Park TJ

References (3)

Title : Antioxidant and Neuroprotective Effects of Caffeine against Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease: Insight into the Role of Nrf-2 and A2AR Signaling - Ikram_2020_Antioxidants.(Basel)_9_
Author(s) : Ikram M , Park TJ , Ali T , Kim MO
Ref : Antioxidants (Basel) , 9 : , 2020
Abstract : This paper reviews the results of studies conducted on the role of caffeine in the management of different neurological disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). To highlight the potential role of caffeine in managing different neurodegenerative diseases, we identified studies by searching PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar by scrutinizing the lists of pertinent publications. According to the collected overall findings, caffeine may reduce the elevated oxidative stress; inhibit the activation of adenosine A2A, thereby regulating the accumulation of Abeta; reduce the hyperphosphorylation of tau; and reduce the accumulation of misfolded proteins, such as alpha-synuclein, in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. The studies have suggested that caffeine has promising protective effects against different neurodegenerative diseases and that these effects may be used to tackle the neurological diseases and/or their consequences. Here, we review the ongoing research on the role of caffeine in the management of different neurodegenerative disorders, focusing on AD and PD. The current findings suggest that caffeine produces potent antioxidant, inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic effects against different models of neurodegenerative disease, including AD, PD, and other neurodegenerative disorders. Caffeine has shown strong antagonistic effects against the adenosine A2A receptor, which is a microglial receptor, and strong agonistic effects against nuclear-related factor-2 (Nrf-2), thereby regulating the cellular homeostasis at the brain by reducing oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, regulating the accumulation of alpha-synuclein in PD and tau hyperphosphorylation, amyloidogenesis, and synaptic deficits in AD, which are the cardinal features of these neurodegenerative diseases.
ESTHER : Ikram_2020_Antioxidants.(Basel)_9_
PubMedSearch : Ikram_2020_Antioxidants.(Basel)_9_
PubMedID: 32971922

Title : Genome sequencing reveals insights into physiology and longevity of the naked mole rat - Kim_2011_Nature_479_223
Author(s) : Kim EB , Fang X , Fushan AA , Huang Z , Lobanov AV , Han L , Marino SM , Sun X , Turanov AA , Yang P , Yim SH , Zhao X , Kasaikina MV , Stoletzki N , Peng C , Polak P , Xiong Z , Kiezun A , Zhu Y , Chen Y , Kryukov GV , Zhang Q , Peshkin L , Yang L , Bronson RT , Buffenstein R , Wang B , Han C , Li Q , Chen L , Zhao W , Sunyaev SR , Park TJ , Zhang G , Wang J , Gladyshev VN
Ref : Nature , 479 :223 , 2011
Abstract : The naked mole rat (Heterocephalus glaber) is a strictly subterranean, extraordinarily long-lived eusocial mammal. Although it is the size of a mouse, its maximum lifespan exceeds 30 years, making this animal the longest-living rodent. Naked mole rats show negligible senescence, no age-related increase in mortality, and high fecundity until death. In addition to delayed ageing, they are resistant to both spontaneous cancer and experimentally induced tumorigenesis. Naked mole rats pose a challenge to the theories that link ageing, cancer and redox homeostasis. Although characterized by significant oxidative stress, the naked mole rat proteome does not show age-related susceptibility to oxidative damage or increased ubiquitination. Naked mole rats naturally reside in large colonies with a single breeding female, the 'queen', who suppresses the sexual maturity of her subordinates. They also live in full darkness, at low oxygen and high carbon dioxide concentrations, and are unable to sustain thermogenesis nor feel certain types of pain. Here we report the sequencing and analysis of the naked mole rat genome, which reveals unique genome features and molecular adaptations consistent with cancer resistance, poikilothermy, hairlessness and insensitivity to low oxygen, and altered visual function, circadian rythms and taste sensing. This information provides insights into the naked mole rat's exceptional longevity and ability to live in hostile conditions, in the dark and at low oxygen. The extreme traits of the naked mole rat, together with the reported genome and transcriptome information, offer opportunities for understanding ageing and advancing other areas of biological and biomedical research.
ESTHER : Kim_2011_Nature_479_223
PubMedSearch : Kim_2011_Nature_479_223
PubMedID: 21993625
Gene_locus related to this paper: hetga-g5amh8 , hetga-g5an68 , hetga-g5anw7 , hetga-g5as32 , hetga-g5atg6 , hetga-g5b5b7 , hetga-g5b9m6 , hetga-g5bdh8 , hetga-g5bmv3 , hetga-g5bp66 , hetga-g5bp67 , hetga-g5bp68 , hetga-g5bpp3 , hetga-g5bsd4 , hetga-g5bul0 , hetga-g5bw29 , hetga-g5bze3 , hetga-g5c6q5 , hetga-g5bfw4 , hetga-g5b832 , hetga-g5c6q8 , hetga-g5bj87 , hetga-a0a0p6jix7 , hetga-g5c108 , hetga-g5c109 , hetga-g5c110 , hetga-g5arh0 , hetga-g5aua1 , hetga-g5are8 , hetga-g5ax31 , hetga-a0a0p6jud6 , hetga-g5b7v3 , hetga-a0a0p6jw61 , hetga-a0a0p6jdl4 , hetga-g5bg83 , hetga-g5bcu5 , hetga-g5bvp0 , hetga-g5b8m7 , hetga-g5b709 , hetga-g5bt99 , hetga-g5b4q4

Title : Dok-7 regulates neuromuscular synapse formation by recruiting Crk and Crk-L - Hallock_2010_Genes.Dev_24_2451
Author(s) : Hallock PT , Xu CF , Park TJ , Neubert TA , Curran T , Burden SJ
Ref : Genes Dev , 24 :2451 , 2010
Abstract : Agrin, released by motor neurons, promotes neuromuscular synapse formation by stimulating MuSK, a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed in skeletal muscle. Phosphorylated MuSK recruits docking protein-7 (Dok-7), an adaptor protein that is expressed selectively in muscle. In the absence of Dok-7, neuromuscular synapses fail to form, and mutations that impair Dok-7 are a major cause of congenital myasthenia in humans. How Dok-7 stimulates synaptic differentiation is poorly understood. Once recruited to MuSK, Dok-7 directly stimulates MuSK kinase activity. This unusual activity of an adapter protein is mediated by the N-terminal region of Dok-7, whereas most mutations that cause congenital myasthenia truncate the C-terminal domain. Here, we demonstrate that Dok-7 also functions downstream from MuSK, and we identify the proteins that are recruited to the C-terminal domain of Dok-7. We show that Agrin stimulates phosphorylation of two tyrosine residues in the C-terminal domain of Dok-7, which leads to recruitment of two adapter proteins: Crk and Crk-L. Furthermore, we show that selective inactivation of Crk and Crk-L in skeletal muscle leads to severe defects in neuromuscular synapses in vivo, revealing a critical role for Crk and Crk-L downstream from Dok-7 in presynaptic and postsynaptic differentiation.
ESTHER : Hallock_2010_Genes.Dev_24_2451
PubMedSearch : Hallock_2010_Genes.Dev_24_2451
PubMedID: 21041412