Cushman M

References (5)

Title : Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 and Incident Peripheral Arterial Disease in Older Adults: The Cardiovascular Health Study - Garg_2016_Arterioscler.Thromb.Vasc.Biol_36_750
Author(s) : Garg PK , Arnold AM , Hinckley Stukovsky KD , Koro C , Jenny NS , Mukamal KJ , Criqui MH , Furberg CD , Newman AB , Cushman M
Ref : Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol , 36 :750 , 2016
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Although prior studies report a relationship between elevated lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and incident cardiovascular disease, the prospective association of Lp-PLA2 with incident peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has not been studied. We investigated the association between Lp-PLA2 mass and activity and the risk of developing clinical PAD and low ankle-brachial index (ABI). APPROACH AND
RESULTS: Among Cardiovascular Health Study participants, a population-based cohort of 5888 adults aged >/=65 years enrolled in 1989 to 1990, Lp-PLA2 mass and activity were measured in 4537 individuals without baseline PAD. Clinical PAD, defined as leg artery revascularization or diagnosed claudication, was ascertained through 2011. Incident low ABI, defined as ABI <0.9 and decline of >/=0.15, was assessed among 3537 individuals who had an ABI >0.9 at baseline and a second ABI measurement 3 or 6 years later. Analyses were adjusted for demographics, cholesterol, smoking, comorbidities, and C-reactive protein. Each standard deviation increment in Lp-PLA2 mass (117 ng/mL) was associated with a higher risk of developing clinical PAD (hazard ratio 1.28; 95% confidence interval 1.13, 1.45) and incident low ABI (odds ratio 1.16; 95% confidence interval 1.00, 1.33). Results per standard deviation increment in Lp-PLA2 activity (13 nmol/min per mL) were similar for clinical PAD (hazard ratio 1.24; 95% confidence interval 1.07, 1.44) and low ABI (odds ratio 1.28; 95% confidence interval 1.09, 1.50).
CONCLUSIONS: Higher Lp-PLA2 mass and activity were associated with development of both incident clinical PAD and low ABI. Future studies are needed to determine whether pharmacological inhibition of Lp-PLA2 reduces the incidence of PAD.
ESTHER : Garg_2016_Arterioscler.Thromb.Vasc.Biol_36_750
PubMedSearch : Garg_2016_Arterioscler.Thromb.Vasc.Biol_36_750
PubMedID: 26848158

Title : Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 and risk of dementia in the Cardiovascular Health Study - Fitzpatrick_2014_Atherosclerosis_235_384
Author(s) : Fitzpatrick AL , Irizarry MC , Cushman M , Jenny NS , Chi GC , Koro C
Ref : Atherosclerosis , 235 :384 , 2014
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) mass and activity with risk of dementia and its subtypes.
METHODS: Analysis were completed on 3320 participants of the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), a population-based longitudinal study of community-dwelling adults age >/=65 years followed for an average of 5.4 years. Baseline serum Lp-PLA2 mass was measured using a sandwich enzyme immunoassay and Lp-PLA2 activity utilized a tritiated-platelet activating factor activity assay. Cox proportional hazards regression assessed the relative risk of incident dementia with higher baseline Lp-PLA2 adjusting for demographics, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and risk factors, inflammation markers and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype.
RESULTS: Each standard deviation higher Lp-PLA2 mass and activity were related to increased risk of dementia (fully adjusted HR: 1.11 per SD, 95% CI: 1.00-1.24 for mass; HR: 1.12 per SD, 95% CI: 1.00-1.26 for activity). Persons in the highest quartile of Lp-PLA2 mass were 50% more likely to develop dementia than those in the lowest quartile in adjusted models (HR: 1.49; 95% CI: 1.08-2.06). Among dementia subtypes, the risk of AD was increased two-fold in the highest compared to lowest quartile of Lp-PLA2 mass (adjusted HR: 1.98, 95% CI: 1.22-3.21). Results were attenuated in models of mixed dementia and VaD. Lp-PLA2 activity also doubled the risk of mixed dementia in the highest compared to lowest quartile (HR: 2.21, 95% CI: 1.12-4.373). INTERPRETATION: These data support Lp-PLA2 as a risk factor for dementia independent of CVD and its risk factors. Further study is required to clarify the role of Lp-PLA2-related mechanisms in dementia subtypes.
ESTHER : Fitzpatrick_2014_Atherosclerosis_235_384
PubMedSearch : Fitzpatrick_2014_Atherosclerosis_235_384
PubMedID: 24929287

Title : Eight genetic loci associated with variation in lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 mass and activity and coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies from five community-based studies - Grallert_2012_Eur.Heart.J_33_238
Author(s) : Grallert H , Dupuis J , Bis JC , Dehghan A , Barbalic M , Baumert J , Lu C , Smith NL , Uitterlinden AG , Roberts R , Khuseyinova N , Schnabel RB , Rice KM , Rivadeneira F , Hoogeveen RC , Fontes JD , Meisinger C , Keaney JF, Jr. , Lemaitre R , Aulchenko YS , Vasan RS , Ellis S , Hazen SL , van Duijn CM , Nelson JJ , Marz W , Schunkert H , McPherson RM , Stirnadel-Farrant HA , Psaty BM , Gieger C , Siscovick D , Hofman A , Illig T , Cushman M , Yamamoto JF , Rotter JI , Larson MG , Stewart AF , Boerwinkle E , Witteman JC , Tracy RP , Koenig W , Benjamin EJ , Ballantyne CM
Ref : Eur Heart J , 33 :238 , 2012
Abstract : AIMS: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) generates proinflammatory and proatherogenic compounds in the arterial vascular wall and is a potential therapeutic target in coronary heart disease (CHD). We searched for genetic loci related to Lp-PLA2 mass or activity by a genome-wide association study as part of the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology (CHARGE) Consortium. METHODS AND RESULTS: In meta-analyses of findings from five population-based studies, comprising 13 664 subjects, variants at two loci (PLA2G7, CETP) were associated with Lp-PLA2 mass. The strongest signal was at rs1805017 in PLA2G7 [P = 2.4 x 10(-23), log Lp-PLA2 difference per allele (beta): 0.043]. Variants at six loci were associated with Lp-PLA2 activity (PLA2G7, APOC1, CELSR2, LDL, ZNF259, SCARB1), among which the strongest signals were at rs4420638, near the APOE-APOC1-APOC4-APOC2 cluster [P = 4.9 x 10(-30); log Lp-PLA2 difference per allele (beta): -0.054]. There were no significant gene-environment interactions between these eight polymorphisms associated with Lp-PLA2 mass or activity and age, sex, body mass index, or smoking status. Four of the polymorphisms (in APOC1, CELSR2, SCARB1, ZNF259), but not PLA2G7, were significantly associated with CHD in a second study. CONCLUSION: Levels of Lp-PLA2 mass and activity were associated with PLA2G7, the gene coding for this protein. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity was also strongly associated with genetic variants related to low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.
ESTHER : Grallert_2012_Eur.Heart.J_33_238
PubMedSearch : Grallert_2012_Eur.Heart.J_33_238
PubMedID: 22003152
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7

Title : Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) and risk of coronary disease, stroke, and mortality: collaborative analysis of 32 prospective studies - Thompson_2010_Lancet_375_1536
Author(s) : Thompson A , Gao P , Orfei L , Watson S , Di Angelantonio E , Kaptoge S , Ballantyne C , Cannon CP , Criqui M , Cushman M , Hofman A , Packard C , Thompson SG , Collins R , Danesh J
Ref : Lancet , 375 :1536 , 2010
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)), an inflammatory enzyme expressed in atherosclerotic plaques, is a therapeutic target being assessed in trials of vascular disease prevention. We investigated associations of circulating Lp-PLA(2) mass and activity with risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and mortality under different circumstances. METHODS: With use of individual records from 79 036 participants in 32 prospective studies (yielding 17 722 incident fatal or non-fatal outcomes during 474 976 person-years at risk), we did a meta-analysis of within-study regressions to calculate risk ratios (RRs) per 1 SD higher value of Lp-PLA(2) or other risk factor. The primary outcome was coronary heart disease. FINDINGS: Lp-PLA(2) activity and mass were associated with each other (r=0.51, 95% CI 0.47-0.56) and proatherogenic lipids. We noted roughly log-linear associations of Lp-PLA(2) activity and mass with risk of coronary heart disease and vascular death. RRs, adjusted for conventional risk factors, were: 1.10 (95% CI 1.05-1.16) with Lp-PLA(2) activity and 1.11 (1.07-1.16) with Lp-PLA(2) mass for coronary heart disease; 1.08 (0.97-1.20) and 1.14 (1.02-1.27) for ischaemic stroke; 1.16 (1.09-1.24) and 1.13 (1.05-1.22) for vascular mortality; and 1.10 (1.04-1.17) and 1.10 (1.03-1.18) for non-vascular mortality, respectively. RRs with Lp-PLA(2) did not differ significantly in people with and without initial stable vascular disease, apart from for vascular death with Lp-PLA(2) mass. Adjusted RRs for coronary heart disease were 1.10 (1.02-1.18) with non-HDL cholesterol and 1.10 (1.00-1.21) with systolic blood pressure. INTERPRETATION: Lp-PLA(2) activity and mass each show continuous associations with risk of coronary heart disease, similar in magnitude to that with non-HDL cholesterol or systolic blood pressure in this population. Associations of Lp-PLA(2) mass and activity are not exclusive to vascular outcomes, and the vascular associations depend at least partly on lipids. FUNDING: UK Medical Research Council, GlaxoSmithKline, and British Heart Foundation.
ESTHER : Thompson_2010_Lancet_375_1536
PubMedSearch : Thompson_2010_Lancet_375_1536
PubMedID: 20435228

Title : Collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data from observational studies of Lp-PLA2 and cardiovascular diseases - Ballantyne_2007_Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prev.Rehabil_14_3
Author(s) : Ballantyne C , Cushman M , Psaty B , Furberg C , Khaw KT , Sandhu M , Oldgren J , Rossi GP , Maiolino G , Cesari M , Lenzini L , James SK , Rimm E , Collins R , Anderson J , Koenig W , Brenner H , Rothenbacher D , Berglund G , Persson M , Berger P , Brilakis E , McConnell JP , Sacco R , Elkind M , Talmud P , Cannon CP , Packard C , Barrett-Connor E , Hofman A , Kardys I , Witteman JC , Criqui M , Corsetti JP , Rainwater DL , Moss AJ , Robins S , Bloomfield H , Collins D , Wassertheil-Smoller S , Ridker P , Danesh J , Gu D , Nelson JJ , Thompson S , Zalewski A , Zariffa N , Di Angelantonio E , Kaptoge S , Thompson A , Walker M , Watson S , Wood A
Ref : Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil , 14 :3 , 2007
Abstract : BACKGROUND: A large number of observational epidemiological studies have reported generally positive associations between circulating mass and activity levels of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Few studies have been large enough to provide reliable estimates in different circumstances, such as in different subgroups (e.g., by age group, sex, or smoking status) or at different Lp-PLA2 levels. Moreover, most published studies have related disease risk only to baseline values of Lp-PLA2 markers (which can lead to substantial underestimation of any risk relationships because of within-person variability over time) and have used different approaches to adjustment for possible confounding factors. OBJECTIVES: By combination of data from individual participants from all relevant observational studies in a systematic 'meta-analysis', with correction for regression dilution (using available data on serial measurements of Lp-PLA2), the Lp-PLA2 Studies Collaboration will aim to characterize more precisely than has previously been possible the strength and shape of the age and sex-specific associations of plasma Lp-PLA2 with coronary heart disease (and, where data are sufficient, with other vascular diseases, such as ischaemic stroke). It will also help to determine to what extent such associations are independent of possible confounding factors and to explore potential sources of heterogeneity among studies, such as those related to assay methods and study design. It is anticipated that the present collaboration will serve as a framework to investigate related questions on Lp-PLA2 and cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: A central database is being established containing data on circulating Lp-PLA2 values, sex and other potential confounding factors, age at baseline Lp-PLA2 measurement, age at event or at last follow-up, major vascular morbidity and cause-specific mortality. Information about any repeat measurements of Lp-PLA2 and potential confounding factors has been sought to allow adjustment for possible confounding and correction for regression dilution. The analyses will involve age-specific regression models. Synthesis of the available observational studies of Lp-PLA2 will yield information on a total of about 15 000 cardiovascular disease endpoints.
ESTHER : Ballantyne_2007_Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prev.Rehabil_14_3
PubMedSearch : Ballantyne_2007_Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prev.Rehabil_14_3
PubMedID: 17301621
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7