Title : Structural Modeling of Wild and Mutant Forms of Human Plasma Platelet Activating Factor-Acetyl Hydrolase Enzyme - Khan_2020_J.Inflamm.Res_13_1125
Author(s) : Khan MI , Hariprasad G
Ref : J Inflamm Res , 13 :1125 , 2020
Abstract :

PURPOSE: To investigate the structural features of wild and mutant forms of the pPAF-AH enzyme that are responsible for coronary artery disease. METHODS: Mutant variants of human pPAF-AH having either V279F, Q281R, or both were modelled and evaluated for stereo chemical and structural correctness. The 3D coordinates of substrate PAF were retrieved from the PubChem database was solvated and minimized on Discovery Studio, and docked to the wild and mutant enzyme models. The top docked pose complex was refined by MD simulation. RESULTS: pPAF-AH model comprises of 420 amino acids in a alpha/beta-hydrolase fold that contains a substrate-binding hydrophobic channel with an active site pocket having a catalytic triad of Ser273, Asp296 and His351. Mutations at positions 279 and 281 are opposite one another on the middle of 12 residues long H5 helix that forms the hydrophobic core of the enzyme. V279F causes a tilt on the axis of the mutation bearing helix to avoid steric clashes with the hydrophobic residues on the beta-sheets adjacent to it, inducing subtle conformational changes on the H5-beta8 loop, beta8 sheet, and the loop bearing Asp296. A cascade of conformational changes induces a change in the orientation of His351 resulting in loss of hydrogen bonded interaction with catalytic Ser273. Q281R causes a shortening of H5 and beta8, which induces conformational changes of the loops bearing Ser273 and Asp296, respectively. Simultaneous conformational changes of secondary structural elements result in the flipping of His351 causing a break in the catalytic triad. Also, there is a compromise in the substrate-binding area and volume in the mutants resulting in loss of binding to its substrate. CONCLUSION: Mutant enzymes show changes at the site of the mutation, secondary motif conformations and global structural conformations that adversely affect the active site, decrease substrate channel volume and decrease stability, thereby affecting enzymatic function.

PubMedSearch : Khan_2020_J.Inflamm.Res_13_1125
PubMedID: 33364808
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7

Citations formats

Khan MI, Hariprasad G (2020)
Structural Modeling of Wild and Mutant Forms of Human Plasma Platelet Activating Factor-Acetyl Hydrolase Enzyme
J Inflamm Res 13 :1125

Khan MI, Hariprasad G (2020)
J Inflamm Res 13 :1125