Title : C\/EBPalpha activates the transcription of triacylglycerol hydrolase in 3T3-L1 adipocytes - Wei_2005_Biochem.J_388_959
Author(s) : Wei E , Lehner R , Vance DE
Ref : Biochemical Journal , 388 :959 , 2005
Abstract :

TGH (triacylglycerol hydrolase) catalyses the lipolysis of intracellular stored triacylglycerol. To explore the mechanisms that regulate TGH expression in adipose tissue, we studied the expression of TGH during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. TGH mRNA and protein levels increased dramatically in 3T3-L1 adipocytes compared with pre-adipocytes. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays demonstrated enhanced binding of nuclear proteins of adipocytes to the distal murine TGH promoter region (-542/-371 bp), yielding one adipocyte-specific migrating complex. Competitive and supershift assays demonstrated that the distal TGH promoter fragment bound C/EBPalpha (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha). Transient transfections of different mutant TGH promoter-luciferase constructs into 3T3-L1 adipocytes and competitive electromobility shift assays showed that the C/EBP-binding elements at positions -470/-459 bp and -404/-390 bp are important for transcriptional activation. Co-transfection with C/EBPalpha cDNA and TGH promoter constructs in 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes demonstrated that C/EBPalpha increased TGH promoter activity. Ectopic expression of C/EBPalpha in NIH 3T3 cells activated TGH mRNA expression without causing differentiation into adipocytes. These experiments directly link increased TGH expression in adipocytes to transcriptional regulation by C/EBPalpha. This is the first evidence that C/EBPalpha participates directly in the regulation of an enzyme associated with lipolysis.

PubMedSearch : Wei_2005_Biochem.J_388_959
PubMedID: 15752068

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Wei E, Lehner R, Vance DE (2005)
C\/EBPalpha activates the transcription of triacylglycerol hydrolase in 3T3-L1 adipocytes
Biochemical Journal 388 :959

Wei E, Lehner R, Vance DE (2005)
Biochemical Journal 388 :959