Rodriguez_1993_Med.Vet.Entomol_7_117

Reference

Title : Changes in malathion and pyrethroid resistance after cypermethrin selection of Culex quinquefasciatus field populations of Cuba - Rodriguez_1993_Med.Vet.Entomol_7_117
Author(s) : Rodriguez M , Ortiz E , Bisset JA , Hemingway J , Saledo E
Ref : Med Vet Entomol , 7 :117 , 1993
Abstract : Use of the organophosphorus insecticide malathion for mosquito control in Cuba, for 7 years up to 1986, selected elevated non-specific esterase and altered acetylcholinesterase (AChE) resistance mechanisms in Culex quinquefasciatus. In central Havana space-spraying of malathion was replaced by the pyrethroid cypermethrin in 1987: alternate cycles of malathion and cypermethrin were applied in some of the more rural areas of Havana district during 1987-91. Consequently, populations of Cx quinquefasciatus in the central area of Havana developed resistance to cypermethrin, but there is no evidence of pyrethroid resistance in the outlying areas. Malathion resistance levels declined significantly after 1986, measured both by bioassay and the frequency of the elevated esterase resistance mechanism, and then stabilized with no measurable decline during 1990 in any of the populations tested. These populations had less than 10% frequency of susceptible homozygotes for both the esterase and AChE resistance mechanisms, indicating that organophosphate resistance is still prevalent in Cuban Cx quinquefasciatus. These two mechanisms appear to be in linkage equilibrium, suggesting that current selection for double resistance is not strong. In the central Havana region, pirimiphos-methyl, an organophosphorus insecticide unaffected by the two common malathion resistance mechanisms, is now being used in a resistance management strategy designed to avoid pyrethroid resistance spreading.
ESTHER : Rodriguez_1993_Med.Vet.Entomol_7_117
PubMedSearch : Rodriguez_1993_Med.Vet.Entomol_7_117
PubMedID: 8481527

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Citations formats

Rodriguez M, Ortiz E, Bisset JA, Hemingway J, Saledo E (1993)
Changes in malathion and pyrethroid resistance after cypermethrin selection of Culex quinquefasciatus field populations of Cuba
Med Vet Entomol 7 :117

Rodriguez M, Ortiz E, Bisset JA, Hemingway J, Saledo E (1993)
Med Vet Entomol 7 :117