Avenet P

References (5)

Title : Selective blockade of the hydrolysis of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol impairs learning and memory performance while producing antinociceptive activity in rodents - Griebel_2015_Sci.Rep_5_7642
Author(s) : Griebel G , Pichat P , Beeske S , Leroy T , Redon N , Jacquet A , Francon D , Bert L , Even L , Lopez-Grancha M , Tolstykh T , Sun F , Yu Q , Brittain S , Arlt H , He T , Zhang B , Wiederschain D , Bertrand T , Houtmann J , Rak A , Vallee F , Michot N , Auge F , Menet V , Bergis OE , George P , Avenet P , Mikol V , Didier M , Escoubet J
Ref : Sci Rep , 5 :7642 , 2015
Abstract : Monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) represents a primary degradation enzyme of the endogenous cannabinoid (eCB), 2-arachidonoyglycerol (2-AG). This study reports a potent covalent MAGL inhibitor, SAR127303. The compound behaves as a selective and competitive inhibitor of mouse and human MAGL, which potently elevates hippocampal levels of 2-AG in mice. In vivo, SAR127303 produces antinociceptive effects in assays of inflammatory and visceral pain. In addition, the drug alters learning performance in several assays related to episodic, working and spatial memory. Moreover, long term potentiation (LTP) of CA1 synaptic transmission and acetylcholine release in the hippocampus, two hallmarks of memory function, are both decreased by SAR127303. Although inactive in acute seizure tests, repeated administration of SAR127303 delays the acquisition and decreases kindled seizures in mice, indicating that the drug slows down epileptogenesis, a finding deserving further investigation to evaluate the potential of MAGL inhibitors as antiepileptics. However, the observation that 2-AG hydrolysis blockade alters learning and memory performance, suggests that such drugs may have limited value as therapeutic agents.
ESTHER : Griebel_2015_Sci.Rep_5_7642
PubMedSearch : Griebel_2015_Sci.Rep_5_7642
PubMedID: 25560837
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-ABHD6

Title : SSR180711, a novel selective alpha7 nicotinic receptor partial agonist: (II) efficacy in experimental models predictive of activity against cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia - Pichat_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_17
Author(s) : Pichat P , Bergis OE , Terranova JP , Urani A , Duarte C , Santucci V , Gueudet C , Voltz C , Steinberg R , Stemmelin J , Oury-Donat F , Avenet P , Griebel G , Scatton B
Ref : Neuropsychopharmacology , 32 :17 , 2007
Abstract : SSR180711 (4-bromophenyl 1,4diazabicyclo(3.2.2) nonane-4-carboxylate, monohydrochloride) is a selective alpha7 nicotinic receptor (n-AChR) partial agonist. Based on the purported implication of this receptor in cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia, the present study assessed efficacy of SSR180711 (i.p. and p.o.) in different types of learning and memory involved in this pathology. SSR180711 enhanced episodic memory in the object recognition task in rats and mice (MED: 0.3 mg/kg), an effect mediated by the alpha7 n-AChR, as it was no longer seen in mice lacking this receptor. Efficacy was retained after repeated treatment (eight administrations over 5 days, 1 mg/kg), indicating lack of tachyphylaxia. SSR180711 also reversed (MED: 0.3 mg/kg) MK-801-induced deficits in retention of episodic memory in rats (object recognition). The drug reversed (MED: 0.3 mg/kg) selective attention impaired by neonatal phencyclidine (PCP) treatment and restored MK-801- or PCP-induced memory deficits in the Morris or linear maze (MED: 1-3 mg/kg). In neurochemical and electrophysiological correlates of antipsychotic drug action, SSR180711 increased extracellular levels of dopamine in the prefrontal cortex (MED: 1 mg/kg) and enhanced (3 mg/kg) spontaneous firing of retrosplenial cortex neurons in rats. Selectivity of SSR180711 was confirmed as these effects were abolished by methyllycaconitine (3 mg/kg, i.p. and 1 mg/kg, i.v., respectively), a selective alpha7 n-AChR antagonist. Additional antidepressant-like properties of SSR180711 were demonstrated in the forced-swimming test in rats (MED: 1 mg/kg), the maternal separation-induced ultrasonic vocalization paradigm in rat pups (MED: 3 mg/kg) and the chronic mild stress procedure in mice (10 mg/kg o.d. for 3 weeks). Taken together, these findings characterize SSR180711 as a promising new agent for the treatment of cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. The antidepressant-like properties of SSR180711 are of added interest, considering the high prevalence of depressive symptoms in schizophrenic patients.
ESTHER : Pichat_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_17
PubMedSearch : Pichat_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_17
PubMedID: 16936709

Title : SSR180711, a novel selective alpha7 nicotinic receptor partial agonist: (1) binding and functional profile - Biton_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_1
Author(s) : Biton B , Bergis OE , Galli F , Nedelec A , Lochead AW , Jegham S , Godet D , Lanneau C , Santamaria R , Chesney F , Leonardon J , Granger P , Debono MW , Bohme GA , Sgard F , Besnard F , Graham D , Coste A , Oblin A , Curet O , Vige X , Voltz C , Rouquier L , Souilhac J , Santucci V , Gueudet C , Francon D , Steinberg R , Griebel G , Oury-Donat F , George P , Avenet P , Scatton B
Ref : Neuropsychopharmacology , 32 :1 , 2007
Abstract : In this paper, we report on the pharmacological and functional profile of SSR180711 (1,4-Diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-4-carboxylic acid, 4-bromophenyl ester), a new selective alpha7 acetylcholine nicotinic receptor (n-AChRs) partial agonist. SSR180711 displays high affinity for rat and human alpha7 n-AChRs (K(i) of 22+/-4 and 14+/-1 nM, respectively). Ex vivo (3)[H]alpha-bungarotoxin binding experiments demonstrate that SSR180711 rapidly penetrates into the brain (ID(50)=8 mg/kg p.o.). In functional studies performed with human alpha7 n-AChRs expressed in Xenopus oocytes or GH4C1 cells, the compound shows partial agonist effects (intrinsic activity=51 and 36%, EC(50)=4.4 and 0.9 microM, respectively). In rat cultured hippocampal neurons, SSR180711 induced large GABA-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents and small alpha-bungarotoxin sensitive currents through the activation of presynaptic and somato-dendritic alpha7 n-AChRs, respectively. In mouse hippocampal slices, the compound increased the amplitude of both glutamatergic (EPSCs) and GABAergic (IPSCs) postsynaptic currents evoked in CA1 pyramidal cells. In rat and mouse hippocampal slices, a concentration of 0.3 muM of SSR180711 increased long-term potentiation (LTP) in the CA1 field. Null mutation of the alpha7 n-AChR gene totally abolished SSR180711-induced modulation of EPSCs, IPSCs and LTP in mice. Intravenous administration of SSR180711 strongly increased the firing rate of single ventral pallidum neurons, extracellularly recorded in anesthetized rats. In microdialysis experiments, administration of the compound (3-10 mg/kg i.p.) dose-dependently increased extracellular acetylcholine (ACh) levels in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex of freely moving rats. Together, these results demonstrate that SSR180711 is a selective and partial agonist at human, rat and mouse alpha7 n-AChRs, increasing glutamatergic neurotransmission, ACh release and LTP in the hippocampus.
ESTHER : Biton_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_1
PubMedSearch : Biton_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_1
PubMedID: 17019409

Title : Neurochemical, electrophysiological and pharmacological profiles of the selective inhibitor of the glycine transporter-1 SSR504734, a potential new type of antipsychotic - Depoortere_2005_Neuropsychopharmacology_30_1963
Author(s) : Depoortere R , Dargazanli G , Estenne-Bouhtou G , Coste A , Lanneau C , Desvignes C , Poncelet M , Heaulme M , Santucci V , Decobert M , Cudennec A , Voltz C , Boulay D , Terranova JP , Stemmelin J , Roger P , Marabout B , Sevrin M , Vige X , Biton B , Steinberg R , Francon D , Alonso R , Avenet P , Oury-Donat F , Perrault G , Griebel G , George P , Soubrie P , Scatton B
Ref : Neuropsychopharmacology , 30 :1963 , 2005
Abstract : Noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) blockers induce schizophrenic-like symptoms in humans, presumably by impairing glutamatergic transmission. Therefore, a compound potentiating this neurotransmission, by increasing extracellular levels of glycine (a requisite co-agonist of glutamate), could possess antipsychotic activity. Blocking the glycine transporter-1 (GlyT1) should, by increasing extracellular glycine levels, potentiate glutamatergic neurotransmission. SSR504734, a selective and reversible inhibitor of human, rat, and mouse GlyT1 (IC50=18, 15, and 38 nM, respectively), blocked reversibly the ex vivo uptake of glycine (mouse cortical homogenates: ID50: 5 mg/kg i.p.), rapidly and for a long duration. In vivo, it increased (minimal efficacious dose (MED): 3 mg/kg i.p.) extracellular levels of glycine in the rat prefrontal cortex (PFC). This resulted in an enhanced glutamatergic neurotransmission, as SSR504734 potentiated NMDA-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) in rat hippocampal slices (minimal efficacious concentration (MEC): 0.5 microM) and intrastriatal glycine-induced rotations in mice (MED: 1 mg/kg i.p.). It normalized activity in rat models of hippocampal and PFC hypofunctioning (through activation of presynaptic CB1 receptors): it reversed the decrease in electrically evoked [3H]acetylcholine release in hippocampal slices (MEC: 10 nM) and the reduction of PFC neurons firing (MED: 0.3 mg/kg i.v.). SSR504734 prevented ketamine-induced metabolic activation in mice limbic areas and reversed MK-801-induced hyperactivity and increase in EEG spectral energy in mice and rats, respectively (MED: 10-30 mg/kg i.p.). In schizophrenia models, it normalized a spontaneous prepulse inhibition deficit in DBA/2 mice (MED: 15 mg/kg i.p.), and reversed hypersensitivity to locomotor effects of d-amphetamine and selective attention deficits (MED: 1-3 mg/kg i.p.) in adult rats treated neonatally with phencyclidine. Finally, it increased extracellular dopamine in rat PFC (MED: 10 mg/kg i.p.). The compound showed additional activity in depression/anxiety models, such as the chronic mild stress in mice (10 mg/kg i.p.), ultrasonic distress calls in rat pups separated from their mother (MED: 1 mg/kg s.c.), and the increased latency of paradoxical sleep in rats (MED: 30 mg/kg i.p.). In conclusion, SSR504734 is a potent and selective GlyT1 inhibitor, exhibiting activity in schizophrenia, anxiety and depression models. By targeting one of the primary causes of schizophrenia (hypoglutamatergy), it is expected to be efficacious not only against positive but also negative symptoms, cognitive deficits, and comorbid depression/anxiety states.
ESTHER : Depoortere_2005_Neuropsychopharmacology_30_1963
PubMedSearch : Depoortere_2005_Neuropsychopharmacology_30_1963
PubMedID: 15956994

Title : SSR591813, a novel selective and partial alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor agonist with potential as an aid to smoking cessation - Cohen_2003_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_306_407
Author(s) : Cohen C , Bergis OE , Galli F , Lochead AW , Jegham S , Biton B , Leonardon J , Avenet P , Sgard F , Besnard F , Graham D , Coste A , Oblin A , Curet O , Voltz C , Gardes A , Caille D , Perrault G , George P , Soubrie P , Scatton B
Ref : Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics , 306 :407 , 2003
Abstract : (5aS,8S,10aR)-5a,6,9,10-Tetrahydro,7H,11H-8,10a-methanopyrido[2',3':5,6]pyrano[2, 3-d]azepine (SSR591813) is a novel compound that binds with high affinity to the rat and human alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes (Ki = 107 and 36 nM, respectively) and displays selectivity for the alpha4beta2 nAChR (Ki, human alpha3beta4 > 1000, alpha3beta2 = 116; alpha1beta1deltagamma > 6000 nM and rat alpha7 > 6000 nM). Electrophysiological experiments indicate that SSR591813 is a partial agonist at the human alpha4beta2 nAChR subtype (EC50 = 1.3 micro M, IA =19% compared with the full agonist 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenyl-piperazinium). In vivo findings from microdialysis and drug discrimination studies confirm the partial intrinsic activity of SSR591813. The drug increases dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens shell (30 mg/kg i.p.) and generalizes to nicotine or amphetamine (10-20 mg/kg i.p.) in rats, with an efficacy approximately 2-fold lower than that of nicotine. Pretreatment with SSR591813 (10 mg/kg i.p.) reduces the dopamine-releasing and discriminative effects of nicotine. SSR591813 shows activity in animal models of nicotine dependence at doses devoid of unwanted side effects typically observed with nicotine (hypothermia and cardiovascular effects). The compound (10 mg/kg i.p.) also prevents withdrawal signs precipitated by mecamylamine in nicotine-dependent rats and partially blocks the discriminative cue of an acute precipitated withdrawal. SSR591813 (20 mg/kg i.p.) reduces i.v. nicotine self-administration and antagonizes nicotine-induced behavioral sensitization in rats. The present results confirm important role for alpha4beta2 nAChRs in mediating nicotine dependence and suggest that SSR591813, a partial agonist at this particular nAChR subtype, may have therapeutic potential in the clinical management of smoking cessation.
ESTHER : Cohen_2003_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_306_407
PubMedSearch : Cohen_2003_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_306_407
PubMedID: 12682217