Lenzini L

References (2)

Title : Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease - Maiolino_2015_J.Cardiovasc.Med.(Hagerstown)_16_29
Author(s) : Maiolino G , Lenzini L , Pedon L , Cesari M , Seccia TM , Frigo AC , Rossitto G , Caroccia B , Rossi GP
Ref : J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) , 16 :29 , 2015
Abstract : AIMS: We tested the hypothesis that variations in the PLA2G7 gene encoding the lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), an enzyme deemed to have proatherogenic activity, affect the Lp-PLA2 levels and predicts cardiovascular events. METHODS: Using a prospective cohort study design, we investigated incident cardiovascular events as a function of the PLA2G7 gene for rs1805017, rs1805018, and rs1051931 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 643 randomly selected white patients from the GENICA Study, who at baseline underwent coronary angiography, measurement of Lp-PLA2 mass and activity. Cardiovascular event-free survival was compared across the genotypes by Cox regression, propensity score matching, and haplotype analysis. RESULTS: The rs1805018 SNP did not follow the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and was not further explored. The rs1805017 GG genotype had a lower Lp-PLA2 mass and a higher Lp-PLA2 activity, thus suggesting that this SNP is functional. Long-term follow-up (median 7.8 years) was obtained in 75% of the cohort and allowed recording of incident cardiovascular events in 25.8% of the patients. On Cox regression analysis, the common rs1805017 GG genotype predicted acute myocardial infarction (AMI) [hazard ratio 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-2.99, P=0.041]; this finding was confirmed on propensity score matching (82.6% AMI-free survival in GG vs. 94.4% in GA+AA, P=0.003). The rs1805017 and rs1051931 G/G haplotype was also associated with AMI (52.7 vs. 42.2%, P=0.026) and cardiovascular event incidence (49.5 vs. 41.7%, P=0.025). CONCLUSION: In high-risk coronary artery disease patients of European ancestry, the PLA2G7 rs1805017 GG genotype is associated with increased Lp-PLA2 plasma activity and AMI.
ESTHER : Maiolino_2015_J.Cardiovasc.Med.(Hagerstown)_16_29
PubMedSearch : Maiolino_2015_J.Cardiovasc.Med.(Hagerstown)_16_29
PubMedID: 24732951
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7

Title : Collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data from observational studies of Lp-PLA2 and cardiovascular diseases - Ballantyne_2007_Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prev.Rehabil_14_3
Author(s) : Ballantyne C , Cushman M , Psaty B , Furberg C , Khaw KT , Sandhu M , Oldgren J , Rossi GP , Maiolino G , Cesari M , Lenzini L , James SK , Rimm E , Collins R , Anderson J , Koenig W , Brenner H , Rothenbacher D , Berglund G , Persson M , Berger P , Brilakis E , McConnell JP , Sacco R , Elkind M , Talmud P , Cannon CP , Packard C , Barrett-Connor E , Hofman A , Kardys I , Witteman JC , Criqui M , Corsetti JP , Rainwater DL , Moss AJ , Robins S , Bloomfield H , Collins D , Wassertheil-Smoller S , Ridker P , Danesh J , Gu D , Nelson JJ , Thompson S , Zalewski A , Zariffa N , Di Angelantonio E , Kaptoge S , Thompson A , Walker M , Watson S , Wood A
Ref : Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil , 14 :3 , 2007
Abstract : BACKGROUND: A large number of observational epidemiological studies have reported generally positive associations between circulating mass and activity levels of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Few studies have been large enough to provide reliable estimates in different circumstances, such as in different subgroups (e.g., by age group, sex, or smoking status) or at different Lp-PLA2 levels. Moreover, most published studies have related disease risk only to baseline values of Lp-PLA2 markers (which can lead to substantial underestimation of any risk relationships because of within-person variability over time) and have used different approaches to adjustment for possible confounding factors. OBJECTIVES: By combination of data from individual participants from all relevant observational studies in a systematic 'meta-analysis', with correction for regression dilution (using available data on serial measurements of Lp-PLA2), the Lp-PLA2 Studies Collaboration will aim to characterize more precisely than has previously been possible the strength and shape of the age and sex-specific associations of plasma Lp-PLA2 with coronary heart disease (and, where data are sufficient, with other vascular diseases, such as ischaemic stroke). It will also help to determine to what extent such associations are independent of possible confounding factors and to explore potential sources of heterogeneity among studies, such as those related to assay methods and study design. It is anticipated that the present collaboration will serve as a framework to investigate related questions on Lp-PLA2 and cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: A central database is being established containing data on circulating Lp-PLA2 values, sex and other potential confounding factors, age at baseline Lp-PLA2 measurement, age at event or at last follow-up, major vascular morbidity and cause-specific mortality. Information about any repeat measurements of Lp-PLA2 and potential confounding factors has been sought to allow adjustment for possible confounding and correction for regression dilution. The analyses will involve age-specific regression models. Synthesis of the available observational studies of Lp-PLA2 will yield information on a total of about 15 000 cardiovascular disease endpoints.
ESTHER : Ballantyne_2007_Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prev.Rehabil_14_3
PubMedSearch : Ballantyne_2007_Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prev.Rehabil_14_3
PubMedID: 17301621
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7