Chandre_1997_J.Med.Entomol_34_664

Reference

Title : Distribution of organophosphate and carbamate resistance in Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in West Africa - Chandre_1997_J.Med.Entomol_34_664
Author(s) : Chandre F , Darriet F , Doannio JM , Riviere F , Pasteur N , Guillet P
Ref : Journal of Medical Entomology , 34 :664 , 1997
Abstract : The distribution of organophosphate and carbamate resistance was investigated in 33 samples of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus Say from 25 cities in Cte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso. Organophosphate resistance levels were higher in Cte d'Ivoire than in Burkina Faso. Chlorpyrifos resistance ratios at LC95 ranged from 4 to 30 times in Cte d'Ivoire and from 3 to 6 times in Burkina Faso. For temephos, ratios ranged from 3 to 18 and from 1 to 2, respectively. Of 27 samples from Cte d'Ivoire, 25 also displayed cross resistance to carbamates as shown by a mortality plateau in bioassays with propoxur and carbosulfan (similar to chlorpyrifos). Cross resistance to organophosphates and carbamates was caused by an insensitive acetylcholinesterase allele (AceR). This gene was absent from Burkina Faso, except in Niangoloko near the Cte d'Ivoire border. Organophosphate resistance also was associated with the presence of A2-B2 overproduced esterases which had higher frequencies in Cte d'Ivoire (75-100%) than in Burkina Faso (40-50%). Two other esterases with the same electrophoretic mobility as C2 from Puerto Rico and B1 from California were identified for the 1st time in West Africa. "C2" was widespread, whereas "B1" was present in only a few mosquitoes from Cte d'Ivoire. These differences in resistance patterns should be taken into consideration in planning urban mosquito control strategies within 2 countries.
ESTHER : Chandre_1997_J.Med.Entomol_34_664
PubMedSearch : Chandre_1997_J.Med.Entomol_34_664
PubMedID: 9439121

Related information

Citations formats

Chandre F, Darriet F, Doannio JM, Riviere F, Pasteur N, Guillet P (1997)
Distribution of organophosphate and carbamate resistance in Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in West Africa
Journal of Medical Entomology 34 :664

Chandre F, Darriet F, Doannio JM, Riviere F, Pasteur N, Guillet P (1997)
Journal of Medical Entomology 34 :664

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    [paper] => Chandre_1997_J.Med.Entomol_34_664
    [author] => Chandre F || Darriet F || Doannio JM || Riviere F || Pasteur N || Guillet P
    [year] => 1997
    [title] => Distribution of organophosphate and carbamate resistance in Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in West Africa
    [journal] => Journal of Medical Entomology
    [volume] => 34
    [page] => 664
    [medline] => 9439121
    [abstract] => Chandre_1997_J.Med.Entomol_34_664
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            [content] => The distribution of organophosphate and carbamate resistance was investigated in 33 samples of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus Say from 25 cities in Cte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso. Organophosphate resistance levels were higher in Cte d'Ivoire than in Burkina Faso. Chlorpyrifos resistance ratios at LC95 ranged from 4 to 30 times in Cte d'Ivoire and from 3 to 6 times in Burkina Faso. For temephos, ratios ranged from 3 to 18 and from 1 to 2, respectively. Of 27 samples from Cte d'Ivoire, 25 also displayed cross resistance to carbamates as shown by a mortality plateau in bioassays with propoxur and carbosulfan (similar to chlorpyrifos). Cross resistance to organophosphates and carbamates was caused by an insensitive acetylcholinesterase allele (AceR). This gene was absent from Burkina Faso, except in Niangoloko near the Cte d'Ivoire border. Organophosphate resistance also was associated with the presence of A2-B2 overproduced esterases which had higher frequencies in Cte d'Ivoire (75-100%) than in Burkina Faso (40-50%). Two other esterases with the same electrophoretic mobility as C2 from Puerto Rico and B1 from California were identified for the 1st time in West Africa. "C2" was widespread, whereas "B1" was present in only a few mosquitoes from Cte d'Ivoire. These differences in resistance patterns should be taken into consideration in planning urban mosquito control strategies within 2 countries.
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