Diwo_2021_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_118_e2017046118

Reference

Title : NAD(H)-mediated tetramerization controls the activity of Legionella pneumophila phospholipase PlaB - Diwo_2021_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_118_e2017046118
Author(s) : Diwo M , Michel W , Aurass P , Kuhle-Keindorf K , Pippel J , Krausze J , Wamp S , Lang C , Blankenfeldt W , Flieger A
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 118 : , 2021
Abstract : The virulence factor PlaB promotes lung colonization, tissue destruction, and intracellular replication of Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease. It is a highly active phospholipase exposed at the bacterial surface and shows an extraordinary activation mechanism by tetramer deoligomerization. To unravel the molecular basis for enzyme activation and localization, we determined the crystal structure of PlaB in its tetrameric form. We found that the tetramer is a dimer of identical dimers, and a monomer consists of an N-terminal alpha/beta-hydrolase domain expanded by two noncanonical two-stranded beta-sheets, beta-6/beta-7 and beta-9/beta-10. The C-terminal domain reveals a fold displaying a bilobed beta-sandwich with a hook structure required for dimer formation and structural complementation of the enzymatic domain in the neighboring monomer. This highlights the dimer as the active form. deltabeta-9/beta-10 mutants showed a decrease in the tetrameric fraction and altered activity profiles. The variant also revealed restricted binding to membranes resulting in mislocalization and bacterial lysis. Unexpectedly, we observed eight NAD(H) molecules at the dimer/dimer interface, suggesting that these molecules stabilize the tetramer and hence lead to enzyme inactivation. Indeed, addition of NAD(H) increased the fraction of the tetramer and concomitantly reduced activity. Together, these data reveal structural elements and an unprecedented NAD(H)-mediated tetramerization mechanism required for spatial and enzymatic control of a phospholipase virulence factor. The allosteric regulatory process identified here is suited to fine tune PlaB in a way that protects Legionella pneumophila from self-inflicted lysis while ensuring its activity at the pathogen-host interface.
ESTHER : Diwo_2021_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_118_e2017046118
PubMedSearch : Diwo_2021_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_118_e2017046118
PubMedID: 34074754
Gene_locus related to this paper: legpn-i7i328

Related information

Gene_locus related to this paper: legpn-i7i328

Citations formats

Diwo M, Michel W, Aurass P, Kuhle-Keindorf K, Pippel J, Krausze J, Wamp S, Lang C, Blankenfeldt W, Flieger A (2021)
NAD(H)-mediated tetramerization controls the activity of Legionella pneumophila phospholipase PlaB
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 118 :

Diwo M, Michel W, Aurass P, Kuhle-Keindorf K, Pippel J, Krausze J, Wamp S, Lang C, Blankenfeldt W, Flieger A (2021)
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 118 :