Altmann A

References (3)

Title : A Tumor-Imaging Method Targeting Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts - Loktev_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1423
Author(s) : Loktev A , Lindner T , Mier W , Debus J , Altmann A , Jager D , Giesel F , Kratochwil C , Barthe P , Roumestand C , Haberkorn U
Ref : J Nucl Med , 59 :1423 , 2018
Abstract : The tumor stroma, which accounts for a large part of the tumor mass, represents an attractive target for the delivery of diagnostic and therapeutic compounds. Here, the focus is notably on a subpopulation of stromal cells, known as cancer-associated fibroblasts, which are present in more than 90% of epithelial carcinomas, including pancreatic, colon, and breast cancer. Cancer-associated fibroblasts feature high expression of fibroblast activation protein (FAP), which is not detectable in adult normal tissue but is associated with a poor prognosis in cancer patients. Methods: We developed an iodinated and a DOTA-coupled radiotracer based on a FAP-specific enzyme inhibitor (FAPI) and evaluated them in vitro using uptake, competition, and efflux studies as well as confocal microscopy of a fluorescence-labeled variant. Furthermore, we performed imaging and biodistribution studies on tumor-bearing animals. Finally, proof of concept was realized by imaging patients with (68)Ga-labeled FAPI. Results: Both FAPIs showed high specificity, affinity, and rapid internalization into FAP-expressing cells in vitro and in vivo. Biodistribution studies on tumor-bearing mice and on the first cancer patients demonstrated high intratumoral uptake of the tracer and fast body clearance, resulting in high-contrast images and negligible exposure of healthy tissue to radiation. A comparison with the commonly used radiotracer (18)F-FDG in a patient with locally advanced lung adenocarcinoma revealed that the new FAP ligand was clearly superior. Conclusion: Radiolabeled FAPIs allow fast imaging with very high contrast in tumors having a high stromal content and may therefore serve as pantumor agents. Coupling of these molecules to DOTA or other chelators allows labeling not only with (68)Ga but also with therapeutic isotopes such as (177)Lu or (90)Y.
ESTHER : Loktev_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1423
PubMedSearch : Loktev_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1423
PubMedID: 29626120
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-FAP

Title : Development of Quinoline-Based Theranostic Ligands for the Targeting of Fibroblast Activation Protein - Lindner_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1415
Author(s) : Lindner T , Loktev A , Altmann A , Giesel F , Kratochwil C , Debus J , Jager D , Mier W , Haberkorn U
Ref : J Nucl Med , 59 :1415 , 2018
Abstract : Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) is overexpressed in cancer-associated fibroblasts and is involved in a variety of tumor-promoting activities such as matrix remodeling, angiogenesis, chemotherapy resistance, and immunosuppression. Because FAP shows low expression in most normal organs, it presents an interesting target for imaging and endoradiotherapy. In this investigation, FAP inhibitors (FAPIs) were modified and optimized for use as theranostic tracers. Methods: FAPIs based on a quinoline structure were synthesized and characterized with respect to binding, internalization, and efflux in cells expressing human and murine FAP as well as CD26. Preclinical pharmacokinetics were determined in tumor-bearing animals with biodistribution experiments and small-animal PET. Finally, a proof-of-concept approach toward imaging and therapy was chosen for 2 patients with metastasized breast cancer. Results: Of 15 synthesized FAPIs, FAPI-04 was identified as the most promising tracer for clinical application. Compared with the previously published ligand, FAPI-02, FAPI-04 showed excellent stability in human serum, higher affinity for FAP as opposed to CD26, and slower excretion in vitro. In vivo, a higher SUV was reached in tumor-bearing animals, leading to larger areas under the curve as calculated from biodistribution experiments. Finally, PET/CT scans with (68)Ga-FAPI-04 in 2 patients with metastasized breast cancer revealed high tracer uptake in metastases and a reduction in pain symptoms after therapy with a considerably low dose of (90)Y-FAPI-04. Conclusion: FAPI-04 represents a promising tracer for both diagnostic imaging and, possibly, targeted therapy of malignant tumors with a high content of activated fibroblasts, such as breast cancer.
ESTHER : Lindner_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1415
PubMedSearch : Lindner_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1415
PubMedID: 29626119
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-FAP

Title : Brain networks. Correlated gene expression supports synchronous activity in brain networks - Richiardi_2015_Science_348_1241
Author(s) : Richiardi J , Altmann A , Milazzo AC , Chang C , Chakravarty MM , Banaschewski T , Barker GJ , Bokde AL , Bromberg U , Buchel C , Conrod P , Fauth-Buhler M , Flor H , Frouin V , Gallinat J , Garavan H , Gowland P , Heinz A , Lemaitre H , Mann KF , Martinot JL , Nees F , Paus T , Pausova Z , Rietschel M , Robbins TW , Smolka MN , Spanagel R , Strohle A , Schumann G , Hawrylycz M , Poline JB , Greicius MD
Ref : Science , 348 :1241 , 2015
Abstract : During rest, brain activity is synchronized between different regions widely distributed throughout the brain, forming functional networks. However, the molecular mechanisms supporting functional connectivity remain undefined. We show that functional brain networks defined with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging can be recapitulated by using measures of correlated gene expression in a post mortem brain tissue data set. The set of 136 genes we identify is significantly enriched for ion channels. Polymorphisms in this set of genes significantly affect resting-state functional connectivity in a large sample of healthy adolescents. Expression levels of these genes are also significantly associated with axonal connectivity in the mouse. The results provide convergent, multimodal evidence that resting-state functional networks correlate with the orchestrated activity of dozens of genes linked to ion channel activity and synaptic function.
ESTHER : Richiardi_2015_Science_348_1241
PubMedSearch : Richiardi_2015_Science_348_1241
PubMedID: 26068849