Title : Reversal of signal-mediated cellular retention by subunit assembly of human acetylcholinesterase - Velan_1994_J.Biol.Chem_269_22719
Author(s) : Velan B , Kronman C , Flashner Y , Shafferman A
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 269 :22719 , 1994
Abstract : The interrelationship between signal-mediated endoplasmic reticulum retention and control of subunit assembly in secreted complex proteins was examined in recombinant 293 cells expressing human acetylcholinesterase (HuAChE). This was achieved by analyzing the mutual effects of co-residing retention and dimerization signals on enzyme secretion by transfected cells. The function of putative signals within the COOH-terminal tetrapeptide CSDL of HuAChE was examined by site-directed mutagenesis. The CSDL tetrapeptide carries the free cysteine (Cys-580) involved in subunit assembly, yet it fails to function as a KDEL-type retention signal. This was demonstrated by mutations that increase similarity to the canonical retention signal (substitution of CSDL by KSDL) or those that deviate from it (substitution to CSAL). Cells expressing both types of mutants exhibited cell-associated HuAChE levels identical to that of wild type enzyme. Appendage of an engineered KDEL retention signal to a dimerization-impaired HuA-ChE subunit (the C580A mutant) resulted in intracellular retention of large amounts of fully active enzyme not prone to proteolytic degradation. On the other hand, attachment of KDEL to a native, dimerization-competent HuAChE polypeptide did not lead to intracellular retention and allowed efficient secretion of enzyme to the cell growth medium. Yet, appendage of KDEL to the native HuAChE led to some retardation in the transport of enzyme molecules through the Golgi apparatus, as manifested by increase in cellular population of endo H-resistant dimers, when compared with wild type enzyme. Taken together, these results indicate (alpha) that sub-unit dimerization mediated by the COOH-terminal cysteine of HuAChE can reverse the signal-mediated retention by masking recognition of KDEL by its cognate receptor and (b) that the native sequences of the acetylcholinesterase subunit polypeptide do not appear to function as a coupled retention/dimerization signal in the control of secretion of assembled enzyme molecules.
ESTHER : Velan_1994_J.Biol.Chem_269_22719
PubMedSearch : Velan_1994_J.Biol.Chem_269_22719
PubMedID: 8077224

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Velan B, Kronman C, Flashner Y, Shafferman A (1994)
Reversal of signal-mediated cellular retention by subunit assembly of human acetylcholinesterase
Journal of Biological Chemistry 269 :22719

Velan B, Kronman C, Flashner Y, Shafferman A (1994)
Journal of Biological Chemistry 269 :22719