Szamosi I

References (5)

Title : Catalytically distinct states captured in a crystal lattice: the substrate-bound and scavenger states of acylaminoacyl peptidase and their implications for functionality - Menyhard_2015_Acta.Crystallogr.D.Biol.Crystallogr_71_461
Author(s) : Menyhard DK , Orgovan Z , Szeltner Z , Szamosi I , Harmat V
Ref : Acta Crystallographica D Biol Crystallogr , 71 :461 , 2015
Abstract : Acylaminoacyl peptidase (AAP) is an oligopeptidase that only cleaves short peptides or protein segments. In the case of AAP from Aeropyrum pernix (ApAAP), previous studies have led to a model in which the clamshell-like opening and closing of the enzyme provides the means of substrate-size selection. The closed form of the enzyme is catalytically active, while opening deactivates the catalytic triad. The crystallographic results presented here show that the open form of ApAAP is indeed functionally disabled. The obtained crystal structures also reveal that the closed form is penetrable to small ligands: inhibitor added to the pre-formed crystal was able to reach the active site of the rigidified protein, which is only possible through the narrow channel of the propeller domain. Molecular-dynamics simulations investigating the structure of the complexes formed with longer peptide substrates showed that their binding within the large crevice of the closed form of ApAAP leaves the enzyme structure unperturbed; however, their accessing the binding site seems more probable when assisted by opening of the enzyme. Thus, the open form of ApAAP corresponds to a scavenger of possible substrates, the actual cleavage of which only takes place if the enzyme is able to re-close.
ESTHER : Menyhard_2015_Acta.Crystallogr.D.Biol.Crystallogr_71_461
PubMedSearch : Menyhard_2015_Acta.Crystallogr.D.Biol.Crystallogr_71_461
PubMedID: 25760596
Gene_locus related to this paper: aerpe-APE1547

Title : A self-compartmentalizing hexamer serine protease from Pyrococcus horikoshii: substrate selection achieved through multimerization - Menyhard_2013_J.Biol.Chem_288_17884
Author(s) : Menyhard DK , Kiss-Szeman A , Tichy-Racs E , Hornung B , Radi K , Szeltner Z , Domokos K , Szamosi I , Naray-Szabo G , Polgar L , Harmat V
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 288 :17884 , 2013
Abstract : Oligopeptidases impose a size limitation on their substrates, the mechanism of which has long been under debate. Here we present the structure of a hexameric serine protease, an oligopeptidase from Pyrococcus horikoshii (PhAAP), revealing a complex, self-compartmentalized inner space, where substrates may access the monomer active sites passing through a double-gated "check-in" system, first passing through a pore on the hexamer surface and then turning to enter through an even smaller opening at the monomers' domain interface. This substrate screening strategy is unique within the family. We found that among oligopeptidases, a residue of the catalytic apparatus is positioned near an amylogenic beta-edge, which needs to be protected to prevent aggregation, and we found that different oligopeptidases use different strategies to achieve such an end. We propose that self-assembly within the family results in characteristically different substrate selection mechanisms coupled to different multimerization states.
ESTHER : Menyhard_2013_J.Biol.Chem_288_17884
PubMedSearch : Menyhard_2013_J.Biol.Chem_288_17884
PubMedID: 23632025
Gene_locus related to this paper: pyrho-PH0594

Title : The loops facing the active site of prolyl oligopeptidase are crucial components in substrate gating and specificity - Szeltner_2012_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1834_98
Author(s) : Szeltner Z , Juhasz T , Szamosi I , Rea D , Fulop V , Modos K , Juliano L , Polgar L
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta , 1834 :98 , 2012
Abstract : Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) has emerged as a drug target for neurological diseases. A flexible loop structure comprising loop A (res. 189-209) and loop B (res. 577-608) at the domain interface is implicated in substrate entry to the active site. Here we determined kinetic and structural properties of POP with mutations in loop A, loop B, and in two additional flexible loops (the catalytic His loop, propeller Asp/Glu loop). POP lacking loop A proved to be an inefficient enzyme, as did POP with a mutation in loop B (T590C). Both variants displayed an altered substrate preference profile, with reduced ligand binding capacity. Conversely, the T202C mutation increased the flexibility of loop A, enhancing the catalytic efficiency beyond that of the native enzyme. The T590C mutation in loop B increased the preference for shorter peptides, indicating a role in substrate gating. Loop A and the His loop are disordered in the H680A mutant crystal structure, as seen in previous bacterial POP structures, implying coordinated structural dynamics of these loops. Unlike native POP, variants with a malfunctioning loop A were not inhibited by a 17-mer peptide that may bind non-productively to an exosite involving loop A. Biophysical studies suggest a predominantly closed resting state for POP with higher flexibility at the physiological temperature. The flexible loop A, loop B and His loop system at the active site is the main regulator of substrate gating and specificity and represents a new inhibitor target.
ESTHER : Szeltner_2012_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1834_98
PubMedSearch : Szeltner_2012_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1834_98
PubMedID: 22940581
Gene_locus related to this paper: pig-ppce

Title : Structure and catalysis of acylaminoacyl peptidase: closed and open subunits of a dimer oligopeptidase - Harmat_2011_J.Biol.Chem_286_1987
Author(s) : Harmat V , Domokos K , Menyhard DK , Pallo A , Szeltner Z , Szamosi I , Beke-Somfai T , Naray-Szabo G , Polgar L
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 286 :1987 , 2011
Abstract : Acylaminoacyl peptidase from Aeropyrum pernix is a homodimer that belongs to the prolyl oligopeptidase family. The monomer subunit is composed of one hydrolase and one propeller domain. Previous crystal structure determinations revealed that the propeller domain obstructed the access of substrate to the active site of both subunits. Here we investigated the structure and the kinetics of two mutant enzymes in which the aspartic acid of the catalytic triad was changed to alanine or asparagine. Using different substrates, we have determined the pH dependence of specificity rate constants, the rate-limiting step of catalysis, and the binding of substrates and inhibitors. The catalysis considerably depended both on the kind of mutation and on the nature of the substrate. The results were interpreted in terms of alterations in the position of the catalytic histidine side chain as demonstrated with crystal structure determination of the native and two mutant structures (D524N and D524A). Unexpectedly, in the homodimeric structures, only one subunit displayed the closed form of the enzyme. The other subunit exhibited an open gate to the catalytic site, thus revealing the structural basis that controls the oligopeptidase activity. The open form of the native enzyme displayed the catalytic triad in a distorted, inactive state. The mutations affected the closed, active form of the enzyme, disrupting its catalytic triad. We concluded that the two forms are at equilibrium and the substrates bind by the conformational selection mechanism.
ESTHER : Harmat_2011_J.Biol.Chem_286_1987
PubMedSearch : Harmat_2011_J.Biol.Chem_286_1987
PubMedID: 21084296
Gene_locus related to this paper: aerpe-APE1547

Title : GAP43 shows partial co-localisation but no strong physical interaction with prolyl oligopeptidase - Szeltner_2010_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1804_2162
Author(s) : Szeltner Z , Morawski M , Juhasz T , Szamosi I , Liliom K , Csizmok V , Tolgyesi F , Polgar L
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta , 1804 :2162 , 2010
Abstract : It has recently been proposed that prolyl oligopeptidase (POP), the cytosolic serine peptidase with neurological implications, binds GAP43 (Growth-Associated Protein 43) and is implicated in neuronal growth cone formation, axon guidance and synaptic plasticity. We investigated the interaction between GAP43 and POP with various biophysical and biochemical methods in vitro and studied the co-localisation of the two proteins in differentiated HeLa cells. GAP43 and POP showed partial co-localisation in the cell body as well as in the potential growth cone structures. We could not detect significant binding between the recombinantly expressed POP and GAP43 using gel filtration, CD, ITC and BIACORE studies, pull-down experiments, glutaraldehyde cross-linking and limited proteolysis. However, glutaraldehyde cross-linking suggested a weak and transient interaction between the proteins. Both POP and GAP43 interacted with artificial lipids in our in vitro model system, but the presence of lipids did not evoke binding between them. In native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, GAP43 interacted with one of the three forms of a polyhistidine-tagged prolyl oligopeptidase. The interaction of the two proteins was also evident in ELISA and we have observed co-precipitation of the two proteins during co-incubation at higher concentrations. Our results indicate that there is no strong and direct interaction between POP and GAP43 at physiological conditions.
ESTHER : Szeltner_2010_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1804_2162
PubMedSearch : Szeltner_2010_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1804_2162
PubMedID: 20869470