Matabaro_2021_Methods.Enzymol_656_429

Reference

Title : Enzyme-mediated backbone N-methylation in ribosomally encoded peptides - Matabaro_2021_Methods.Enzymol_656_429
Author(s) : Matabaro E , Song H , Chepkirui C , Kaspar H , Witte L , Naismith JH , Freeman MF , Kunzler M
Ref : Methods Enzymol , 656 :429 , 2021
Abstract :

Backbone N-methylation as a posttranslational modification was recently discovered in a class of ribosomally encoded peptides referred to as borosins. The founding members of the borosins are the omphalotins (A-I), backbone N-methylated, macrocyclic dodecapeptides produced by the mushroom Omphalotus olearius. Omphalotins display a strong and selective toxicity toward the plant parasitic nematode Meloidogyne incognita. The primary product omphalotin A is synthesized via a concerted action of the omphalotin precursor protein (OphMA) and the dual function prolyloligopeptidase/macrocyclase (OphP). OphMA consists of alpha-N-methyltransferase domain that autocatalytically methylates the core peptide fused to its C-terminus via a clasp domain. Genome mining uncovered over 50 OphMA homologs from the fungal phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota. However, the derived peptide natural products have not been described yet, except for lentinulins, dendrothelins and gymnopeptides produced by the basidiomycetes Lentinula edodes, Dendrothele bispora and Gymnopus fusipes, respectively. In this chapter, we describe methods used to isolate and characterize these backbone N-methylated peptides and their precursor proteins both in their original hosts and in the heterologous hosts Escherichia coli and Pichia pastoris. These methods may pave the path for both the discovery of novel borosins with interesting bioactivities. In addition, understanding of borosin biosynthetic pathways may allow setting up a biotechnological platform for the production of pharmaceutical leads for orally available peptide drugs.

PubMedSearch : Matabaro_2021_Methods.Enzymol_656_429
PubMedID: 34325794
Gene_locus related to this paper: ompol-OphP

Citations formats

Matabaro E, Song H, Chepkirui C, Kaspar H, Witte L, Naismith JH, Freeman MF, Kunzler M (2021)
Enzyme-mediated backbone N-methylation in ribosomally encoded peptides
Methods Enzymol 656 :429

Matabaro E, Song H, Chepkirui C, Kaspar H, Witte L, Naismith JH, Freeman MF, Kunzler M (2021)
Methods Enzymol 656 :429