Holbrook-Smith D

References (6)

Title : Chemical Screening for Strigolactone Receptor Antagonists Using Arabidopsis thaliana - Holbrook-Smith_2018_Methods.Mol.Biol_1795_117
Author(s) : Holbrook-Smith D , McCourt P
Ref : Methods Mol Biol , 1795 :117 , 2018
Abstract : Strigolactones are a class of terpenoid-based plant hormones that are best known for their role in the suppression of axillary branching. However, strigolactones also play a role as stimulants for the germination of parasitic plants of the genera Striga and Orobanche. This dual role for strigolactones as endogenous hormones and interspecies signaling molecules has led to significant research directed toward understanding mechanisms of strigolactone perception from both the perspective of host plants and of their parasites. Antagonists for strigolactone receptors serve as potentially important tools in both arenas. This document describes the procedures required to use phenotypic screening approaches to uncover likely strigolactone receptor antagonists.
ESTHER : Holbrook-Smith_2018_Methods.Mol.Biol_1795_117
PubMedSearch : Holbrook-Smith_2018_Methods.Mol.Biol_1795_117
PubMedID: 29846923

Title : The perception of strigolactones in vascular plants - Lumba_2017_Nat.Chem.Biol_13_599
Author(s) : Lumba S , Holbrook-Smith D , McCourt P
Ref : Nat Chemical Biology , 13 :599 , 2017
Abstract : Small-molecule hormones play central roles in plant development, ranging from cellular differentiation and organ formation to developmental response instruction in changing environments. A recently discovered collection of related small molecules collectively called strigolactones are of particular interest, as these hormones also function as ecological communicators between plants and fungi and between parasitic plants and their hosts. Advances from model plant systems have begun to unravel how, as a hormone, strigolactone is perceived and transduced. In this Review, we summarize this information and examine how understanding strigolactone hormone signaling is leading to insights into parasitic plant infections. We specifically focus on how the development of chemical probes can be used in combination with model plant systems to dissect strigolactone's perception in the parasitic plant Striga hermonthica. This information is particularly relevant since Striga is considered one of the largest impediments to food security in sub-Saharan Africa.
ESTHER : Lumba_2017_Nat.Chem.Biol_13_599
PubMedSearch : Lumba_2017_Nat.Chem.Biol_13_599
PubMedID: 28514432

Title : Small-molecule antagonists of germination of the parasitic plant Striga hermonthica - Holbrook-Smith_2016_Nat.Chem.Biol_12_724
Author(s) : Holbrook-Smith D , Toh S , Tsuchiya Y , McCourt P
Ref : Nat Chemical Biology , 12 :724 , 2016
Abstract : Striga spp. (witchweed) is an obligate parasitic plant that attaches to host roots to deplete them of nutrients. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the most destructive Striga species, Striga hermonthica, parasitizes major food crops affecting two-thirds of the arable land and over 100 million people. One potential weakness in the Striga infection process is the way it senses the presence of a host crop. Striga only germinates in the presence of the plant hormone strigolactone, which exudes from a host root. Hence small molecules that perturb strigolactone signaling may be useful tools for disrupting the Striga lifecycle. Here we developed a chemical screen to suppress strigolactone signaling in the model plant Arabidopsis. One compound, soporidine, specifically inhibited a S. hermonthica strigolactone receptor and inhibited the parasite's germination. This indicates that strigolactone-based screens using Arabidopsis are useful in identifying lead compounds to combat Striga infestations.
ESTHER : Holbrook-Smith_2016_Nat.Chem.Biol_12_724
PubMedSearch : Holbrook-Smith_2016_Nat.Chem.Biol_12_724
PubMedID: 27428512

Title : PARASITIC PLANTS. Probing strigolactone receptors in Striga hermonthica with fluorescence - Tsuchiya_2015_Science_349_864
Author(s) : Tsuchiya Y , Yoshimura M , Sato Y , Kuwata K , Toh S , Holbrook-Smith D , Zhang H , McCourt P , Itami K , Kinoshita T , Hagihara S
Ref : Science , 349 :864 , 2015
Abstract : Elucidating the signaling mechanism of strigolactones has been the key to controlling the devastating problem caused by the parasitic plant Striga hermonthica. To overcome the genetic intractability that has previously interfered with identification of the strigolactone receptor, we developed a fluorescence turn-on probe, Yoshimulactone Green (YLG), which activates strigolactone signaling and illuminates signal perception by the strigolactone receptors. Here we describe how strigolactones bind to and act via ShHTLs, the diverged family of alpha/beta hydrolase-fold proteins in Striga. Live imaging using YLGs revealed that a dynamic wavelike propagation of strigolactone perception wakes up Striga seeds. We conclude that ShHTLs function as the strigolactone receptors mediating seed germination in Striga. Our findings enable access to strigolactone receptors and observation of the regulatory dynamics for strigolactone signal transduction in Striga.
ESTHER : Tsuchiya_2015_Science_349_864
PubMedSearch : Tsuchiya_2015_Science_349_864
PubMedID: 26293962
Gene_locus related to this paper: strhe-ShHTL2 , strhe-ShHTL10 , strhe-ShHTL6 , strhe-ShHTL9 , strhe-ShHTL8 , strhe-ShHTL11 , strhe-ShD14 , strhe-ShHTL4 , strhe-ShHTL1 , strhe-ShHTL7 , strhe-ShHTL3 , strhe-ShHTL5

Title : Structure-function analysis identifies highly sensitive strigolactone receptors in Striga - Toh_2015_Science_350_203
Author(s) : Toh S , Holbrook-Smith D , Stogios PJ , Onopriyenko O , Lumba S , Tsuchiya Y , Savchenko A , McCourt P
Ref : Science , 350 :203 , 2015
Abstract : Strigolactones are naturally occurring signaling molecules that affect plant development, fungi-plant interactions, and parasitic plant infestations. We characterized the function of 11 strigolactone receptors from the parasitic plant Striga hermonthica using chemical and structural biology. We found a clade of polyspecific receptors, including one that is sensitive to picomolar concentrations of strigolactone. A crystal structure of a highly sensitive strigolactone receptor from Striga revealed a larger binding pocket than that of the Arabidopsis receptor, which could explain the increased range of strigolactone sensitivity. Thus, the sensitivity of Striga to strigolactones from host plants is driven by receptor sensitivity. By expressing strigolactone receptors in Arabidopsis, we developed a bioassay that can be used to identify chemicals and crops with altered strigolactone levels.
ESTHER : Toh_2015_Science_350_203
PubMedSearch : Toh_2015_Science_350_203
PubMedID: 26450211
Gene_locus related to this paper: strhe-ShHTL2 , strhe-ShHTL10 , strhe-ShHTL6 , strhe-ShHTL9 , strhe-ShHTL8 , strhe-ShHTL11 , strhe-ShHTL4 , strhe-ShHTL1 , strhe-ShHTL7 , strhe-ShHTL3 , strhe-ShHTL5

Title : Detection of Parasitic Plant Suicide Germination Compounds Using a High-Throughput Arabidopsis HTL\/KAI2 Strigolactone Perception System - Toh_2014_Chem.Biol_21_988
Author(s) : Toh S , Holbrook-Smith D , Stokes ME , Tsuchiya Y , McCourt P
Ref : Chemical Biology , 21 :988 , 2014
Abstract : Strigolactones are terpenoid-based plant hormones that act as communication signals within a plant, between plants and fungi, and between parasitic plants and their hosts. Here we show that an active enantiomer form of the strigolactone GR24, the germination stimulant karrikin, and a number of structurally related small molecules called cotylimides all bind the HTL/KAI2 alpha/beta hydrolase in Arabidopsis. Strigolactones and cotylimides also promoted an interaction between HTL/KAI2 and the F-box protein MAX2 in yeast. Identification of this chemically dependent protein-protein interaction prompted the development of a yeast-based, high-throughput chemical screen for potential strigolactone mimics. Of the 40 lead compounds identified, three were found to have in planta strigolactone activity using Arabidopsis-based assays. More importantly, these three compounds were all found to stimulate suicide germination of the obligate parasitic plant Striga hermonthica. These results suggest that screening strategies involving yeast/Arabidopsis models may be useful in combating parasitic plant infestations.
ESTHER : Toh_2014_Chem.Biol_21_988
PubMedSearch : Toh_2014_Chem.Biol_21_988
PubMedID: 25126711