Yang_2021_Int.J.Mol.Sci_22_

Reference

Title : Differential Effects of 17,18-EEQ and 19,20-EDP Combined with Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitor t-TUCB on Diet-Induced Obesity in Mice - Yang_2021_Int.J.Mol.Sci_22_
Author(s) : Yang Y , Xu X , Wu H , Yang J , Chen J , Morisseau C , Hammock BD , Bettaieb A , Zhao L
Ref : Int J Mol Sci , 22 : , 2021
Abstract :

17,18-Epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (17,18-EEQ) and 19,20-epoxydocosapentaenoic acid (19,20-EDP) are bioactive epoxides produced from n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, respectively. However, these epoxides are quickly metabolized into less active diols by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). We have previously demonstrated that an sEH inhibitor, t-TUCB, decreased serum triglycerides (TG) and increased lipid metabolic protein expression in the brown adipose tissue (BAT) of diet-induced obese mice. This study investigates the preventive effects of t-TUCB (T) alone or combined with 19,20-EDP (T + EDP) or 17,18-EEQ (T + EEQ) on BAT activation in the development of diet-induced obesity and metabolic disorders via osmotic minipump delivery in mice. Both T + EDP and T + EEQ groups showed significant improvement in fasting glucose, serum triglycerides, and higher core body temperature, whereas heat production was only significantly increased in the T + EEQ group. Moreover, both the T + EDP and T + EEQ groups showed less lipid accumulation in the BAT. Although UCP1 expression was not changed, PGC1alpha expression was increased in all three treated groups. In contrast, the expression of CPT1A and CPT1B, which are responsible for the rate-limiting step for fatty acid oxidation, was only increased in the T + EDP and T + EEQ groups. Interestingly, as a fatty acid transporter, CD36 expression was only increased in the T + EEQ group. Furthermore, both the T + EDP and T + EEQ groups showed decreased inflammatory NFkappaB signaling in the BAT. Our results suggest that 17,18-EEQ or 19,20-EDP combined with t-TUCB may prevent high-fat diet-induced metabolic disorders, in part through increased thermogenesis, upregulating lipid metabolic protein expression, and decreasing inflammation in the BAT.

PubMedSearch : Yang_2021_Int.J.Mol.Sci_22_
PubMedID: 34361032

Related information

Inhibitor t-TUCB
Substrate t-TUCB    17,18-EEQ    19,20-EDP

Citations formats

Yang Y, Xu X, Wu H, Yang J, Chen J, Morisseau C, Hammock BD, Bettaieb A, Zhao L (2021)
Differential Effects of 17,18-EEQ and 19,20-EDP Combined with Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitor t-TUCB on Diet-Induced Obesity in Mice
Int J Mol Sci 22 :

Yang Y, Xu X, Wu H, Yang J, Chen J, Morisseau C, Hammock BD, Bettaieb A, Zhao L (2021)
Int J Mol Sci 22 :