References (2)

Title : Discovery of a Broad-Spectrum Fluorogenic Agonist for Strigolactone Receptors through a Computational Approach - Wang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
Author(s) : Wang DW , Yu SY , Pang ZL , Ma DJ , Liang L , Wang X , Wei T , Yang HZ , Ma YQ , Xi Z
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , : , 2021
Abstract : Strigolactones (SLs) are plant hormones that play various roles in plant physiology, including provoking the germination of parasitic weeds Orobanche and Striga. A family of alpha/beta-hydrolases have been proposed to be the SL receptor proteins. Effective assays for measuring the activity of SL receptors could promote the development of SL-related biology and chemistry. In this study, we developed a new approach called pharmacophore-linked probe virtual screening (PPVS). Its application yielded an effective "off-on" probe named Xilatone Red (XLR). This probe showed a broad spectrum and excellent sensitivity toward SL receptors, including ShD14 (Striga D14), for which the detection limit was determined to be in the micromolar range, outperforming that of the commercial fluorogenic agonist Yoshimulactone Green (YLG). Upon hydrolysis by SL receptors, XLR provided fluorogenic and colorimetric signaling responses. Furthermore, XLR could induce germination of Phelipanche aegyptiaca seeds and prevent Arabidopsis max4-1 branching defects at micromolar concentrations. Our molecular simulations revealed the essential factors in the molecular perception of XLR. We anticipate that this study can prompt the discovery of high-performance SL agonists/antagonists to combat parasitic weeds.
ESTHER : Wang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedID: 34478295

Title : The lipoprotein lipase gene HindIII polymorphism is associated with lipid levels in early-onset type 2 diabetic patients - Ma_2003_Metabolism_52_338
Author(s) : Ma YQ , Thomas GN , Ng MC , Critchley JA , Chan JC , Tomlinson B
Ref : Metabolism , 52 :338 , 2003
Abstract : Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) plays a central role in triglyceride metabolism, and the LPL gene T495G HindIII polymorphism has been associated with variations in lipid levels and heart disease in Caucasians with the more common H+ allele being associated with adverse lipid profiles and increased risk of CHD. We investigated this polymorphism in 785 Chinese subjects with varying components of the metabolic syndrome, including 61.4% with early-onset type 2 diabetes (age at diagnosis < or = 40 years), and 167 healthy control subjects using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. The allele and genotype frequencies were similar in the patients and control subjects. When grouped above or below standard cutoffs for triglyceride levels, the H+ allele was more frequent in hypertriglyceridemic than that in normotriglyceridemic subjects in the total population (81.5% v 76.1%) and early-onset type 2 diabetics (84.4% v 77.4%, both P <.05). Moreover, H+H+ carriers had significantly higher plasma triglyceride and lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels when compared to subjects with the H- allele in the total population, and in patients with early-onset diabetics (both P <.05). In the total population and the early-onset diabetic patients, this relationship was confined to males when gender was considered. We conclude that the H+ allele of the LPL gene HindIII polymorphism is associated with higher plasma triglyceride and lower HDL-cholesterol levels in Chinese patients with early-onset diabetes.
ESTHER : Ma_2003_Metabolism_52_338
PubMedSearch : Ma_2003_Metabolism_52_338
PubMedID: 12647273