Kengen SW

References (6)

Title : Structural and biochemical characterisation of Archaeoglobus fulgidus esterase reveals a bound CoA molecule in the vicinity of the active site - Sayer_2016_Sci.Rep_6_25542
Author(s) : Sayer C , Finnigan W , Isupov MN , Levisson M , Kengen SW , Van der Oost J , Harmer NJ , Littlechild JA
Ref : Sci Rep , 6 :25542 , 2016
Abstract : A new carboxyl esterase, AF-Est2, from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus has been cloned, over-expressed in Escherichia coli and biochemically and structurally characterized. The enzyme has high activity towards short- to medium-chain p-nitrophenyl carboxylic esters with optimal activity towards the valerate ester. The AF-Est2 has good solvent and pH stability and is very thermostable, showing no loss of activity after incubation for 30 min at 80 degrees C. The 1.4 A resolution crystal structure of AF-Est2 reveals Coenzyme A (CoA) bound in the vicinity of the active site. Despite the presence of CoA bound to the AF-Est2 this enzyme has no CoA thioesterase activity. The pantetheine group of CoA partially obstructs the active site alcohol pocket suggesting that this ligand has a role in regulation of the enzyme activity. A comparison with closely related alpha/beta hydrolase fold enzyme structures shows that the AF-Est2 has unique structural features that allow CoA binding. A comparison of the structure of AF-Est2 with the human carboxyl esterase 1, which has CoA thioesterase activity, reveals that CoA is bound to different parts of the core domain in these two enzymes and approaches the active site from opposite directions.
ESTHER : Sayer_2016_Sci.Rep_6_25542
PubMedSearch : Sayer_2016_Sci.Rep_6_25542
PubMedID: 27160974
Gene_locus related to this paper: arcfu-est2

Title : Functional and structural characterization of a thermostable acetyl esterase from Thermotoga maritima - Levisson_2012_Proteins_80_1545
Author(s) : Levisson M , Han GW , Deller MC , Xu Q , Biely P , Hendriks S , Ten Eyck LF , Flensburg C , Roversi P , Miller MD , McMullan D , von Delft F , Kreusch A , Deacon AM , Van der Oost J , Lesley SA , Elsliger MA , Kengen SW , Wilson IA
Ref : Proteins , 80 :1545 , 2012
Abstract : TM0077 from Thermotoga maritima is a member of the carbohydrate esterase family 7 and is active on a variety of acetylated compounds, including cephalosporin C. TM0077 esterase activity is confined to short-chain acyl esters (C2-C3), and is optimal around 100degC and pH 7.5. The positional specificity of TM0077 was investigated using 4-nitrophenyl--D-xylopyranoside monoacetates as substrates in a -xylosidase-coupled assay. TM0077 hydrolyzes acetate at positions 2, 3, and 4 with equal efficiency. No activity was detected on xylan or acetylated xylan, which implies that TM0077 is an acetyl esterase and not an acetyl xylan esterase as currently annotated. Selenomethionine-substituted and native structures of TM0077 were determined at 2.1 and 2.5 resolution, respectively, revealing a classicalpha/beta-hydrolase fold. TM0077 assembles into a doughnut-shaped hexamer with small tunnels on either side leading to an inner cavity, which contains the six catalytic centers. Structures of TM0077 with covalently bound phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride and paraoxon were determined to 2.4 and 2.1 , respectively, and confirmed that both inhibitors bind covalently to the catalytic serine (Ser188). Upon binding of inhibitor, the catalytic serine adopts an altered conformation, as observed in other esterase and lipases, and supports a previously proposed catalytic mechanism in which Ser hydroxyl rotation prevents reversal of the reaction and allows access of a water molecule for completion of the reaction.
ESTHER : Levisson_2012_Proteins_80_1545
PubMedSearch : Levisson_2012_Proteins_80_1545
PubMedID: 22411095
Gene_locus related to this paper: thema-TM0077

Title : Carboxylic ester hydrolases from hyperthermophiles - Levisson_2009_Extremophiles_13_567
Author(s) : Levisson M , Van der Oost J , Kengen SW
Ref : Extremophiles , 13 :567 , 2009
Abstract : Carboxylic ester hydrolyzing enzymes constitute a large group of enzymes that are able to catalyze the hydrolysis, synthesis or transesterification of an ester bond. They can be found in all three domains of life, including the group of hyperthermophilic bacteria and archaea. Esterases from the latter group often exhibit a high intrinsic stability, which makes them of interest them for various biotechnological applications. In this review, we aim to give an overview of all characterized carboxylic ester hydrolases from hyperthermophilic microorganisms and provide details on their substrate specificity, kinetics, optimal catalytic conditions, and stability. Approaches for the discovery of new carboxylic ester hydrolases are described. Special attention is given to the currently characterized hyperthermophilic enzymes with respect to their biochemical properties, 3D structure, and classification.
ESTHER : Levisson_2009_Extremophiles_13_567
PubMedSearch : Levisson_2009_Extremophiles_13_567
PubMedID: 19544040

Title : Crystal structure and biochemical properties of a novel thermostable esterase containing an immunoglobulin-like domain - Levisson_2009_J.Mol.Biol_385_949
Author(s) : Levisson M , Sun L , Hendriks S , Swinkels P , Akveld T , Bultema JB , Barendregt A , van den Heuvel RH , Dijkstra BW , Van der Oost J , Kengen SW
Ref : Journal of Molecular Biology , 385 :949 , 2009
Abstract : Comparative analysis of the genome of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima revealed a hypothetical protein (EstA) with typical esterase features. The EstA protein was functionally produced in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. It indeed displayed esterase activity with optima at or above 95 degrees C and at pH 8.5, with a preference for esters with short acyl chains (C2-C10). Its 2.6-A-resolution crystal structure revealed a classical alpha/beta hydrolase domain with a catalytic triad consisting of a serine, an aspartate, and a histidine. EstA is irreversibly inhibited by the organophosphate paraoxon. A 3.0-A-resolution structure confirmed that this inhibitor binds covalently to the catalytic serine residue of EstA. Remarkably, the structure also revealed the presence of an N-terminal immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain, which is unprecedented among esterases. EstA forms a hexamer both in the crystal and in solution. Electron microscopy showed that the hexamer in solution is identical with the hexamer in the crystal, which is formed by two trimers, with the N-terminal domains facing each other. Mutational studies confirmed that residues Phe89, Phe112, Phe116, Phe246, and Trp377 affect enzyme activity. A truncated mutant of EstA, in which the Ig-like domain was removed, showed only 5% of wild-type activity, had lower thermostability, and failed to form hexamers. These data suggest that the Ig-like domain plays an important role in the enzyme multimerization and activity of EstA.
ESTHER : Levisson_2009_J.Mol.Biol_385_949
PubMedSearch : Levisson_2009_J.Mol.Biol_385_949
PubMedID: 19013466
Gene_locus related to this paper: thema-TM0033

Title : Crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis of an esterase with a novel domain from the hyperthermophile Thermotoga maritima - Sun_2007_Acta.Crystallogr.Sect.F.Struct.Biol.Cryst.Commun_63_777
Author(s) : Sun L , Levisson M , Hendriks S , Akveld T , Kengen SW , Dijkstra BW , Van der Oost J
Ref : Acta Crystallographica Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun , 63 :777 , 2007
Abstract : A predicted esterase (EstA) with an unusual new domain from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima has been cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The purified protein was crystallized by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion technique in the presence of lithium sulfate and polyethylene glycol 8000. Selenomethionine-substituted EstA crystals were obtained under the same conditions and three different-wavelength data sets were collected to 2.6 A resolution. The crystal belongs to space group H32, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 130.2, c = 306.2 A. There are two molecules in the asymmetric unit, with a V(M) of 2.9 A3 Da(-1) and 58% solvent content.
ESTHER : Sun_2007_Acta.Crystallogr.Sect.F.Struct.Biol.Cryst.Commun_63_777
PubMedSearch : Sun_2007_Acta.Crystallogr.Sect.F.Struct.Biol.Cryst.Commun_63_777
PubMedID: 17768353
Gene_locus related to this paper: thema-TM0033

Title : Characterization and structural modeling of a new type of thermostable esterase from Thermotoga maritima - Levisson_2007_Febs.J_274_2832
Author(s) : Levisson M , Van der Oost J , Kengen SW
Ref : Febs J , 274 :2832 , 2007
Abstract : A bioinformatic screening of the genome of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima for ester-hydrolyzing enzymes revealed a protein with typical esterase motifs, though annotated as a hypothetical protein. To confirm its putative esterase function the gene (estD) was cloned, functionally expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Recombinant EstD was found to exhibit significant esterase activity with a preference for short acyl chain esters (C4-C8). The monomeric enzyme has a molecular mass of 44.5 kDa and optimal activity around 95 degrees C and at pH 7. Its thermostability is relatively high with a half-life of 1 h at 100 degrees C, but less stable compared to some other hyperthermophilic esterases. A structural model was constructed with the carboxylesterase Est30 from Geobacillus stearothermophilus as a template. The model covered most of the C-terminal part of EstD. The structure showed an alpha/beta-hydrolase fold and indicated the presence of a typical catalytic triad consisting of a serine, aspartate and histidine, which was verified by site-directed mutagenesis and inhibition studies. Phylogenetic analysis showed that EstD is only distantly related to other esterases. A comparison of the active site pentapeptide motifs revealed that EstD should be grouped into a new family of esterases (Family 10). EstD is the first characterized member of this family.
ESTHER : Levisson_2007_Febs.J_274_2832
PubMedSearch : Levisson_2007_Febs.J_274_2832
PubMedID: 17466017
Gene_locus related to this paper: thema-TM0336