, Walker FR, Hill-Yardin EL, Crack PJ (2020)
An altered glial phenotype in the NL3(R451C) mouse model of autism
Sci Rep 10 :14492

Matta SM, Moore Z, Walker FR, Hill-Yardin EL, Crack PJ (2020)
Sci Rep 10 :14492