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Title : Glucocorticoids rescue cell surface trafficking of R451C Neuroligin3 and enhance synapse formation - Diamanti_2024_Traffic_25_e12930
Author(s) : Diamanti T , Trobiani L , Mautone L , Serafini F , Gioia R , Ferrucci L , Lauro C , Bianchi S , Perfetto C , Guglielmo S , Sollazzo R , Giorda E , Setini A , Ragozzino D , Miranda E , Comoletti D , Di Angelantonio S , Cacci E , De Jaco A
Ref : Traffic , 25 :e12930 , 2024
Abstract : Neuroligins are synaptic cell adhesion proteins with a role in synaptic function, implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders. The autism spectrum disorder-associated substitution Arg451Cys (R451C) in NLGN3 promotes a partial misfolding of the extracellular domain of the protein leading to retention in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the induction of the unfolded protein response (UPR). The reduced trafficking of R451C NLGN3 to the cell surface leads to altered synaptic function and social behavior. A screening in HEK-293 cells overexpressing NLGN3 of 2662 compounds (FDA-approved small molecule drug library), led to the identification of several glucocorticoids such as alclometasone dipropionate, desonide, prednisolone sodium phosphate, and dexamethasone (DEX), with the ability to favor the exit of full-length R451C NLGN3 from the ER. DEX improved the stability of R451C NLGN3 and trafficking to the cell surface, reduced the activation of the UPR, and increased the formation of artificial synapses between HEK-293 and hippocampal primary neurons. The effect of DEX was validated on a novel model system represented by neural stem progenitor cells and differentiated neurons derived from the R451C NLGN3 knock-in mouse, expressing the endogenous protein. This work shows a potential rescue strategy for an autism-linked mutation affecting cell surface trafficking of a synaptic protein.
ESTHER : Diamanti_2024_Traffic_25_e12930
PubMedSearch : Diamanti_2024_Traffic_25_e12930
PubMedID: 38272450
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-NLGN3 , mouse-3neur