Meirelles T

References (3)

Title : Mapping the Accessible Conformational Landscape of an Insect Carboxylesterase Using Conformational Ensemble Analysis and Kinetic Crystallography - Correy_2016_Structure_24_977
Author(s) : Correy GJ , Carr PD , Meirelles T , Mabbitt PD , Fraser NJ , Weik M , Jackson CJ
Ref : Structure , 24 :977 , 2016
Abstract : The proper function of enzymes often depends upon their efficient interconversion between particular conformational sub-states on a free-energy landscape. Experimentally characterizing these sub-states is challenging, which has limited our understanding of the role of protein dynamics in many enzymes. Here, we have used a combination of kinetic crystallography and detailed analysis of crystallographic protein ensembles to map the accessible conformational landscape of an insect carboxylesterase (LcalphaE7) as it traverses all steps in its catalytic cycle. LcalphaE7 is of special interest because of its evolving role in organophosphate insecticide resistance. Our results reveal that a dynamically coupled network of residues extends from the substrate-binding site to a surface loop. Interestingly, the coupling of this network that is apparent in the apoenzyme appears to be reduced in the phosphorylated enzyme intermediate. Altogether, the results of this work highlight the importance of protein dynamics to enzyme function and the evolution of new activity.
ESTHER : Correy_2016_Structure_24_977
PubMedSearch : Correy_2016_Structure_24_977
PubMedID: 27210287
Gene_locus related to this paper: luccu-E3aest7

Title : Conformational Disorganization within the Active Site of a Recently Evolved Organophosphate Hydrolase Limits Its Catalytic Efficiency - Mabbitt_2016_Biochemistry_55_1408
Author(s) : Mabbitt PD , Correy GJ , Meirelles T , Fraser NJ , Coote ML , Jackson CJ
Ref : Biochemistry , 55 :1408 , 2016
Abstract : The evolution of new enzymatic activity is rarely observed outside of the laboratory. In the agricultural pest Lucilia cuprina, a naturally occurring mutation (Gly137Asp) in alpha-esterase 7 (LcalphaE7) results in acquisition of organophosphate hydrolase activity and confers resistance to organophosphate insecticides. Here, we present an X-ray crystal structure of LcalphaE7:Gly137Asp that, along with kinetic data, suggests that Asp137 acts as a general base in the new catalytic mechanism. Unexpectedly, the conformation of Asp137 observed in the crystal structure obstructs the active site and is not catalytically productive. Molecular dynamics simulations reveal that alternative, catalytically competent conformers of Asp137 are sampled on the nanosecond time scale, although these states are less populated. Thus, although the mutation introduces the new reactive group responsible for organophosphate detoxification, the catalytic efficiency appears to be limited by conformational disorganization: the frequent sampling of low-energy nonproductive states. This result is consistent with a model of molecular evolution in which initial function-changing mutations can result in enzymes that display only a fraction of their catalytic potential due to conformational disorganization.
ESTHER : Mabbitt_2016_Biochemistry_55_1408
PubMedSearch : Mabbitt_2016_Biochemistry_55_1408
PubMedID: 26881849
Gene_locus related to this paper: luccu-E3aest7

Title : Structure and function of an insect alpha-carboxylesterase (alphaEsterase7) associated with insecticide resistance - Jackson_2013_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_110_10177
Author(s) : Jackson CJ , Liu JW , Carr PD , Younus F , Coppin C , Meirelles T , Lethier M , Pandey G , Ollis DL , Russell RJ , Weik M , Oakeshott JG
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 110 :10177 , 2013
Abstract : Insect carboxylesterases from the alphaEsterase gene cluster, such as alphaE7 (also known as E3) from the Australian sheep blowfly Lucilia cuprina (LcalphaE7), play an important physiological role in lipid metabolism and are implicated in the detoxification of organophosphate (OP) insecticides. Despite the importance of OPs to agriculture and the spread of insect-borne diseases, the molecular basis for the ability of alpha-carboxylesterases to confer OP resistance to insects is poorly understood. In this work, we used laboratory evolution to increase the thermal stability of LcalphaE7, allowing its overexpression in Escherichia coli and structure determination. The crystal structure reveals a canonical alpha/beta-hydrolase fold that is very similar to the primary target of OPs (acetylcholinesterase) and a unique N-terminal alpha-helix that serves as a membrane anchor. Soaking of LcalphaE7 crystals in OPs led to the capture of a crystallographic snapshot of LcalphaE7 in its phosphorylated state, which allowed comparison with acetylcholinesterase and rationalization of its ability to protect insects against the effects of OPs. Finally, inspection of the active site of LcalphaE7 reveals an asymmetric and hydrophobic substrate binding cavity that is well-suited to fatty acid methyl esters, which are hydrolyzed by the enzyme with specificity constants ( approximately 10(6) M(-1) s(-1)) indicative of a natural substrate.
ESTHER : Jackson_2013_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_110_10177
PubMedSearch : Jackson_2013_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_110_10177
PubMedID: 23733941
Gene_locus related to this paper: luccu-E3aest7