References (5)

Title : Discovery of a Broad-Spectrum Fluorogenic Agonist for Strigolactone Receptors through a Computational Approach - Wang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
Author(s) : Wang DW , Yu SY , Pang ZL , Ma DJ , Liang L , Wang X , Wei T , Yang HZ , Ma YQ , Xi Z
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , : , 2021
Abstract : Strigolactones (SLs) are plant hormones that play various roles in plant physiology, including provoking the germination of parasitic weeds Orobanche and Striga. A family of alpha/beta-hydrolases have been proposed to be the SL receptor proteins. Effective assays for measuring the activity of SL receptors could promote the development of SL-related biology and chemistry. In this study, we developed a new approach called pharmacophore-linked probe virtual screening (PPVS). Its application yielded an effective "off-on" probe named Xilatone Red (XLR). This probe showed a broad spectrum and excellent sensitivity toward SL receptors, including ShD14 (Striga D14), for which the detection limit was determined to be in the micromolar range, outperforming that of the commercial fluorogenic agonist Yoshimulactone Green (YLG). Upon hydrolysis by SL receptors, XLR provided fluorogenic and colorimetric signaling responses. Furthermore, XLR could induce germination of Phelipanche aegyptiaca seeds and prevent Arabidopsis max4-1 branching defects at micromolar concentrations. Our molecular simulations revealed the essential factors in the molecular perception of XLR. We anticipate that this study can prompt the discovery of high-performance SL agonists/antagonists to combat parasitic weeds.
ESTHER : Wang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedID: 34478295

Title : Role of penehyclidine in acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning - Yu_2020_World.J.Emerg.Med_11_37
Author(s) : Yu SY , Gao YX , Walline J , Lu X , Zhao LN , Huang YX , Tao J , Yu AY , Ta N , Xiao RJ , Li Y
Ref : World J Emerg Med , 11 :37 , 2020
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Penehyclidine is a newly developed anticholinergic agent. We aimed to investigate the role of penehyclidine in acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning (OP) patients. METHODS: We searched the Pubmed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical literature (CBM) and Wanfang databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) recruiting acute OP patients were identified for meta-analysis. Main outcomes included cure rate, mortality rate, time to atropinization, time to 60% normal acetylcholinesterase (AchE) level, rate of intermediate syndrome (IMS) and rate of adverse drug reactions (ADR). RESULTS: Sixteen RCTs involving 1,334 patients were identified. Compared with the atropine- or penehyclidine-alone groups, atropine combined with penehyclidine significantly increased the cure rate (penehyclidine+atropine vs. atropine, 0.97 vs. 0.86, RR 1.13, 95% CI [1.07-1.19]; penehyclidine+atropine vs. penehyclidine, 0.93 vs. 0.80, RR 1.08, 95% CI [1.01-1.15]) and reduced the mortality rate (penehyclidine+atropine vs. atropine, 0.015 vs. 0.11, RR 0.17, 95% CI [0.06-0.49]; penehyclidine+atropine vs. penehyclidine, 0.13 vs. 0.08, RR 0.23, 95% CI [0.04-1.28]). Atropine combined with penehyclidine in OP patients also helped reduce the time to atropinization and AchE recovery, the rate of IMS and the rate of ADR. Compared with a single dose of atropine, a single dose of penehyclidine also significantly elevated the cure rate, reduced times to atropinization, AchE recovery, and rate of IMS. CONCLUSION: Atropine combined with penehyclidine benefits OP patients by enhancing the cure rate, mortality rate, time to atropinization, AchE recovery, IMS rate, total ADR and duration of hospitalization. Penehyclidine combined with atropine is likely a better initial therapy for OP patients than atropine alone.
ESTHER : Yu_2020_World.J.Emerg.Med_11_37
PubMedSearch : Yu_2020_World.J.Emerg.Med_11_37
PubMedID: 31893002

Title : Early growth response-1 regulates acetylcholinesterase and its relation with the course of Alzheimer's disease - Hu_2019_Brain.Pathol_29_502
Author(s) : Hu YT , Chen XL , Huang SH , Zhu QB , Yu SY , Shen Y , Sluiter A , Verhaagen J , Zhao J , Swaab D , Bao AM
Ref : Brain Pathology , 29 :502 , 2019
Abstract : Our previous studies showed that the transcription factor early growth response-1 (EGR1) may play a role in keeping the brain cholinergic function intact in the preclinical stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to elucidate the mechanisms involved, we first performed data mining on our previous microarray study on postmortem human prefrontal cortex (PFC) for the changes in the expression of EGR1 and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and the relationship between them during the course of AD. The study contained 49 patients, ranging from non-demented controls (Braak stage 0) to late AD patients (Braak stage VI). We found EGR1-mRNA was high in early AD and decreased in late AD stages, while AChE-mRNA was stable in preclinical AD and slightly decreased in late AD stages. A significant positive correlation was found between the mRNA levels of these two molecules. In addition, we studied the relationship between EGR1 and AChE mRNA levels in the frontal cortex of 3-12-months old triple-transgenic AD (3xTg-AD) mice. EGR1- and AChE-mRNA were lower in 3xTg-AD mice compared with wild-type (WT) mice. A significant positive correlation between these two molecules was present in the entire group and in each age group of either WT or 3xTg-AD mice. Subsequently, AChE expression was determined following up- or down-regulating EGR1 in cell lines and the EGR1 levels were found to regulate AChE at both the mRNA and protein levels. Dual-luciferase assay and electrophoretic mobility shift assay in the EGR1-overexpressing cells were performed to determine the functionally effective binding sites of the EGR1 on the AChE gene promoter. We conclude that the EGR1 can upregulate AChE expression by a direct effect on its gene promoter, which may contribute significantly to the changes in cholinergic function in the course of AD. The 3xTg-AD mouse model only reflects later stage AD.
ESTHER : Hu_2019_Brain.Pathol_29_502
PubMedSearch : Hu_2019_Brain.Pathol_29_502
PubMedID: 30511454

Title : Magnetic resonance imaging and neuropsychological results from a trial of memantine in Alzheimer's disease - Weiner_2011_Alzheimers.Dement_7_425
Author(s) : Weiner MW , Sadowsky C , Saxton J , Hofbauer RK , Graham SM , Yu SY , Li S , Hsu HA , Suhy J , Fridman M , Perhach JL
Ref : Alzheimers Dement , 7 :425 , 2011
Abstract : BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess changes in brain volume and cognitive abilities in memantine-treated patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by using an exploratory, single-arm, delayed-start design. METHODS: Cholinesterase inhibitor-treated patients with AD (N = 47; Mini-Mental State Examination score range: 15-23) were enrolled in an observational lead-in period (weeks: 1-24), followed by an open-label period of add-on memantine treatment (weeks: 25-48). The patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging at weeks 0 (baseline), 24 (immediately before memantine initiation), and 48 (endpoint), and a battery of neuropsychological tests at weeks 0, 24, 28, 36, and 48. The primary outcome measure was the annualized rate of change (%) in total brain volume (TBV) between the two study periods. Data were analyzed using paired t-tests. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in the rates of change in TBV, ventricular volume, or left hippocampal volume between the study periods; however, the memantine treatment period was associated with a significantly slower right hippocampal atrophy (-5.5% +/- 12.0% vs -10.8% +/- 7.2%; P = .038). Memantine treatment was also associated with superior performances on the Boston Naming Test (P = .034) and the Trail Making Test, Part B (P = .001), but also with a higher number of errors (i.e., repetitions and intrusions) on the California Verbal Learning Test. Memantine was found to be safe and well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, no difference in the rates of TBV change between the two periods was observed; however, memantine treatment was found to be associated with slowing of right hippocampal atrophy, and with improvement on one test of executive functioning as well as a test of confrontation naming ability. Trials using structural magnetic resonance imaging and a delayed-start design may be a feasible option for the assessment of treatments for AD.
ESTHER : Weiner_2011_Alzheimers.Dement_7_425
PubMedSearch : Weiner_2011_Alzheimers.Dement_7_425
PubMedID: 21646051

Title : Detection of intestinal bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in patients with Hirschsprung's disease associated enterocolitis - Shen_2009_World.J.Pediatr_5_201
Author(s) : Shen DH , Shi CR , Chen JJ , Yu SY , Wu Y , Yan WB
Ref : World J Pediatr , 5 :201 , 2009
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The etiology of Hirschsprung's disease associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is unknown. Previous investigations have suggested that several factors such as dilation of proximal bowel, changes in colonic mucosal defence, and overgrowth of toxigenic bacteria may be related with it. This study was to quantify bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the feces of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) patients with or without enterocolitis and those of normal children. METHODS: Fresh stool specimens were collected at the first three days of the admission from 30 HD patients (aged 2 weeks to 2 years) and 15 healthy age-matched non-HD patients in the morning once a day for at least three days. All of them have not been given probiotics or antibiotics at least 7 days before stool collection. Hematoxylin-eosin and acetylcholinesterase histochemical staining on rectal biopsies of patients with HD confirmed the diagnosis of HD in all 30 patients. The 30 HD patients were divided into two groups based on the clinical history of enterocolitis: the HAEC group (n=10) and HD group (n=20). Fecal bifidobacteria and lactobacilli were consecutively quantified by SYBR Green I-based real-time PCR assay. Data were analyzed using SAS v. 12.6 for Windows. All tests were two-tailed, and P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The mean levels of bifidobacteria were 7.35+/-0.59, 8.16+/-1.17, and 8.35+/-0.74 in the HAEC, HD and control groups, respectively. The bifidobacteria colonization levels were lower in the HAEC group than in the HD and control groups (P<0.05, P<0.001 respectively). The mean level of lactobacilli in the HAEC (5.51+/-0.65) and HD groups (5.87+/-0.78) was significantly lower than that in the control group (6.39+/-0.56) (P<0.05). But there was no difference in log numbers of lactobacilli between HAEC and HD groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The scarcity of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in HAEC patients may result in a decrease in epithelial barrier function and be a predisposing factor in the development of HAEC. This decline suggests that treatment with probiotics or prebiotics may be beneficial in these individuals. Further research will focus on whether probiotics can decrease the incidence of HAEC.
ESTHER : Shen_2009_World.J.Pediatr_5_201
PubMedSearch : Shen_2009_World.J.Pediatr_5_201
PubMedID: 19693464