Hegde_2021_Genomics.Inform_19_e44

Reference

Title : Genetic analysis of the postsynaptic transmembrane X-linked neuroligin 3 gene in autism - Hegde_2021_Genomics.Inform_19_e44
Author(s) : Hegde R , Hegde S , Kulkarni SS , Pandurangi A , Gai PB , Das KK
Ref : Genomics Inform , 19 :e44 , 2021
Abstract : Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder, the prevalence of which has increased drastically in India in recent years. Neuroligin is a type I transmembrane protein that plays a crucial role in synaptogenesis. Alterations in synaptic genes are most commonly implicated in autism and other cognitive disorders. The present study investigated the neuroligin 3 gene in the Indian autistic population by sequencing and in silico pathogenicity prediction of molecular changes. In total, 108 clinically described individuals with autism were included from the North Karnataka region of India, along with 150 age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched healthy controls. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood, and exonic regions were sequenced. The functional and structural effects of variants of the neuroligin 3 protein were predicted. One coding sequence variant (a missense variant) and four non-coding variants (two 5'-untranslated region [UTR] variants and two 3'-UTR variants) were recorded. The novel missense variant was found in 25% of the autistic population. The C/C genotype of c.551T>C was significantly more common in autistic children than in controls (p = 0.001), and a significantly increased risk of autism (24.7-fold) was associated with this genotype (p = 0.001). The missense variant showed pathogenic effects and high evolutionary conservation over the functions of the neuroligin 3 protein. In the present study, we reported a novel missense variant, V184A, which causes abnormal neuroligin 3 and was found with high frequency in the Indian autistic population. Therefore, neuroligin is a candidate gene for future molecular investigations and functional analysis in the Indian autistic population.
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PubMedID: 35012288
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-NLGN3

Related information

Gene_locus related to this paper: human-NLGN3

Citations formats

Hegde R, Hegde S, Kulkarni SS, Pandurangi A, Gai PB, Das KK (2021)
Genetic analysis of the postsynaptic transmembrane X-linked neuroligin 3 gene in autism
Genomics Inform 19 :e44

Hegde R, Hegde S, Kulkarni SS, Pandurangi A, Gai PB, Das KK (2021)
Genomics Inform 19 :e44