Masson_1998_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1387_41

Reference

Title : Butyrylcholinesterase-catalysed hydrolysis of aspirin, a negatively charged ester, and aspirin-related neutral esters - Masson_1998_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1387_41
Author(s) : Masson P , Froment MT , Fortier PL , Visicchio JE , Bartels CF , Lockridge O
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta , 1387 :41 , 1998
Abstract : Although aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is negatively charged, it is hydrolysed by butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE). Catalytic parameters were determined in 100 mM Tris buffer, pH 7.4, in the presence and absence of metal cations. The presence of Ca2+ or Mg2+ (<100 mM) in buffer did not change the Km, but accelerated the rate of hydrolysis of aspirin by wild-type or D70G mutant BCHE by 5-fold. Turnover numbers were of the order of 5000-12000 min-1 for the wild-type enzyme and the D70G and D70K enzymes in 100 mM Tris, pH 7.4, containing 50 mM CaCl2 at 25 degreesC; Km values were 6 mM for wild-type, 16 mM for D70G and 38 mM for D70K. People with 'atypical' BCHE have the D70G mutation. The apparent inhibition seen at high aspirin concentration was not due to inhibition by excess substrate but to spontaneous hydrolysis of aspirin, causing inhibition by salicylate. The wild-type and D70G enzymes were competitively inhibited by salicylic acid; the D70K enzyme showed a complex parabolic inhibition, suggesting multiple binding. The effect of salicylate was substrate-dependent, the D70K mutant being activated by salicylate with butyrylthiocholine as substrate. Km value for wild-type enzyme was lower than for D70 mutants, suggesting that residue 70 located at the rim of the active site gorge was not the major site for the initial encounter aspirin-BCHE complex. On the other hand, the virtual absence of affinity of the W82A mutant for aspirin indicated that W82 was the major residue involved in formation of the Michaelis complex. Molecular modelling of aspirin binding to BCHE indicated perpendicular interactions between the aromatic rings of W82 and aspirin. Kinetic study of BCHE-catalysed hydrolysis of different acetyl esters showed that the rate limiting step was acetylation. The bimolecular rate constants for hydrolysis of aspirin by wild-type, D70G and D70K enzymes were found to be close to 1x106 M-1 min-1. These results support the contention that the electrostatic steering due to the negative electrostatic field of the enzyme plays a role in substrate binding, but plays no role in the catalytic steps, i.e. in the enzyme acetylation.
ESTHER : Masson_1998_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1387_41
PubMedSearch : Masson_1998_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1387_41
PubMedID: 9748494

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Citations formats

Masson P, Froment MT, Fortier PL, Visicchio JE, Bartels CF, Lockridge O (1998)
Butyrylcholinesterase-catalysed hydrolysis of aspirin, a negatively charged ester, and aspirin-related neutral esters
Biochimica & Biophysica Acta 1387 :41

Masson P, Froment MT, Fortier PL, Visicchio JE, Bartels CF, Lockridge O (1998)
Biochimica & Biophysica Acta 1387 :41