Dai_2020_New.Phytol_226_1104

Reference

Title : Discovery and characterization of tannase genes in plants: roles in hydrolysis of tannins - Dai_2020_New.Phytol_226_1104
Author(s) : Dai X , Liu Y , Zhuang J , Yao S , Liu L , Jiang X , Zhou K , Wang Y , Xie D , Bennetzen JL , Gao L , Xia T
Ref : New Phytol , 226 :1104 , 2020
Abstract :

Plant tannins, including condensed tannins (CTs) and hydrolyzable tannins (HTs), are widely distributed in the plant kingdom. To date, tannase (TA) - is a type of tannin acyl-hydrolase hydrolyzing HTs, CT monomer gallates and depsides - has been reported in microbes only. Whether plants express TA remains unknown. Herein, we report plant TA genes. A native Camellia sinensis TA (CsTA) is identified from leaves. Six TAs are cloned from tea, strawberry (Fragariasxsananassa, Fa) and four other crops. Biochemical analysis shows that the native CsTA and six recombinant TAs hydrolyze tannin compounds, depsides and phenolic glycosides. Transcriptional and metabolic analyses reveal that the expression of CsTA is oppositely associated with the accumulation of galloylated catechins. Moreover, the transient overexpression and RNA interference of FaTA are positively associated with the accumulation of ellagitannins in strawberry fruit. Phylogenetic analysis across different kingdoms shows that 29 plant TA homologs are clustered as a plant-specific TA clade in class I carboxylesterases. Further analysis across the angiosperms reveals that these TA genes are dispersed in tannin-rich plants, which share a single phylogenetic origin c. 120 million yr ago. Plant TA is discovered for the first time in the plant kingdom and is shown to be valuable to improve tannin compositions in plants.

PubMedSearch : Dai_2020_New.Phytol_226_1104
PubMedID: 32061142
Gene_locus related to this paper: camsi-a0a5b9g8c2 , jugre-JrTA , fraan-FaTA , vitvi-VvTA , citcl-CcTA , dioka-DkTA , camsi-CsTA

Citations formats

Dai X, Liu Y, Zhuang J, Yao S, Liu L, Jiang X, Zhou K, Wang Y, Xie D, Bennetzen JL, Gao L, Xia T (2020)
Discovery and characterization of tannase genes in plants: roles in hydrolysis of tannins
New Phytol 226 :1104

Dai X, Liu Y, Zhuang J, Yao S, Liu L, Jiang X, Zhou K, Wang Y, Xie D, Bennetzen JL, Gao L, Xia T (2020)
New Phytol 226 :1104