Grigorenko_2019_Chem.Biol.Interact_13ChEPon_306_138

Reference

Title : Computer-designed active human butyrylcholinesterase double mutant with a new catalytic triad - Grigorenko_2019_Chem.Biol.Interact_13ChEPon_306_138
Author(s) : Grigorenko BL , Novichkova DA , Lushchekina SV , Zueva IV , Schopfer LM , Nemukhin AV , Varfolomeev SD , Lockridge O , Masson P
Ref : Chemico-Biological Interactions , 306 :138 , 2019
Abstract : A computer-designed mutant of human butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), N322E/E325G, with a novel catalytic triad was made. The catalytic triad of the wild-type enzyme (S198.H438.E325) was replaced by S198.H438.N322E in silico. Molecular dynamics for 1.5 mus and Markov state model analysis showed that the new catalytic triad should be operative in the mutant enzyme, suggesting functionality. QM/MM modeling performed for the reaction of wild-type BChE and double mutant with echothiophate showed high reactivity of the mutant towards the organophosphate. A truncated monomeric (L530 stop) double mutant was expressed in Expi293cells. Non-purified transfected cell culture medium was analyzed. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under native conditions followed by activity staining with BTC as the substrate provided evidence that the monomeric BChE mutant was active. Inhibition of the double mutant by echothiophate followed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and activity staining showed that this enzyme slowly self-reactivated. However, because Expi293cells secrete an endogenous BChE tetramer and several organophosphate-reacting enzymes, catalytic parameters and self-reactivation constants after phosphorylation of the new mutant were not determined in the crude cell culture medium. The study shows that the computer-designed double mutant (N322E/E325G) with a new catalytic triad (S198.H438.N322E) is a suitable template for design of novel active human BChE mutants that display an organophosphate hydrolase activity.
ESTHER : Grigorenko_2019_Chem.Biol.Interact_13ChEPon_306_138
PubMedSearch : Grigorenko_2019_Chem.Biol.Interact_13ChEPon_306_138
PubMedID: 31009643

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Grigorenko BL, Novichkova DA, Lushchekina SV, Zueva IV, Schopfer LM, Nemukhin AV, Varfolomeev SD, Lockridge O, Masson P (2019)
Computer-designed active human butyrylcholinesterase double mutant with a new catalytic triad
Chemico-Biological Interactions 306 :138

Grigorenko BL, Novichkova DA, Lushchekina SV, Zueva IV, Schopfer LM, Nemukhin AV, Varfolomeev SD, Lockridge O, Masson P (2019)
Chemico-Biological Interactions 306 :138