Domokos K

References (3)

Title : A self-compartmentalizing hexamer serine protease from Pyrococcus horikoshii: substrate selection achieved through multimerization - Menyhard_2013_J.Biol.Chem_288_17884
Author(s) : Menyhard DK , Kiss-Szeman A , Tichy-Racs E , Hornung B , Radi K , Szeltner Z , Domokos K , Szamosi I , Naray-Szabo G , Polgar L , Harmat V
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 288 :17884 , 2013
Abstract : Oligopeptidases impose a size limitation on their substrates, the mechanism of which has long been under debate. Here we present the structure of a hexameric serine protease, an oligopeptidase from Pyrococcus horikoshii (PhAAP), revealing a complex, self-compartmentalized inner space, where substrates may access the monomer active sites passing through a double-gated "check-in" system, first passing through a pore on the hexamer surface and then turning to enter through an even smaller opening at the monomers' domain interface. This substrate screening strategy is unique within the family. We found that among oligopeptidases, a residue of the catalytic apparatus is positioned near an amylogenic beta-edge, which needs to be protected to prevent aggregation, and we found that different oligopeptidases use different strategies to achieve such an end. We propose that self-assembly within the family results in characteristically different substrate selection mechanisms coupled to different multimerization states.
ESTHER : Menyhard_2013_J.Biol.Chem_288_17884
PubMedSearch : Menyhard_2013_J.Biol.Chem_288_17884
PubMedID: 23632025
Gene_locus related to this paper: pyrho-PH0594

Title : Structure and catalysis of acylaminoacyl peptidase: closed and open subunits of a dimer oligopeptidase - Harmat_2011_J.Biol.Chem_286_1987
Author(s) : Harmat V , Domokos K , Menyhard DK , Pallo A , Szeltner Z , Szamosi I , Beke-Somfai T , Naray-Szabo G , Polgar L
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 286 :1987 , 2011
Abstract : Acylaminoacyl peptidase from Aeropyrum pernix is a homodimer that belongs to the prolyl oligopeptidase family. The monomer subunit is composed of one hydrolase and one propeller domain. Previous crystal structure determinations revealed that the propeller domain obstructed the access of substrate to the active site of both subunits. Here we investigated the structure and the kinetics of two mutant enzymes in which the aspartic acid of the catalytic triad was changed to alanine or asparagine. Using different substrates, we have determined the pH dependence of specificity rate constants, the rate-limiting step of catalysis, and the binding of substrates and inhibitors. The catalysis considerably depended both on the kind of mutation and on the nature of the substrate. The results were interpreted in terms of alterations in the position of the catalytic histidine side chain as demonstrated with crystal structure determination of the native and two mutant structures (D524N and D524A). Unexpectedly, in the homodimeric structures, only one subunit displayed the closed form of the enzyme. The other subunit exhibited an open gate to the catalytic site, thus revealing the structural basis that controls the oligopeptidase activity. The open form of the native enzyme displayed the catalytic triad in a distorted, inactive state. The mutations affected the closed, active form of the enzyme, disrupting its catalytic triad. We concluded that the two forms are at equilibrium and the substrates bind by the conformational selection mechanism.
ESTHER : Harmat_2011_J.Biol.Chem_286_1987
PubMedSearch : Harmat_2011_J.Biol.Chem_286_1987
PubMedID: 21084296
Gene_locus related to this paper: aerpe-APE1547

Title : Characterization of a novel acylaminoacyl peptidase with hexameric structure and endopeptidase activity - Szeltner_2009_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1794_1204
Author(s) : Szeltner Z , Kiss AL , Domokos K , Harmat V , Naray-Szabo G , Polgar L
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta , 1794 :1204 , 2009
Abstract : We have overexpressed in E. coli, purified and investigated the kinetic, thermodynamic and biophysical properties of an acylaminoacyl peptidase (AAP), from the thermophile Pyrococcus horikoshii (PhAAP). It was shown that the electrostatic environment of the catalytic site of PhAAP substantially influenced the pH dependence of the specificity rate constant (k(cat)/K(m)). However, 0.3 M NaCl, which depressed the electrostatic effects, simplified the complex pH-rate profile. The rate of formation of the enzyme-substrate complex (k(1)) was obtained from a non-linear Arrhenius plot. The lack of substrate leaving group effects indicated that k(1) is the rate determining step in the catalysis. DSC and CD measurements demonstrated that PhAAP displayed a stable structure in the catalytically competent pH range. It was shown that PhAAP is not just an acylaminoacyl peptidase, but it also has an endopeptidase activity and so differs from the mammalian AAPs. Size exclusion chromatography with PhAAP revealed a hexameric structure, which is unique among the known members of the prolyl oligopeptidase family that includes AAPs and suggests that its cellular function may be different from that of the dimeric AAP also found in the same organism.
ESTHER : Szeltner_2009_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1794_1204
PubMedSearch : Szeltner_2009_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1794_1204
PubMedID: 19303951
Gene_locus related to this paper: pyrho-PH0594