Scatton B


Full name : Scatton Bernard

First name : Bernard

Mail : Central Nervous System Research Department, Sanofi-Aventis, 31 Avenue Paul-Vaillant Coutorier, 92220 Bagneux, France

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References (17)

Title : SSR180711, a novel selective alpha7 nicotinic receptor partial agonist: (1) binding and functional profile - Biton_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_1
Author(s) : Biton B , Bergis OE , Galli F , Nedelec A , Lochead AW , Jegham S , Godet D , Lanneau C , Santamaria R , Chesney F , Leonardon J , Granger P , Debono MW , Bohme GA , Sgard F , Besnard F , Graham D , Coste A , Oblin A , Curet O , Vige X , Voltz C , Rouquier L , Souilhac J , Santucci V , Gueudet C , Francon D , Steinberg R , Griebel G , Oury-Donat F , George P , Avenet P , Scatton B
Ref : Neuropsychopharmacology , 32 :1 , 2007
Abstract : In this paper, we report on the pharmacological and functional profile of SSR180711 (1,4-Diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-4-carboxylic acid, 4-bromophenyl ester), a new selective alpha7 acetylcholine nicotinic receptor (n-AChRs) partial agonist. SSR180711 displays high affinity for rat and human alpha7 n-AChRs (K(i) of 22+/-4 and 14+/-1 nM, respectively). Ex vivo (3)[H]alpha-bungarotoxin binding experiments demonstrate that SSR180711 rapidly penetrates into the brain (ID(50)=8 mg/kg p.o.). In functional studies performed with human alpha7 n-AChRs expressed in Xenopus oocytes or GH4C1 cells, the compound shows partial agonist effects (intrinsic activity=51 and 36%, EC(50)=4.4 and 0.9 microM, respectively). In rat cultured hippocampal neurons, SSR180711 induced large GABA-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents and small alpha-bungarotoxin sensitive currents through the activation of presynaptic and somato-dendritic alpha7 n-AChRs, respectively. In mouse hippocampal slices, the compound increased the amplitude of both glutamatergic (EPSCs) and GABAergic (IPSCs) postsynaptic currents evoked in CA1 pyramidal cells. In rat and mouse hippocampal slices, a concentration of 0.3 muM of SSR180711 increased long-term potentiation (LTP) in the CA1 field. Null mutation of the alpha7 n-AChR gene totally abolished SSR180711-induced modulation of EPSCs, IPSCs and LTP in mice. Intravenous administration of SSR180711 strongly increased the firing rate of single ventral pallidum neurons, extracellularly recorded in anesthetized rats. In microdialysis experiments, administration of the compound (3-10 mg/kg i.p.) dose-dependently increased extracellular acetylcholine (ACh) levels in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex of freely moving rats. Together, these results demonstrate that SSR180711 is a selective and partial agonist at human, rat and mouse alpha7 n-AChRs, increasing glutamatergic neurotransmission, ACh release and LTP in the hippocampus.
ESTHER : Biton_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_1
PubMedSearch : Biton_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_1
PubMedID: 17019409

Title : SSR180711, a novel selective alpha7 nicotinic receptor partial agonist: (II) efficacy in experimental models predictive of activity against cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia - Pichat_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_17
Author(s) : Pichat P , Bergis OE , Terranova JP , Urani A , Duarte C , Santucci V , Gueudet C , Voltz C , Steinberg R , Stemmelin J , Oury-Donat F , Avenet P , Griebel G , Scatton B
Ref : Neuropsychopharmacology , 32 :17 , 2007
Abstract : SSR180711 (4-bromophenyl 1,4diazabicyclo(3.2.2) nonane-4-carboxylate, monohydrochloride) is a selective alpha7 nicotinic receptor (n-AChR) partial agonist. Based on the purported implication of this receptor in cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia, the present study assessed efficacy of SSR180711 (i.p. and p.o.) in different types of learning and memory involved in this pathology. SSR180711 enhanced episodic memory in the object recognition task in rats and mice (MED: 0.3 mg/kg), an effect mediated by the alpha7 n-AChR, as it was no longer seen in mice lacking this receptor. Efficacy was retained after repeated treatment (eight administrations over 5 days, 1 mg/kg), indicating lack of tachyphylaxia. SSR180711 also reversed (MED: 0.3 mg/kg) MK-801-induced deficits in retention of episodic memory in rats (object recognition). The drug reversed (MED: 0.3 mg/kg) selective attention impaired by neonatal phencyclidine (PCP) treatment and restored MK-801- or PCP-induced memory deficits in the Morris or linear maze (MED: 1-3 mg/kg). In neurochemical and electrophysiological correlates of antipsychotic drug action, SSR180711 increased extracellular levels of dopamine in the prefrontal cortex (MED: 1 mg/kg) and enhanced (3 mg/kg) spontaneous firing of retrosplenial cortex neurons in rats. Selectivity of SSR180711 was confirmed as these effects were abolished by methyllycaconitine (3 mg/kg, i.p. and 1 mg/kg, i.v., respectively), a selective alpha7 n-AChR antagonist. Additional antidepressant-like properties of SSR180711 were demonstrated in the forced-swimming test in rats (MED: 1 mg/kg), the maternal separation-induced ultrasonic vocalization paradigm in rat pups (MED: 3 mg/kg) and the chronic mild stress procedure in mice (10 mg/kg o.d. for 3 weeks). Taken together, these findings characterize SSR180711 as a promising new agent for the treatment of cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. The antidepressant-like properties of SSR180711 are of added interest, considering the high prevalence of depressive symptoms in schizophrenic patients.
ESTHER : Pichat_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_17
PubMedSearch : Pichat_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_17
PubMedID: 16936709

Title : Neurochemical, electrophysiological and pharmacological profiles of the selective inhibitor of the glycine transporter-1 SSR504734, a potential new type of antipsychotic - Depoortere_2005_Neuropsychopharmacology_30_1963
Author(s) : Depoortere R , Dargazanli G , Estenne-Bouhtou G , Coste A , Lanneau C , Desvignes C , Poncelet M , Heaulme M , Santucci V , Decobert M , Cudennec A , Voltz C , Boulay D , Terranova JP , Stemmelin J , Roger P , Marabout B , Sevrin M , Vige X , Biton B , Steinberg R , Francon D , Alonso R , Avenet P , Oury-Donat F , Perrault G , Griebel G , George P , Soubrie P , Scatton B
Ref : Neuropsychopharmacology , 30 :1963 , 2005
Abstract : Noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) blockers induce schizophrenic-like symptoms in humans, presumably by impairing glutamatergic transmission. Therefore, a compound potentiating this neurotransmission, by increasing extracellular levels of glycine (a requisite co-agonist of glutamate), could possess antipsychotic activity. Blocking the glycine transporter-1 (GlyT1) should, by increasing extracellular glycine levels, potentiate glutamatergic neurotransmission. SSR504734, a selective and reversible inhibitor of human, rat, and mouse GlyT1 (IC50=18, 15, and 38 nM, respectively), blocked reversibly the ex vivo uptake of glycine (mouse cortical homogenates: ID50: 5 mg/kg i.p.), rapidly and for a long duration. In vivo, it increased (minimal efficacious dose (MED): 3 mg/kg i.p.) extracellular levels of glycine in the rat prefrontal cortex (PFC). This resulted in an enhanced glutamatergic neurotransmission, as SSR504734 potentiated NMDA-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) in rat hippocampal slices (minimal efficacious concentration (MEC): 0.5 microM) and intrastriatal glycine-induced rotations in mice (MED: 1 mg/kg i.p.). It normalized activity in rat models of hippocampal and PFC hypofunctioning (through activation of presynaptic CB1 receptors): it reversed the decrease in electrically evoked [3H]acetylcholine release in hippocampal slices (MEC: 10 nM) and the reduction of PFC neurons firing (MED: 0.3 mg/kg i.v.). SSR504734 prevented ketamine-induced metabolic activation in mice limbic areas and reversed MK-801-induced hyperactivity and increase in EEG spectral energy in mice and rats, respectively (MED: 10-30 mg/kg i.p.). In schizophrenia models, it normalized a spontaneous prepulse inhibition deficit in DBA/2 mice (MED: 15 mg/kg i.p.), and reversed hypersensitivity to locomotor effects of d-amphetamine and selective attention deficits (MED: 1-3 mg/kg i.p.) in adult rats treated neonatally with phencyclidine. Finally, it increased extracellular dopamine in rat PFC (MED: 10 mg/kg i.p.). The compound showed additional activity in depression/anxiety models, such as the chronic mild stress in mice (10 mg/kg i.p.), ultrasonic distress calls in rat pups separated from their mother (MED: 1 mg/kg s.c.), and the increased latency of paradoxical sleep in rats (MED: 30 mg/kg i.p.). In conclusion, SSR504734 is a potent and selective GlyT1 inhibitor, exhibiting activity in schizophrenia, anxiety and depression models. By targeting one of the primary causes of schizophrenia (hypoglutamatergy), it is expected to be efficacious not only against positive but also negative symptoms, cognitive deficits, and comorbid depression/anxiety states.
ESTHER : Depoortere_2005_Neuropsychopharmacology_30_1963
PubMedSearch : Depoortere_2005_Neuropsychopharmacology_30_1963
PubMedID: 15956994

Title : SSR591813, a novel selective and partial alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor agonist with potential as an aid to smoking cessation - Cohen_2003_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_306_407
Author(s) : Cohen C , Bergis OE , Galli F , Lochead AW , Jegham S , Biton B , Leonardon J , Avenet P , Sgard F , Besnard F , Graham D , Coste A , Oblin A , Curet O , Voltz C , Gardes A , Caille D , Perrault G , George P , Soubrie P , Scatton B
Ref : Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics , 306 :407 , 2003
Abstract : (5aS,8S,10aR)-5a,6,9,10-Tetrahydro,7H,11H-8,10a-methanopyrido[2',3':5,6]pyrano[2, 3-d]azepine (SSR591813) is a novel compound that binds with high affinity to the rat and human alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes (Ki = 107 and 36 nM, respectively) and displays selectivity for the alpha4beta2 nAChR (Ki, human alpha3beta4 > 1000, alpha3beta2 = 116; alpha1beta1deltagamma > 6000 nM and rat alpha7 > 6000 nM). Electrophysiological experiments indicate that SSR591813 is a partial agonist at the human alpha4beta2 nAChR subtype (EC50 = 1.3 micro M, IA =19% compared with the full agonist 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenyl-piperazinium). In vivo findings from microdialysis and drug discrimination studies confirm the partial intrinsic activity of SSR591813. The drug increases dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens shell (30 mg/kg i.p.) and generalizes to nicotine or amphetamine (10-20 mg/kg i.p.) in rats, with an efficacy approximately 2-fold lower than that of nicotine. Pretreatment with SSR591813 (10 mg/kg i.p.) reduces the dopamine-releasing and discriminative effects of nicotine. SSR591813 shows activity in animal models of nicotine dependence at doses devoid of unwanted side effects typically observed with nicotine (hypothermia and cardiovascular effects). The compound (10 mg/kg i.p.) also prevents withdrawal signs precipitated by mecamylamine in nicotine-dependent rats and partially blocks the discriminative cue of an acute precipitated withdrawal. SSR591813 (20 mg/kg i.p.) reduces i.v. nicotine self-administration and antagonizes nicotine-induced behavioral sensitization in rats. The present results confirm important role for alpha4beta2 nAChRs in mediating nicotine dependence and suggest that SSR591813, a partial agonist at this particular nAChR subtype, may have therapeutic potential in the clinical management of smoking cessation.
ESTHER : Cohen_2003_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_306_407
PubMedSearch : Cohen_2003_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_306_407
PubMedID: 12682217

Title : SL65.0155, A Novel 5-Hydroxytryptamine(4) Receptor Partial Agonist with Potent Cognition-Enhancing Properties - Moser_2002_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_302_731
Author(s) : Moser PC , Bergis OE , Jegham S , Lochead A , Duconseille E , Terranova JP , Caille D , Berque-Bestel I , Lezoualc'h F , Fischmeister R , Dumuis A , Bockaert J , George P , Soubrie P , Scatton B
Ref : Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics , 302 :731 , 2002
Abstract : SL65.0155 [5-(8-amino-7-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-5-yl)-3-[1-(2-phenyl ethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2(3H)-one monohydrochloride] is a novel benzodioxanoxadiazolone compound with high affinity for human 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(4) receptors (K(i) of 0.6 nM) and good selectivity (greater than 100-fold for all other receptors tested). In cells expressing the 5-HT(4(b)) and 5-HT(4(e)) splice variants, SL65.0155 acted as a partial agonist, stimulating cAMP production with a maximal effect of 40 to 50% of serotonin. However, in the rat esophagus preparation, SL65.0155 acted as a 5-HT(4) antagonist with a pK(b) of 8.81. In addition, SL65.0155 potently improved performance in several tests of learning and memory. In the object recognition task, it improved retention at 24 h when administered i.p. or p.o. (0.001-0.1 mg/kg). This effect was antagonized by the 5-HT(4) antagonist SDZ 205,557, itself without effect, demonstrating that the promnesic effects of SL65.0155 are mediated by 5-HT(4) agonism. SL65.0155 also reversed the cognitive deficits of aged rats in the linear maze task and the scopolamine-induced deficit of mice in the water maze task. Furthermore, the combined administration of an inactive dose of SL65.0155 with the cholinesterase inhibitor rivastigmine resulted in a significant promnesic effect, suggesting a synergistic interaction. SL65.0155 was devoid of unwanted cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, or central nervous system effects with doses up to more than 100-fold higher than those active in the cognitive tests. These results characterize SL65.0155 as a novel promnesic agent acting via 5-HT(4) receptors, with an excellent preclinical profile. Its broad range of activity in cognitive tests and synergism with cholinesterase inhibitors suggest that SL65.0155 represents a promising new agent for the treatment of dementia.
ESTHER : Moser_2002_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_302_731
PubMedSearch : Moser_2002_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_302_731
PubMedID: 12130738

Title : 4-(2-Chloro-4-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-N-[(1S)-2-cyclopropyl-1-(3-fluoro-4-methylp henyl)ethyl]5-methyl-N-(2-propynyl)-1,3-thiazol-2-amine hydrochloride (SSR125543A): a potent and selective corticotrophin-releasing factor(1) receptor antagonist. I. Biochemical and pharmacological characterization - Gully_2002_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_301_322
Author(s) : Gully D , Geslin M , Serva L , Fontaine E , Roger P , Lair C , Darre V , Marcy C , Rouby PE , Simiand J , Guitard J , Gout G , Steinberg R , Rodier D , Griebel G , Soubrie P , Pascal M , Pruss R , Scatton B , Maffrand JP , Le Fur G
Ref : Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics , 301 :322 , 2002
Abstract : 4-(2-Chloro-4-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-N-[(1S)-2-cyclopropyl-1- (3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)ethyl]5-methyl-N-(2-propynyl)-1,3-thiazol-2-amine hydrochloride (SSR125543A), a new 2-aminothiazole derivative, shows nanomolar affinity for human cloned or native corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF)(1) receptors (pK(i) values of 8.73 and 9.08, respectively), and a 1000-fold selectivity for CRF(1) versus CRF(2 alpha) receptor and CRF binding protein. SSR125543A antagonizes CRF-induced stimulation of cAMP synthesis in human retinoblastoma Y 79 cells (IC(50) = 3.0 +/- 0.4 nM) and adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) secretion in mouse pituitary tumor AtT-20 cells. SSR125543A is devoid of agonist activity in these models. Its brain penetration was demonstrated in rats by using an ex vivo [(125)I-Tyr(0)] ovine CRF binding assay. SSR125543A displaced radioligand binding to the CRF(1) receptor in the brain with an ID(50) of 6.5 mg/kg p.o. (duration of action >24 h). SSR125543A also inhibited the increase in plasma ACTH levels elicited in rats by i.v. CRF (4 microg/kg) injection (ID(50) = 1, 5, or 5 mg/kg i.v., i.p., and p.o., respectively); this effect lasted for more than 6 h when the drug was given orally at a dose of 30 mg/kg. SSR125543A (10 mg/kg p.o.) reduced by 73% the increase in plasma ACTH levels elicited by a 15-min restraint stress in rats. Moreover, SSR125543A (20 mg/kg i.p.) also antagonized the increase of hippocampal acetylcholine release induced by i.c.v. injection of 1 microg of CRF in rats. Finally, SSR125543A reduced forepaw treading induced by i.c.v. injection of 1 microg of CRF in gerbils (ID(50) = approximately 10 mg/kg p.o.). Altogether, these data indicate that SSR125543A is a potent, selective, and orally active CRF(1) receptor antagonist.
ESTHER : Gully_2002_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_301_322
PubMedSearch : Gully_2002_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_301_322
PubMedID: 11907190

Title : Muscarinic receptor-mediated increase in extracellular inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate levels in the rat hippocampus: an in vivo microdialysis study - Minisclou_1994_J.Neurochem_62_557
Author(s) : Minisclou C , Rouquier L , Benavides J , Scatton B , Claustre Y
Ref : Journal of Neurochemistry , 62 :557 , 1994
Abstract : The extracellular concentration of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) has been monitored in the ventral hippocampus of the anesthetized rat by using a microdialysis technique coupled to a radioreceptor assay. Three hours after the implantation of the cannula, basal extracellular concentration of IP3 (corrected for a 9% recovery) was 71 nM (0.39 pmol/60-microliters fraction) and remained stable for at least 5 h. Local infusion of carbachol for 60 min caused a significant concentration-related increase in extracellular IP3 levels (0, 24, and 57% at 1, 50, and 100 microM, respectively). Acetylcholine (100 microM) and muscarine (100 microM) increased IP3 outflow by 40 and 42%, respectively. The effect of carbachol was fully prevented by coinfusion of 10 microM pirenzepine and reduced by 1 microM tetrodotoxin indicating that the carbachol response is mediated by neuronal muscarinic receptors. These data demonstrate the feasibility of using microdialysis and a radioreceptor assay to measure IP3 in the extracellular space. This approach could prove useful for the study of the in vivo operation of muscarinic and, by extension, a number of receptors coupled to phosphoinositide turnover.
ESTHER : Minisclou_1994_J.Neurochem_62_557
PubMedSearch : Minisclou_1994_J.Neurochem_62_557
PubMedID: 8294918

Title : GABA receptor agonists and extrapyramidal motor function: therapeutic implications for Parkinson's disease - Bartholini_1987_Adv.Neurol_45_79
Author(s) : Bartholini G , Scatton B , Zivkovic B , Lloyd KG
Ref : Advances in Neurology , 45 :79 , 1987
Abstract : GABA receptor agonists display a dual action on DA-mediated events. One includes a decrease in DA release, reduction in DA receptor density, and decreased response of postsynaptic cells to dopaminergic stimulation; it results in antidopaminergic effects. The other consists of a reduction of striatal cholinergic activity resulting in a facilitation of dopaminergic effects. These two effects could be dissociated depending on the dose of GABA receptor agonists. This dual action probably explains the results of clinical trials showing either amelioration of parkinsonian symptoms with aggravation of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia or improvement of dyskinesia without or with aggravation of parkinsonian symptoms.
ESTHER : Bartholini_1987_Adv.Neurol_45_79
PubMedSearch : Bartholini_1987_Adv.Neurol_45_79
PubMedID: 3030072

Title : Excitatory Amino Acid Influence on Striatal Cholinergic Transmission -
Author(s) : Scatton B , Fage D
Ref : Advances in Behavioral Biology , 30 :981 , 1986

Title : Opposing effects of D-1 and D-2 receptor antagonists on acetylcholine levels in the rat striatum - Fage_1986_Eur.J.Pharmacol_129_359
Author(s) : Fage D , Scatton B
Ref : European Journal of Pharmacology , 129 :359 , 1986
Abstract : In contrast to D-2 or mixed D-1/D-2 receptor antagonists which decrease rat striatal acetylcholine levels, the D-1 receptor antagonist SCH 23390 increased this biochemical parameter (ED50 = 0.04 mg/kg s.c.) suggesting a reduction of acetylcholine turnover. SCH 23390 blocked the ability of haloperidol or sulpiride to diminish striatal acetylcholine levels and potentiated the increase in this biochemical parameter induced by the selective D-2 receptor agonist LY 141865. These findings indicate that blockade of D-1 and D-2 receptors causes opposite actions on striatal cholinergic neurons.
ESTHER : Fage_1986_Eur.J.Pharmacol_129_359
PubMedSearch : Fage_1986_Eur.J.Pharmacol_129_359
PubMedID: 2877889

Title : Trace amines inhibit the electrically evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine from slices of rat striatum in the presence of pargyline: similarities between beta-phenylethylamine and amphetamine - Baud_1985_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_235_220
Author(s) : Baud P , Arbilla S , Cantrill RC , Scatton B , Langer SZ
Ref : Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics , 235 :220 , 1985
Abstract : Amphetamine (AMPH) inhibits the electrically evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine (ACh) from rat striatal slices through the activation of inhibitory dopamine receptors. Naturally occurring analogs of amphetamine (AMPH) such as beta-phenylethylamine (beta-PEA), tyramine (TYR) and octopamine (OCT) are present in trace amounts in the brain of several species. We have studied in this model, in comparison with AMPH, the effects of beta-PEA, TYR and OCT, in order to explore if their central effects are mediated through an action involving dopaminergic nerve terminals or whether they activate a specific receptor directly. In contrast to the results obtained with AMPH, in the absence of inhibition of monoamine oxidase activity, the three amines beta-PEA (0.1-10 microM), TYR (0.1-10 microM) and OCT (10 microM) did not affect the electrically evoked release of [3H]ACh. On the other hand, in the presence of pargyline (10 microM), the three amines inhibited the electrically evoked release of [3H]ACh and all subsequent experiments were carried out in the presence of pargyline. After pretreatment with reserpine (5 mg/kg s.c., 24 h), which results in a 95% depletion of the endogenous dopamine content, OCT lost its inhibitory effect on [3H]ACh release, whereas beta-PEA and TYR still inhibited the electrically evoked release of [3H]ACh. Reserpine pretreatment (5 mg/kg s.c., 24 h) combined with alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (300 mg/kg i.p., 2 h) reduced endogenous dopamine levels by 99.9%, but, under these conditions, beta-PEA, TYR and AMPH still retained their inhibitory effect on [3H]ACh, release. These inhibitory effects of beta-PEA and AMPH on [3H] ACh release were antagonized by S-sulpiride (0.1 microM). In striatal slices from untreated rats, the inhibition of [3H]ACh released by beta-PEA (30 microM), TYR (30 microM) or AMPH (10 microM) was abolished completely after a 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of the nigro-striatal dopaminergic system. The present data indicate that in order to inhibit the release of [3H]ACh from rat striatal slices in vitro, OCT requires the integrity of vesicular stores of dopamine. On the other hand, beta-PEA, TYR and AMPH are still active when the dopamine levels are depleted, although they require the integrity of the dopaminergic nerve terminal. Inhibition of monoamine oxidase is essential to demonstrate the inhibitory effects of exogenous beta-PEA, TYR and OCT on cholinergic transmission. Our results indicate that a hypothesis concerning a possible physiopathological role of endogenous beta-PEA or TYR should involve concomitant changes in monoamine oxidase activity.
ESTHER : Baud_1985_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_235_220
PubMedSearch : Baud_1985_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_235_220
PubMedID: 3930699

Title : Relative selectivity of 6,7-dihydroxy-2-dimethylaminotetralin, N-n-propyl-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidine, N-n-propylnorapomorphine and pergolide as agonists at striatal dopamine autoreceptors and postsynaptic dopamine receptors - Claustre_1985_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_232_519
Author(s) : Claustre Y , Fage D , Zivkovic B , Scatton B
Ref : Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics , 232 :519 , 1985
Abstract : 6,7-Dihydroxy-2-dimethylaminotetralin (TL-99), N-n-propyl-3-(3-hydroxyphenylpiperidine [(+/-)-3-PPP], N-n-propylnorapomorphine and pergolide were evaluated for activity on a number of biochemical parameters that are presumed to indicate an agonist effect at dopamine (DA) autoreceptors (antagonism of the gamma-hydroxybutyrate-induced increase in dopa formation), at postsynaptic DA receptors (elevation of acetylcholine levels) or at both types of DA receptors (diminution of DA synthesis and homovanillic acid levels) in rat striatum. All four agents decreased striatal dopa accumulation (in the presence and in the absence of gamma-hydroxybutyrate). N-propylnorapomorphine, pergolide and TL-99 also reduced homovanillic acid levels and increased acetylcholine concentrations in striatum whereas (+/-)-3-PPP was inactive. The compounds were all more potent in diminishing dopa accumulation caused by gamma-hydroxybutyrate treatment than in increasing acetylcholine levels [(+/-)-3-PPP showing the highest dissociation] indicating a preferential agonist activity at DA autoreceptors. The relative selectivity of the compounds for DA autoreceptors and postsynaptic DA receptors was evaluated further by studying the antagonism by these drugs of the activation of striatal dopa formation (index of both DA autoreceptor and postsynaptic DA receptor stimulation) and tyrosine hydroxylase (index of postsynaptic DA receptor stimulation only) induced by haloperidol or reserpine. The DA agonists were all more potent in antagonizing the neuroleptic-induced increase in DA synthesis than in counteracting the drug-induced activation of tyrosine hydroxylase, with (+/-)-3PPP exhibiting the highest dissociation. The present results indicate that the DA agonists studied possess some selectivity for striatal DA autoreceptors, (+/-)-3-PPP being the most selective in this respect.
ESTHER : Claustre_1985_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_232_519
PubMedSearch : Claustre_1985_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_232_519
PubMedID: 2857197

Title : Time course of the changes in striatal acetylcholine levels induced by pergolide and haloperidol after lesion of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathways in the rat - Fage_1984_Brain.Res_310_379
Author(s) : Fage D , Guerin B , Feuerstein C , Demenge P , Scatton B
Ref : Brain Research , 310 :379 , 1984
Abstract : Lesion of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway in the rat by 6-hydroxydopamine enhances the ability of pergolide to increase striatal acetylcholine levels and prevents the haloperidol-induced decrease in acetylcholine concentrations. This supersensitive response of striatal cholinergic cells is already maximal 6 days after lesion but tends to decrease thereafter. As the time course of the development of the supersensitivity of cholinergic cells differs from that of increased dopamine binding site density, the two are probably not causally related, the former reflecting rather a change occurring beyond the dopamine recognition site.
ESTHER : Fage_1984_Brain.Res_310_379
PubMedSearch : Fage_1984_Brain.Res_310_379
PubMedID: 6488029

Title : Characterization of the excitatory amino acid receptor-mediated release of [3H]acetylcholine from rat striatal slices - Lehmann_1982_Brain.Res_252_77
Author(s) : Lehmann J , Scatton B
Ref : Brain Research , 252 :77 , 1982
Abstract : The pharmacological nature of the interaction of excitatory amino acids with striatal cholinergic neurons was investigated in vitro. Agonists of excitatory amino acid receptors evoked the release of [3H]acetylcholine from slices of rat striatum, in the presence of magnesium (1.2 mM). Removal of magnesium from the medium markedly increased the release of [3H]acetylcholine evoked by all excitatory amino acid receptor agonists tested, with the exception of kainate. In the absence but not the presence of magnesium, a clear rank order of potency was found: N-methyl-DL-aspartate = ibotenate greater than L-glutamate greater than L-aspartate greater than or equal to cysteate greater than kainate = quisqualate. The excitatory amino acid receptor mediating [3H]acetylcholine release resembles the N-methyl-D-aspartate preferring (N-type) receptor, as previously characterized electrophysiologically, according to 3 criteria: (1) rank order of potency of agonists; (2) magnesium-sensitivity; and (3) antagonism by 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate. The release of [3H]acetylcholine evoked by N-methyl-DL-aspartate was blocked by tetrodotoxin (0.5 microM). Moreover, N-methyl-DL-aspartate failed to evoke [3H]acetylcholine release from slices of hippocampus, where cholinergic afferents, rather than interneurons, are found. These results suggest that excitatory amino acids act at receptors on the dendrites of striatal cholinergic interneurons, giving rise to action potentials and release of acetylcholine from cholinergic nerve terminals.
ESTHER : Lehmann_1982_Brain.Res_252_77
PubMedSearch : Lehmann_1982_Brain.Res_252_77
PubMedID: 6129033

Title : Cortical modulation of striatal function - Scatton_1982_Brain.Res_232_331
Author(s) : Scatton B , Worms P , Lloyd KG , Bartholini G
Ref : Brain Research , 232 :331 , 1982
Abstract : The effect of bilateral section of the corticostriatal projections or of selective bilateral ablation of the frontal cortex on behavioral and biochemical parameters related to striatal function were investigated in the rat. Either lesion almost completely prevented the cataleptogenic action of haloperidol: this effect was observed as soon as 3 days and lasted for at least 3 months after surgery, paralleling a reduction in striatal glutamate uptake. Also, such lesions enhanced the apomorphine-induced stereotyped behavior (as measured 21 days after surgery). In the striatum, dopamine, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, acetylcholine and substance P levels as well as choline acetyltransferase and glutamic acid decarboxylase activities were unaffected 10 or 21 days after either type of lesion. In the substantia nigra, substance P levels were unchanged 10 days following suction of the frontal cortex, but glutamic acid decarboxylase was reduced at 21 days postsurgery. Cortical lesions only partially prevented the reduction in striatal acetylcholine concentrations and did not affect the increase in striatal dihydroxyphenylacetic acid caused by haloperidol. Finally, lesions of the corticostriatal pathways failed to affect the apomorphine-induced increase in striatal acetylcholine levels, reduction of the potassium (20 mM) evoked [3H]acetylcholine release in striatal slices preloaded with [3H]choline and decrease of striatal dihydroxyphenylacetic acid concentrations. These findings indicate that the frontal cortex influences extrapyramidal function by a mechanism which--in behavioral terms--is antagonistic to dopamine-mediated events. As indicated by the biochemical data, this mechanism does not involve changes in striatal dopaminergic and cholinergic neuron activity. This mechanism may utilize: (1) corticostriatal glutamatergic neurons as suggested by the reduction in striatal glutamate uptake following lesions; and (2) GABAergic pathways as suggested by the reduction of nigral glutamic acid decarboxylase activity as well as by the finding that GABA receptor agonists reinstate haloperidol-induced catalepsy.
ESTHER : Scatton_1982_Brain.Res_232_331
PubMedSearch : Scatton_1982_Brain.Res_232_331
PubMedID: 6200179

Title : Gaba-Acetylcholine Interaction in the Rat Striatum -
Author(s) : Scatton B , Bartholini G
Ref : Advances in Behavioral Biology , 25 :771 , 1981

Title : Interactions between GABA, dopamine, acetylcholine, and glutamate-containing neurons in the extrapyramidal and limbic systems -
Author(s) : Bartholini G , Scatton B , Worms P , Zivkovic B , Lloyd KG
Ref : Adv Biochem Psychopharmacol , 30 :119 , 1981
PubMedID: 6120626