Berger P

References (3)

Title : Collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data from observational studies of Lp-PLA2 and cardiovascular diseases - Ballantyne_2007_Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prev.Rehabil_14_3
Author(s) : Ballantyne C , Cushman M , Psaty B , Furberg C , Khaw KT , Sandhu M , Oldgren J , Rossi GP , Maiolino G , Cesari M , Lenzini L , James SK , Rimm E , Collins R , Anderson J , Koenig W , Brenner H , Rothenbacher D , Berglund G , Persson M , Berger P , Brilakis E , McConnell JP , Sacco R , Elkind M , Talmud P , Cannon CP , Packard C , Barrett-Connor E , Hofman A , Kardys I , Witteman JC , Criqui M , Corsetti JP , Rainwater DL , Moss AJ , Robins S , Bloomfield H , Collins D , Wassertheil-Smoller S , Ridker P , Danesh J , Gu D , Nelson JJ , Thompson S , Zalewski A , Zariffa N , Di Angelantonio E , Kaptoge S , Thompson A , Walker M , Watson S , Wood A
Ref : Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil , 14 :3 , 2007
Abstract : BACKGROUND: A large number of observational epidemiological studies have reported generally positive associations between circulating mass and activity levels of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Few studies have been large enough to provide reliable estimates in different circumstances, such as in different subgroups (e.g., by age group, sex, or smoking status) or at different Lp-PLA2 levels. Moreover, most published studies have related disease risk only to baseline values of Lp-PLA2 markers (which can lead to substantial underestimation of any risk relationships because of within-person variability over time) and have used different approaches to adjustment for possible confounding factors. OBJECTIVES: By combination of data from individual participants from all relevant observational studies in a systematic 'meta-analysis', with correction for regression dilution (using available data on serial measurements of Lp-PLA2), the Lp-PLA2 Studies Collaboration will aim to characterize more precisely than has previously been possible the strength and shape of the age and sex-specific associations of plasma Lp-PLA2 with coronary heart disease (and, where data are sufficient, with other vascular diseases, such as ischaemic stroke). It will also help to determine to what extent such associations are independent of possible confounding factors and to explore potential sources of heterogeneity among studies, such as those related to assay methods and study design. It is anticipated that the present collaboration will serve as a framework to investigate related questions on Lp-PLA2 and cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: A central database is being established containing data on circulating Lp-PLA2 values, sex and other potential confounding factors, age at baseline Lp-PLA2 measurement, age at event or at last follow-up, major vascular morbidity and cause-specific mortality. Information about any repeat measurements of Lp-PLA2 and potential confounding factors has been sought to allow adjustment for possible confounding and correction for regression dilution. The analyses will involve age-specific regression models. Synthesis of the available observational studies of Lp-PLA2 will yield information on a total of about 15 000 cardiovascular disease endpoints.
ESTHER : Ballantyne_2007_Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prev.Rehabil_14_3
PubMedSearch : Ballantyne_2007_Eur.J.Cardiovasc.Prev.Rehabil_14_3
PubMedID: 17301621
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7

Title : Expression analysis of the N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 1 indicates that myelinating Schwann cells are the primary disease target in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy-Lom - Berger_2004_Neurobiol.Dis_17_290
Author(s) : Berger P , Sirkowski EE , Scherer SS , Suter U
Ref : Neurobiol Dis , 17 :290 , 2004
Abstract : Mutations in the gene encoding N-myc downstream-regulated gene-1 (NDRG1) lead to truncations of the encoded protein and are associated with an autosomal recessive demyelinating neuropathy--hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy-Lom. NDRG1 protein is highly expressed in peripheral nerve and is localized in the cytoplasm of myelinating Schwann cells, including the paranodes and Schmidt-Lanterman incisures. In contrast, sensory and motor neurons as well as their axons lack NDRG1. NDRG1 mRNA levels in developing and injured adult sciatic nerves parallel those of myelin-related genes, indicating that the expression of NDRG1 in myelinating Schwann cells is regulated by axonal interactions. Oligodendrocytes also express NDRG1, and the subtle CNS deficits of affected patients may result from a lack of NDRG1 in these cells. Our data predict that the loss of NDRG1 leads to a Schwann cell autonomous phenotype resulting in demyelination, with secondary axonal loss.
ESTHER : Berger_2004_Neurobiol.Dis_17_290
PubMedSearch : Berger_2004_Neurobiol.Dis_17_290
PubMedID: 15474366
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-NDRG1

Title : Estradiol decreases the acetylcholine-elicited airway reactivity in ovariectomized rats through an increase in epithelial acetylcholinesterase activity - Degano_2001_Am.J.Respir.Crit.Care.Med_164_1849
Author(s) : Degano B , Prevost MC , Berger P , Molimard M , Pontier S , Rami J , Escamilla R
Ref : American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine , 164 :1849 , 2001
Abstract : Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is frequently prescribed for postmenopausal women. Epidemiological data suggest that sex hormones may play a role in the expression of asthma, but the mechanism(s) whereby this influence is mediated remain(s) unclear. To better understand the role of physiologic doses of estrogens in airway function, we tested the hypothesis that 17beta-estradiol (E(2), 10 microg/kg per d for 21 d) given to oophorectomized female rats modifies airway responsiveness to cholinergic agonists, compared with oophorectomized rats given placebo. In vivo, the concentration of inhaled acetylcholine (ACh) required to double pulmonary resistance (EC(200)RL) in anesthetized spontaneously breathing tracheotomized rats was calculated as an index of airway responsiveness. E(2)-treated rats were less responsive to ACh than placebo-treated rats (EC(200)RL, 9.40 +/- 1.48 vs. 1.52 +/- 0.85 mg. ml(-1), respectively). Ex vivo airway responsiveness was evaluated with the cumulative concentration-response curve (CCRC) of isolated tracheal segments. Compared with placebo, E(2) treatment significantly increased the EC(50) of ACh (p = 0.01) but did not alter the CCRC to carbachol. Removing the epithelium or treatment with physostigmine abolished the difference in EC(50) of ACh between the groups. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity of homogenized whole trachea was 1.4-fold greater in the E(2)-treated group compared with placebo (p = 0.02), whereas no difference was found in homogenized epithelium-free trachea. We conclude that E(2) treatment decreases airway responsiveness to ACh in ovariectomized rats at least in part by increasing AChE activity dependent on the presence of the epithelium.
ESTHER : Degano_2001_Am.J.Respir.Crit.Care.Med_164_1849
PubMedSearch : Degano_2001_Am.J.Respir.Crit.Care.Med_164_1849
PubMedID: 11734435