Schott-Verdugo SN

References (4)

Title : A phospholipase B from Pseudomonas aeruginosa with activity towards endogenous phospholipids affects biofilm assembly - Weiler_2022_Biochim.Biophys.Acta.Mol.Cell.Biol.Lipids_1867_159101
Author(s) : Weiler AJ , Spitz O , Gudzuhn M , Schott-Verdugo SN , Kamel M , Thiele B , Streit WR , Kedrov A , Schmitt L , Gohlk H , Kovacic F , Gohlke H
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta Molecular & Cellular Biology Lipids , 1867 :159101 , 2022
Abstract : Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a severe threat to immunocompromised patients due to its numerous virulence factors and biofilm-mediated multidrug resistance. It produces and secretes various toxins with hydrolytic activities including phospholipases. However, the function of intracellular phospholipases for bacterial virulence has still not been established. Here, we demonstrate that the hypothetical gene pa2927 of P. aeruginosa encodes a novel phospholipase B named PaPlaB. At reaction equilibrium, PaPlaB purified from detergent-solubilized membranes of E. coli released fatty acids (FAs) from sn-1 and sn-2 positions of phospholipids at the molar ratio of 51:49. PaPlaB in vitro hydrolyzed P. aeruginosa phospholipids reconstituted in detergent micelles and phospholipids reconstituted in vesicles. Cellular localization studies indicate that PaPlaB is a cell-bound PLA of P. aeruginosa and that it is peripherally bound to both membranes in E. coli, yet the active form was predominantly associated with the cytoplasmic membrane of E. coli. Decreasing the concentration of purified and detergent-stabilized PaPlaB leads to increased enzymatic activity, and at the same time triggers oligomer dissociation. We showed that the free FA profile, biofilm amount and architecture of the wild type and deltaplaB differ. However, it remains to be established how the PLB activity of PaPlaB is regulated by homooligomerisation and how it relates to the phenotype of the P. aeruginosa deltaplaB. This novel putative virulence factor contributes to our understanding of phospholipid degrading enzymes and might provide a target for new therapeutics against P. aeruginosa biofilms.
ESTHER : Weiler_2022_Biochim.Biophys.Acta.Mol.Cell.Biol.Lipids_1867_159101
PubMedSearch : Weiler_2022_Biochim.Biophys.Acta.Mol.Cell.Biol.Lipids_1867_159101
PubMedID: 35063652
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseae-PA2927

Title : Structural, mechanistic and physiological insights into phospholipase A-mediated membrane phospholipid degradation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa - Bleffert_2022_Elife_11_e72824
Author(s) : Bleffert F , Granzin J , Caliskan M , Schott-Verdugo SN , Siebers M , Thiele B , Rahme LG , Felgner S , Dormann P , Gohlke H , Batra-Safferling R , Erich-Jager K , Kovacic F
Ref : Elife , 11 : , 2022
Abstract : Cells steadily adapt their membrane glycerophospholipid (GPL) composition to changing environmental and developmental conditions. While the regulation of membrane homeostasis via GPL synthesis in bacteria has been studied in detail, the mechanisms underlying the controlled degradation of endogenous GPLs remain unknown. Thus far, the function of intracellular phospholipases A (PLAs) in GPL remodeling (Lands cycle) in bacteria is not clearly established. Here, we identified the first cytoplasmic membrane-bound phospholipase A(1) (PlaF) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which might be involved in the Lands cycle. PlaF is an important virulence factor, as the P. aeruginosa deltaplaF mutant showed strongly attenuated virulence in Galleria mellonella and macrophages. We present a 2.0-A-resolution crystal structure of PlaF, the first structure that reveals homodimerization of a single-pass transmembrane (TM) full-length protein. PlaF dimerization, mediated solely through the intermolecular interactions of TM and juxtamembrane regions, inhibits its activity. The dimerization site and the catalytic sites are linked by an intricate ligand-mediated interaction network, which might explain the product (fatty acid) feedback inhibition observed with the purified PlaF protein. We used molecular dynamics simulations and configurational free energy computations to suggest a model of PlaF activation through a coupled monomerization and tilting of the monomer in the membrane, which constrains the active site cavity into contact with the GPL substrates. Thus, these data show the importance of the PlaF mediated GPL remodeling pathway for virulence and could pave the way for the development of novel therapeutics targeting PlaF.
ESTHER : Bleffert_2022_Elife_11_e72824
PubMedSearch : Bleffert_2022_Elife_11_e72824
PubMedID: 35536643
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseae-PA2949

Title : Evidence for a bacterial Lands cycle phospholipase A: Structural and mechanistic insights into membrane phospholipid remodeling - Bleffert_2021_Biorxiv__
Author(s) : Bleffert F , Granzin J , Caliskan M , Schott-Verdugo SN , Siebers M , Thiele B , Rahme L , Felgner S , Dormann P , Gohlke H , Batra-Safferling R , Jaeger KE , Kovacic F
Ref : Biorxiv , : , 2021
Abstract : Cells steadily adapt their membrane glycerophospholipid (GPL) composition to changing environmental and developmental conditions. While the regulation of membrane homeostasis via GPL synthesis in bacteria has been studied in detail, the mechanisms underlying the controlled degradation of endogenous GPLs remain unknown. Thus far, the function of intracellular phospholipases A (PLAs) in GPL remodeling (Lands cycle) in bacteria is not clearly established. Here, we identified the first cytoplasmic membrane-bound phospholipase A 1 (PlaF) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa involved in the Lands cycle. PlaF is an important virulence factor, as the P. aeruginosa delta plaF mutant showed strongly attenuated virulence in Galleria mellonella and macrophages. We present a 2.0-A-resolution crystal structure of PlaF, the first structure that reveals homodimerization of a single-pass transmembrane (TM) full-length protein. PlaF dimerization, mediated solely through the intermolecular interactions of TM and juxtamembrane regions, inhibits its activity. A dimerization site and the catalytic sites are linked by an intricate ligand-mediated interaction network which likely explains the product (fatty acid) feedback inhibition observed with the purified PlaF protein. We used molecular dynamics simulations and configurational free energy computations to suggest a model of PlaF activation through a coupled monomerization and tilting of the monomer in the membrane, which constrains the active site cavity into contact with the GPL substrates. Thus, these data show the importance of the GPL remodeling pathway for virulence and pave the way for the development of a novel therapeutic class of antibiotics targeting PlaF-mediated membrane GPL remodeling. Synopsis Membrane homeostasis can be regulated by phospholipase-controlled deacylation of endogenous glycerophospholipids (GPLs) followed by reacylation of products, known as the Lands cycle in eukaryotes. Here we show that the human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa uses intracellular phospholipase A 1 (PlaF) to modulate membrane GPL composition, which is the first example in bacteria. This newly identified PLA 1 indirectly regulates the bacterial virulence properties by hydrolyzing a specific set of membrane GPLs. The crystal structure of full-length PlaF dimers bound to natural ligands, MD simulations, and biochemical approaches provide insights into the molecular mechanism of dimerization-mediated inactivation of this single-pass transmembrane PLA 1 . Our findings shed light on a mechanism by which bacterial intracellular PLAs might regulate membrane homeostasis what showcases these enzymes as a promising target for a new class of antibiotics.
ESTHER : Bleffert_2021_Biorxiv__
PubMedSearch : Bleffert_2021_Biorxiv__
PubMedID:
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseae-PA2949

Title : Substrate access mechanism in a novel membrane-bound 1 phospholipase A of Pseudomonas aeruginosa concordant with specificity and regioselectivity - Ahmad_2021_Biorxiv__
Author(s) : Ahmad S , Strunk CH , Schott-Verdugo SN , Jaeger KE , Kovacic F , Gohlke H
Ref : Biorxiv , : , 2021
Abstract : PlaF is a cytoplasmic membrane-bound phospholipase A1 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa that alters the membrane glycerophospholipid (GPL) composition and fosters the virulence of this human pathogen. PlaF activity is regulated by a dimer-to-monomer transition followed by tilting of the monomer in the membrane. However, how substrates reach the active site and how the characteristics of the active site tunnels determine the activity, specificity, and regioselectivity of PlaF for natural GPL substrates has remained elusive. Here, we combined unbiased and biased all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and configurational free energy computations to identify access pathways of GPL substrates to the catalytic center of PlaF. Our results map out a distinct tunnel through which substrates access the catalytic center. PlaF variants with bulky tryptophan residues in this tunnel revealed decreased catalysis rates due to tunnel blockage. The MD simulations suggest that GPLs preferably enter the active site with the sn-1 acyl chain first, which agrees with the experimentally demonstrated PLA1 activity of PlaF. We propose that the acyl chain-length specificity of PlaF is determined by the structural features of the access tunnel, which results in favorable free energy of binding of medium-chain GPLs. The suggested egress route conveys fatty acid products to the dimerization interface and, thus, contributes to understanding the product feedback regulation of PlaF by fatty acid-triggered dimerization. These findings open up opportunities for developing potential PlaF inhibitors, which may act as antibiotics against P. aeruginosa.
ESTHER : Ahmad_2021_Biorxiv__
PubMedSearch : Ahmad_2021_Biorxiv__
PubMedID:
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseae-PA2949