Gong L

References (5)

Title : MDGA2 Constrains Glutamatergic Inputs Selectively onto CA1 Pyramidal Neurons to Optimize Neural Circuits for Plasticity, Memory, and Social Behavior - Wang_2024_Neurosci.Bull__
Author(s) : Wang X , Lin D , Jiang J , Liu Y , Dong X , Fan J , Gong L , Shen W , Zeng L , Xu T , Jiang K , Connor SA , Xie Y
Ref : Neurosci Bull , : , 2024
Abstract : Synapse organizers are essential for the development, transmission, and plasticity of synapses. Acting as rare synapse suppressors, the MAM domain containing glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor (MDGA) proteins contributes to synapse organization by inhibiting the formation of the synaptogenic neuroligin-neurexin complex. A previous analysis of MDGA2 mice lacking a single copy of Mdga2 revealed upregulated glutamatergic synapses and behaviors consistent with autism. However, MDGA2 is expressed in diverse cell types and is localized to both excitatory and inhibitory synapses. Differentiating the network versus cell-specific effects of MDGA2 loss-of-function requires a cell-type and brain region-selective strategy. To address this, we generated mice harboring a conditional knockout of Mdga2 restricted to CA1 pyramidal neurons. Here we report that MDGA2 suppresses the density and function of excitatory synapses selectively on pyramidal neurons in the mature hippocampus. Conditional deletion of Mdga2 in CA1 pyramidal neurons of adult mice upregulated miniature and spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic potentials, vesicular glutamate transporter 1 intensity, and neuronal excitability. These effects were limited to glutamatergic synapses as no changes were detected in miniature and spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic potential properties or vesicular GABA transporter intensity. Functionally, evoked basal synaptic transmission and AMPAR receptor currents were enhanced at glutamatergic inputs. At a behavioral level, memory appeared to be compromised in Mdga2 cKO mice as both novel object recognition and contextual fear conditioning performance were impaired, consistent with deficits in long-term potentiation in the CA3-CA1 pathway. Social affiliation, a behavioral analog of social deficits in autism, was similarly compromised. These results demonstrate that MDGA2 confines the properties of excitatory synapses to CA1 neurons in mature hippocampal circuits, thereby optimizing this network for plasticity, cognition, and social behaviors.
ESTHER : Wang_2024_Neurosci.Bull__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2024_Neurosci.Bull__
PubMedID: 38321347

Title : Analysis of the performance of the efficient di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate-degrading bacterium Rhodococcus pyridinovorans DNHP-S2 and associated catabolic pathways - Wang_2022_Chemosphere_306_135610
Author(s) : Wang L , Gan D , Gong L , Zhang Y , Wang J , Guan R , Zeng L , Qu J , Dong M
Ref : Chemosphere , 306 :135610 , 2022
Abstract : The widespread use of plastic has led to the global occurrence of phthalate esters (PAEs) pollution. PAEs can be effectively removed from polluted environments by microbe-mediated degradation. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has the highest residual concentration in agricultural soil-contaminated areas compared to other PAEs in most of China. The Rhodococcus pyridinovorans DNHP-S2 microbial isolate identified was found to efficiently degrade DEHP. Within a 72 h period, the bacteria were able to degrade 52.47% and 99.75% of 500 mg L(-1) DEHP at 10 degreesC and 35 degreesC, respectively. Dimethyl phthalate (DMP) was first identified as an intermediate metabolite of DEHP, which is different from the previously reported DEHP catabolic pathway. Genomic sequencing of DNHP-S2 identified benzoate 1,2-dioxygenase and catechol 2,3/1,2-dioxygenase as potential mediators of DEHP degradation, consistent with the existence of two downstream metabolic pathways governing DEHP degradation. Three targets DEHP metabolism-related enzymes were found to be DEHP-inducible at the mRNA level, and DNHP-S2 was able to mediate the complete degradation of DEHP at lower temperatures, as confirmed via RT-qPCR. DNHP-S2 was also found to readily break down other PAEs including DMP, di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP), and n-butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP). Together, these results thus highlight DNHP-S2 as a bacterial strain with great promise as a tool for the remediation of PAE pollution. In addition to providing new germplasm and genetic resources for use in the context of PAE degradation, these results also offer new insight into the potential mechanisms whereby PAEs undergo catabolic degradation, making them well-suited for use in PAE-contaminated environments.
ESTHER : Wang_2022_Chemosphere_306_135610
PubMedSearch : Wang_2022_Chemosphere_306_135610
PubMedID: 35810862

Title : Transfection of neurotrophin-3 into neural stem cells using ultrasound with microbubbles to treat denervated muscle atrophy - Gong_2018_Exp.Ther.Med_15_620
Author(s) : Gong L , Jiang C , Liu L , Wan S , Tan W , Ma S , Jia X , Wang M , Hu A , Shi Y , Zhang Y , Shen Y , Wang F , Chen Y
Ref : Exp Ther Med , 15 :620 , 2018
Abstract : Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) has potential as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of patients with denervated muscle atrophy. However, the endogenous secretion of NT-3 is low and exogenous NT-3 lacks sufficient time to accumulate due to its short half-life. The transfection of NT-3 has been demonstrated to have a beneficial effect on denervated muscle and motor endplates. Neural stem cells (NSCs) differentiate into neurons and form motor endplate nerve-muscle connections. It has been previously demonstrated that local and noninvasive transfection can be performed using ultrasound with microbubbles (MBs). In the current study, hematoxylin and eosin, acetylcholinesterase and gold chloride staining, as well as transmission electron microscopy, were performed to verify the effects of this treatment strategy. The results demonstrated that using ultrasound with MBs for the transfection of NT-3 into NSCs, and their subsequent transplantation in vivo, attenuated the atrophy of denervated muscle and reduced motor endplate degeneration. This noninvasive, efficient and targeted treatment strategy may therefore be a potential treatment for patients with denervated muscle atrophy.
ESTHER : Gong_2018_Exp.Ther.Med_15_620
PubMedSearch : Gong_2018_Exp.Ther.Med_15_620
PubMedID: 29403547

Title : Testing insecticidal activity of novel chemically synthesized siRNA against Plutella xylostella under laboratory and field conditions - Gong_2013_PLoS.One_8_e62990
Author(s) : Gong L , Chen Y , Hu Z , Hu M
Ref : PLoS ONE , 8 :e62990 , 2013
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Over the last 60 years, synthetic chemical pesticides have served as a main tactic in the field of crop protection, but their availability is now declining as a result of the development of insect resistance. Therefore, alternative pest management agents are needed. However, the demonstration of RNAi gene silencing in insects and its successful usage in disrupting the expression of vital genes opened a door to the development of a variety of novel, environmentally sound approaches for insect pest management. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Six small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were chemically synthesized and modified according to the cDNA sequence of P. xylostella acetylcholine esterase genes AChE1 and AChE2. All of them were formulated and used in insecticide activity screening against P. xylostella. Bioassay data suggested that Si-ace1_003 and Si-ace2_001 at a concentration of 3 microg cm(-2) displayed the best insecticidal activity with 73.7% and 89.0%, mortality, respectively. Additional bioassays were used to obtain the acute lethal concentrations of LC50 and LC90 for Si-ace2_001, which were 53.66 microg/ml and 759.71 microg/ml, respectively. Quantitative Real-time PCR was used to confirm silencing and detected that the transcript levels of P. xylostella AChE2 (PxAChE2) were reduced by 5.7-fold compared to the control group. Consequently, AChE activity was also reduced by 1.7-fold. Finally, effects of the siRNAs on treated plants of Brassica oleracea and Brassica alboglabra were investigated with different siRNA doses. Our results showed that Si-ace2_001 had no negative effects on plant morphology, color and growth of vein under our experimental conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The most important finding of this study is the discovery that chemically synthesized and modified siRNA corresponding to P. xylostella AChE genes cause significant mortality of the insect both under laboratory and field conditions, which provides a novel strategy to control P. xylostella and to develop bio-pesticides based on the RNA interference technology.
ESTHER : Gong_2013_PLoS.One_8_e62990
PubMedSearch : Gong_2013_PLoS.One_8_e62990
PubMedID: 23667556

Title : Repeated polyploidization of Gossypium genomes and the evolution of spinnable cotton fibres - Paterson_2012_Nature_492_423
Author(s) : Paterson AH , Wendel JF , Gundlach H , Guo H , Jenkins J , Jin D , Llewellyn D , Showmaker KC , Shu S , Udall J , Yoo MJ , Byers R , Chen W , Doron-Faigenboim A , Duke MV , Gong L , Grimwood J , Grover C , Grupp K , Hu G , Lee TH , Li J , Lin L , Liu T , Marler BS , Page JT , Roberts AW , Romanel E , Sanders WS , Szadkowski E , Tan X , Tang H , Xu C , Wang J , Wang Z , Zhang D , Zhang L , Ashrafi H , Bedon F , Bowers JE , Brubaker CL , Chee PW , Das S , Gingle AR , Haigler CH , Harker D , Hoffmann LV , Hovav R , Jones DC , Lemke C , Mansoor S , ur Rahman M , Rainville LN , Rambani A , Reddy UK , Rong JK , Saranga Y , Scheffler BE , Scheffler JA , Stelly DM , Triplett BA , Van Deynze A , Vaslin MF , Waghmare VN , Walford SA , Wright RJ , Zaki EA , Zhang T , Dennis ES , Mayer KF , Peterson DG , Rokhsar DS , Wang X , Schmutz J
Ref : Nature , 492 :423 , 2012
Abstract : Polyploidy often confers emergent properties, such as the higher fibre productivity and quality of tetraploid cottons than diploid cottons bred for the same environments. Here we show that an abrupt five- to sixfold ploidy increase approximately 60 million years (Myr) ago, and allopolyploidy reuniting divergent Gossypium genomes approximately 1-2 Myr ago, conferred about 30-36-fold duplication of ancestral angiosperm (flowering plant) genes in elite cottons (Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense), genetic complexity equalled only by Brassica among sequenced angiosperms. Nascent fibre evolution, before allopolyploidy, is elucidated by comparison of spinnable-fibred Gossypium herbaceum A and non-spinnable Gossypium longicalyx F genomes to one another and the outgroup D genome of non-spinnable Gossypium raimondii. The sequence of a G. hirsutum A(t)D(t) (in which 't' indicates tetraploid) cultivar reveals many non-reciprocal DNA exchanges between subgenomes that may have contributed to phenotypic innovation and/or other emergent properties such as ecological adaptation by polyploids. Most DNA-level novelty in G. hirsutum recombines alleles from the D-genome progenitor native to its New World habitat and the Old World A-genome progenitor in which spinnable fibre evolved. Coordinated expression changes in proximal groups of functionally distinct genes, including a nuclear mitochondrial DNA block, may account for clusters of cotton-fibre quantitative trait loci affecting diverse traits. Opportunities abound for dissecting emergent properties of other polyploids, particularly angiosperms, by comparison to diploid progenitors and outgroups.
ESTHER : Paterson_2012_Nature_492_423
PubMedSearch : Paterson_2012_Nature_492_423
PubMedID: 23257886
Gene_locus related to this paper: gosra-a0a0d2qg22 , gosra-a0a0d2w3z1 , gosra-a0a0d2uuz7 , gosra-a0a0d2rxs2 , gosra-a0a0d2sdk0 , gosra-a0a0d2tng2 , gosra-a0a0d2twz7 , gosra-a0a0d2vdc5 , gosra-a0a0d2vj24 , gosra-a0a0d2sr31 , goshi-a0a1u8knd1 , goshi-a0a1u8nhw9 , goshi-a0a1u8kis4 , gosra-a0a0d2pul0 , gosra-a0a0d2p3f2 , gosra-a0a0d2ril5 , gosra-a0a0d2s7d5 , gosra-a0a0d2t9b3 , gosra-a0a0d2tw88 , gosra-a0a0d2umz5 , gosra-a0a0d2pzd7 , gosra-a0a0d2scu7 , gosra-a0a0d2vcx6