Title : Esterases hydrolyze phenyl valerate activity as targets of organophosphorus compounds - Mangas_2016_Chem.Biol.Interact_259_358
Author(s) : Mangas I , Estevez J , Vilanova E
Ref : Chemico-Biological Interactions , 259 :358 , 2016
Abstract :

OPs are a large diverse class of chemicals used for several purposes (pesticides, warfare agents, flame retardants, etc.). They can cause several neurotoxic disorders: acute cholinergic toxicity, organophosphorus-induced delayed neuropathy, long-term neurobehavioral and neuropsychological symptoms, and potentiation of neuropathy. Some of these syndromes cannot be fully understood with known molecular targets. Many enzyme systems have the potential to interact with OPs. Since the discovery of neuropathy target esterase (NTE), the esterases that hydrolyze phenyl valerate (PVases) have been of interest. PVase components are analyzed in chicken tissue, the animal model used for testing OP-delayed neurotoxicity. Three enzymatic components have been discriminated in serum, and three in a soluble fraction of peripheral nerve, three in a soluble fraction of brain, and four in a membrane fraction of brain have been established according to inhibitory kinetic properties combined with several inhibitors. The criteria and strategies to differentiate these enzymatic components are shown. In the brain soluble fraction three enzymatic components, namely Ealpha, Ebeta and Egamma, were found. Initial interest focused on Ealpha activity (highly sensitive to paraoxon and spontaneously reactivated, mipafox and resistant to PMSF). By protein separation methods, a subfraction enriched in Ealpha activity was obtained and 259 proteins were identified by Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Only one had the criteria for being serine-esterase identified as butyrylcholinesterase, which stresses the relationship between cholinesterases and PVases. The identification and characterization of the whole group of PVases targets of OPs (besides AChE, BuChE and NTE) is necessary to clarify the importance of these other targets in OPs neurotoxicity or on detoxication pathways. A systematic strategy has proven useful for the molecular identification of one enzymatic component, which can be applied to identify them all.

PubMedSearch : Mangas_2016_Chem.Biol.Interact_259_358
PubMedID: 27087132

Related information

Substrate Phenylvalerate

Citations formats

Mangas I, Estevez J, Vilanova E (2016)
Esterases hydrolyze phenyl valerate activity as targets of organophosphorus compounds
Chemico-Biological Interactions 259 :358

Mangas I, Estevez J, Vilanova E (2016)
Chemico-Biological Interactions 259 :358