Jiang K

References (13)

Title : MDGA2 Constrains Glutamatergic Inputs Selectively onto CA1 Pyramidal Neurons to Optimize Neural Circuits for Plasticity, Memory, and Social Behavior - Wang_2024_Neurosci.Bull__
Author(s) : Wang X , Lin D , Jiang J , Liu Y , Dong X , Fan J , Gong L , Shen W , Zeng L , Xu T , Jiang K , Connor SA , Xie Y
Ref : Neurosci Bull , : , 2024
Abstract : Synapse organizers are essential for the development, transmission, and plasticity of synapses. Acting as rare synapse suppressors, the MAM domain containing glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor (MDGA) proteins contributes to synapse organization by inhibiting the formation of the synaptogenic neuroligin-neurexin complex. A previous analysis of MDGA2 mice lacking a single copy of Mdga2 revealed upregulated glutamatergic synapses and behaviors consistent with autism. However, MDGA2 is expressed in diverse cell types and is localized to both excitatory and inhibitory synapses. Differentiating the network versus cell-specific effects of MDGA2 loss-of-function requires a cell-type and brain region-selective strategy. To address this, we generated mice harboring a conditional knockout of Mdga2 restricted to CA1 pyramidal neurons. Here we report that MDGA2 suppresses the density and function of excitatory synapses selectively on pyramidal neurons in the mature hippocampus. Conditional deletion of Mdga2 in CA1 pyramidal neurons of adult mice upregulated miniature and spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic potentials, vesicular glutamate transporter 1 intensity, and neuronal excitability. These effects were limited to glutamatergic synapses as no changes were detected in miniature and spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic potential properties or vesicular GABA transporter intensity. Functionally, evoked basal synaptic transmission and AMPAR receptor currents were enhanced at glutamatergic inputs. At a behavioral level, memory appeared to be compromised in Mdga2 cKO mice as both novel object recognition and contextual fear conditioning performance were impaired, consistent with deficits in long-term potentiation in the CA3-CA1 pathway. Social affiliation, a behavioral analog of social deficits in autism, was similarly compromised. These results demonstrate that MDGA2 confines the properties of excitatory synapses to CA1 neurons in mature hippocampal circuits, thereby optimizing this network for plasticity, cognition, and social behaviors.
ESTHER : Wang_2024_Neurosci.Bull__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2024_Neurosci.Bull__
PubMedID: 38321347

Title : Diverse myopathological features in the congenital myasthenia syndrome with GFPT1 mutation - Jiang_2022_Brain.Behav__e2469
Author(s) : Jiang K , Zheng Y , Lin J , Wu X , Yu Y , Zhu M , Fang X , Zhou M , Li X , Hong D
Ref : Brain Behav , :e2469 , 2022
Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Mutations in the GFPT1 gene are associated with a particular subtype of congenital myasthenia syndrome (CMS) called limb-girdle myasthenia with tubular aggregates. However, not all patients show tubular aggregates in muscle biopsy, suggesting the diversity of myopathology should be further investigated. METHODS: In this study, we reported two unrelated patients clinically characterized by easy fatigability, limb-girdle muscle weakness, positive decrements of repetitive stimulation, and response to pyridostigmine. The routine examinations of myopathology were conducted. The causative gene was explored by whole-exome screening. In addition, we summarized all GFPT1-related CMS patients with muscle biopsy in the literature. RESULTS: Pathogenic biallelic GFPT1 mutations were identified in the two patients. In patient one, muscle biopsy indicated vacuolar myopathic changes and atypical pathological changes of myofibrillar myopathy characterized by desmin deposits, Z-disc disorganization, and electronic dense granulofilamentous aggregation. In patient two, muscle biopsy showed typical myopathy with tubular aggregates. Among the 51 reported GFPT1-related CMS patients with muscle biopsy, most of them showed tubular aggregates myopathy, while rimmed vacuolar myopathy, autophagic vacuolar myopathy, mitochondria-like myopathy, neurogenic myopathy, and unspecific myopathic changes were also observed in some patients. These extra-synaptic pathological changes might be associated with GFPT1-deficiency hypoglycosylation and altered function of muscle-specific glycoproteins, as well as partly responsible for the permanent muscle weakness and resistance to acetylcholinesterase inhibitor therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with GFPT1-related CMS had tubular aggregates in the muscle biopsy, but some patients could show great diversities of the pathological change. The myopathological findings might be a biomarker to predict the prognosis of the disease.
ESTHER : Jiang_2022_Brain.Behav__e2469
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2022_Brain.Behav__e2469
PubMedID: 34978387

Title : A preliminary study on the neurotoxic mechanism of harmine in Caenorhabditis elegans - Sun_2021_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol__109038
Author(s) : Sun Q , Liu C , Jiang K , Fang Y , Kong C , Fu J , Liu Y
Ref : Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology C Toxicol Pharmacol , :109038 , 2021
Abstract : Harmine is a beta-carboline and harmala alkaloid with extensive bioactivities. However, its toxicity, especially in neural system, is not systematically assessed and the toxic mechanism is not yet clear. Using Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) as a model system, we found that harmine exhibited dosage dependent (0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, 160, and 320 micromol/L) toxic effect, such as growth inhibition, egg laying defects, shortened life span and increased mortality. Although harmine did not result in obvious structural alterations in neurite or death of neurons, it did show direct acetylcholinesterase inhibition activity. Further, we found that harmine treatment decreased worm pharyngeal pump rate and lowered the content of nitric oxide (NO) in worm body, implying foraging disorders, which is an indicator of acetylcholinergic neuron activity inhibition. Besides, network pharmacology and molecular docking reveals that acetylcholinesterase is one of the major neural toxicity targets as well. Above all, harmine can directly inhibit the activity of acetylcholinesterase, leading to excessive accumulation of acetylcholine, which may be one of the harmine neurotoxicity mechanisms.
ESTHER : Sun_2021_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol__109038
PubMedSearch : Sun_2021_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol__109038
PubMedID: 33794375

Title : In Vitro and In Vivo Anti-AChE and Antioxidative Effects of Schisandra chinensis Extract: A Potential Candidate for Alzheimer's Disease - Song_2020_Evid.Based.Complement.Alternat.Med_2020_2804849
Author(s) : Song X , Wang T , Guo L , Jin Y , Wang J , Yin G , Jiang K , Wang L , Huang H , Zeng L
Ref : Evid Based Complement Alternat Med , 2020 :2804849 , 2020
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition and antioxidants are two common strategies for the treatment in the early stage of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). In this study, extracts from nine traditional Chinese medical (TCM) herbs were tested for anti-AChE activity by Ellman's microplate assay and cytotoxicity by CCK-8. Based on its excellent AChE inhibition effect and its lowest cytotoxicity, Schisandra chinensis (SC) extract was selected to do the mechanism research. SC extract protected pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells against H2O2-induced toxicity by improving the cell survival rate in a dose-dependent manner. And it also showed significant free radical (DPPH) scavenging activities, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and 2,2'-Azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging. To confirm these results, the scopolamine-induced mice models were utilized in this study. Compared with the positive drug (piracetam), SC could also exhibit similar effects to alleviate the mice's cognitive deficits. Moreover, in the mice brain samples, the AChE activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels of SC-treatment group both showed a reverse as compared to model group. Taken together, these results all suggested that SC extract may be a potential therapeutic candidate for AD.
ESTHER : Song_2020_Evid.Based.Complement.Alternat.Med_2020_2804849
PubMedSearch : Song_2020_Evid.Based.Complement.Alternat.Med_2020_2804849
PubMedID: 32148536

Title : Triazole Ureas Covalently Bind to Strigolactone Receptor and Antagonize Strigolactone Responses - Nakamura_2019_Mol.Plant_12_44
Author(s) : Nakamura H , Hirabayashi K , Miyakawa T , Kikuzato K , Hu W , Xu Y , Jiang K , Takahashi I , Niiyama R , Dohmae N , Tanokura M , Asami T
Ref : Mol Plant , 12 :44 , 2019
Abstract : Strigolactones, a class of plant hormones with multiple functions, mediate plant-plant and plant-microorganism communications in the rhizosphere. In this study, we developed potent strigolactone antagonists, which covalently bind to the strigolactone receptor D14, by preparing an array of triazole urea compounds. Using yeast two-hybrid and rice-tillering assays, we identified a triazole urea compound KK094 as a potent inhibitor of strigolactone receptors. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis and X-ray crystallography revealed that KK094 was hydrolyzed by D14, and that a reaction product of this degradation covalently binds to the Ser residue of the catalytic triad of D14. Furthermore, we identified two triazole urea compounds KK052 and KK073, whose effects on D14-D53/D14-SLR1 complex formation were opposite due to the absence (KK052) or presence (KK073) of a trifluoromethyl group on their phenyl ring. These results demonstrate that triazole urea compounds are potentially powerful tools for agricultural application and may be useful for the elucidation of the complicated mechanism underlying strigolactone perception.
ESTHER : Nakamura_2019_Mol.Plant_12_44
PubMedSearch : Nakamura_2019_Mol.Plant_12_44
PubMedID: 30391752
Gene_locus related to this paper: orysj-Q10QA5

Title : Strigolactone-induced senescence of a bamboo leaf in the dark is alleviated by exogenous sugar - Tian_2018_J.Pestic.Sci_43_173
Author(s) : Tian MQ , Jiang K , Takahashi I , Li GD
Ref : J Pestic Sci , 43 :173 , 2018
Abstract : Strigolactones (SLs) are a series of sesquiterpene lactones that serve as plant hormones to regulate plant growth and development, such as shoot branching, lateral root formation, and root hair elongation. Recently, SLs have been reported to accelerate the leaf senescence, which is also regulated by sugar signals. In this study, we utilized segments of a bamboo leaf to observe leaf senescence and confirmed that SL accelerates leaf senescence and triggers cell death under a dark condition rather than under a light condition. Further studies showed that the co-treatment of sugars suppressed SL-induced leaf senescence and cell death under dark conditions, suggesting a crosstalk between SL and the sugar signal in regulating leaf senescence.
ESTHER : Tian_2018_J.Pestic.Sci_43_173
PubMedSearch : Tian_2018_J.Pestic.Sci_43_173
PubMedID: 30363134

Title : Methyl phenlactonoates are efficient strigolactone analogs with simple structure - Jamil_2018_J.Exp.Bot_69_2319
Author(s) : Jamil M , Kountche BA , Haider I , Guo X , Ntui VO , Jia KP , Ali S , Hameed US , Nakamura H , Lyu Y , Jiang K , Hirabayashi K , Tanokura M , Arold ST , Asami T , Al-Babili S
Ref : J Exp Bot , 69 :2319 , 2018
Abstract : Strigolactones (SLs) are a new class of phytohormones that also act as germination stimulants for root parasitic plants, such as Striga spp., and as branching factors for symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Sources for natural SLs are very limited. Hence, efficient and simple SL analogs are needed for elucidating SL-related biological processes as well as for agricultural applications. Based on the structure of the non-canonical SL methyl carlactonoate, we developed a new, easy to synthesize series of analogs, termed methyl phenlactonoates (MPs), evaluated their efficacy in exerting different SL functions, and determined their affinity for SL receptors from rice and Striga hermonthica. Most of the MPs showed considerable activity in regulating plant architecture, triggering leaf senescence, and inducing parasitic seed germination. Moreover, some MPs outperformed GR24, a widely used SL analog with a complex structure, in exerting particular SL functions, such as modulating Arabidopsis roots architecture and inhibiting rice tillering. Thus, MPs will help in elucidating the functions of SLs and are promising candidates for agricultural applications. Moreover, MPs demonstrate that slight structural modifications clearly impact the efficiency in exerting particular SL functions, indicating that structural diversity of natural SLs may mirror a functional specificity.
ESTHER : Jamil_2018_J.Exp.Bot_69_2319
PubMedSearch : Jamil_2018_J.Exp.Bot_69_2319
PubMedID: 29300919

Title : Modified Buzhong Yiqi decoction for myasthenia gravis: A systematic review protocol - Jiang_2018_Medicine.(Baltimore)_97_e13677
Author(s) : Jiang X , Chen G , Huang J , Xie L , Shen D , Jiang K , Xu H
Ref : Medicine (Baltimore) , 97 :e13677 , 2018
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease caused by the transmission of dysfunction in the neuromuscular junction, manifesting partial or systemic skeletal muscle weakness and fatigue, which are exacerbated by activities and relieved after rest. Currently, the conventional therapy is applying cholinesterase inhibitors, steroids, immunosuppressant, and thymectomy. However, these drugs have obvious side effects. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, Buzhong Yiqi decoction (BYD) is a Qi-supplementing formula which is suitable for MG management as MG is generally diagnosed as "flaccidity syndrome" and considered caused by Qi-deficiency. An increasing number of clinical controlled studies also have found that BYD could improve the efficacy and reduced adverse effects in treating MG, but there is no systematic review of it. Therefore, we will use meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of BYD for MG. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang data, Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP), and China biomedical literature database (CBM) will be searched to obtain the eligible studies published up to June 1, 2018. The primary outcome will be clinical absolute score before and after treatment, clinical relative score as well as effective rate. The secondary outcome will be the concentration of acetylcholine receptor antibody (AchRAb) in serum and adverse events incidence. Data analysis will be conducted using RevMan5.3 and Stata V.9.0 software. Trial sequential analysis (TSA) will be performed to assess the risk of random error and the validity of conclusion using TSA program version 0.9 beta. RESULTS: This systematic review will provide a high-quality synthesis of BYD and its modified forms for MG from various evaluation aspects including clinical absolute score before and after treatment, clinical relative score, effective rate, the concentration of AchRAb in serum and adverse events incidence. CONCLUSION: The systematic review will provide evidence to assess the efficacy and safety of BYD and its modified forms in the treatment of MG. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42018095241.
ESTHER : Jiang_2018_Medicine.(Baltimore)_97_e13677
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2018_Medicine.(Baltimore)_97_e13677
PubMedID: 30558075

Title : Rationally Designed Strigolactone Analogs as Antagonists of the D14 Receptor - Takeuchi_2018_Plant.Cell.Physiol_59_1545
Author(s) : Takeuchi J , Jiang K , Hirabayashi K , Imamura Y , Wu Y , Xu Y , Miyakawa T , Nakamura H , Tanokura M , Asami T
Ref : Plant Cell Physiol , 59 :1545 , 2018
Abstract : Strigolactones (SLs) are plant hormones that inhibit shoot branching and act as signals in communications with symbiotic fungi and parasitic weeds in the rhizosphere. SL signaling is mediated by DWARF14 (D14), which is an alpha/beta-hydrolase that cleaves SLs into an ABC tricyclic lactone and a butenolide group (i.e. D-ring). This cleavage reaction (hydrolysis and dissociation) is important for inducing the interaction between D14 and its target proteins, including D3 and D53. In this study, a hydrolysis-resistant SL analog was predicted to inhibit the activation of the D14 receptor, thereby disrupting the SL signaling pathway. To test this prediction, carba-SL compounds, in which the ether oxygen of the D-ring or the phenol ether oxygen of the SL agonist (GR24 or 4-bromo debranone) was replaced with a methylene group, were synthesized as novel D14 antagonists. Subsequent biochemical and physiological studies indicated that carba-SLs blocked the interaction between D14 and D53 by inhibiting D14 hydrolytic activity. They also suppressed the SL-induced inhibition of rice tiller outgrowths. Additionally, carba-SLs antagonized the SL response in a Striga parasitic weed species. Structural analyses revealed that the D-ring of 7'-carba-4BD was hydrolyzed by D14 but did not dissociate from the 4BD skeleton. Thus, 7'-carba-4BD functioned as an antagonist rather than an agonist. Thus, the hydrolysis of the D-ring of SLs may be insufficient for activating the receptor. This study provides data relevant to designing SL receptor antagonists.
ESTHER : Takeuchi_2018_Plant.Cell.Physiol_59_1545
PubMedSearch : Takeuchi_2018_Plant.Cell.Physiol_59_1545
PubMedID: 29727000
Gene_locus related to this paper: arath-AtD14 , arath-KAI2.D14L

Title : Development of Inhibitors of Salicylic Acid Signaling - Jiang_2015_J.Agric.Food.Chem_63_7124
Author(s) : Jiang K , Kurimoto T , Seo EK , Miyazaki S , Nakajima M , Nakamura H , Asami T
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 63 :7124 , 2015
Abstract : Salicylic acid (SA) plays important roles in the induction of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) in plants. Determining the mechanism of SAR will extend our understanding of plant defenses against pathogens. We recently reported that PAMD is an inhibitor of SA signaling, which suppresses the expression of the pathogenesis-related PR genes and is expected to facilitate the understanding of SA signaling. However, PAMD strongly inhibits plant growth. To minimize the side effects of PAMD, we synthesized a number of PAMD derivatives, and identified compound 4 that strongly suppresses the expression of the PR genes with fewer adverse effects on plant growth than PAMD. We further showed that the adverse effects on plant growth were partially caused the stabilization of DELLA, which is also related to the pathogen responses. These results indicate that compound 4 would facilitate our understanding of SA signaling and its cross talk with other plant hormones.
ESTHER : Jiang_2015_J.Agric.Food.Chem_63_7124
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2015_J.Agric.Food.Chem_63_7124
PubMedID: 26236918

Title : A novel molecular marker for early detection and evaluating prognosis of gastric cancer: N-myc downstream regulated gene-1 (NDRG1) - Jiang_2010_Scand.J.Gastroenterol_45_898
Author(s) : Jiang K , Shen Z , Ye Y , Yang X , Wang S
Ref : Scand J Gastroenterol , 45 :898 , 2010
Abstract : OBJECTIVE N-myc downstream regulated gene-1 (NDRG1) is known as a differentiation-related gene that plays important roles in cell differentiation, organ formation, and embryonic development. NDRG1 was recently found to significantly down regulate in a variety of different neoplasms. Its significance in gastric cancer has not been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NDRG1 was detected at its protein level by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded sections with a total of 110 pair gastric cancer specimens including tumor and corresponding paraneoplastic tissues; NDRG1 mRNA was detected by real time-polymerase chain reaction. Meanwhile, the correlations between NDRG1 and clinicopathological factors were observed. Overexpression of NDRG1 has influence on the biological behavior of gastric cancer cell, which was detected by cell growth assay, apoptosis assay, and in vitro motility and invasion assay. RESULTS: NDRG1 protein was down regulated in gastric cancer tissues, and the NDRG1 low expression rate was 73.6% (79/110). Moreover, NDRG1 expression has a significant inverse correlation with tumor stromal invasion, lymph node metastasis, pathological stage, but not with distant metastasis. The patients with low NDRG1 expression had a significantly shorter survival opportunity than those with high NDRG1 expression. In addition, overexpression of NDRG1 induced early apoptosis and inhibited SGC7901 cell proliferation and its motility and invasion capability.
CONCLUSIONS: NDRG1 plays a significant role in carcinogenesis and preventing the metastasis and invasion of gastric cancer cells. NDRG1 could be developed as a marker contributing to diagnosis and evaluating prognosis in gastric cancer, as well as a potential therapeutic target of gastric cancer.
ESTHER : Jiang_2010_Scand.J.Gastroenterol_45_898
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2010_Scand.J.Gastroenterol_45_898
PubMedID: 20388062

Title : Bio-resolution of glycidyl (o, m, p)-methylphenyl ethers by Bacillus megaterium - Zhang_2010_Biotechnol.Lett_32_513
Author(s) : Zhang Z , Sheng Y , Jiang K , Wang Z , Zheng Y , Zhu Q
Ref : Biotechnol Lett , 32 :513 , 2010
Abstract : A newly isolated Bacillus megaterium with epoxide hydrolase activity resolved racemic glycidyl (o, m, p)-methylphenyl ethers to give enantiopure epoxides in 84-99% enantiomeric excess and with 21-73 enantiomeric ratios. The (S)-enantiomer was obtained from rac-glycidyl (o or m)-methylphenyl ether while the (R)-epoxides was obtained from glycidyl p-methylphenyl ether. The observations are explained at the level by enzyme-substrate docking studies.
ESTHER : Zhang_2010_Biotechnol.Lett_32_513
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2010_Biotechnol.Lett_32_513
PubMedID: 20013303

Title : Arabidopsis N-MYC DOWNREGULATED-LIKE1, a positive regulator of auxin transport in a G protein-mediated pathway - Mudgil_2009_Plant.Cell_21_3591
Author(s) : Mudgil Y , Uhrig JF , Zhou J , Temple B , Jiang K , Jones AM
Ref : Plant Cell , 21 :3591 , 2009
Abstract : Root architecture results from coordinated cell division and expansion in spatially distinct cells of the root and is established and maintained by gradients of auxin and nutrients such as sugars. Auxin is transported acropetally through the root within the central stele and then, upon reaching the root apex, auxin is transported basipetally through the outer cortical and epidermal cells. The two Gbetagamma dimers of the Arabidopsis thaliana heterotrimeric G protein complex are differentially localized to the central and cortical tissues of the Arabidopsis roots. A null mutation in either the single beta (AGB1) or the two gamma (AGG1 and AGG2) subunits confers phenotypes that disrupt the proper architecture of Arabidopsis roots and are consistent with altered auxin transport. Here, we describe an evolutionarily conserved interaction between AGB1/AGG dimers and a protein designated N-MYC DOWNREGULATED-LIKE1 (NDL1). The Arabidopsis genome encodes two homologs of NDL1 (NDL2 and NDL3), which also interact with AGB1/AGG1 and AGB1/AGG2 dimers. We show that NDL proteins act in a signaling pathway that modulates root auxin transport and auxin gradients in part by affecting the levels of at least two auxin transport facilitators. Reduction of NDL family gene expression and overexpression of NDL1 alter root architecture, auxin transport, and auxin maxima. AGB1, auxin, and sugars are required for NDL1 protein stability in regions of the root where auxin gradients are established; thus, the signaling mechanism contains feedback loops.
ESTHER : Mudgil_2009_Plant.Cell_21_3591
PubMedSearch : Mudgil_2009_Plant.Cell_21_3591
PubMedID: 19948787
Gene_locus related to this paper: arath-At2g19620 , arath-At5g56750 , arath-At5g11790