Wagtmann N

References (6)

Title : Dipeptidyl peptidases 8 and 9: specificity and molecular characterization compared with dipeptidyl peptidase IV - Bjelke_2006_Biochem.J_396_391
Author(s) : Bjelke JR , Christensen J , Nielsen PF , Branner S , Kanstrup AB , Wagtmann N , Rasmussen HB
Ref : Biochemical Journal , 396 :391 , 2006
Abstract : Dipeptidyl peptidases 8 and 9 have been identified as gene members of the S9b family of dipeptidyl peptidases. In the present paper, we report the characterization of recombinant dipeptidyl peptidases 8 and 9 using the baculovirus expression system. We have found that only the full-length variants of the two proteins can be expressed as active peptidases, which are 882 and 892 amino acids in length for dipeptidyl peptidase 8 and 9 respectively. We show further that the purified proteins are active dimers and that they show similar Michaelis-Menten kinetics and substrate specificity. Both cleave the peptide hormones glucagon-like peptide-1, glucagon-like peptide-2, neuropeptide Y and peptide YY with marked kinetic differences compared with dipeptidyl peptidase IV. Inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidases IV, 8 and 9 using the well-known dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor valine pyrrolidide resulted in similar K(i) values, indicating that this inhibitor is non-selective for any of the three dipeptidyl peptidases.
ESTHER : Bjelke_2006_Biochem.J_396_391
PubMedSearch : Bjelke_2006_Biochem.J_396_391
PubMedID: 16475979
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-DPP9

Title : Circulating CD26 is negatively associated with inflammation in human and experimental arthritis - Busso_2005_Am.J.Pathol_166_433
Author(s) : Busso N , Wagtmann N , Herling C , Chobaz-Peclat V , Bischof-Delaloye A , So A , Grouzmann E
Ref : American Journal of Pathology , 166 :433 , 2005
Abstract : Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV, CD26), a protease-cleaving N-terminal X-Pro dipeptide from selected proteins including some chemokines, is expressed both as a soluble form in plasma and on the cell surface of various immune and nonimmune cell types. To gain insights into the pathophysiological role of CD26 in arthritis, we explored DPPIV/CD26 expression during murine antigen-induced arthritis (AIA), an experimental model of arthritis. AIA induction led to reduced plasma DPPIV activity. In CD26-deficient mice, the severity of AIA was increased as assessed by enhanced technetium uptake and by increased histological parameters of inflammation (synovial thickness and exudate). We demonstrated that CD26 controls the in vivo half-life of the intact active form of the proinflammatory chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1). CD26-deficient mice exhibited increased levels of circulating active SDF-1, associated with increased numbers of SDF-1 receptor (CXCR4)-positive cells infiltrating arthritic joints. In a clinical study, plasma levels of DPPIV/CD26 from rheumatoid arthritis patients were significantly decreased when compared to those from osteoarthritis patients and inversely correlate with C-reactive protein levels. In conclusion, decreased circulating CD26 levels in arthritis may influence CD26-mediated regulation of the chemotactic SDF-1/CXCR4 axis.
ESTHER : Busso_2005_Am.J.Pathol_166_433
PubMedSearch : Busso_2005_Am.J.Pathol_166_433
PubMedID: 15681827

Title : Tyrosine 547 constitutes an essential part of the catalytic mechanism of dipeptidyl peptidase IV - Bjelke_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_34691
Author(s) : Bjelke JR , Christensen J , Branner S , Wagtmann N , Olsen C , Kanstrup AB , Rasmussen HB
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 279 :34691 , 2004
Abstract : Human dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) is a ubiquitously expressed type II transmembrane serine protease. It cleaves the penultimate positioned prolyl bonds at the N terminus of physiologically important peptides such as the incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide. In this study, we have characterized different active site mutants. The Y547F mutant as well as the catalytic triad mutants S630A, D708A, and H740L showed less than 1% wild type activity. X-ray crystal structure analysis of the Y547F mutant revealed no overall changes compared with wild type apoDPP-IV, except the ablation of the hydroxyl group of Tyr(547) and a water molecule positioned in close proximity to Tyr(547). To elucidate further the reaction mechanism, we determined the crystal structure of DPP-IV in complex with diisopropyl fluorophosphate, mimicking the tetrahedral intermediate. The kinetic and structural findings of the tyrosine residue are discussed in relation to the catalytic mechanism of DPP-IV and to the inhibitory mechanism of the 2-cyanopyrrolidine class of potent DPP-IV inhibitors, proposing an explanation for the specificity of this class of inhibitors for the S9b family among serine proteases.
ESTHER : Bjelke_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_34691
PubMedSearch : Bjelke_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_34691
PubMedID: 15175333
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-DPP4

Title : Crystal structure of human dipeptidyl peptidase IV\/CD26 in complex with a substrate analog - Rasmussen_2003_Nat.Struct.Biol_10_19
Author(s) : Rasmussen HB , Branner S , Wiberg FC , Wagtmann N
Ref : Nat Struct Biol , 10 :19 , 2003
Abstract : Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV/CD26) is a multifunctional type II transmembrane serine peptidase. This enzyme contributes to the regulation of various physiological processes, including blood sugar homeostasis, by cleaving peptide hormones, chemokines and neuropeptides. We have determined the 2.5 A structure of the extracellular region of DPP-IV in complex with the inhibitor valine-pyrrolidide. The catalytic site is located in a large cavity formed between the alpha/beta-hydrolase domain and an eight-bladed beta-propeller domain. Both domains participate in inhibitor binding. The structure indicates how substrate specificity is achieved and reveals a new and unexpected opening to the active site.
ESTHER : Rasmussen_2003_Nat.Struct.Biol_10_19
PubMedSearch : Rasmussen_2003_Nat.Struct.Biol_10_19
PubMedID: 12483204
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-DPP4

Title : Identification and characterization of human DPP9, a novel homologue of dipeptidyl peptidase IV - Olsen_2002_Gene_299_185
Author(s) : Olsen C , Wagtmann N
Ref : Gene , 299 :185 , 2002
Abstract : We used an in silico approach to identify new cDNAs with homology to dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV). DPP IV (EC 3.4.14.5) is a serine protease with a rare enzyme activity having an important role in the regulation of various processes, such as blood glucose control and immune responses. Here, we report the identification and characterization of a novel DPP IV-like molecule, termed dipeptidyl peptidase-like protein 9 (DPP9). The deduced amino acid sequence of DPP9 has a serine protease motif, GWSYG, identical to that found in DPP IV. The presence of this motif, together with a conserved order and spacing of the Ser, Asp, and His residues that form the catalytic triad in DPP IV, places DPP9 in the "DPP IV gene family". Northern blots showed that DPP9 is ubiquitously expressed, with the highest expression levels in skeletal muscle, heart, and liver, and the lowest in brain. In vitro translation of the cloned full-length DPP9 sequence resulted in a DPP9 protein product that migrated in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis at a position similar to the predicted protein size of 98 kDa. Consistent with the lack of predicted transmembrane domains and a signal sequence, DPP9 was found in a soluble, putative cytosolic form. A DPP9 orthologue in mice was identified by expressed sequence tag database searches and verified by cDNA cloning.
ESTHER : Olsen_2002_Gene_299_185
PubMedSearch : Olsen_2002_Gene_299_185
PubMedID: 12459266
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-DPP9

Title : Enhanced insulin secretion and improved glucose tolerance in mice lacking CD26 - Marguet_2000_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_97_6874
Author(s) : Marguet D , Baggio L , Kobayashi T , Bernard AM , Pierres M , Nielsen PF , Ribel U , Watanabe T , Drucker DJ , Wagtmann N
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 97 :6874 , 2000
Abstract : A subset of prolyl oligopeptidases, including dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP IV or CD26, EC ), specifically cleave off N-terminal dipeptides from substrates having proline or alanine in amino acid position 2. This enzyme activity has been implicated in the regulation of the biological activity of multiple hormones and chemokines, including the insulinotropic peptides glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP). Targeted inactivation of the CD26 gene yielded healthy mice that have normal blood glucose levels in the fasted state, but reduced glycemic excursion after a glucose challenge. Levels of glucose-stimulated circulating insulin and the intact insulinotropic form of GLP-1 are increased in CD26(-/-) mice. A pharmacological inhibitor of DPP IV enzymatic activity improved glucose tolerance in wild-type, but not in CD26(-/-), mice. This inhibitor also improved glucose tolerance in GLP-1 receptor(-/-) mice, indicating that CD26 contributes to blood glucose regulation by controlling the activity of GLP-1 as well as additional substrates. These data reveal a critical role for CD26 in physiological glucose homeostasis, and establish it as a potential target for therapy in type II diabetes.
ESTHER : Marguet_2000_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_97_6874
PubMedSearch : Marguet_2000_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_97_6874
PubMedID: 10823914