Tang_2022_Front.Genet_13_909091

Reference

Title : Comparative Study of the Molecular Characterization, Evolution, and Structure Modeling of Digestive Lipase Genes Reveals the Different Evolutionary Selection Between Mammals and Fishes - Tang_2022_Front.Genet_13_909091
Author(s) : Tang SL , Liang XF , He S , Li L , Alam MS , Wu J
Ref : Front Genet , 13 :909091 , 2022
Abstract : Vertebrates need suitable lipases to digest lipids for the requirement of energy and essential nutrients; however, the main digestive lipase genes of fishes have certain controversies. In this study, two types of digestive lipase genes (pancreatic lipase (pl) and bile salt-activated lipase (bsal)) were identified in mammals and fishes. The neighborhood genes and key active sites of the two lipase genes were conserved in mammals and fishes. Three copies of PL genes were found in mammals, but only one copy of the pl gene was found in most of the fish species, and the pl gene was even completely absent in some fish species (e.g., zebrafish, medaka, and common carp). Additionally, the hydrophobic amino acid residues (Ile and Leu) which are important to pancreatic lipase activity were also absent in most of the fish species. The PL was the main digestive lipase gene in mammals, but the pl gene seemed not to be the main digestive lipase gene in fish due to the absence of the pl gene sequence and the important amino acid residues. In contrast, the bsal gene existed in all fish species, even two to five copies of bsal genes were found in most of the fishes, but only one copy of the BSAL gene was found in mammals. The amino acid residues of bile salt-binding sites and the three-dimensional (3D) structure modeling of Bsal proteins were conserved in most of the fish species, so bsal might be the main digestive lipase gene in fish. The phylogenetic analysis also indicated that pl or bsal showed an independent evolution between mammals and fishes. Therefore, we inferred that the evolutionary selection of the main digestive lipase genes diverged into two types between mammals and fishes. These findings will provide valuable evidence for the study of lipid digestion in fish.
ESTHER : Tang_2022_Front.Genet_13_909091
PubMedSearch : Tang_2022_Front.Genet_13_909091
PubMedID: 35991544

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Citations formats

Tang SL, Liang XF, He S, Li L, Alam MS, Wu J (2022)
Comparative Study of the Molecular Characterization, Evolution, and Structure Modeling of Digestive Lipase Genes Reveals the Different Evolutionary Selection Between Mammals and Fishes
Front Genet 13 :909091

Tang SL, Liang XF, He S, Li L, Alam MS, Wu J (2022)
Front Genet 13 :909091

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    [paper] => Tang_2022_Front.Genet_13_909091
    [author] => Tang SL || Liang XF || He S || Li L || Alam MS || Wu J
    [year] => 2022
    [title] => Comparative Study of the Molecular Characterization, Evolution, and Structure Modeling of Digestive Lipase Genes Reveals the Different Evolutionary Selection Between Mammals and Fishes
    [journal] => Front Genet
    [volume] => 13
    [page] => 909091
    [medline] => 35991544
    [abstract] => Tang_2022_Front.Genet_13_909091
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            [content] => Vertebrates need suitable lipases to digest lipids for the requirement of energy and essential nutrients; however, the main digestive lipase genes of fishes have certain controversies. In this study, two types of digestive lipase genes (pancreatic lipase (pl) and bile salt-activated lipase (bsal)) were identified in mammals and fishes. The neighborhood genes and key active sites of the two lipase genes were conserved in mammals and fishes. Three copies of PL genes were found in mammals, but only one copy of the pl gene was found in most of the fish species, and the pl gene was even completely absent in some fish species (e.g., zebrafish, medaka, and common carp). Additionally, the hydrophobic amino acid residues (Ile and Leu) which are important to pancreatic lipase activity were also absent in most of the fish species. The PL was the main digestive lipase gene in mammals, but the pl gene seemed not to be the main digestive lipase gene in fish due to the absence of the pl gene sequence and the important amino acid residues. In contrast, the bsal gene existed in all fish species, even two to five copies of bsal genes were found in most of the fishes, but only one copy of the BSAL gene was found in mammals. The amino acid residues of bile salt-binding sites and the three-dimensional (3D) structure modeling of Bsal proteins were conserved in most of the fish species, so bsal might be the main digestive lipase gene in fish. The phylogenetic analysis also indicated that pl or bsal showed an independent evolution between mammals and fishes. Therefore, we inferred that the evolutionary selection of the main digestive lipase genes diverged into two types between mammals and fishes. These findings will provide valuable evidence for the study of lipid digestion in fish.
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