Haberkorn U

References (3)

Title : A Tumor-Imaging Method Targeting Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts - Loktev_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1423
Author(s) : Loktev A , Lindner T , Mier W , Debus J , Altmann A , Jager D , Giesel F , Kratochwil C , Barthe P , Roumestand C , Haberkorn U
Ref : J Nucl Med , 59 :1423 , 2018
Abstract : The tumor stroma, which accounts for a large part of the tumor mass, represents an attractive target for the delivery of diagnostic and therapeutic compounds. Here, the focus is notably on a subpopulation of stromal cells, known as cancer-associated fibroblasts, which are present in more than 90% of epithelial carcinomas, including pancreatic, colon, and breast cancer. Cancer-associated fibroblasts feature high expression of fibroblast activation protein (FAP), which is not detectable in adult normal tissue but is associated with a poor prognosis in cancer patients. Methods: We developed an iodinated and a DOTA-coupled radiotracer based on a FAP-specific enzyme inhibitor (FAPI) and evaluated them in vitro using uptake, competition, and efflux studies as well as confocal microscopy of a fluorescence-labeled variant. Furthermore, we performed imaging and biodistribution studies on tumor-bearing animals. Finally, proof of concept was realized by imaging patients with (68)Ga-labeled FAPI. Results: Both FAPIs showed high specificity, affinity, and rapid internalization into FAP-expressing cells in vitro and in vivo. Biodistribution studies on tumor-bearing mice and on the first cancer patients demonstrated high intratumoral uptake of the tracer and fast body clearance, resulting in high-contrast images and negligible exposure of healthy tissue to radiation. A comparison with the commonly used radiotracer (18)F-FDG in a patient with locally advanced lung adenocarcinoma revealed that the new FAP ligand was clearly superior. Conclusion: Radiolabeled FAPIs allow fast imaging with very high contrast in tumors having a high stromal content and may therefore serve as pantumor agents. Coupling of these molecules to DOTA or other chelators allows labeling not only with (68)Ga but also with therapeutic isotopes such as (177)Lu or (90)Y.
ESTHER : Loktev_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1423
PubMedSearch : Loktev_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1423
PubMedID: 29626120
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-FAP

Title : Development of Quinoline-Based Theranostic Ligands for the Targeting of Fibroblast Activation Protein - Lindner_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1415
Author(s) : Lindner T , Loktev A , Altmann A , Giesel F , Kratochwil C , Debus J , Jager D , Mier W , Haberkorn U
Ref : J Nucl Med , 59 :1415 , 2018
Abstract : Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) is overexpressed in cancer-associated fibroblasts and is involved in a variety of tumor-promoting activities such as matrix remodeling, angiogenesis, chemotherapy resistance, and immunosuppression. Because FAP shows low expression in most normal organs, it presents an interesting target for imaging and endoradiotherapy. In this investigation, FAP inhibitors (FAPIs) were modified and optimized for use as theranostic tracers. Methods: FAPIs based on a quinoline structure were synthesized and characterized with respect to binding, internalization, and efflux in cells expressing human and murine FAP as well as CD26. Preclinical pharmacokinetics were determined in tumor-bearing animals with biodistribution experiments and small-animal PET. Finally, a proof-of-concept approach toward imaging and therapy was chosen for 2 patients with metastasized breast cancer. Results: Of 15 synthesized FAPIs, FAPI-04 was identified as the most promising tracer for clinical application. Compared with the previously published ligand, FAPI-02, FAPI-04 showed excellent stability in human serum, higher affinity for FAP as opposed to CD26, and slower excretion in vitro. In vivo, a higher SUV was reached in tumor-bearing animals, leading to larger areas under the curve as calculated from biodistribution experiments. Finally, PET/CT scans with (68)Ga-FAPI-04 in 2 patients with metastasized breast cancer revealed high tracer uptake in metastases and a reduction in pain symptoms after therapy with a considerably low dose of (90)Y-FAPI-04. Conclusion: FAPI-04 represents a promising tracer for both diagnostic imaging and, possibly, targeted therapy of malignant tumors with a high content of activated fibroblasts, such as breast cancer.
ESTHER : Lindner_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1415
PubMedSearch : Lindner_2018_J.Nucl.Med_59_1415
PubMedID: 29626119
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-FAP

Title : Progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus: a new variant with DPPX antibodies - Balint_2014_Neurology_82_1521
Author(s) : Balint B , Jarius S , Nagel S , Haberkorn U , Probst C , Blocker IM , Bahtz R , Komorowski L , Stocker W , Kastrup A , Kuthe M , Meinck HM
Ref : Neurology , 82 :1521 , 2014
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel and distinct variant of progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus (PERM) associated with antibodies directed against dipeptidyl peptidase-like protein 6 (DPPX), a regulatory subunit of the Kv4.2 potassium channels on the surface of neurons.
METHODS: Case series describing the clinical, paraclinical, and serologic features of 3 patients with PERM. A recombinant, cell-based indirect immunofluorescence assay with DPPX-expressing HEK293 cells was used to detect DPPX antibodies in conjunction with mammalian tissues.
RESULTS: All patients presented with a distinct syndrome involving hyperekplexia, prominent cerebellar ataxia with marked eye movement disorder, and trunk stiffness of variable intensity. Additional symptoms comprised allodynia, neurogenic pruritus, and gastrointestinal symptoms. Symptoms began insidiously and progressed slowly. An inflammatory CSF profile with mild pleocytosis and intrathecal immunoglobulin G synthesis was found in all patients. High DPPX antibody titers were detected in the patients' serum and CSF, with specific antibody indices suggestive of intrathecal synthesis of DPPX antibodies. Response to immunotherapy was good, but constant and aggressive treatment may be required. CONCLUSION: These cases highlight the expanding spectrum of both PERM and anti-neuronal antibodies. Testing for DPPX antibodies should be considered in the diagnostic workup of patients with acquired hyperekplexia, cerebellar ataxia, and stiffness, because such patients might benefit from immunotherapy. Further studies are needed to elucidate both the entire clinical spectrum associated with DPPX antibodies and their role in pathogenesis.
ESTHER : Balint_2014_Neurology_82_1521
PubMedSearch : Balint_2014_Neurology_82_1521
PubMedID: 24696508
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-DPP6