Xi Z

References (7)

Title : Probing strigolactone perception mechanisms with rationally designed small-molecule agonists stimulating germination of root parasitic weeds - Wang_2022_Nat.Commun_13_3987
Author(s) : Wang D , Pang Z , Yu H , Thiombiano B , Walmsley A , Yu S , Zhang Y , Wei T , Liang L , Wang J , Wen X , Bouwmeester HJ , Yao R , Xi Z
Ref : Nat Commun , 13 :3987 , 2022
Abstract : The development of potent strigolactone (SL) agonists as suicidal germination inducers could be a useful strategy for controlling root parasitic weeds, but uncertainty about the SL perception mechanism impedes real progress. Here we describe small-molecule agonists that efficiently stimulate Phelipanchce aegyptiaca, and Striga hermonthica, germination in concentrations as low as 10(-8) to 10(-17) M. We show that full efficiency of synthetic SL agonists in triggering signaling through the Striga SL receptor, ShHTL7, depends on the receptor-catalyzed hydrolytic reaction of the agonists. Additionally, we reveal that the stereochemistry of synthetic SL analogs affects the hydrolytic ability of ShHTL7 by influencing the probability of the privileged conformations of ShHTL7. Importantly, an alternative ShHTL7-mediated hydrolysis mechanism, proceeding via nucleophilic attack of the NE2 atom of H246 to the 2'C of the D-ring, is reported. Together, our findings provide insight into SL hydrolysis and structure-perception mechanisms, and potent suicide germination stimulants, which would contribute to the elimination of the noxious parasitic weeds.
ESTHER : Wang_2022_Nat.Commun_13_3987
PubMedSearch : Wang_2022_Nat.Commun_13_3987
PubMedID: 35810153

Title : Discovery of a Broad-Spectrum Fluorogenic Agonist for Strigolactone Receptors through a Computational Approach - Wang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
Author(s) : Wang DW , Yu SY , Pang ZL , Ma DJ , Liang L , Wang X , Wei T , Yang HZ , Ma YQ , Xi Z
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , : , 2021
Abstract : Strigolactones (SLs) are plant hormones that play various roles in plant physiology, including provoking the germination of parasitic weeds Orobanche and Striga. A family of alpha/beta-hydrolases have been proposed to be the SL receptor proteins. Effective assays for measuring the activity of SL receptors could promote the development of SL-related biology and chemistry. In this study, we developed a new approach called pharmacophore-linked probe virtual screening (PPVS). Its application yielded an effective "off-on" probe named Xilatone Red (XLR). This probe showed a broad spectrum and excellent sensitivity toward SL receptors, including ShD14 (Striga D14), for which the detection limit was determined to be in the micromolar range, outperforming that of the commercial fluorogenic agonist Yoshimulactone Green (YLG). Upon hydrolysis by SL receptors, XLR provided fluorogenic and colorimetric signaling responses. Furthermore, XLR could induce germination of Phelipanche aegyptiaca seeds and prevent Arabidopsis max4-1 branching defects at micromolar concentrations. Our molecular simulations revealed the essential factors in the molecular perception of XLR. We anticipate that this study can prompt the discovery of high-performance SL agonists/antagonists to combat parasitic weeds.
ESTHER : Wang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedID: 34478295

Title : Crystal structure and biochemical characterization of Striga hermonthica HYPO-SENSITIVE TO LIGHT 8 (ShHTL8) in strigolactone signaling pathway - Zhang_2020_Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun_523_1040
Author(s) : Zhang Y , Wang D , Shen Y , Xi Z
Ref : Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications , 523 :1040 , 2020
Abstract : Striga is a parasitic weed that disperses easily, and its seeds can persist in the soil for many years, presenting long-term threats to food security. If SLs stimulate the seed germination of root parasitic weeds before planting, weeds will wither due to no host. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the mechanism of strigolactone (SL) signaling in Striga to reduce the impacts of this parasitic weed. Striga has eleven different kinds of HYPO-SENSITIVE to LIGHT (ShHTL) hydrolases. Different ShHTL hydrolases exhibit distinct responses to SLs, despite these ShHTLs exhibiting more than 60% sequence identity. Currently, structural information is available for only five ShHTL proteins, and more structural information is needed to design Striga germination stimulants or inhibitors. In this paper, we report the crystal structure of ShHTL8, which is determined at a resolution of 1.4 A. Scanning fluorimetry and HPLC assays indicate that L125, M147, M154 and I194 are important binding sites, and of which L125 may act as a key holder involved in the catalytic reaction. Additionally, the corresponding residue, Y124 of ShHTL1 and F135 of ShHTL2 also play a significant role in the substrate recognition.
ESTHER : Zhang_2020_Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun_523_1040
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2020_Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun_523_1040
PubMedID: 31973817
Gene_locus related to this paper: strhe-ShHTL8

Title : Drug Repositioning for Alzheimer's Disease Based on Systematic 'omics' Data Mining - Zhang_2016_PLoS.One_11_e0168812
Author(s) : Zhang M , Schmitt-Ulms G , Sato C , Xi Z , Zhang Y , Zhou Y , St George-Hyslop P , Rogaeva E
Ref : PLoS ONE , 11 :e0168812 , 2016
Abstract : Traditional drug development for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is costly, time consuming and burdened by a very low success rate. An alternative strategy is drug repositioning, redirecting existing drugs for another disease. The large amount of biological data accumulated to date warrants a comprehensive investigation to better understand AD pathogenesis and facilitate the process of anti-AD drug repositioning. Hence, we generated a list of anti-AD protein targets by analyzing the most recent publically available 'omics' data, including genomics, epigenomics, proteomics and metabolomics data. The information related to AD pathogenesis was obtained from the OMIM and PubMed databases. Drug-target data was extracted from the DrugBank and Therapeutic Target Database. We generated a list of 524 AD-related proteins, 18 of which are targets for 75 existing drugs-novel candidates for repurposing as anti-AD treatments. We developed a ranking algorithm to prioritize the anti-AD targets, which revealed CD33 and MIF as the strongest candidates with seven existing drugs. We also found 7 drugs inhibiting a known anti-AD target (acetylcholinesterase) that may be repurposed for treating the cognitive symptoms of AD. The CAD protein and 8 proteins implicated by two 'omics' approaches (ABCA7, APOE, BIN1, PICALM, CELF1, INPP5D, SPON1, and SOD3) might also be promising targets for anti-AD drug development. Our systematic 'omics' mining suggested drugs with novel anti-AD indications, including drugs modulating the immune system or reducing neuroinflammation that are particularly promising for AD intervention. Furthermore, the list of 524 AD-related proteins could be useful not only as potential anti-AD targets but also considered for AD biomarker development.
ESTHER : Zhang_2016_PLoS.One_11_e0168812
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2016_PLoS.One_11_e0168812
PubMedID: 28005991

Title : FRET-based fluorescence probes for hydrolysis study and pig liver esterase activity - Yi_2008_Tetrahedron_64_8947
Author(s) : Yi L , Cao L , Liu L , Xi Z
Ref : Tetrahedron , 64 :8947 , 2008
Abstract : New fluorescent probes based on simple organic synthesis were designed and synthesized, and their hydrolysis catalyzed via base and pig liver esterase (PLE) was studied using FRET (fluorescence resonant energy transfer), with 1-naphthylacetic group as a donor and dansyl group as an acceptor. By simultaneous recording of changes of the donor fluorescence intensities, kinetic parameters for base-catalyzed and PLE-catalyzed hydrolysis can be determined. The presented FRET assay is a convenient and simple method and both fluorescent probes are good real-time indicators for the analysis of ester hydrolysis such as PLE activities.
ESTHER : Yi_2008_Tetrahedron_64_8947
PubMedSearch : Yi_2008_Tetrahedron_64_8947
PubMedID:
Gene_locus related to this paper: pig-PLE1

Title : Genome sequence of Aedes aegypti, a major arbovirus vector - Nene_2007_Science_316_1718
Author(s) : Nene V , Wortman JR , Lawson D , Haas B , Kodira C , Tu ZJ , Loftus B , Xi Z , Megy K , Grabherr M , Ren Q , Zdobnov EM , Lobo NF , Campbell KS , Brown SE , Bonaldo MF , Zhu J , Sinkins SP , Hogenkamp DG , Amedeo P , Arensburger P , Atkinson PW , Bidwell S , Biedler J , Birney E , Bruggner RV , Costas J , Coy MR , Crabtree J , Crawford M , Debruyn B , Decaprio D , Eiglmeier K , Eisenstadt E , El-Dorry H , Gelbart WM , Gomes SL , Hammond M , Hannick LI , Hogan JR , Holmes MH , Jaffe D , Johnston JS , Kennedy RC , Koo H , Kravitz S , Kriventseva EV , Kulp D , LaButti K , Lee E , Li S , Lovin DD , Mao C , Mauceli E , Menck CF , Miller JR , Montgomery P , Mori A , Nascimento AL , Naveira HF , Nusbaum C , O'Leary S , Orvis J , Pertea M , Quesneville H , Reidenbach KR , Rogers YH , Roth CW , Schneider JR , Schatz M , Shumway M , Stanke M , Stinson EO , Tubio JM , Vanzee JP , Verjovski-Almeida S , Werner D , White O , Wyder S , Zeng Q , Zhao Q , Zhao Y , Hill CA , Raikhel AS , Soares MB , Knudson DL , Lee NH , Galagan J , Salzberg SL , Paulsen IT , Dimopoulos G , Collins FH , Birren B , Fraser-Liggett CM , Severson DW
Ref : Science , 316 :1718 , 2007
Abstract : We present a draft sequence of the genome of Aedes aegypti, the primary vector for yellow fever and dengue fever, which at approximately 1376 million base pairs is about 5 times the size of the genome of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. Nearly 50% of the Ae. aegypti genome consists of transposable elements. These contribute to a factor of approximately 4 to 6 increase in average gene length and in sizes of intergenic regions relative to An. gambiae and Drosophila melanogaster. Nonetheless, chromosomal synteny is generally maintained among all three insects, although conservation of orthologous gene order is higher (by a factor of approximately 2) between the mosquito species than between either of them and the fruit fly. An increase in genes encoding odorant binding, cytochrome P450, and cuticle domains relative to An. gambiae suggests that members of these protein families underpin some of the biological differences between the two mosquito species.
ESTHER : Nene_2007_Science_316_1718
PubMedSearch : Nene_2007_Science_316_1718
PubMedID: 17510324
Gene_locus related to this paper: aedae-ACHE , aedae-ACHE1 , aedae-glita , aedae-q0iea6 , aedae-q0iev6 , aedae-q0ifn6 , aedae-q0ifn8 , aedae-q0ifn9 , aedae-q0ifp0 , aedae-q0ig41 , aedae-q1dgl0 , aedae-q1dh03 , aedae-q1dh19 , aedae-q1hqe6 , aedae-Q8ITU8 , aedae-Q8MMJ6 , aedae-Q8T9V6 , aedae-q16e91 , aedae-q16f04 , aedae-q16f25 , aedae-q16f26 , aedae-q16f28 , aedae-q16f29 , aedae-q16f30 , aedae-q16gq5 , aedae-q16iq5 , aedae-q16je0 , aedae-q16je1 , aedae-q16je2 , aedae-q16ks8 , aedae-q16lf2 , aedae-q16lv6 , aedae-q16m61 , aedae-q16mc1 , aedae-q16mc6 , aedae-q16mc7 , aedae-q16md1 , aedae-q16ms7 , aedae-q16nk5 , aedae-q16rl5 , aedae-q16rz9 , aedae-q16si8 , aedae-q16t49 , aedae-q16wf1 , aedae-q16x18 , aedae-q16xp8 , aedae-q16xu6 , aedae-q16xw5 , aedae-q16xw6 , aedae-q16y04 , aedae-q16y05 , aedae-q16y06 , aedae-q16y07 , aedae-q16y39 , aedae-q16y40 , aedae-q16yg4 , aedae-q16z03 , aedae-q17aa7 , aedae-q17av1 , aedae-q17av2 , aedae-q17av3 , aedae-q17av4 , aedae-q17b28 , aedae-q17b29 , aedae-q17b30 , aedae-q17b31 , aedae-q17b32 , aedae-q17bm3 , aedae-q17bm4 , aedae-q17bv7 , aedae-q17c44 , aedae-q17cz1 , aedae-q17d32 , aedae-q17g39 , aedae-q17g40 , aedae-q17g41 , aedae-q17g42 , aedae-q17g43 , aedae-q17g44 , aedae-q17gb8 , aedae-q17gr3 , aedae-q17if7 , aedae-q17if9 , aedae-q17ig1 , aedae-q17ig2 , aedae-q17is4 , aedae-q17l09 , aedae-q17m26 , aedae-q17mg9 , aedae-q17mv4 , aedae-q17mv5 , aedae-q17mv6 , aedae-q17mv7 , aedae-q17mw8 , aedae-q17mw9 , aedae-q17nw5 , aedae-q17nx5 , aedae-q17pa4 , aedae-q17q69 , aedae-q170k7 , aedae-q171y4 , aedae-q172e0 , aedae-q176i8 , aedae-q176j0 , aedae-q177k1 , aedae-q177k2 , aedae-q177l9 , aedae-j9hic3 , aedae-q179r9 , aedae-u483 , aedae-j9hj23 , aedae-q17d68 , aedae-q177c7 , aedae-q0ifp1 , aedae-a0a1s4fx83 , aedae-a0a1s4g2m0 , aedae-q1hr49

Title : Developmental and hormonal regulation of juvenile hormone esterase gene in Drosophila melanogaster - Kethidi_2005_J.Insect.Physiol_51_393
Author(s) : Kethidi DR , Xi Z , Palli SR
Ref : J Insect Physiol , 51 :393 , 2005
Abstract : Quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to study developmental expression and hormonal regulation of the juvenile hormone esterase gene (DmJhe) in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. The levels of DmJhe mRNA were low during the embryonic stage. A peak of Dmjhe mRNA was detected in the first, second and third instar larvae. The Dmjhe mRNA levels also increased soon after pupal ecdysis. The Dmjhe mRNA was detected in both male and female adult flies. The peaks of Dmjhe mRNA observed in the larvae coincided with the peaks of juvenile hormone (JH). In contrast, the mRNA for ecdysone-induced transcription factor, Drosophila hormone receptor 3 (DHR3) showed peaks of expression that coincided with the ecdysteroid peaks in embryo, larva and pupa. JH III induced Dmjhe mRNA but not DHR3 mRNA in explanted tissues cultured in Grace's medium. 20-hydroxyecdysone induced DHR3 mRNA and suppressed JH III induction of DmJhe mRNA. These studies show that the expression of jhe in D. melanogaster is regulated by both JH and 20E.
ESTHER : Kethidi_2005_J.Insect.Physiol_51_393
PubMedSearch : Kethidi_2005_J.Insect.Physiol_51_393
PubMedID: 15890182