Pisani A

References (6)

Title : Vesicular Acetylcholine Transporter Alters Cholinergic Tone and Synaptic Plasticity in DYT1 Dystonia - Tassone_2021_Mov.Disord__
Author(s) : Tassone A , Martella G , Meringolo M , Vanni V , Sciamanna G , Ponterio G , Imbriani P , Bonsi P , Pisani A
Ref : Movement Disordersord , : , 2021
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Acetylcholine-mediated transmission plays a central role in the impairment of corticostriatal synaptic activity and plasticity in multiple DYT1 mouse models. However, the nature of such alteration remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to characterize the mechanistic basis of cholinergic dysfunction in DYT1 dystonia to identify potential targets for pharmacological intervention. METHODS: We utilized electrophysiology recordings, immunohistochemistry, enzymatic activity assays, and Western blotting techniques to analyze in detail the cholinergic machinery in the dorsal striatum of the Tor1a(+/-) mouse model of DYT1 dystonia. RESULTS: We found a significant increase in the vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) protein level, the protein responsible for loading acetylcholine (ACh) from the cytosol into synaptic vesicles, which indicates an altered cholinergic tone. Accordingly, in Tor1a(+/-) mice we measured a robust elevation in basal ACh content coupled to a compensatory enhancement of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzymatic activity. Moreover, pharmacological activation of dopamine D2 receptors, which is expected to reduce ACh levels, caused an abnormal elevation in its content, as compared to controls. Patch-clamp recordings revealed a reduced effect of AChE inhibitors on cholinergic interneuron excitability, whereas muscarinic autoreceptor function was preserved. Finally, we tested the hypothesis that blockade of VAChT could restore corticostriatal long-term synaptic plasticity deficits. Vesamicol, a selective VAChT inhibitor, rescued a normal expression of synaptic plasticity. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our findings indicate that VAChT is a key player in the alterations of striatal plasticity and a novel target to normalize cholinergic dysfunction observed in DYT1 dystonia. 2021 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
ESTHER : Tassone_2021_Mov.Disord__
PubMedSearch : Tassone_2021_Mov.Disord__
PubMedID: 34173686

Title : The neuroligins and the synaptic pathway in Autism Spectrum Disorder - Trobiani_2020_Neurosci.Biobehav.Rev_119_37
Author(s) : Trobiani L , Meringolo M , Diamanti T , Bourne Y , Marchot P , Martella G , Dini L , Pisani A , De Jaco A , Bonsi P
Ref : Neurosci Biobehav Rev , 119 :37 , 2020
Abstract : The genetics underlying autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is complex and heterogeneous, and de novo variants are found in genes converging in functional biological processes. Neuronal communication, including trans-synaptic signaling involving two families of cell-adhesion proteins, the presynaptic neurexins and the postsynaptic neuroligins, is one of the most recurrently affected pathways in ASD. Given the role of these proteins in determining synaptic function, abnormal synaptic plasticity and failure to establish proper synaptic contacts might represent mechanisms underlying risk of ASD. More than 30 mutations have been found in the neuroligin genes. Most of the resulting residue substitutions map in the extracellular, cholinesterase-like domain of the protein, and impair protein folding and trafficking. Conversely, the stalk and intracellular domains are less affected. Accordingly, several genetic animal models of ASD have been generated, showing behavioral and synaptic alterations. The aim of this review is to discuss the current knowledge on ASD-linked mutations in the neuroligin proteins and their effect on synaptic function, in various brain areas and circuits.
ESTHER : Trobiani_2020_Neurosci.Biobehav.Rev_119_37
PubMedSearch : Trobiani_2020_Neurosci.Biobehav.Rev_119_37
PubMedID: 32991906

Title : The neurobiological bases of autism spectrum disorders: the R451C-neuroligin 3 mutation hampers the expression of long-term synaptic depression in the dorsal striatum - Martella_2018_Eur.J.Neurosci_47_701
Author(s) : Martella G , Meringolo M , Trobiani L , De Jaco A , Pisani A , Bonsi P
Ref : European Journal of Neuroscience , 47 :701 , 2018
Abstract : Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) comprise a heterogeneous group of disorders with a complex genetic etiology. Current theories on the pathogenesis of ASDs suggest that they might arise from an aberrant synaptic transmission affecting specific brain circuits and synapses. The striatum, which is part of the basal ganglia circuit, is one of the brain regions involved in ASDs. Mouse models of ASDs have provided evidence for an imbalance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission. Here, we investigated the expression of long-term synaptic plasticity at corticostriatal glutamatergic synapses in the dorsal striatum of the R451C-NL3 phenotypic mouse model of autism. This mouse model carries the human R451C mutation in the neuroligin 3 (NL3) gene that has been associated with highly penetrant autism in a Swedish family. The R451C-NL3 mouse has been shown to exhibit autistic-like behaviors and alterations of synaptic transmission in different brain areas. However, excitatory glutamatergic transmission and its long-term plasticity have not been investigated in the dorsal striatum so far. Our results indicate that the expression of long-term synaptic depression (LTD) at corticostriatal glutamatergic synapses in the dorsal striatum is impaired by the R451C-NL3 mutation. A partial rescue of LTD was obtained by exogenous activation of cannabinoid CB1 receptors or enhancement of the endocannabinoid tone, suggesting that an altered cannabinoid drive might underlie the deficit of synaptic plasticity in the dorsal striatum of R451C-NL3 mice.
ESTHER : Martella_2018_Eur.J.Neurosci_47_701
PubMedSearch : Martella_2018_Eur.J.Neurosci_47_701
PubMedID: 28921757
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-3neur , human-NLGN3

Title : Endogenous serotonin excites striatal cholinergic interneurons via the activation of 5-HT 2C, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7 serotonin receptors: implications for extrapyramidal side effects of serotonin reuptake inhibitors - Bonsi_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_1840
Author(s) : Bonsi P , Cuomo D , Ding J , Sciamanna G , Ulrich S , Tscherter A , Bernardi G , Surmeier DJ , Pisani A
Ref : Neuropsychopharmacology , 32 :1840 , 2007
Abstract : The striatum is richly innervated by serotonergic afferents from the raphe nucleus. We explored the effects of this input on striatal cholinergic interneurons from rat brain slices, by means of both conventional intracellular and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. Bath-applied serotonin (5-HT, 3-300 microM), induced a dose-dependent membrane depolarization and increased the rate of spiking. This effect was mimicked by the 5-HT reuptake blockers citalopram and fluvoxamine. In voltage-clamped neurons, 5-HT induced an inward current, whose reversal potential was close to the K(+) equilibrium potential. Accordingly, the involvement of K(+) channels was confirmed either by increasing extracellular K(+) concentration and by blockade of K(+) channels with barium. Single-cell reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) profiling demonstrated the presence of 5-HT2C, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7 receptor mRNAs in identified cholinergic interneurons. The depolarization/inward current induced by 5-HT was partially mimicked by the 5-HT2 receptor agonist 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine and antagonized by both ketanserin and the selective 5-HT2C antagonist RS102221, whereas the selective 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptor antagonists tropisetron and RS23597-190 had no effect. The depolarizing response to 5-HT was also reduced by the selective 5-HT6 and 5-HT7 receptor antagonists SB258585 and SB269970, respectively, and mimicked by the 5-HT7 agonist, 5-CT. Accordingly, activation of either 5-HT6 or 5-HT7 receptor induced an inward current. The 5-HT response was attenuated by U73122, blocker of phospholipase C, and by SQ22,536, an inhibitor of adenylyl cyclase. These results suggest that 5-HT released by serotonergic fibers originating in the raphe nuclei has a potent excitatory effect on striatal cholinergic interneurons.
ESTHER : Bonsi_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_1840
PubMedSearch : Bonsi_2007_Neuropsychopharmacology_32_1840
PubMedID: 17203014

Title : Re-emergence of striatal cholinergic interneurons in movement disorders - Pisani_2007_Trends.Neurosci_30_545
Author(s) : Pisani A , Bernardi G , Ding J , Surmeier DJ
Ref : Trends in Neurosciences , 30 :545 , 2007
Abstract : Twenty years ago, striatal cholinergic neurons were central figures in models of basal ganglia function. But since then, they have receded in importance. Recent studies are likely to lead to their re-emergence in our thinking. Cholinergic interneurons have been implicated as key players in the induction of synaptic plasticity and motor learning, as well as in motor dysfunction. In Parkinson's disease and dystonia, diminished striatal dopaminergic signalling leads to increased release of acetylcholine by interneurons, distorting network function and inducing structural changes that undoubtedly contribute to the symptoms. By contrast, in Huntington's disease and progressive supranuclear palsy, there is a fall in striatal cholinergic markers. This review gives an overview of these recent experimental and clinical studies, placing them within the context of the pathogenesis of movement disorders.
ESTHER : Pisani_2007_Trends.Neurosci_30_545
PubMedSearch : Pisani_2007_Trends.Neurosci_30_545
PubMedID: 17904652

Title : Muscarinic IPSPs in rat striatal cholinergic interneurones - Calabresi_1998_J.Physiol_510 ( Pt 2)_421
Author(s) : Calabresi P , Centonze D , Pisani A , Sancesario G , North RA , Bernardi G
Ref : Journal of Physiology , 510 ( Pt 2) :421 , 1998
Abstract : 1. Intracellular recordings were made from neurones in slice of rat striatum in vitro. 2. The forty-nine neurones studied were immunoreactive for choline acetyltransferase and had the electrophysiological characteristics typical of large aspiny interneurones. 3. Focal stimulation of the slice elicited a hyperpolarizing inhibitory postsynaptic potential in thirty-five neurones. This IPSP lasted 0.5-1 s and reversed polarity at a membrane potential which was dependent on the logarithm of the extracellular potassium concentration. 4. The IPSP was reversibly blocked by scopolamine and methoctramine, which has some selectivity for M2 subtype of muscarinic receptor. It was unaffected by 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (10 microM), DL-2-amino-phosphonovaleric acid (30 microM) and bicuculline (30 microM). 5. Exogenous acetylcholine and muscarine also hyperpolarized the neurones, and this was blocked by methoctramine by not by pirenzepine, which is an M1 receptor-selective antagonist. 6. The findings demonstrate that muscarinic IPSPs occur in the central nervous system. The IPSP may mediate an 'autoinhibition' of striatal cholinergic neurone activity.
ESTHER : Calabresi_1998_J.Physiol_510 ( Pt 2)_421
PubMedSearch : Calabresi_1998_J.Physiol_510 ( Pt 2)_421
PubMedID: 9705993