Fujii_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_44613

Reference

Title : Hydrolytic polyketide shortening by ayg1p, a novel enzyme involved in fungal melanin biosynthesis - Fujii_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_44613
Author(s) : Fujii I , Yasuoka Y , Tsai HF , Chang YC , Kwon-Chung KJ , Ebizuka Y
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 279 :44613 , 2004
Abstract : The pentaketide 1,3,6,8-tetrahydroxynaphthalene (T4HN) is a key precursor of 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene-melanin, an important virulence factor in pathogenic fungi, where T4HN is believed to be the direct product of pentaketide synthases. We showed recently the involvement of a novel protein, Ayg1p, in the formation of T4HN from the heptaketide precursor YWA1 in Aspergillus fumigatus. To investigate the mechanism of its enzymatic function, Ayg1p was purified from an Aspergillus oryzae strain that overexpressed the ayg1 gene. The Ayg1p converted the naphthopyrone YWA1 to T4HN with a release of the acetoacetic acid. Although Ayg1p does not show significant homology with known enzymes, a serine protease-type hydrolytic motif is present in its sequence, and serine-specific inhibitors strongly inhibited the activity. To identify its catalytic residues, site-directed Ayg1p mutants were expressed in Escherichia coli, and their enzyme activities were examined. The single substitution mutations S257A, D352A, and H380A resulted in a complete loss of enzyme activity in Ayg1p. These results indicated that the catalytic triad Asp352-His380-Ser257 constituted the active-site of Ayg1p. From a Dixon plot analysis, 2-acetyl-1,3,6,8-tetrahydroxynaphthalene was found to be a strong mixed-type inhibitor, suggesting the involvement of an acyl-enzyme intermediate. These studies support the mechanism in which the Ser257 at the active site functions as a nucleophile to attack the YWA1 side-chain 1'-carbonyl and cleave the carbon-carbon bond between the naphthalene ring and the side chain. Acetoacetic acid is subsequently released from the Ser257-O-acetoacetylated Ayg1p by hydrolysis. An enzyme with activity similar to Ayg1p in melanin biosynthesis has not been reported in any other organism.
ESTHER : Fujii_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_44613
PubMedSearch : Fujii_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_44613
PubMedID: 15310761
Gene_locus related to this paper: aspfu-AYG1

Related information

Gene_locus related to this paper: aspfu-AYG1

Citations formats

Fujii I, Yasuoka Y, Tsai HF, Chang YC, Kwon-Chung KJ, Ebizuka Y (2004)
Hydrolytic polyketide shortening by ayg1p, a novel enzyme involved in fungal melanin biosynthesis
Journal of Biological Chemistry 279 :44613

Fujii I, Yasuoka Y, Tsai HF, Chang YC, Kwon-Chung KJ, Ebizuka Y (2004)
Journal of Biological Chemistry 279 :44613