Title : Nonequilibrium analysis alters the mechanistic interpretation of inhibition of acetylcholinesterase by peripheral site ligands - Szegletes_1998_Biochemistry_37_4206
Author(s) : Szegletes T , Mallender WD , Rosenberry TL
Ref : Biochemistry , 37 :4206 , 1998
Abstract :

The active site gorge of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) contains two sites of ligand binding, an acylation site near the base of the gorge with a catalytic triad characteristic of serine hydrolases, and a peripheral site at the mouth of the gorge some 10-20 A from the acylation site. Many ligands that bind exclusively to the peripheral site inhibit substrate hydrolysis at the acylation site, but the mechanistic interpretation of this inhibition has been unclear. Previous interpretations have been based on analyses of inhibition patterns obtained from steady-state kinetic models that assume equilibrium ligand binding. These analyses indicate that inhibitors bound to the peripheral site decrease acylation and deacylation rate constants and/or decrease substrate affinity at the acylation site by factors of up to 100. Conformational interactions have been proposed to account for such large inhibitory effects transmitted over the distance between the two sites, but site-specific mutagenesis has failed to reveal residues that mediate the proposed conformational linkage. Since examination of individual rate constants in the AChE catalytic pathway reveals that assumptions of equilibrium ligand binding cannot be justified, we introduce here an alternative nonequilibrium analysis of the steady-state inhibition patterns. This analysis incorporates a steric blockade hypothesis which assumes that the only effect of a bound peripheral site ligand is to decrease the association and dissociation rate constants for an acylation site ligand without altering the equilibrium constant for ligand binding to the acylation site. Simulations based on this nonequilibrium steric blockade model were in good agreement with experimental data for inhibition by the peripheral site ligands propidium and gallamine at low concentrations of either acetylthiocholine or phenyl acetate if binding of these ligands slows substrate association and dissociation rate constants by factors of 5-70. Direct measurements with the acylation site ligands huperzine A and m-(N,N, N-trimethylammonio)trifluoroacetophenone showed that bound propidium decreased the association rate constants 49- and 380-fold and the dissociation rate constants 10- and 60-fold, respectively, relative to the rate constants for these acylation site ligands with free AChE, in reasonable agreement with the nonequilibrium steric blockade model. We conclude that this model can account for the inhibition of AChE by small peripheral site ligands such as propidium without invoking any conformational interaction between the peripheral and acylation sites.

PubMedSearch : Szegletes_1998_Biochemistry_37_4206
PubMedID: 9521743

Related information

Inhibitor Gallamine~Flaxedil    HuperzineA    Propidium    TMTFA

Citations formats

Szegletes T, Mallender WD, Rosenberry TL (1998)
Nonequilibrium analysis alters the mechanistic interpretation of inhibition of acetylcholinesterase by peripheral site ligands
Biochemistry 37 :4206

Szegletes T, Mallender WD, Rosenberry TL (1998)
Biochemistry 37 :4206