Zheng Y

References (71)

Title : Isolation, characteristics, and poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) degradation mechanism of a marine bacteria Roseibium aggregatum ZY-1 - Pan_2024_Mar.Pollut.Bull_201_116261
Author(s) : Pan H , Yu T , Zheng Y , Ma H , Shan J , Yi X , Liu Y , Zhan J , Wang W , Zhou H
Ref : Mar Pollut Bull , 201 :116261 , 2024
Abstract : Marine microorganisms have been reported to degrade microplastics. However, the degradation mechanisms are still poorly understood. In this study, a bacterium Roseibium aggregatum ZY-1 was isolated from seawater, which can degrade poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT). The PBAT-PLA(polylactic acid, PLA) films, before and after degradation, were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), the weight loss rate and water contact angle were measured. The results indicate that ZY-1 colonized on PBAT-PLA film, changed the functional groups and decreased water contact angle of PBAT-PLA film. Moreover, liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis reveales that PBAT was degraded into its oligomers (TB, BTB) and monomers (T, A) during 10 days, and adipic acid (A) could be used as a sole carbon source. The whole genome sequencing analyses illustrate the mechanisms and enzymes such as PETase, carboxylesterases, arylesterase (PpEst) and genes like pobA, pcaBCDFGHIJKT, dcaAEIJK, paaGHJ involved in PBAT degradation. Therefore, the R. aggregatum ZY-1 will be a promising candidate of PBAT degradation.
ESTHER : Pan_2024_Mar.Pollut.Bull_201_116261
PubMedSearch : Pan_2024_Mar.Pollut.Bull_201_116261
PubMedID: 38537567

Title : Abscisic acid ameliorates d-galactose -induced aging in mice by modulating AMPK-SIRT1-p53 pathway and intestinal flora - Zheng_2024_Heliyon_10_e28283
Author(s) : Zheng Y , Chen X , Ding C , Liu X , Chi L , Zhang S
Ref : Heliyon , 10 :e28283 , 2024
Abstract : Abscisic acid (ABA) is a plant hormone with various biological activities. Aging is a natural process accompanied by cognitive and physiological decline, and aging and its associated diseases pose a serious threat to public health, but its mechanisms remain insufficient. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the ameliorative effects of ABA on d-galactose (D-Gal)-induced aging in mice and to delve into its molecular mechanisms. Aging model was es-tablished by theintraperitoneal injection of D-Gal. We evaluated the oxidative stress by measuring superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT) levels in serum. Proteins content in brain were determined by Western blot. D-Gal-induced brain damage was monitored by measuring the levels of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) content and hematoxylin-eosin staining (H&E). To evaluate the effects of ABA on aging, we measured the gut microbiota. The results demonstrated that ABA increased SOD, CAT and AChE, decreased MDA level. H&E staining showed that ABA could improve D-Gal-induced damage. In addition, ABA regulated the B-cell-lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) family and Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) signaling pathway, while further regulating the acetylation of p53 protein by modulating the AMPK pathway and activating SIRT1 protein, thereby inhibiting the apoptosis of brain neurons and thus regulating the aging process. Interestingly, ABA improved the ratio of intestinal bacteria involved in regulating multiple metabolic pathways in the aging process, such as Bacteroides, Firmicutes, Lactobacillus and Ak-kermansia. In conclusion, the present study suggests that ABA may be responsible for improving and delaying the aging process by enhancing antioxidant activity, anti-apoptosis and regulating intestinal flora.
ESTHER : Zheng_2024_Heliyon_10_e28283
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2024_Heliyon_10_e28283
PubMedID: 38524603

Title : Annexin A6 mitigates neurological deficit in ischemia\/reperfusion injury by promoting synaptic plasticity - Wang_2024_CNS.Neurosci.Ther_30_e14639
Author(s) : Wang Y , Yang Z , Wang R , Zheng Y , Han Z , Fan J , Yan F , Liu P , Luo Y
Ref : CNS Neurosci Ther , 30 :e14639 , 2024
Abstract : AIMS: Alleviating neurological dysfunction caused by acute ischemic stroke (AIS) remains intractable. Given Annexin A6 (ANXA6)'s potential in promoting axon branching and repairing cell membranes, the study aimed to explore ANXA6's potential in alleviating AIS-induced neurological dysfunction. METHODS: A mouse middle cerebral artery occlusion model was established. Brain and plasma ANXA6 levels were detected at different timepoints post ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). We overexpressed and down-regulated brain ANXA6 and evaluated infarction volume, neurological function, and synaptic plasticity-related proteins post I/R. Plasma ANXA6 levels were measured in patients with AIS and healthy controls, investigating ANXA6 expression's clinical significance. RESULTS: Brain ANXA6 levels initially decreased, gradually returning to normal post I/R; plasma ANXA6 levels showed an opposite trend. ANXA6 overexpression significantly decreased the modified neurological severity score (p = 0.0109) 1 day post I/R and the infarction area at 1 day (p = 0.0008) and 7 day (p = 0.0013) post I/R, and vice versa. ANXA6 positively influenced synaptic plasticity, upregulating synaptophysin (p = 0.006), myelin basic protein (p = 0.010), neuroligin (p = 0.078), and tropomyosin-related kinase B (p = 0.150). Plasma ANXA6 levels were higher in patients with AIS (1.969 [1.228-3.086]) compared to healthy controls (1.249 [0.757-2.226]) (p < 0.001), that served as an independent risk factor for poor AIS outcomes (2.120 [1.563-3.023], p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to suggest that ANXA6 enhances synaptic plasticity and protects against transient cerebral ischemia.
ESTHER : Wang_2024_CNS.Neurosci.Ther_30_e14639
PubMedSearch : Wang_2024_CNS.Neurosci.Ther_30_e14639
PubMedID: 38380783

Title : DPPX antibody-mediated autoimmune encephalitisthe first case with breast cancer and review of the literature - Dai_2024_Heliyon_10_e27413
Author(s) : Dai Y , Zheng Y , Zhu J , Ding J , Qiu K , Tang B
Ref : Heliyon , 10 :e27413 , 2024
Abstract : Dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein 6 (DPPX) antibody-mediated encephalitis is a rare type of autoimmune encephalitis (AE), which mainly manifests as diarrhea accompanied by weight loss, cognitive decline, epileptic seizures, and even psychiatric symptoms. Remarkably, it is also reported to be associated with tumors, predominantly B-cell lymphoma. Overall, the AE remains uncharacterized clinically and its long-term prognosis remains elusive. Herein, we report the first case of DPPX antibody-mediated AE secondary to breast cancer. Importantly, it substantially improves after aggressive immunotherapy. Our case highlights DPPX antibody-mediated AE as a paraneoplastic syndrome and discusses the pearls in its diagnosis and management.
ESTHER : Dai_2024_Heliyon_10_e27413
PubMedSearch : Dai_2024_Heliyon_10_e27413
PubMedID: 38449607

Title : Integrated transcriptomic and biochemical characterization of the mechanisms governing stress responses in soil-dwelling invertebrate (Folsomia candida) upon exposure to dibutyl phthalate - Zheng_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_462_132644
Author(s) : Zheng Y , Liu C , Chen J , Tang J , Luo J , Zou D , Tang Z , He J , Bai J
Ref : J Hazard Mater , 462 :132644 , 2023
Abstract : Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is one of the most commonly utilized plasticizers and a frequently detected phthalic acid ester (PAE) compound in soil samples. However, the toxicological effects of DBP on soil-dwelling organisms remain poorly understood. This study employed a multi-biomarker approach to investigate the impact of DBP exposure on Folsomia candida's survival, reproduction, enzyme activity levels, and transcriptional profiles. Analyses of antioxidant biomarkers, including catalase (CAT) and glutathione S-transferase (GST), as well as detoxifying enzymes such as acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Cytochrome P450 (CYP450), and lipid peroxidation (LPO), revealed significant increases in CAT activity, GST levels, and CYP450 expression following treatment with various doses of DBP for 2, 4, 7, or 14 days. Additionally, LPO induction was observed along with significant AChE inhibition. In total, 3175 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified following DBP treatment that were enriched in six Gene Ontology (GO) terms and 144 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways, including 85 upregulated and 59 downregulated primarily associated with lipid metabolism, signal transduction, DNA repair, and cell growth and death. Overall these results provide foundational insights for further research into the molecular mechanisms underlying responses of soil invertebrates to DBP exposure.
ESTHER : Zheng_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_462_132644
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_462_132644
PubMedID: 37820532

Title : Soluble DPP4 can act as a diagnostic biomarker in Hashimoto's thyroiditis with thyroid papillary carcinoma - Zhang_2023_J.Cancer.Res.Ther_19_1048
Author(s) : Zhang Y , Zhang Q , Zheng Y , Chen J , Liu N , Liu K , Song W
Ref : J Cancer Research Ther , 19 :1048 , 2023
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is an independent risk factor for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. The incidence of PTC in patients with HT is significantly elevated, and the presence of both HT and PTC contributes to a higher rate of misdiagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed on the thyroid nodule gene chip dataset from GEO Datasets. Serum and clinical data from 191 patients with thyroid nodules at the affiliated hospital were collected for analysis. Experimental techniques, including real-time quantitative PCR, ELISA, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and enzyme activity detection, were used to measure the level of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) in thyroid nodule tissues and serum. RESULTS: Thyroid nodules in patients with HT and PTC exhibit high levels of DPP4, along with elevated concentrations of soluble DPP4 in the serum. These findings demonstrate the potential predictive value of soluble DPP4 for PTC diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The concentration and enzymatic activity of soluble DPP4 in serum can serve as diagnostic biomarkers for patients with HT-associated PTC.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_J.Cancer.Res.Ther_19_1048
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_J.Cancer.Res.Ther_19_1048
PubMedID: 37675735

Title : Remodeling the polymer-binding cavity to improve the efficacy of PBAT-degrading enzyme - Yang_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_464_132965
Author(s) : Yang Y , Cheng S , Zheng Y , Xue T , Huang JW , Zhang L , Guo RT , Chen CC
Ref : J Hazard Mater , 464 :132965 , 2023
Abstract : Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) is among the most widely applied synthetic polyesters that are utilized in the packaging and agricultural industries, but the accumulation of PBAT wastes has posed a great burden to ecosystems. Using renewable enzymes to decompose PBAT is an eco-friendly solution to tackle this problem. Recently, we demonstrated that cutinase is the most effective PBAT-degrading enzyme and that an engineered cutinase termed TfCut-DM could completely decompose PBAT film to terephthalate (TPA). Here, we report crystal structures of a variant of leaf compost cutinase in complex with soluble fragments of PBAT, including BTa and TaBTa. In the TaBTa complex, one TPA moiety was located at a polymer-binding site distal to the catalytic center that has never been experimentally validated. Intriguingly, the composition of the distal TPA-binding site shows higher diversity relative to the one proximal to the catalytic center in various cutinases. We thus modified the distal TPA-binding site of TfCut-DM and obtained variants that exhibit higher activity. Notably, the time needed to completely degrade the PBAT film to TPA was shortened to within 24 h by TfCut-DM Q132Y (5813 mol per mol protein). Taken together, the structural information regarding the substrate-binding behavior of PBAT-degrading enzymes could be useful guidance for direct enzyme engineering.
ESTHER : Yang_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_464_132965
PubMedSearch : Yang_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_464_132965
PubMedID: 37979420
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9bact-g9by57

Title : Post-Stroke Neuropsychiatric Complications: Types, Pathogenesis, and Therapeutic Intervention - Zhou_2023_Aging.Dis__
Author(s) : Zhou J , Fangma Y , Chen Z , Zheng Y
Ref : Aging Dis , : , 2023
Abstract : Almost all stroke survivors suffer physical disabilities and neuropsychiatric disturbances, which can be briefly divided into post-stroke neurological diseases and post-stroke psychiatric disorders. The former type mainly includes post-stroke pain, post-stroke epilepsy, and post-stroke dementia while the latter one includes post-stroke depression, post-stroke anxiety, post-stroke apathy and post-stroke fatigue. Multiple risk factors are related to these post-stroke neuropsychiatric complications, such as age, gender, lifestyle, stroke type, medication, lesion location, and comorbidities. Recent studies have revealed several critical mechanisms underlying these complications, namely inflammatory response, dysregulation of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis, cholinergic dysfunction, reduced level of 5-hydroxytryptamine, glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity and mitochondrial dysfunction. Moreover, clinical efforts have successfully given birth to many practical pharmaceutic strategies, such as anti-inflammatory medications, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, as well as diverse rehabilitative modalities to help patients physically and mentally. However, the efficacy of these interventions is still under debate. Further investigations into these post-stroke neuropsychiatric complications, from both basic and clinical perspectives, are urgent for the development of effective treatment strategies.
ESTHER : Zhou_2023_Aging.Dis__
PubMedSearch : Zhou_2023_Aging.Dis__
PubMedID: 37199575

Title : Systematic assessment of cyflumetofen toxicity in soil-earthworm (Eisenia fetida) microcosms - Shi_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_452_131300
Author(s) : Shi L , Zhang P , Xu J , Wu X , Pan X , He L , Dong F , Zheng Y
Ref : J Hazard Mater , 452 :131300 , 2023
Abstract : Cyflumetofen was widely applied in agriculture with its excellent acaricidal effect. However, the impact of cyflumetofen on the soil non-target organism earthworm (Eisenia fetida) is unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the bioaccumulation of cyflumetofen in soil-earthworm systems and the ecotoxicity of earthworms. The highest concentration of cyflumetofen enriched by earthworms was found on the 7th day. Long-term exposure of earthworms to the cyflumetofen (10 mg/kg) could suppress protein content and increases Malondialdehyde content leading to severe peroxidation. Transcriptome sequencing analysis demonstrated that catalase and superoxide-dismutase activities were significantly activated while genes involved in related signaling pathways were significantly upregulated. In terms of detoxification metabolic pathways, high concentrations of cyflumetofen stimulated the number of Differentially-Expressed-Genes involved in the detoxification pathway of the metabolism of glutathione. Identification of three detoxification genes (LOC100376457, LOC114329378, and JGIBGZA-33J12) had synergistic detoxification. Additionally, cyflumetofen promoted disease-related signaling pathways leading to higher disease risk, affecting the transmembrane capacity and cell membrane composition, ultimately causing cytotoxicity. Superoxide-Dismutase in oxidative stress enzyme activity contributed more to detoxification. Carboxylesterase and glutathione-S-transferase activation play a major detoxification role in high-concentration treatment. Altogether, these results contribute to a better understanding of toxicity and defense mechanisms involved in long-term cyflumetofen exposure in earthworms.
ESTHER : Shi_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_452_131300
PubMedSearch : Shi_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_452_131300
PubMedID: 37002996

Title : Synergistic effects of ferulic acid esterase-producing lactic acid bacteria, cellulase and xylanase on the fermentation characteristics, fibre and nitrogen components and microbial community structure of Broussonetia papyrifera during ensiling - Yu_2023_J.Sci.Food.Agric__
Author(s) : Yu Q , Xu J , Li M , Xi Y , Sun H , Xie Y , Cheng Q , Li P , Chen C , Yang F , Zheng Y
Ref : J Sci Food Agric , : , 2023
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The high fibre content of whole plants of Broussonetia papyrifera limits its efficient utilization. Ferulic acid esterase (FAE), in combination with xylanase, can effectively cleave the lignin-carbohydrate complex, promoting the function of cellulase. However, little is known about the impact of these additives on silage. To effectively utilize natural woody plant resources, FAE-producing Lactobacillus plantarum RO395, xylanase (XY) and cellulase (CE) were used to investigate the dynamic fermentation characteristics, fibre and nitrogen components and microbial community structure during B. papyrifera ensiling. RESULTS: B. papyrifera was either not treated (CK) or treated with FAE-producing lactic acid bacteria (LP), CE, XY, LP+CE, LP+XY or LP+CE+XY for 3, 7, 15, 30 or 60 days, respectively. In comparison with those in the CK treatment, the L. plantarum and enzyme treatments (LP+CE, LP+XY and LP+XY+CE), especially the LP+XY+CE treatment, significantly increased the lactic acid concentration and decreased the pH and the contents of acid detergent insoluble protein and NH(3) -N (P < 0.05). Enzyme addition improved the degradation efficiency of lignocellulose, and a synergistic effect was observed after enzyme treatment in combination with LP; in addition, the lowest acid detergent fibre, neutral detergent fibre, hemicellulose, and cellulose contents were detected after the LP+CE+XY treatment (P < 0.05). Moreover, CE, XY and LP additions significantly improved the microbial community structure, increased the relative abundance of Lactiplantibacillus and Firmicutes, and effectively inhibited undesirable bacterial (Enterobacter) growth during ensiling. CONCLUSION: FAE-producing L. plantarum and the two tested enzymes exhibited synergistic effects on improving the quality of silage, which indicates that this combination can serve as an efficient method for improved B. papyrifera silage utilization. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Yu_2023_J.Sci.Food.Agric__
PubMedSearch : Yu_2023_J.Sci.Food.Agric__
PubMedID: 38146051

Title : Impacts of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate on Folsomia candida (Collembola) assessed with a multi-biomarker approach - Zheng_2022_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_232_113251
Author(s) : Zheng Y , Zhou K , Tang J , Liu C , Bai J
Ref : Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety , 232 :113251 , 2022
Abstract : Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is extensively used as an additive to produce plastics, but it may damage non-target organisms in soil. In this study, the effects of DEHP on Folsomia candida in terms of survival, reproduction, enzyme activities, and DNA damage were investigated in spiked artificial soil using a multi-biomarker strategy. The 7-day LC(50) (median lethal concentration) and 28-day EC(50) (median effect concentration) values of DEHP were 1256.25 and 19.72 mg a.i. (active ingredient) kg(-1) dry soil, respectively. Biomarkers involved in antioxidant defense including catalase (CAT-catalase), glutathione S-transferases (GST), detoxifying enzymes including acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Cytochrome P450 (CYP450), and peroxidative damage (LPO-lipid peroxide) were also measured (EC(10), EC(20), and EC(50)) after exposure for 2, 4, 7, and 14 days. The Comet assay was also applied to assess the level of genetic damage. The activity of CAT and LPO was drastically enhanced by the highest dose (EC(50)) of DEHP on day two. The activities of GST and AChE in DEHP treatment groups were found to be blocked. In contrast, the activity of CYP450 was significantly enhanced compared to the respective control groups during the first four days of incubation. The Comet assay in F.candida demonstrated that DEHP (EC(50)) could induce DNA damage. The obtained multi-biomarker data were analyzed using an integrated biomarker response (IBR) index, indicating that limited-time exposure triggered higher stress than long-term exposure at low concentrations of DEHP. These results demonstrate that DEHP may cause biochemical and genetic toxicity to F. candida, which illustrated the potential risks of DEHP in the soil environment and might affect soil ecosystem processes. Further studies are necessary to elucidate the toxic mechanisms of DEHP on other non-target organisms in soil.
ESTHER : Zheng_2022_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_232_113251
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2022_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_232_113251
PubMedID: 35121260

Title : Diverse myopathological features in the congenital myasthenia syndrome with GFPT1 mutation - Jiang_2022_Brain.Behav__e2469
Author(s) : Jiang K , Zheng Y , Lin J , Wu X , Yu Y , Zhu M , Fang X , Zhou M , Li X , Hong D
Ref : Brain Behav , :e2469 , 2022
Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Mutations in the GFPT1 gene are associated with a particular subtype of congenital myasthenia syndrome (CMS) called limb-girdle myasthenia with tubular aggregates. However, not all patients show tubular aggregates in muscle biopsy, suggesting the diversity of myopathology should be further investigated. METHODS: In this study, we reported two unrelated patients clinically characterized by easy fatigability, limb-girdle muscle weakness, positive decrements of repetitive stimulation, and response to pyridostigmine. The routine examinations of myopathology were conducted. The causative gene was explored by whole-exome screening. In addition, we summarized all GFPT1-related CMS patients with muscle biopsy in the literature. RESULTS: Pathogenic biallelic GFPT1 mutations were identified in the two patients. In patient one, muscle biopsy indicated vacuolar myopathic changes and atypical pathological changes of myofibrillar myopathy characterized by desmin deposits, Z-disc disorganization, and electronic dense granulofilamentous aggregation. In patient two, muscle biopsy showed typical myopathy with tubular aggregates. Among the 51 reported GFPT1-related CMS patients with muscle biopsy, most of them showed tubular aggregates myopathy, while rimmed vacuolar myopathy, autophagic vacuolar myopathy, mitochondria-like myopathy, neurogenic myopathy, and unspecific myopathic changes were also observed in some patients. These extra-synaptic pathological changes might be associated with GFPT1-deficiency hypoglycosylation and altered function of muscle-specific glycoproteins, as well as partly responsible for the permanent muscle weakness and resistance to acetylcholinesterase inhibitor therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with GFPT1-related CMS had tubular aggregates in the muscle biopsy, but some patients could show great diversities of the pathological change. The myopathological findings might be a biomarker to predict the prognosis of the disease.
ESTHER : Jiang_2022_Brain.Behav__e2469
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2022_Brain.Behav__e2469
PubMedID: 34978387

Title : A Heterozygous LMF1 Gene Mutation (c.1523C>T), Combined With an LPL Gene Mutation (c.590G>A), Aggravates the Clinical Symptoms in Hypertriglyceridemia - Guo_2022_Front.Genet_13_814295
Author(s) : Guo D , Zheng Y , Gan Z , Guo Y , Jiang S , Yang F , Xiong F , Zheng H
Ref : Front Genet , 13 :814295 , 2022
Abstract : Hypertriglyceridemia is an important contributor to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and acute pancreatitis. Familial hypertriglyceridemia is often caused by mutations in genes involved in triglyceride metabolism. Here, we investigated the disease-causing gene mutations in a Chinese family with hypertriglyceridemia and assessed the functional significance in vitro. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed revealing that the severe hypertriglyceridemic proband carried a missense mutation (c.590G > A) in exon 5 of the LPL gene, as well as a missense mutation (c.1523C > T) in exon 10 of the LMF1 gene. Conservation analysis by Polyphen-2 showed that the 508 locus in the LMF1 protein and 197 locus in the LPL protein were highly conserved between different species. I-TASSER analysis indicated that the LMF1 c.1523C > T mutation and the LPL c.590G > A mutation changed the tertiary structure of the protein. A decrease in mRNA and protein expression was observed in 293T cells transfected with plasmids carrying the LMF1 c.1523C > T mutation. Subcellular localization showed that both wild-type (WT) and mutant LMF1 protein were localized at the cell cytoplasm. In the cell medium and cell lysates, these LMF1 and LPL gene mutations both caused a decreased LPL mass. Moreover, the combination of LMF1 and LPL gene mutations significantly decreased LPL levels compared to their individual effects on the LPL concentration. Both the clinical and in vitro data suggest that severe hypertriglyceridemia was of digenic origin caused by LMF1 and LPL mutation double heterozygosity in this patient.
ESTHER : Guo_2022_Front.Genet_13_814295
PubMedSearch : Guo_2022_Front.Genet_13_814295
PubMedID: 35368694

Title : Isolation and Mechanistic Characterization of a Novel Zearalenone-Degrading Enzyme - Ji_2022_Foods_11_
Author(s) : Ji J , Yu J , Xu W , Zheng Y , Zhang Y , Sun X
Ref : Foods , 11 : , 2022
Abstract : Zearalenone (ZEN) and its derivatives pose a serious threat to global food quality and animal health. The use of enzymes to degrade mycotoxins has become a popular method to counter this threat. In this study, Aspergillus niger ZEN-S-FS10 extracellular enzyme solution with ZEN-degrading effect was separated and purified to prepare the biological enzyme, FSZ, that can degrade ZEN. The degradation rate of FSZ to ZEN was 7580% (pH = 7.0, 28 degreesC). FSZ can function in a temperature range of 2838 degreesC and pH range of 2.07.0 and can also degrade ZEN derivatives (alpha-ZAL, beta-ZOL, and ZAN). According to the enzyme kinetics fitting, ZEN has a high degradation rate. FSZ can degrade ZEN in real samples of corn flour. FSZ can be obtained stably and repeatedly from the original strain. One ZEN degradation product was isolated: FSZP(C18H26O4), with a relative molecular weight of 306.18 g/mol. Amino-acid-sequencing analysis revealed that FSZ is a novel enzyme (homology < 10%). According to the results of molecular docking, ZEN and ZAN can utilize their end-terminal carbonyl groups to bind FSZ residues PHE307, THR55, and GLU129 for a high-degradation rate. However, alpha-ZAL and beta-ZOL instead contain hydroxyl groups that would prevent binding to GLU129; thus, the degradation rate is low for these derivatives.
ESTHER : Ji_2022_Foods_11_
PubMedSearch : Ji_2022_Foods_11_
PubMedID: 36141036

Title : Effect of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors on postprandial glucagon level in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systemic review and meta-analysis - Chai_2022_Front.Endocrinol.(Lausanne)_13_994944
Author(s) : Chai S , Zhang R , Zhang Y , Carr RD , Zheng Y , Rajpathak S , Ji L
Ref : Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) , 13 :994944 , 2022
Abstract : AIMS: Hyperglucagonemia occurs in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this meta-analysis, we summarized the effects of DPP4 inhibitors on glucagon levels in patients with T2DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the influence of DPP4 inhibitors on circulating glucagon levels with placebo or other oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) in patients with T2DM were identified by searches of Medline (PubMed), Embase (Ovid), and CENTER (Cochrane Library). Only studies reporting changes in glucagon level presented as total area under the curve (AUC(glucagon)) using a meal or oral glucose tolerance test were included. Results were combined using a random-effects model that incorporated potential heterogeneity among the included studies. RESULTS: A total of 36 RCTs with moderate to high quality were included. Overall, the numbers of T2DM patients included for the meta-analyses comparing DPP4 inhibitors with placebo and other OADs were 4266 and 1652, respectively. Compared to placebo, DPP4 inhibitors significantly reduced circulating glucagon levels (standard mean difference [SMD]: -0.32, 95% CI: -0.40 to -0.24, P<0.001; I(2 =) 28%). Analysis of subgroups revealed that study characteristics had no significant effect on results, such as study design (parallel group or crossover), number of patients, mean patient age, proportion of men, baseline HbA1c, duration of diabetes, background therapy, treatment duration, or methods for glucagon measurement (all P for subgroup differences >0.05). Moreover, DPP4 inhibitors significantly reduced glucagon levels compared to other OADs (SMD: -0.35, 95% CI: -0.53 to -0.16, P<0.001; I(2) = 66%), and the reduction in glucagon was greater in comparison with insulin secretagogues than in comparison with non-insulin secretagogues (P for subgroup difference =0.03). SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: https://inplasy.com/, identifier INPLASY202280104. CONCLUSIONS: DPP4 inhibitors are effective at reducing the circulating postprandial glucagon level in T2DM patients.
ESTHER : Chai_2022_Front.Endocrinol.(Lausanne)_13_994944
PubMedSearch : Chai_2022_Front.Endocrinol.(Lausanne)_13_994944
PubMedID: 36313782

Title : Valorization of Polyethylene Terephthalate to Muconic Acid by Engineering Pseudomonas Putida - Liu_2022_Int.J.Mol.Sci_23_10997
Author(s) : Liu P , Zheng Y , Yuan Y , Zhang T , Li Q , Liang Q , Su T , Qi Q
Ref : Int J Mol Sci , 23 : , 2022
Abstract : Plastic waste is rapidly accumulating in the environment and becoming a huge global challenge. Many studies have highlighted the role of microbial metabolic engineering for the valorization of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) waste. In this study, we proposed a new conceptual scheme for upcycling of PET. We constructed a multifunctional Pseudomonas putida KT2440 to simultaneously secrete PET hydrolase LCC, a leaf-branch compost cutinase, and synthesize muconic acid (MA) using the PET hydrolysate. The final product MA and extracellular LCC can be separated from the supernatant of the culture by ultrafiltration, and the latter was used for the next round of PET hydrolysis. A total of 0.50 g MA was produced from 1 g PET in each cycle of the whole biological processes, reaching 68% of the theoretical conversion. This new conceptual scheme for the valorization of PET waste should have advantages over existing PET upcycling schemes and provides new ideas for the utilization of other macromolecular resources that are difficult to decompose, such as lignin.
ESTHER : Liu_2022_Int.J.Mol.Sci_23_10997
PubMedSearch : Liu_2022_Int.J.Mol.Sci_23_10997
PubMedID: 36232310

Title : Highly selective SERS detection of acetylcholinesterase in human blood based on catalytic reaction - Chen_2022_Anal.Chim.Acta_1232_340495
Author(s) : Chen Y , Zhao W , Si J , Zheng Y , Tan H , Meng F , Yang G , Gu Y , Qu L
Ref : Anal Chim Acta , 1232 :340495 , 2022
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is a key hydrolase in the cholinergic system, which directly determines the degradation of neurotransmitters. Therefore, it is a significant challenge to detect AChE in human blood with high sensitivity and selectivity in physiological and pathological processes. A novel nanoprobe by decorating the surface of gold nanoparticles with neostigmine (NE) AuNPs/NE was constructed for the AChE assay in serum. The principle is based on the specific recognition and cleavage of carbamate bonds in AuNPs/NE by AChE to form hydroxyl groups, resulting in changes of SERS spectra. The results show that 10 nm AuNPs/NE exhibit excellent catalytic activity for this reaction and the reaction rate is six times higher than that of 70 nm AuNPs/NE. Benefiting from the combined advantages of catalytic reaction specificity and molecular finger printing provided by SERS technology, AuNPs/NE exhibit high selectivity for AChE. The limit of detection (LOD) of this method for AChE activity was low to 0.02 U/mL. In addition, the spiked recovery of AChE in serum samples was 75.0%-119.2%. The proposed sensor also exhibits long-term stability and high biocompatibility with the increasing incubation time. More importantly, this work provides a new perspective for elucidating the role of AChE regulated by oxidative stress in the pathology of depression.
ESTHER : Chen_2022_Anal.Chim.Acta_1232_340495
PubMedSearch : Chen_2022_Anal.Chim.Acta_1232_340495
PubMedID: 36257753

Title : Computational design of a cutinase for plastic biodegradation by mining molecular dynamics simulations trajectories - Li_2022_Comput.Struct.Biotechnol.J_20_459
Author(s) : Li Q , Zheng Y , Su T , Wang Q , Liang Q , Zhang Z , Qi Q , Tian J
Ref : Comput Struct Biotechnol J , 20 :459 , 2022
Abstract : Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) has caused serious environmental concerns but could be degraded at high temperature. Previous studies show that cutinase from Thermobifida fusca KW3 (TfCut2) is capable of degrading and upcycling PET but is limited by its thermal stability. Nowadays, Popular protein stability modification methods rely mostly on the crystal structures, but ignore the fact that the actual conformation of protein is complex and constantly changing. To solve these problems, we developed a computational approach to design variants with enhanced protein thermal stability by mining Molecular Dynamics simulation trajectories using Machine Learning methods (MDL). The optimal classification accuracy and the optimal Pearson correlation coefficient of MDL model were 0.780 and 0.716, respectively. And we successfully designed variants with high deltaT (m) values using MDL method. The optimal variant S121P/D174S/D204P had the highest deltaT (m) value of 9.3 degreesC, and the PET degradation ratio increased by 46.42-fold at 70 degC, compared with that of wild type TfCut2. These results deepen our understanding on the complex conformations of proteins and may enhance the plastic recycling and sustainability at glass transition temperature.
ESTHER : Li_2022_Comput.Struct.Biotechnol.J_20_459
PubMedSearch : Li_2022_Comput.Struct.Biotechnol.J_20_459
PubMedID: 35070168
Gene_locus related to this paper: thefu-q6a0i3

Title : Insight into the uptake and metabolism of a new insecticide cyetpyrafen in plants - Li_2022_Environ.Int_169_107522
Author(s) : Li R , Wang S , Chang J , Pan X , Dong F , Li Z , Zheng Y , Li Y
Ref : Environ Int , 169 :107522 , 2022
Abstract : As new agrochemicals are continuously introduced into agricultural systems, it is essential to investigate their uptake and metabolism by plants to better evaluate their fate and accumulation in crops and the subsequent risks to human exposure. In this study, the uptake and elimination kinetics and transformation of a novel insecticide, cyetpyrafen, in two model crops (lettuce and rice) were first evaluated by hydroponic experiments. Cyetpyrafen was rapidly taken up by plant roots and reached a steady state within 24 h, and it was preferentially accumulated in root parts with root concentration factors up to 2670 mL/g. An uptake mechanism study suggested that root uptake of cyetpyrafen was likely to be dominated by passive diffusion and was difficult to transport via xylem and phloem. Ten phase I and three phase II metabolites of cyetpyrafen were tentatively identified in the hydroponic-plant system through a nontarget screening strategy. The structures of two main metabolites (M-309 and M-391) were confirmed by synthesized standards. The metabolic pathways were proposed including hydroxylation, hydrolysis, dehydrogenation, dehydration and conjugation, which were assumed to be regulated by cytochrome P450, carboxylesterase, glycosyltransferase, glutathione S-transferases and peroxidase. Cyetpyrafen and its main metabolites (M-409, M-309 and M-391) were estimated to be harmful/toxic toward nontarget organisms by theoretical calculation. The high bioaccumulation and extensive transformation of cyetpyrafen highlighted the necessity for systematically assessing the crop uptake and metabolism of new agrochemicals.
ESTHER : Li_2022_Environ.Int_169_107522
PubMedSearch : Li_2022_Environ.Int_169_107522
PubMedID: 36137426

Title : Ric8 acts as a regulator of G-protein signaling required for nematode-trapping lifecycle of Arthrobotrys oligospora - Bai_2021_Environ.Microbiol__
Author(s) : Bai N , Zhang G , Wang W , Feng H , Yang X , Zheng Y , Yang L , Xie M , Zhang KQ , Yang J
Ref : Environ Microbiol , : , 2021
Abstract : Resistance to inhibitors of cholinesterase 8 (Ric8) is a conserved guanine nucleotide exchange factor that is involved in the regulation of G-protein signaling in filamentous fungi. Here, we characterized an orthologous Ric8 (AoRic8) in Arthrobotrys oligospora by multi-omics analyses. The Aoric8 deletion (deltaAoric8) mutants lost an ability to produce traps essential for nematode predation, accompanied by a marked reduction in cAMP level. Yeast two-hybrid assay revealed that AoRic8 interacted with G-protein subunit Galpha1. Moreover, the mutants were compromised in mycelia growth, conidiation, stress resistance, endocytosis, cellular components, and intrahyphal hyphae. Revealed by transcriptomic analysis differentially upregulated genes in the absence of Aoric8 were involved in cell cycle, DNA replication, and recombination during trap formation while downregulated genes were primarily involved in organelles, carbohydrate metabolism, and amino acid metabolism. Metabolomic analysis showed that many compounds were markedly downregulated in deltaAoric8 mutants versus the wild-type strain. Our results demonstrated a crucial role for AoRic8 in the fungal growth, environmental adaption, and nematode predation through control of cell cycle, organelle, and secondary metabolism by G-protein signaling. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Bai_2021_Environ.Microbiol__
PubMedSearch : Bai_2021_Environ.Microbiol__
PubMedID: 34431203

Title : Soluble ligands as drug targets for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease - Tong_2021_Pharmacol.Ther__107859
Author(s) : Tong X , Zheng Y , Li Y , Xiong Y , Chen D
Ref : Pharmacol Ther , :107859 , 2021
Abstract : Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is characterized by persistent inflammation in a hereditarily susceptible host. In addition to gastrointestinal symptoms, patients with IBD frequently suffer from extra-intestinal complications such as fibrosis, stenosis or cancer. Mounting evidence supports the targeting of cytokines for effective treatment of IBD. Cytokines can be included in a newly proposed classification "soluble ligands" that has become the third major target of human protein therapeutic drugs after enzymes and receptors. Soluble ligands have potential significance for research and development of anti-IBD drugs. Compared with traditional drug targets for IBD treatment, such as receptors, at least three factors contribute to the increasing importance of soluble ligands as drug targets. Firstly, cytokines are the main soluble ligands and targeting of them has demonstrated efficacy in patients with IBD. Secondly, soluble ligands are more accessible than receptors, which are embedded in the cell membrane and have complex tertiary membrane structures. Lastly, certain potential target proteins that are present in membrane-bound forms can become soluble following cleavage, providing further opportunities for intervention in the treatment of IBD. In this review, 49 drugs targeting 25 distinct ligands have been evaluated, including consideration of the characteristics of the ligands and drugs in respect of IBD treatment. In addition to approved drugs targeting soluble ligands, we have also assessed drugs that are in preclinical research and drugs inhibiting ligand-receptor binding. Some new types of targetable soluble ligands/proteins, such as epoxide hydrolase and p-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1, are also introduced. Targeting soluble ligands not only opens a new field of anti-IBD drug development, but the circulating soluble ligands also provide diagnostic insights for early prediction of treatment response. In conclusion, soluble ligands serve as the third-largest protein target class in medicine, with much potential for the drugs targeting them.
ESTHER : Tong_2021_Pharmacol.Ther__107859
PubMedSearch : Tong_2021_Pharmacol.Ther__107859
PubMedID: 33895184

Title : Discovery of 7-O-1, 2, 3-triazole hesperetin derivatives as multi-target-directed ligands against Alzheimer's disease - Wang_2021_Chem.Biol.Interact__109489
Author(s) : Wang M , Fang L , Liu T , Chen X , Zheng Y , Zhang Y , Chen S , Li Z
Ref : Chemico-Biological Interactions , :109489 , 2021
Abstract : The development of multi-target-directed ligands (MTDLs) may improve complex central nervous system diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, a series of 7-O-1, 2, 3-triazole hesperetin derivatives was evaluated for their inhibition of cholinesterase, anti-neuroinflammatory, and neuroprotective activity. Among the hesperetin derivatives, compound a8 (7-O-((1-(3-chlorobenzyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl)hesperetin) possessed excellent anti-butyrylcholinesterase activity (IC(50) = 3.08 +/- 0.29 microM) and exhibited good anti-neuroinflammatory activity (IC(50) = 2.91 +/- 0.47 microM) against NO production through remarkably blocking the NF-kappaB signaling pathway and inhibiting the phosphorylation of P65. In addition, a8 showed a remarkable neuroprotective effect and lacked neurotoxicity up to 50 microM concentration. Furthermore, possessing significant self-mediated Abeta(1-42) aggregation inhibitory activity, chelated biometals and reduced ROS production were found in compound a8. In the bi-directional transport assay, a8 exhibited a blood-brain barrier penetrating ability. In this study, the Morris water maze task showed that compound a8 significantly improved the learning and memory impairment of the scopolamine-induced AD mice model. Results highlighted the potential of compound a8 to be a potential MTDL for the development of anti-AD agents.
ESTHER : Wang_2021_Chem.Biol.Interact__109489
PubMedSearch : Wang_2021_Chem.Biol.Interact__109489
PubMedID: 33905740

Title : Thifluzamide exposure induced neuro-endocrine disrupting effects in zebrafish (Danio rerio) - Yang_2021_Arch.Toxicol__
Author(s) : Yang Y , Chang J , Wang D , Ma H , Li Y , Zheng Y
Ref : Archives of Toxicology , : , 2021
Abstract : Thifluzamide is widely used fungicide and frequently detected in aquatic system. In this study, the toxicity of fungicide thifluzamide to non-targeted aquatic organisms was investigated for neuroendocrine disruption potentials. Here, zebrafish embryos were exposed to a series of concentrations of thifluzamide for 6 days. The results showed that both the development of embryos/larvae and the behavior of hatched larvae were significantly affected by thifluzamide. Importantly, the decreased activity of acetylcholinesterase (AchE) and the increased contents of neurotransmitters such as serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE), along with transcriptional changes of nervous system related genes were observed following 4 days exposure to thifluzamide. Besides, the decreased contents of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) in whole body, as well as significant expression alteration in hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis associated genes were discovered in zebrafish embryos after 4 days of exposure to thifluzamide. Our results clearly demonstrated that zebrafish embryos exposed to thifluzamide could disrupt neuroendocrine, compromise behavior and induce developmental abnormality, suggesting impact of this fungicide on developmental programming in zebrafish.
ESTHER : Yang_2021_Arch.Toxicol__
PubMedSearch : Yang_2021_Arch.Toxicol__
PubMedID: 34635929

Title : Preliminary study of the consciousness-promotion mechanism of electroacupuncture in comatose patients with diffuse axonal injuries - Dai_2021_J.Neurosurg.Sci__
Author(s) : Dai W , Guo X , Cai W , Zheng Y , Chen Y , Zhu Y , Tian X
Ref : Journal of Neurosurgery Sci , : , 2021
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) accounts for 30-40% of total neurotrauma,majority among them manifest with consciousness disturbance.At present, the understanding of the treatment of coma and awakening in patients with DAIs is still limited.This study is characterized by the use of electroacupuncture along with conventional Western medicine to promote consciousness more effectively in comatose patients with DAIs, shorten their time spent in a coma, and gain time for more favorable treatments during follow-up rehabilitation in order to improve the cure rate, reduce the morbidity rate, and achieve better therapeutic effects. METHODS: In this randomized controlled study, 145 comatose patients with DAIs (type III) were divided into the treatment group (n = 71) and control group (n = 74). The patients in the control group were treated with conventional Western medicine, while those in the treatment group were treated with both electroacupuncture and conventional treatment. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores and consciousness-promotion rates of both groups were observed before treatment as well as 10, 20, and 30 days after treatment. Meanwhile, serum acetylcholinesterase E (AchE) concentrations in both groups were measured with ELISA, while AchE activity was determined with the rate method. Correlations between GCS score, AchE concentration, and AchE activity in the treatment group were analyzed by using the stepwise multiple regression method. RESULTS: The GCS scores in the treatment group showed significant increases after the first, second, and third courses of treatment when compared to the pre-treatment scores (P <0.05). After 1 course of treatment, the GCS scores in the control group were not statistically significantly different compared to the pre-treatment scores(P >0.05), whereas after 2 and 3 courses of treatment, the differences were of greater statistical significance (P <0.05). Statistically significant differences between the 2 groups were found in GCS scores in the same course of treatment (P <0.05). The consciousness-promotion rates between the 2 groups after the same treatment course were statistically significantly different (P <0.05). Both the standardized regression coefficients and partial correlation coefficients showed that AchE concentration had a certain influence on GCS score (|Beta| = 0.3601; r Y2.1 = 0.726). CONCLUSIONS: Conventional Western medicine combined with electroacupuncture treatment may promote the consciousness of patients with DAIs and shorten the amount of time they spend comatose. Furthermore, the neurotransmitter AchE may play a role in the pathophysiological mechanism of consciousness promotion.
ESTHER : Dai_2021_J.Neurosurg.Sci__
PubMedSearch : Dai_2021_J.Neurosurg.Sci__
PubMedID: 33709661

Title : Metabolism and pharmacological activities of the natural health-benefiting compound diosmin - Zheng_2020_Food.Funct_11_8472
Author(s) : Zheng Y , Zhang R , Shi W , Li L , Liu H , Chen Z , Wu L
Ref : Food Funct , 11 :8472 , 2020
Abstract : Diosmin is a famous natural flavonoid for treating chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins. Recently, extensive study has indicated that diosmin possesses diverse pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, anti-diabetes, anti-cancer, anti-microorganism, liver protection, neuro-protection, cardiovascular protection, renoprotection, and retinal protection activities. Due to its low water solubility, diosmin is dramatically limited in clinical application. Expectedly, many potential strategies have been developed for improving its pharmacokinetic values and bioavailability. This health-benefiting compound has been explored as the major component of Daflon and micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF), which have been used in clinics to improve micro-circulation. However, no specific drug targets for diosmin are reported, although some potential factors have been involved in screening, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp), IKKbeta, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and aldose reductase (AR). More investigations on the underlying mechanisms of diosmin in mediating cellular processes with high specificity is still needed.
ESTHER : Zheng_2020_Food.Funct_11_8472
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2020_Food.Funct_11_8472
PubMedID: 32966476

Title : Structure of a gut microbial diltiazem-metabolizing enzyme suggests possible substrate binding mode - Zhou_2020_Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun__
Author(s) : Zhou S , Ko TP , Huang JW , Liu W , Zheng Y , Wu S , Wang Q , Xie Z , Liu Z , Chen CC , Guo RT
Ref : Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications , : , 2020
Abstract : When administrated orally, the vasodilating drug diltiazem can be metabolized into diacetyl diltiazem in the presence of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, a human gut microbe. The removal of acetyl group from the parent drug is carried out by the GDSL/SGNH-family hydrolase BT4096. Here the crystal structure of the enzyme was solved by mercury soaking and single-wavelength anomalous diffraction. The protein folds into two parts. The N-terminal part comprises the catalytic domain which is similar to other GDSL/SGNH hydrolases. The flanking C-terminal part is made up of a beta-barrel subdomain and an alpha-helical subdomain. Structural comparison shows that the catalytic domain is most akin to acetyl-xylooligosaccharide esterase and allows a plausible binding mode of diltiazem to be proposed. The beta-barrel subdomain is similar in topology to the immunoglobulin-like domains, including some carbohydrate-binding modules, of various bacterial glycoside hydrolases. Consequently, BT4096 might originally function as an oligosaccharide deacetylase with additional subdomains that could enhance substrate binding, and it acts on diltiazem just by accident.
ESTHER : Zhou_2020_Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun__
PubMedSearch : Zhou_2020_Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun__
PubMedID: 32423809

Title : Pediococcus pentosaceus B49 from human colostrum ameliorates constipation in mice - Huang_2020_Food.Funct_11_5607
Author(s) : Huang J , Li S , Wang Q , Guan X , Qian L , Li J , Zheng Y , Lin B
Ref : Food Funct , 11 :5607 , 2020
Abstract : Constipation is a prevalent and burdensome gastrointestinal (GI) disorder that seriously affects the quality of human life. This study evaluated the effects of the P. pentosaceus B49 (from human colostrum) on loperamide (Lop)-induced constipation in mice. Mice were given P. pentosaceus B49 (5 x 109 CFU or 5 x 1010 CFU) by gavage daily for 14 days. The result shows that P. pentosaceus B49 treatment relieved constipation in mice by shortening the defecation time, increasing the GI transit rate and stool production. Compared with the constipation control group, the P. pentosaceus B49-treated groups showed decreased serum levels of inhibitory neurotransmitters (vasoactive intestinal peptide and nitric oxide), increased serum levels of excitatory neurotransmitters (acetylcholinesterase, motilin, and gastrin), and elevated cecal concentration of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Analysis of cecal microbiota reveals that P. pentosaceus B49 was colonized in the intestine of constipated mice, and altered the cecal microbiota by increasing beneficial SCFAs-producing bacteria (i.e., Lactobacillus, Ruminococcaceae_UCG-014, and Bacteroidales_S24-7) and decreasing potential pathogenic bacteria (i.e., Staphylococcus and Helicobacter). Moreover, transcriptome analysis of the colon tissue shows that P. pentosaceus B49 partly normalized the expression of genes related to GI peristalsis (i.e., Ache, Chrm2, Slc18a3, Grp, and Vip), water and electrolyte absorption and transport (i.e., Aqp4, Aqp8, and Atp12a), while down-regulating the expression of pro-inflammatory and pro-oncogenic genes (i.e., Lbp, Lgals2, Bcl2, Bcl2l15, Gsdmc2, and Olfm4) in constipated mice. Our findings indicate that P. pentosaceus B49 effectively relieves constipation in mice and is a promising candidate for treating constipation.
ESTHER : Huang_2020_Food.Funct_11_5607
PubMedSearch : Huang_2020_Food.Funct_11_5607
PubMedID: 32525185

Title : Ginsenoside Rb1 ameliorates cisplatin-induced learning and memory impairments - Chen_2019_J.Ginseng.Res_43_499
Author(s) : Chen C , Zhang H , Xu H , Zheng Y , Wu T , Lian Y
Ref : J Ginseng Res , 43 :499 , 2019
Abstract : Background: Ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1), a dominant component from the extract of Panax ginseng root, exhibits neuroprotective functions in many neurological diseases. This study was intended to investigate whether Rb1 can attenuate cisplatin-induced memory impairments and explore the potential mechanisms. Methods: Cisplatin was injected intraperitoneally with a dose of 5 mg/kg/wk, and Rb1 was administered in drinking water at the dose of 2 mg/kg/d to rats for 5 consecutive wk. The novel objects recognition task and Morris water maze were used to detect the memory of rats. Nissl staining was used to examine the neuron numbers in the hippocampus. The activities of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, cholineacetyltransferase, acetylcholinesterase, and the levels of malondialdehyde, reactive oxygen species, acetylcholine, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interleukin-10 were measured by ELISA to assay the oxidative stress, cholinergic function, and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus. Results: Rb1 administration effectively ameliorates the memory impairments caused by cisplatin in both novel objects recognition task and Morris water maze task. Rb1 also attenuates the neuronal loss induced by cisplatin in the different regions (CA1, CA3, and dentate gyrus) of the hippocampus. Meanwhile, Rb1 is able to rescue the cholinergic neuron function, inhibit the oxidative stress and neuroinflammation in cisplatin-induced rat brain. Conclusion: Rb1 rescues the cisplatin-induced memory impairment via restoring the neuronal loss by reducing oxidative stress and neuroinflammation and recovering the cholinergic neuron functions.
ESTHER : Chen_2019_J.Ginseng.Res_43_499
PubMedSearch : Chen_2019_J.Ginseng.Res_43_499
PubMedID: 31695559

Title : The Effector AGLIP1 in Rhizoctonia solani AG1 IA Triggers Cell Death in Plants and Promotes Disease Development Through Inhibiting PAMP-Triggered Immunity in Arabidopsis thaliana - Li_2019_Front.Microbiol_10_2228
Author(s) : Li S , Peng X , Wang Y , Hua K , Xing F , Zheng Y , Liu W , Sun W , Wei S
Ref : Front Microbiol , 10 :2228 , 2019
Abstract : Rhizoctonia solani, one of the most detrimental necrotrophic pathogens, causes rice sheath blight and poses a severe threat to production. Focus on the function of effectors secreted by necrotrophic pathogens during infection has grown rapidly in recent years. However, little is known about the virulence and mechanisms of these proteins. In this study, we performed functional studies on putative effectors in R. solani and revealed that AGLIP1 out of 13 putative effectors induced cell death in Nicotiana benthamiana. AGLIP1 was also demonstrated to trigger cell death in rice protoplasts. The predicted lipase active sites and signal peptide (SP) of this protein were required for the cell death-inducing ability. AGLIP1 was greatly induced during R. solani infection in rice sheath. The AGLIP1's virulence function was further demonstrated by transgenic technology. The pathogenesis-related genes induced by pathogen-associated molecular pattern and bacteria were remarkably inhibited in AGLIP1-expressing transgenic Arabidopsis lines. Ectopic expression of AGLIP1 strongly facilitated disease progression in Arabidopsis caused by the type III secretion system-defective mutant from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000. Collectively, these results indicate that AGLIP1 is a possible effector that plays a significant role in pathogen virulence through inhibiting basal defenses and promoting disease development in plants.
ESTHER : Li_2019_Front.Microbiol_10_2228
PubMedSearch : Li_2019_Front.Microbiol_10_2228
PubMedID: 31611861
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9agam-a0a8h2wbw6

Title : New Sesquiterpenoids from the Fermented Broth of Termitomyces albuminosus and their Anti-Acetylcholinesterase Activity - Li_2019_Molecules_24_2980
Author(s) : Li W , Liu Q , Li S , Zheng Y
Ref : Molecules , 24 :2980 , 2019
Abstract : Termitomyces albuminosus is the symbiotic edible mushroom of termites and cannot be artificially cultivated at present. In the project of exploring its pharmaceutical metabolites by microbial fermentation, four new selinane type sesquiterpenoids-teucdiol C (1), D (2), E (3), and F (4), together with two known sesquiterpenoids teucdiol B (5) and epi-guaidiol A (6)-were obtained from its fermented broth of T. albuminosus. Their structures were elucidated by the analysis of NMR data, HR Q-TOF MS spectral data, CD, IR, UV, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Epi-guaidiol A showed obvious anti-acetylcholinesterase activity in a dose-dependent manner. The experimental results displayed that T. albuminosus possess the pharmaceutical potential for Alzheimer's disease, and it was an effective way to dig new pharmaceutical agent of T. albuminosus with the microbial fermentation technique.
ESTHER : Li_2019_Molecules_24_2980
PubMedSearch : Li_2019_Molecules_24_2980
PubMedID: 31426402

Title : Psychosocial interventions for Alzheimer's disease cognitive symptoms: a Bayesian network meta-analysis - Duan_2018_BMC.Geriatr_18_175
Author(s) : Duan Y , Lu L , Chen J , Wu C , Liang J , Zheng Y , Wu J , Rong P , Tang C
Ref : BMC Geriatr , 18 :175 , 2018
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia with cognitive decline as one of the core symptoms in older adults. Numerous studies have suggested the value of psychosocial interventions to improve cognition in this population, but which one should be preferred are still matters of controversy. Consequently, we aim to compare and rank different psychosocial interventions in the management of mild to moderate AD with cognitive symptoms. METHODS: We did a network meta-analysis to identify both direct and indirect evidence in relevant studies. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO through the OVID database, CENTRAL through the Cochrane Library for clinical randomized controlled trials investigating psychosocial interventions of cognitive symptoms in patients with Alzheimer disease, published up to August 31, 2017. We included trials of home-based exercise(HE), group exercise(GE), walking program(WP), reminiscence therapy(RT), art therapy(AT) or the combination of psychosocial interventions and acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (ChEIs). We extracted the relevant information from these trials with a predefined data extraction sheet and assessed the risk of bias with the Cochrane risk of bias tool. The outcomes investigated were Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and compliance. We did a pair-wise meta-analysis using the fixed-effects model and then did a random-effects network meta-analysis within a Bayesian framework. RESULTS: We deemed 10 trials eligible, including 682 patients and 11 treatments. The quality of included study was rated as low in most comparison with Cochrane tools. Treatment effects from the network meta-analysis showed WP was better than control (SMD 4.89, 95% CI -0.07 to 10.00) while cognitive training and acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (CT + ChEIs) was significantly better than the other treatments, when compared with simple ChEIs treatment, assessed by MMSE. In terms of compliance, the pair-wise meta-analysis indicated that WP and HE are better than GE and AT, while CT + ChEIs, CST + ChEIs are better than other combined interventions. CONCLUSION: Our study confirmed the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for improving cognition or slowing down the progression of cognitive impairment in AD patients and recommended several interventions for clinical practice.
ESTHER : Duan_2018_BMC.Geriatr_18_175
PubMedSearch : Duan_2018_BMC.Geriatr_18_175
PubMedID: 30086714

Title : Multifunctional 5,6-dimethoxybenzo[d]isothiazol-3(2H)-one-N-alkylbenzylamine derivatives with acetylcholinesterase, monoamine oxidases and beta-amyloid aggregation inhibitory activities as potential agents against Alzheimer's disease - Xu_2018_Bioorg.Med.Chem_26_1885
Author(s) : Xu R , Xiao G , Li Y , Liu H , Song Q , Zhang X , Yang Z , Zheng Y , Tan Z , Deng Y
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry , 26 :1885 , 2018
Abstract : A series of 5,6-dimethoxybenzo[d]isothiazol-3(2H)-one-N-alkylbenzylamine derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated as potential multifunctional agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The in vitro assays indicated that most of these derivatives were selective AChE inhibitors with good multifunctional properties. Among them, compounds 11b and 11d displayed comprehensive advantages, with good AChE (IC50=0.29+/-0.01muM and 0.46+/-0.02muM, respectively), MAO-A (IC50=8.2+/-0.08muM and 7.9+/-0.07muM, respectively) and MAO-B (IC50=20.1+/-0.16muM and 43.8+/-2.0% at 10muM, respectively) inhibitory activities, moderate self-induced Abeta1-42 aggregation inhibitory potency (35.4+/-0.42% and 48.0+/-1.53% at 25muM, respectively) and potential antioxidant activity. In addition, the two representative compounds displayed high BBB permeability in vitro. Taken together, these multifunctional properties make 11b and 11d as a promising candidate for the development of efficient drugs against AD.
ESTHER : Xu_2018_Bioorg.Med.Chem_26_1885
PubMedSearch : Xu_2018_Bioorg.Med.Chem_26_1885
PubMedID: 29500132

Title : Quorum Sensing System of Ruegeria mobilis Rm01 Controls Lipase and Biofilm Formation - Su_2018_Front.Microbiol_9_3304
Author(s) : Su Y , Tang K , Liu J , Wang Y , Zheng Y , Zhang XH
Ref : Front Microbiol , 9 :3304 , 2018
Abstract : Quorum sensing (QS) promotes in situ extracellular enzyme (EE) activity via the exogenous signal N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL), which facilitates marine particle degradation, but the species that engage in this regulatory mechanism remain unclear. Here, we obtained AHL-producing and AHL-degrading strains from marine particles. The strain Ruegeria mobilis Rm01 of the Roseobacter group (RBG), which was capable of both AHL producing and degrading, was chosen to represent these strains. We demonstrated that Rm01 possessed a complex QS network comprising AHL-based QS and quorum quenching (QQ) systems and autoinducer-2 (AI-2) perception system. Rm01 was able to respond to multiple exogenous QS signals through the QS network. By applying self-generated AHLs and non-self-generated AHLs and AI-2 QS signal molecules, we modulated biofilm formation and lipase production in Rm01, which reflected the coordination of bacterial metabolism with that of other species via eavesdropping on exogenous QS signals. These results suggest that R. mobilis might be one of the participators that could regulate EE activities by responding to QS signals in marine particles.
ESTHER : Su_2018_Front.Microbiol_9_3304
PubMedSearch : Su_2018_Front.Microbiol_9_3304
PubMedID: 30687283

Title : Design, synthesis and evaluation of pterostilbene beta-amino alcohol derivatives as multifunctional agents for Alzheimer's disease treatment - Zheng_2018_Bioorg.Chem_78_298
Author(s) : Zheng Y , Qiang X , Xu R , Song Q , Tian C , Liu H , Li W , Tan Z , Deng Y
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 78 :298 , 2018
Abstract : A series of pterostilbene beta-amino alcohol derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated as multifunctional agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In vitro assays demonstrated that most of the derivatives were selective acetylacholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors with moderate multifunctional properties. Among them, compound 5f exhibited the best inhibitory activity for EeAChE (IC50=24.04muM), that was better than pterostilbene under our experimental condition. In addition, compound 5f displayed reasonable antioxidant activity and could confer significant neuroprotective effect against H2O2-induced PC-12 cell injury. Moreover, 5f also showed self-induced Abeta1-42 aggregation inhibitory potency and displayed high BBB permeability in vitro. These multifunctional properties highlight 5f as a promising candidate for further studies directed to the development of novel drugs against AD.
ESTHER : Zheng_2018_Bioorg.Chem_78_298
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2018_Bioorg.Chem_78_298
PubMedID: 29625269

Title : Multitarget drug design strategy against Alzheimer's disease: Homoisoflavonoid Mannich base derivatives serve as acetylcholinesterase and monoamine oxidase B dual inhibitors with multifunctional properties - Li_2017_Bioorg.Med.Chem_25_714
Author(s) : Li Y , Qiang X , Luo L , Yang X , Xiao G , Zheng Y , Cao Z , Sang Z , Su F , Deng Y
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry , 25 :714 , 2017
Abstract : A series of homoisoflavonoid Mannich base derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated as multifunctional agents against Alzheimer's disease. It demonstrated that most of the derivatives were selective AChE and MAO-B dual inhibitors with good multifunctional properties. Among them, compound 10d displayed the comprehensive advantages, with excellent AChE and MAO-B inhibitory activities (IC50=2.49+/-0.08nM and 1.74+/-0.0581muM, respectively), good self- and Cu2+-induced Abeta1-42 aggregation inhibitory potency, antioxidant activity, biometal chelating ability and high BBB permeability. These multifunctional properties make 10d as an excellent candidate for the development of efficient drugs against AD.
ESTHER : Li_2017_Bioorg.Med.Chem_25_714
PubMedSearch : Li_2017_Bioorg.Med.Chem_25_714
PubMedID: 27923535

Title : Deep Brain Magnetic Stimulation Promotes Neurogenesis and Restores Cholinergic Activity in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease - Zhen_2017_Front.Neural.Circuits_11_48
Author(s) : Zhen J , Qian Y , Fu J , Su R , An H , Wang W , Zheng Y , Wang X
Ref : Front Neural Circuits , 11 :48 , 2017
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive decline of memory and cognitive functions. Deep magnetic stimulation (DMS), a noninvasive and nonpharmacological brain stimulation, has been reported to alleviate stress-related cognitive impairment in neuropsychiatric disorders. Our previous study also discovered the preventive effect of DMS on cognitive decline in an AD mouse model. However, the underlying mechanism must be explored further. In this study, we investigated the effect of DMS on spatial learning and memory functions, neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus (DG), as well as expression and activity of the cholinergic system in a transgenic mouse model of AD (5XFAD). Administration of DMS effectively improved performance in spatial learning and memory of 5XFAD mice. Furthermore, neurogenesis in the hippocampal DG of DMS-treated 5XFAD mice was clearly enhanced. In addition, DMS significantly raised the level of acetylcholine and prevented the increase in acetylcholinesterase activity as well as the decrease in acetyltransferase activity in the hippocampus of 5XFAD mice. These findings indicate that DMS may be a promising noninvasive tool for treatment and prevention of AD cognitive impairment by promoting neurogenesis and enhancing cholinergic system function.
ESTHER : Zhen_2017_Front.Neural.Circuits_11_48
PubMedSearch : Zhen_2017_Front.Neural.Circuits_11_48
PubMedID: 28713248

Title : Pyridoxine-resveratrol hybrids Mannich base derivatives as novel dual inhibitors of AChE and MAO-B with antioxidant and metal-chelating properties for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease - Yang_2017_Bioorg.Chem_71_305
Author(s) : Yang X , Qiang X , Li Y , Luo L , Xu R , Zheng Y , Cao Z , Tan Z , Deng Y
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 71 :305 , 2017
Abstract : A series of pyridoxine-resveratrol hybrids Mannich base derivatives as multifunctional agents have been designed, synthesized and evaluated for cholinesterase (ChE) and monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitory activity. To further explore the multifunctional properties of the new derivatives, their antioxidant activities and metal-chelating properties were also tested. The results showed that most of these compounds could selectively inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and MAO-B. Among them, compounds 7d and 8b exhibited the highest potency for AChE inhibition with IC50 values of 2.11muM and 1.56muM, respectively, and compound 7e exhibited the highest MAO-B inhibition with an IC50 value of 2.68muM. The inhibition kinetic analysis revealed that compound 7d showed a mixed-type inhibition, binding simultaneously to the CAS and PAS of AChE. Molecular modeling study was also performed to investigate the binding mode of these hybrids with MAO-B. In addition, all target compounds displayed good antioxidant and metal-chelating properties. Taken together, these preliminary findings can be a new starting point for further development of multifunctional agents for Alzheimer's disease.
ESTHER : Yang_2017_Bioorg.Chem_71_305
PubMedSearch : Yang_2017_Bioorg.Chem_71_305
PubMedID: 28267984

Title : Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 4'-aminochalcone-rivastigmine hybrids as multifunctional agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease - Xiao_2017_Bioorg.Med.Chem_25_1030
Author(s) : Xiao G , Li Y , Qiang X , Xu R , Zheng Y , Cao Z , Luo L , Yang X , Sang Z , Su F , Deng Y
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry , 25 :1030 , 2017
Abstract : A series of 4'-aminochalcone-revastigmine hybrids were designed, synthesized and evaluated as multifunctional agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The results showed that most of these compounds exhibited good multifunctional activities. In particular, compound 6c displayed the best inhibitory potency on acetylcholinesterase (IC50=4.91muM), and significant antioxidative activity with a value 2.83-fold of Trolox. The kinetic analysis of AChE inhibition revealed that 6c showed mixed-type inhibition, binding simultaneously to the catalytic active site and peripheral anionic site of AChE. In addition, 6c inhibited self-induced Abeta1-42 aggregation and Cu2+-induced Abeta1-42 aggregation by 89.5% and 79.7% at 25muM respectively, as well as acted as a selective monoamine oxidase B inhibitor (IC50=0.29muM) and a selective biometal chelator. Furthermore, 6c could cross the blood-brain barrier in vitro. Based on these results, Compound 6c could be considered as a very promising lead compound for Alzheimer's disease.
ESTHER : Xiao_2017_Bioorg.Med.Chem_25_1030
PubMedSearch : Xiao_2017_Bioorg.Med.Chem_25_1030
PubMedID: 28011206

Title : The Genome of Medicinal Plant Macleaya cordata Provides New Insights into Benzylisoquinoline Alkaloids Metabolism - Liu_2017_Mol.Plant_10_975
Author(s) : Liu X , Liu Y , Huang P , Ma Y , Qing Z , Tang Q , Cao H , Cheng P , Zheng Y , Yuan Z , Zhou Y , Liu J , Tang Z , Zhuo Y , Zhang Y , Yu L , Huang J , Yang P , Peng Q , Zhang J , Jiang W , Zhang Z , Lin K , Ro DK , Chen X , Xiong X , Shang Y , Huang S , Zeng J
Ref : Mol Plant , 10 :975 , 2017
Abstract : The overuse of antibiotics in animal agriculture and medicine has caused a series of potential threats to public health. Macleaya cordata is a medicinal plant species from the Papaveraceae family, providing a safe resource for the manufacture of antimicrobial feed additive for livestock. The active constituents from M. cordata are known to include benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs) such as sanguinarine (SAN) and chelerythrine (CHE), but their metabolic pathways have yet to be studied in this non-model plant. The active biosynthesis of SAN and CHE in M. cordata was first examined and confirmed by feeding (13)C-labeled tyrosine. To gain further insights, we de novo sequenced the whole genome of M. cordata, the first to be sequenced from the Papaveraceae family. The M. cordata genome covering 378 Mb encodes 22,328 predicted protein-coding genes with 43.5% being transposable elements. As a member of basal eudicot, M. cordata genome lacks the paleohexaploidy event that occurred in almost all eudicots. From the genomics data, a complete set of 16 metabolic genes for SAN and CHE biosynthesis was retrieved, and 14 of their biochemical activities were validated. These genomics and metabolic data show the conserved BIA metabolic pathways in M. cordata and provide the knowledge foundation for future productions of SAN and CHE by crop improvement or microbial pathway reconstruction.
ESTHER : Liu_2017_Mol.Plant_10_975
PubMedSearch : Liu_2017_Mol.Plant_10_975
PubMedID: 28552780
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9magn-a0a200rdw7 , 9magn-a0a200qd12 , 9magn-a0a200pqd0 , 9magn-a0a200q3h1 , 9magn-a0a200r223 , 9magn-a0a200qv20

Title : Down-regulation of fibronectin and the correlated expression of neuroligin in hirschsprung disease - Zheng_2017_Neurogastroenterol.Motil_29_
Author(s) : Zheng Y , Lv X , Wang D , Gao N , Zhang Q , Li A
Ref : Neurogastroenterol Motil , 29 : , 2017
Abstract : AIM: The goal of this study was to investigate the expression of fibronectin (FN) and the correlated abundance of neuroligins (NLs) in the enteric nervous system (ENS) and to find a novel diagnostic marker in the serum of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) patients. METHODS: The expression levels of FN, neuroligin-1 and neuroligin-2 were detected in 114 children with or without HSCR. The expression and localization of the NLs and FN were assessed morphologically by immunohistochemical staining. Western blot analysis and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) were performed to examine the correlated expression of the NLs and FN in aganglionic, transitional, and normal ganglionic colon tissues. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to evaluate and compare serum FN levels between HSCR and non-HSCRand between long-type HSCR and short-type HSCR. RESULTS: These studies showed that both neuroligin-1 and neuroligin-2 were expressed at low levels in aganglionic segments and at intermediate levels in transitional segments compared to their high level of expression in normal tissue. In contrast, FN expression was negatively correlated, with expression in these three samples transitioning from highest to lowest. The serum FN level was higher in HSCR than in non-HSCR, but no significant difference between short-type HSCR and long-type HSCR was observed. CONCLUSION: FN affects the expression of both neuroligin-1 and neuroligin-2 in HSCR, which may lead to the hypoplasia of ganglion cells in the ENS. This correlation may play a key role in the pathogenesis, diagnosis, or classification of HSCR.
ESTHER : Zheng_2017_Neurogastroenterol.Motil_29_
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2017_Neurogastroenterol.Motil_29_
PubMedID: 28656720

Title : Structural insight into catalytic mechanism of PET hydrolase - Han_2017_Nat.Commun_8_2106
Author(s) : Han X , Liu W , Huang JW , Ma J , Zheng Y , Ko TP , Xu L , Cheng YS , Chen CC , Guo RT
Ref : Nat Commun , 8 :2106 , 2017
Abstract : PET hydrolase (PETase), which hydrolyzes polyethylene terephthalate (PET) into soluble building blocks, provides an attractive avenue for the bioconversion of plastics. Here we present the structures of a novel PETase from the PET-consuming microbe Ideonella sakaiensis in complex with substrate and product analogs. Through structural analyses, mutagenesis, and activity measurements, a substrate-binding mode is proposed, and several features critical for catalysis are elucidated.
ESTHER : Han_2017_Nat.Commun_8_2106
PubMedSearch : Han_2017_Nat.Commun_8_2106
PubMedID: 29235460
Gene_locus related to this paper: idesa-peth

Title : Abundance and Significance of Neuroligin-1 and Neurexin II in the Enteric Nervous System of Embryonic Rats - Wang_2017_Biomed.Res.Int_2017_1209360
Author(s) : Wang D , Pan J , Song G , Gao N , Zheng Y , Zhang Q , Li A
Ref : Biomed Res Int , 2017 :1209360 , 2017
Abstract : Aim. To investigate the abundance of neuroligin-1 and neurexin II in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of rats on different embryonic days and to explore their potential significance. Methods. The full-thickness colon specimens proximal to the ileocecal junction of rats on embryonic days 16, 18, and 20 and of newborns within 24 hours (E16, E18, E20, and Ep0) were studied, respectively. qRT-PCR was applied for detecting the expressions of neuroligin-1 and neurexin II on mRNA, and western blotting was employed for detecting their further expressions on the whole tissue. Finally, the histological appearance of neuroligin-1 and neurexin IIalpha was elucidated using immunohistochemical staining. Results. qRT-PCR showed that the neuroligin-1 and neurexin II mRNA expressions of groups E16, E18, E20, and Ep0 increased gradually with the growth of embryonic rats (P < 0.05). Western blotting confirmed the increasing tendency. In immunohistochemical staining, proteins neuroligin-1 and neurexin IIalpha positive cells concentrated mostly in the myenteric nerve plexus of the colon and their expressions depend on the embryonic time. Conclusion. Neuroligin-1 and neurexin II were both expressed in the ENS and have temporal correlation with the development of ENS, during which neuronal intestinal malformations (NIM) may occur due to their disruptions and consequent abnormal ENS development.
ESTHER : Wang_2017_Biomed.Res.Int_2017_1209360
PubMedSearch : Wang_2017_Biomed.Res.Int_2017_1209360
PubMedID: 28194405

Title : The metastatic suppressor NDRG1 inhibits EMT, migration and invasion through interaction and promotion of caveolin-1 ubiquitylation in human colorectal cancer cells - Mi_2017_Oncogene_36_4323
Author(s) : Mi L , Zhu F , Yang X , Lu J , Zheng Y , Zhao Q , Wen X , Lu A , Wang M , Zheng M , Ji J , Sun J
Ref : Oncogene , 36 :4323 , 2017
Abstract : N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) has been reported to act as a key regulatory molecule in tumor progression-related signaling pathways, especially in tumor metastasis. However, the related mechanism has not been fully discovered yet. Herein we demonstrated that the novel molecule of cell migration and invasion, caveolin-1, has direct interaction with NDRG1 in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Moreover, we discovered that NDRG1 reduces caveolin-1 protein expression through promoting its ubiquitylation and subsequent degradation via the proteasome in CRC cells. In addition, caveolin-1 mediates the suppressive function of NDRG1 in epithelial-mesenchymal transition, migration and invasion in vitro and metastasis in vivo. These results help to fulfill the potential mechanisms of NDRG1 in anti-metastatic treatment for human colorectal cancer.
ESTHER : Mi_2017_Oncogene_36_4323
PubMedSearch : Mi_2017_Oncogene_36_4323
PubMedID: 28346422
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-NDRG1

Title : A cryptic pigment biosynthetic pathway uncovered by heterologous expression is essential for conidial development in Pestalotiopsis fici - Zhang_2017_Mol.Microbiol_105_469
Author(s) : Zhang P , Wang X , Fan A , Zheng Y , Liu X , Wang S , Zou H , Oakley BR , Keller NP , Yin WB
Ref : Molecular Microbiology , 105 :469 , 2017
Abstract : Spore pigmentation is very common in the fungal kingdom. The best studied pigment in fungi is melanin which coats the surface of single cell spores. What and how pigments function in a fungal species with multiple cell conidia is poorly understood. Here, we identified and deleted a polyketide synthase (PKS) gene PfmaE and showed that it is essential for multicellular conidial pigmentation and development in a plant endophytic fungus, Pestalotiopsis fici. To further characterize the melanin pathway, we utilized an advanced Aspergillus nidulans heterologous system for the expression of the PKS PfmaE and the Pfma gene cluster. By structural elucidation of the pathway metabolite scytalone in A. nidulans, we provided chemical evidence that the Pfma cluster synthesizes DHN melanin. Combining genetic deletion and combinatorial gene expression of Pfma cluster genes, we determined that the putative reductase PfmaG and the PKS are sufficient for the synthesis of scytalone. Feeding scytalone back to the P. fici deltaPfmaE mutant restored pigmentation and multicellular adherence of the conidia. These results cement a growing understanding that pigments are essential not simply for protection of spores from biotic and abiotic stresses but also for spore structural development.
ESTHER : Zhang_2017_Mol.Microbiol_105_469
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2017_Mol.Microbiol_105_469
PubMedID: 28517364
Gene_locus related to this paper: pesfw-pfmab , pesfw-pfmae

Title : Protective effects of kinetin against aluminum chloride and D-galactose induced cognitive impairment and oxidative damage in mouse - Wei_2017_Brain.Res.Bull_134_262
Author(s) : Wei Y , Liu D , Zheng Y , Li H , Hao C , Ouyang W
Ref : Brain Research Bulletin , 134 :262 , 2017
Abstract : Increasing evidence indicates that aluminum exposure and oxidative stress play crucial roles in the initiation and development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aluminum chloride (AlCl3) and d-galactose (d-gal) combined treatment of mice is considered as an easy and cheap way to obtain an animal model of AD. Kinetin is a plant cytokinin, which is also reported to exert neuro-protective effects in vivo and in vitro. Thus, in this study, neuro-protective effects of kinetin were investigated in an AD model of mice induced by AlCl3 and d-gal. The Morris water maze (MWM) test was performed to directly evaluate neuro-protective effects of kinetin on the memory and spatial learning abilities, while the histopathological changes were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (H & E) staining method. To further investigate mechanisms involved, Al content in cortex and hippocampus was determined. In addition, related detection kits were used to determine acetylcholine (ACh) content and activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Activities of anti-oxidative enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and the content of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were also measured. Besides, the content of oxidative damage bio-markers including 8-iso-prostaglandin F (8-iso-PGF), advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were determined by ELISA kits. Finally, the distribution of beta-amyloid protein 1-42 (Abeta1-42) was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), while the expression levels of amyloidogenic proteins including beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP), beta-secretase, gamma-secretase and Abeta1-42 were detected by western blotting (WB) method. Results showed that kinetin improved performance in MWM test, attenuated histopathological changes, reduced Al level in cortex and hippocampus, increased ACh content and decreased AChE activity. In addition, kinetin elevated activities of anti-oxidative enzymes and reduced the levels of oxidative damage biomarkers in AD model of mice. Furthermore, kinetin also increased the content of HO-1, and inhibited the distribution of Abeta1-42 and the expressions of amyloidogenic proteins (APP, beta-secretase, gamma-secretase and Abeta1-42) in brain tissue of AD mice. Our results indicate that kinetin has neuro-protective effects on the AD model of mice induced by AlCl3 and d-gal, suggesting that kinetin may be a candidate drug for treatment of AD.
ESTHER : Wei_2017_Brain.Res.Bull_134_262
PubMedSearch : Wei_2017_Brain.Res.Bull_134_262
PubMedID: 28867383

Title : Characterization and crystal structure of a novel zearalenone hydrolase from Cladophialophora bantiana - Hui_2017_Acta.Crystallogr.F.Struct.Biol.Commun_73_515
Author(s) : Hui R , Hu X , Liu W , Zheng Y , Chen Y , Guo RT , Jin J , Chen CC
Ref : Acta Crystallographica F Struct Biol Commun , 73 :515 , 2017
Abstract : Zearalenone (ZEN) is a mycotoxin which causes huge economic losses in the food and animal feed industries. The lactonase ZHD101 from Clonostachys rosea, which catalyzes the hydrolytic degradation of ZEN, is the only known ZEN-detoxifying enzyme. Here, a protein homologous to ZHD101, denoted CbZHD, from Cladophialophora batiana was expressed and characterized. Sequence alignment indicates that CbZHD possesses the same catalytic triad and ZEN-interacting residues as found in ZHD101. CbZHD exhibits optimal enzyme activity at 35 degrees C and pH 8, and is sensitive to heat treatment. The crystal structure of apo CbZHD was determined to 1.75 A resolution. The active-site compositions of CbZHD and ZHD101 were analyzed.
ESTHER : Hui_2017_Acta.Crystallogr.F.Struct.Biol.Commun_73_515
PubMedSearch : Hui_2017_Acta.Crystallogr.F.Struct.Biol.Commun_73_515
PubMedID: 28876230
Gene_locus related to this paper: xylba-a0a0d2h023

Title : Oral administration of grape seed polyphenol extract restores memory deficits in chronic cerebral hypoperfusion rats - Chen_2017_Behav.Pharmacol_28_207
Author(s) : Chen C , Zheng Y , Wu T , Wu C , Cheng X
Ref : Behav Pharmacol , 28 :207 , 2017
Abstract : Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) has been recognized as an important cause of both vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD), the two most prominent neurodegenerative diseases causing memory impairment in the elderly. However, an effective therapy for CCH-induced memory impairment has not yet been established. Grape seed polyphenol extract (GSPE) has powerful antioxidant properties and protects neurons and glia during ischemic injury, but its potential use in the prevention of CCH-induced memory impairment has not yet been investigated. Here, CCH-related memory impairment was modeled in rats using permanent bilateral occlusion of the common carotid artery. A Morris water maze task was used to evaluate memory, the levels of acetylcholinesterase, choline acetyltransferase, acetylcholine were used to evaluate cholinergic function, and oxidative stress was assessed by measuring the enzyme activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, malonic dialdehyde, and catalase. We found that oral administration of GSPE for 1 month can rescue memory deficits. We also found that GSPE restores cholinergic neuronal function and represses oxidative damage in the hippocampus of CCH rats. We propose that GSPE protects memory in CCH rats by reducing ischemia-induced oxidative stress and cholinergic dysfunction. These findings provide a novel application of GSPE in CCH-related memory impairments.
ESTHER : Chen_2017_Behav.Pharmacol_28_207
PubMedSearch : Chen_2017_Behav.Pharmacol_28_207
PubMedID: 27984208

Title : Esterase-Sensitive Prodrugs with Tunable Release Rates and Direct Generation of Hydrogen Sulfide - Zheng_2016_Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl_55_4514
Author(s) : Zheng Y , Yu B , Ji K , Pan Z , Chittavong V , Wang B
Ref : Angew Chem Int Ed Engl , 55 :4514 , 2016
Abstract : Prodrugs that release hydrogen sulfide upon esterase-mediated cleavage of an ester group followed by lactonization are described herein. By modifying the ester group and thus its susceptibility to esterase, and structural features critical to the lactonization rate, H2 S release rates can be tuned. Such prodrugs directly release hydrogen sulfide without the involvement of perthiol species, which are commonly encountered with existing H2 S donors. Additionally, such prodrugs can easily be conjugated to another non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, leading to easy synthesis of hybrid prodrugs. As a biological validation of the H2 S prodrugs, the anti-inflammatory effects of one such prodrug were examined by studying its ability to inhibit LPS-induced TNF-alpha production in RAW 264.7 cells. This type of H2 S prodrugs shows great potential as both research tools and therapeutic agents.
ESTHER : Zheng_2016_Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl_55_4514
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2016_Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl_55_4514
PubMedID: 26822005

Title : Functional mechanisms underlying pleiotropic risk alleles at the 19p13.1 breast-ovarian cancer susceptibility locus - Lawrenson_2016_Nat.Commun_7_12675
Author(s) : Lawrenson K , Kar S , McCue K , Kuchenbaeker K , Michailidou K , Tyrer J , Beesley J , Ramus SJ , Li Q , Delgado MK , Lee JM , Aittomaki K , Andrulis IL , Anton-Culver H , Arndt V , Arun BK , Arver B , Bandera EV , Barile M , Barkardottir RB , Barrowdale D , Beckmann MW , Benitez J , Berchuck A , Bisogna M , Bjorge L , Blomqvist C , Blot W , Bogdanova N , Bojesen A , Bojesen SE , Bolla MK , Bonanni B , Borresen-Dale AL , Brauch H , Brennan P , Brenner H , Bruinsma F , Brunet J , Buhari SA , Burwinkel B , Butzow R , Buys SS , Cai Q , Caldes T , Campbell I , Canniotto R , Chang-Claude J , Chiquette J , Choi JY , Claes KB , Cook LS , Cox A , Cramer DW , Cross SS , Cybulski C , Czene K , Daly MB , Damiola F , Dansonka-Mieszkowska A , Darabi H , Dennis J , Devilee P , Diez O , Doherty JA , Domchek SM , Dorfling CM , Dork T , Dumont M , Ehrencrona H , Ejlertsen B , Ellis S , Engel C , Lee E , Evans DG , Fasching PA , Feliubadalo L , Figueroa J , Flesch-Janys D , Fletcher O , Flyger H , Foretova L , Fostira F , Foulkes WD , Fridley BL , Friedman E , Frost D , Gambino G , Ganz PA , Garber J , Garcia-Closas M , Gentry-Maharaj A , Ghoussaini M , Giles GG , Glasspool R , Godwin AK , Goldberg MS , Goldgar DE , Gonzalez-Neira A , Goode EL , Goodman MT , Greene MH , Gronwald J , Guenel P , Haiman CA , Hall P , Hallberg E , Hamann U , Hansen TV , Harrington PA , Hartman M , Hassan N , Healey S , Heitz F , Herzog J , Hogdall E , Hogdall CK , Hogervorst FB , Hollestelle A , Hopper JL , Hulick PJ , Huzarski T , Imyanitov EN , Isaacs C , Ito H , Jakubowska A , Janavicius R , Jensen A , John EM , Johnson N , Kabisch M , Kang D , Kapuscinski M , Karlan BY , Khan S , Kiemeney LA , Kjaer SK , Knight JA , Konstantopoulou I , Kosma VM , Kristensen V , Kupryjanczyk J , Kwong A , de la Hoya M , Laitman Y , Lambrechts D , Le N , De Leeneer K , Lester J , Levine DA , Li J , Lindblom A , Long J , Lophatananon A , Loud JT , Lu K , Lubinski J , Mannermaa A , Manoukian S , Le Marchand L , Margolin S , Marme F , Massuger LF , Matsuo K , Mazoyer S , McGuffog L , McLean C , McNeish I , Meindl A , Menon U , Mensenkamp AR , Milne RL , Montagna M , Moysich KB , Muir K , Mulligan AM , Nathanson KL , Ness RB , Neuhausen SL , Nevanlinna H , Nord S , Nussbaum RL , Odunsi K , Offit K , Olah E , Olopade OI , Olson JE , Olswold C , O'Malley D , Orlow I , Orr N , Osorio A , Park SK , Pearce CL , Pejovic T , Peterlongo P , Pfeiler G , Phelan CM , Poole EM , Pylkas K , Radice P , Rantala J , Rashid MU , Rennert G , Rhenius V , Rhiem K , Risch HA , Rodriguez G , Rossing MA , Rudolph A , Salvesen HB , Sangrajrang S , Sawyer EJ , Schildkraut JM , Schmidt MK , Schmutzler RK , Sellers TA , Seynaeve C , Shah M , Shen CY , Shu XO , Sieh W , Singer CF , Sinilnikova OM , Slager S , Song H , Soucy P , Southey MC , Stenmark-Askmalm M , Stoppa-Lyonnet D , Sutter C , Swerdlow A , Tchatchou S , Teixeira MR , Teo SH , Terry KL , Terry MB , Thomassen M , Tibiletti MG , Tihomirova L , Tognazzo S , Toland AE , Tomlinson I , Torres D , Truong T , Tseng CC , Tung N , Tworoger SS , Vachon C , van den Ouweland AM , van Doorn HC , van Rensburg EJ , Van't Veer LJ , Vanderstichele A , Vergote I , Vijai J , Wang Q , Wang-Gohrke S , Weitzel JN , Wentzensen N , Whittemore AS , Wildiers H , Winqvist R , Wu AH , Yannoukakos D , Yoon SY , Yu JC , Zheng W , Zheng Y , Khanna KK , Simard J , Monteiro AN , French JD , Couch FJ , Freedman ML , Easton DF , Dunning AM , Pharoah PD , Edwards SL , Chenevix-Trench G , Antoniou AC , Gayther SA
Ref : Nat Commun , 7 :12675 , 2016
Abstract : A locus at 19p13 is associated with breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) risk. Here we analyse 438 SNPs in this region in 46,451 BC and 15,438 OC cases, 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers and 73,444 controls and identify 13 candidate causal SNPs associated with serous OC (P=9.2 x 10(-20)), ER-negative BC (P=1.1 x 10(-13)), BRCA1-associated BC (P=7.7 x 10(-16)) and triple negative BC (P-diff=2 x 10(-5)). Genotype-gene expression associations are identified for candidate target genes ANKLE1 (P=2 x 10(-3)) and ABHD8 (P<2 x 10(-3)). Chromosome conformation capture identifies interactions between four candidate SNPs and ABHD8, and luciferase assays indicate six risk alleles increased transactivation of the ADHD8 promoter. Targeted deletion of a region containing risk SNP rs56069439 in a putative enhancer induces ANKLE1 downregulation; and mRNA stability assays indicate functional effects for an ANKLE1 3'-UTR SNP. Altogether, these data suggest that multiple SNPs at 19p13 regulate ABHD8 and perhaps ANKLE1 expression, and indicate common mechanisms underlying breast and ovarian cancer risk.
ESTHER : Lawrenson_2016_Nat.Commun_7_12675
PubMedSearch : Lawrenson_2016_Nat.Commun_7_12675
PubMedID: 27601076

Title : Decreased LIPF expression is correlated with DGKA and predicts poor outcome of gastric cancer - Kong_2016_Oncol.Rep_36_1852
Author(s) : Kong Y , Zheng Y , Jia Y , Li P , Wang Y
Ref : Oncol Rep , 36 :1852 , 2016
Abstract : Gastric cancer (GC) is a common and deadly digestive tract tumor worldwide. Unfortunately, diagnosis of GC is usually confused and misleading because of atypical symptoms or incomplete complaints. Accordingly, exploring gene expression profile and identifying genes with analogical variance trend will bring new perspective into the diagnosis and treatment of GC. Herein, a RNASeq dataset from Caucasian GC and their matched noncancerous samples [Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO): SRP049809] and datasets from four microarrays constituted with tumor and nontumor tissues (GEO: GSE13911, GSE19826, GSE29272, GSE33335) were analyzed to explore the differentially expressed genes (DGEs). As a result, we identified a core set of 373 DGEs. Among these genes, we found that most downregulated genes were related to lipidmetabolic functions. Especially, the gastric lipase (LIPF) gene, which was connected with various lipid metabolism processes, was significantly decreased among all datasets. We then performed immunohistochemistry experiments using gastric tissue arrays to investigate the clinical effects, and the expression of a LIPF target gene, diacylglycerol kinase alpha (DGKA). Among the 90 samples of gastric adenocarcinoma, the LIPF and DGKA levels were both decreased in cancer tissues [LIPF, 59.1% (53/90); DGKA, 77.8% (70/90)] compared to normal tissues [LIPF, 94.4% (85/90); DGKA, 90% (81/90)]. The expression level of these two proteins in GC was associated with local invasion and disease stage. Cox regression identified high DGKA expression (HR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.260.94; P=0.03) as a predictor of good prognosis and LNM status (HR, 4.63; 95% CI, 1.3915.51; P=0.01) as a predictor of poor prognosis. Thus we speculated that LIPFDGKA might serve as a potential possible biomarkers for diagnosis of GC, and their downregulation may bring new perspective into the investigation of GC prognosis.
ESTHER : Kong_2016_Oncol.Rep_36_1852
PubMedSearch : Kong_2016_Oncol.Rep_36_1852
PubMedID: 27498782
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LIPF

Title : Enhanced alpha-Zearalenol Hydrolyzing Activity of a Mycoestrogen-Detoxifying Lactonase by Structure-Based Engineering - Xu_2016_ACS.Catal_6_7657
Author(s) : Xu Z , Liu W , Chen CC , Li Q , Huang JW , Ko TP , Liu G , Peng W , Cheng YS , Chen Y , Jin J , Li H , Zheng Y , Guo RT
Ref : ACS Catal , 6 :7657 , 2016
Abstract : The enzyme ZHD101 from Clonostachys rosea hydrolyzes and deactivates the mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEN) and its zearalenol (ZOL) derivatives. ZHD101 prefers ZEN to ZOL as its substrate, but ZOL, especially the -form, shows higher estrogenic toxicity than ZEN. To enhance alpha-ZOL selectivity, we solved the complex structures of ZHD101 with both ZOLs and modified several lactone-surrounding residues. Among the mutants, V153H maintained activity for ZEN but showed a 3.7-fold increase in specific activity against alpha-ZOL, with an 2.7-fold reduction in substrate affinity but a 5.2-fold higher turnover rate. We then determined two V153H/ZOL complex structures. Here, the alpha-ZOL lactone ring is hydrogen-bonded to the H153 side chain, yielding a larger space for H242 to reconstitute the catalytic triad. In conclusion, structure-based engineering was successfully employed to improve the ZHD101 activity toward the more toxic alpha-ZOL, with great potential in further industrial applications.
ESTHER : Xu_2016_ACS.Catal_6_7657
PubMedSearch : Xu_2016_ACS.Catal_6_7657
Gene_locus related to this paper: biooc-ZHD101

Title : Development of the dichlorvos-ammonia (DV-AM) method for the visual detection of aflatoxigenic fungi - Yabe_2015_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_99_10681
Author(s) : Yabe K , Hatabayashi H , Ikehata A , Zheng Y , Kushiro M
Ref : Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology , 99 :10681 , 2015
Abstract : Aflatoxins (AFs) are carcinogenic and toxic secondary metabolites produced mainly by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. To monitor and regulate the AF contamination of crops, a sensitive and precise detection method for these toxigenic fungi in environments is necessary. We herein developed a novel visual detection method, the dichlorvos-ammonia (DV-AM) method, for identifying AF-producing fungi using DV and AM vapor on agar culture plates, in which DV inhibits the esterase in AF biosynthesis, causing the accumulation of anthraquinone precursors (versiconal hemiacetal acetate and versiconol acetate) of AFs in mycelia on the agar plate, followed by a change in the color of the colonies from light yellow to brilliant purple-red by the AM vapor treatment. We also investigated the appropriate culture conditions to increase the color intensity. It should be noted that other species producing the same precursors of AFs such as Aspergillus nidulans and Aspergillus versicolor could be discriminated from the Aspergillus section Flavi based on the differences of their phenotypes. The DV-AM method was also useful for the isolation of nonaflatoxigenic fungi showing no color change, for screening microorganisms that inhibit the AF production by fungi, and for the characterization of the fungi infecting corn kernels. Thus, the DV-AM method can provide a highly sensitive and visible indicator for the detection of aflatoxigenic fungi.
ESTHER : Yabe_2015_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_99_10681
PubMedSearch : Yabe_2015_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_99_10681
PubMedID: 26300294

Title : Effect of Dimethoate on the Activity of Hepatic CYP450 Based on Pharmacokinetics of Probe Drugs - Zhuang_2015_Pharmacology_95_243
Author(s) : Zhuang Z , Tang M , Zheng Y , Hu L , Lin F
Ref : Pharmacology , 95 :243 , 2015
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Dimethoate (DM), one of the most widely used systemic organophosphate insecticide, has been reported to exert toxic effects after long-time subchronic exposure. This study aims at investigating the toxic effect of DM on liver after repeated administration of low doses of DM in rats.
METHODS: Twenty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the control group (n = 10) and the DM group (n = 10). After 2 weeks' exposure to DM at low dosage (5 mg/kg), biochemical parameters of hepatic functions were measured, histology and CYP450 expressed in liver was detected. The activities of CYP1A2, CYP2C11, CYP2D1, and CYP3A2 were evaluated by the Cocktail method.
RESULTS: The level of AChE (acetylcholinesterase) was significantly decreased, hepatic functions were damaged and the mRNA level of CYP2D1 was significantly increased in the DM group (p < 0.05). The pharmacokinetics of probe drug revealed AUC(0-t), AUC(0-infinity), t1/2 and Cmax of metoprolol was shorten in the DM group (p < 0.05). However, there were no statistical differences in MRT, t1/2, CL and Tmax for phenacetin, tolbutamide and midazolam.
CONCLUSIONS: A low dosage of DM could induce the activity of CYP2D1 in liver and increase the metabolism of metoprolol when exposed for 2 weeks. (c) 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
ESTHER : Zhuang_2015_Pharmacology_95_243
PubMedSearch : Zhuang_2015_Pharmacology_95_243
PubMedID: 25967365

Title : An acetylcholinesterase biosensor based on graphene-gold nanocomposite and calcined layered double hydroxide - Zhai_2014_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_58-59_8
Author(s) : Zhai C , Guo Y , Sun X , Zheng Y , Wang X
Ref : Enzyme Microb Technol , 58-59 :8 , 2014
Abstract : In this study, a novel acetylcholinesterase-based biosensor was fabricated. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was immobilized onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with the aid of Cu-Mg-Al calcined layered double hydroxide (CLDH). CLDH can provide a bigger effective surface area for AChE loading, which could improve the precision and stability of AChE biosensor. However, the poor electroconductibility of CLDHs could lead to the low sensitivity of AChE biosensor. In order to effectively compensate the disadvantages of CLDHs, graphene-gold nanocomposites were used for improving the electron transfer rate. Thus, the graphene-gold nanocomposite (GN-AuNPs) was firstly modified onto the GCE, and then the prepared CLDH-AChE composite was immobilized onto the modified GCE to construct a sensitive AChE biosensor for pesticides detection. Relevant parameters were studied in detail and optimized, including the pH of the acetylthiocholine chloride (ATCl) solution, the amount of AChE immobilized on the biosensor and the inhibition time governing the analytical performance of the biosensor. The biosensor detected chlorpyrifos at concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 150mug/L. The detection limit for chlorpyrifos was 0.05mug/L.
ESTHER : Zhai_2014_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_58-59_8
PubMedSearch : Zhai_2014_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_58-59_8
PubMedID: 24731819

Title : The structural basis of the Tle4-Tli4 complex reveals the self-protection mechanism of H2-T6SS in Pseudomonas aeruginosa - Lu_2014_Acta.Crystallogr.D.Biol.Crystallogr_70_3233
Author(s) : Lu D , Zheng Y , Liao N , Wei L , Xu B , Liu X , Liu J
Ref : Acta Crystallographica D Biol Crystallogr , 70 :3233 , 2014
Abstract : The type VI secretion system (T6SS) has recently been demonstrated to mediate interbacterial competition and to discriminate between self and nonself. T6SS+ bacteria employ toxic effectors to inhibit rival cells and concurrently use effector cognate immunity proteins to protect their sibling cells. The effector and immunity pairs (E-I pairs) endow the bacteria with a great advantage in niche competition. Tle4-Tli4 (PA1510-PA1509) is a newly identified E-I pair that is controlled by H2-T6SS in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Tle4 exhibits phospholipase activity, which destroys the cell membrane of rival cells, and the periplasm-located Tli4 in donor cells eliminates this toxic effect of Tle4. In this paper, the structure of the Tle4-Tli4 complex is reported at 1.75 A resolution. Tle4 consists of two domains: a conserved alpha/beta-hydrolase domain and an unusual cap domain in which two lid regions (lid1 and lid2) display a closed conformation that buries the catalytic triad in a deep funnel. Tli4 also displays a two-domain structure, in which a large lobe and a small lobe form a crab claw-like conformation. Tli4 uses this crab claw to grasp the cap domain of Tle4, especially the lid2 region, which prevents the interfacial activation of Tle4 and thus causes enzymatic dysfunction of Tle4 in sister cells.
ESTHER : Lu_2014_Acta.Crystallogr.D.Biol.Crystallogr_70_3233
PubMedSearch : Lu_2014_Acta.Crystallogr.D.Biol.Crystallogr_70_3233
PubMedID: 25478841
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseae-PA1510

Title : A novel alkaliphilic bacillus esterase belongs to the 13(th) bacterial lipolytic enzyme family - Rao_2013_PLoS.One_8_e60645
Author(s) : Rao L , Xue Y , Zheng Y , Lu JR , Ma Y
Ref : PLoS ONE , 8 :e60645 , 2013
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Microbial derived lipolytic hydrolysts are an important class of biocatalysts because of their huge abundance and ability to display bioactivities under extreme conditions. In spite of recent advances, our understanding of these enzymes remains rudimentary. The aim of our research is to advance our understanding by seeking for more unusual lipid hydrolysts and revealing their molecular structure and bioactivities. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Bacillus. pseudofirmus OF4 is an extreme alkaliphile with tolerance of pH up to 11. In this work we successfully undertook a heterologous expression of a gene estof4 from the alkaliphilic B. pseudofirmus sp OF4. The recombinant protein called EstOF4 was purified into a homologous product by Ni-NTA affinity and gel filtration. The purified EstOF4 was active as dimer with the molecular weight of 64 KDa. It hydrolyzed a wide range of substrates including p-nitrophenyl esters (C2-C12) and triglycerides (C2-C6). Its optimal performance occurred at pH 8.5 and 50 degrees C towards p-nitrophenyl caproate and triacetin. Sequence alignment revealed that EstOF4 shared 71% identity to esterase Est30 from Geobacillus stearothermophilus with a typical lipase pentapeptide motif G91LS93LG95. A structural model developed from homology modeling revealed that EstOF4 possessed a typical esterase 6alpha/7beta hydrolase fold and a cap domain. Site-directed mutagenesis and inhibition studies confirmed the putative catalytic triad Ser93, Asp190 and His220. CONCLUSION: EstOF4 is a new bacterial esterase with a preference to short chain ester substrates. With a high sequence identity towards esterase Est30 and several others, EstOF4 was classified into the same bacterial lipolytic family, Family XIII. All the members in this family originate from the same bacterial genus, bacillus and display optimal activities from neutral pH to alkaline conditions with short and middle chain length substrates. However, with roughly 70% sequence identity, these enzymes showed hugely different thermal stabilities, indicating their diverse thermal adaptations via just changing a few amino acid residues.
ESTHER : Rao_2013_PLoS.One_8_e60645
PubMedSearch : Rao_2013_PLoS.One_8_e60645
PubMedID: 23577139

Title : Genome of the long-living sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) - Ming_2013_Genome.Biol_14_R41
Author(s) : Ming R , VanBuren R , Liu Y , Yang M , Han Y , Li LT , Zhang Q , Kim MJ , Schatz MC , Campbell M , Li J , Bowers JE , Tang H , Lyons E , Ferguson AA , Narzisi G , Nelson DR , Blaby-Haas CE , Gschwend AR , Jiao Y , Der JP , Zeng F , Han J , Min XJ , Hudson KA , Singh R , Grennan AK , Karpowicz SJ , Watling JR , Ito K , Robinson SA , Hudson ME , Yu Q , Mockler TC , Carroll A , Zheng Y , Sunkar R , Jia R , Chen N , Arro J , Wai CM , Wafula E , Spence A , Xu L , Zhang J , Peery R , Haus MJ , Xiong W , Walsh JA , Wu J , Wang ML , Zhu YJ , Paull RE , Britt AB , Du C , Downie SR , Schuler MA , Michael TP , Long SP , Ort DR , Schopf JW , Gang DR , Jiang N , Yandell M , dePamphilis CW , Merchant SS , Paterson AH , Buchanan BB , Li S , Shen-Miller J
Ref : Genome Biol , 14 :R41 , 2013
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Sacred lotus is a basal eudicot with agricultural, medicinal, cultural and religious importance. It was domesticated in Asia about 7,000 years ago, and cultivated for its rhizomes and seeds as a food crop. It is particularly noted for its 1,300-year seed longevity and exceptional water repellency, known as the lotus effect. The latter property is due to the nanoscopic closely packed protuberances of its self-cleaning leaf surface, which have been adapted for the manufacture of a self-cleaning industrial paint, Lotusan. RESULTS: The genome of the China Antique variety of the sacred lotus was sequenced with Illumina and 454 technologies, at respective depths of 101x and 5.2x. The final assembly has a contig N50 of 38.8 kbp and a scaffold N50 of 3.4 Mbp, and covers 86.5% of the estimated 929 Mbp total genome size. The genome notably lacks the paleo-triplication observed in other eudicots, but reveals a lineage-specific duplication. The genome has evidence of slow evolution, with a 30% slower nucleotide mutation rate than observed in grape. Comparisons of the available sequenced genomes suggest a minimum gene set for vascular plants of 4,223 genes. Strikingly, the sacred lotus has 16 COG2132 multi-copper oxidase family proteins with root-specific expression; these are involved in root meristem phosphate starvation, reflecting adaptation to limited nutrient availability in an aquatic environment. CONCLUSIONS: The slow nucleotide substitution rate makes the sacred lotus a better resource than the current standard, grape, for reconstructing the pan-eudicot genome, and should therefore accelerate comparative analysis between eudicots and monocots.
ESTHER : Ming_2013_Genome.Biol_14_R41
PubMedSearch : Ming_2013_Genome.Biol_14_R41
PubMedID: 23663246
Gene_locus related to this paper: nelnu-a0a1u8aj84 , nelnu-a0a1u8bpe4 , nelnu-a0a1u7z9m9 , nelnu-a0a1u7ywy5 , nelnu-a0a1u8aik2 , nelnu-a0a1u7zmb5 , nelnu-a0a1u8a7m7 , nelnu-a0a1u8b0n9 , nelnu-a0a1u8b461 , nelnu-a0a1u7zzj3 , nelnu-a0a1u8ave7 , nelnu-a0a1u7yn26

Title : Targeting the Metastasis Suppressor, NDRG1, Using Novel Iron Chelators: Regulation of Stress Fiber-Mediated Tumor Cell Migration via Modulation of the ROCK1\/pMLC2 Signaling Pathway - Sun_2013_Mol.Pharmacol_83_454
Author(s) : Sun J , Zhang D , Zheng Y , Zhao Q , Zheng M , Kovacevic Z , Richardson DR
Ref : Molecular Pharmacology , 83 :454 , 2013
Abstract : The iron-regulated metastasis suppressor, N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1), is up-regulated by cellular iron depletion mediated by iron chelators and can inhibit cancer cell migration. However, the mechanism of how NDRG1 achieves this effect remains unclear. In this study, we implemented established and newly constructed NDRG1 overexpression and knockdown models using the DU145, HT29, and HCT116 cancer cell lines to investigate the molecular basis by which NDRG1 exerts its inhibitory effect on cell migration. Using these models, we demonstrated that NDRG1 overexpression inhibits cell migration by preventing actin-filament polymerization, stress fiber assembly and formation. In contrast, NDRG1 knockdown had the opposite effect. Moreover, we identified that NDRG1 inhibited an important regulatory pathway mediated by the Rho-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1 (ROCK1)/phosphorylated myosin light chain 2 (pMLC2) pathway that modulates stress fiber assembly. The phosphorylation of MLC2 is a key process in inducing stress fiber contraction, and this was shown to be markedly decreased or increased by NDRG1 overexpression or knockdown, respectively. The mechanism involved in the inhibition of MLC2 phosphorylation by NDRG1 was mediated by a significant (P < 0.001) decrease in ROCK1 expression that is a key kinase involved in MLC2 phosphorylation. Considering that NDRG1 is up-regulated after cellular iron depletion, novel thiosemicarbazone iron chelators (e.g., di-2-pyridylketone 4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone) were demonstrated to inhibit ROCK1/pMLC2-modulated actin-filament polymerization, stress fiber assembly, and formation via a mechanism involving NDRG1. These results highlight the role of the ROCK1/pMLC2 pathway in the NDRG1-mediated antimetastatic signaling network and the therapeutic potential of iron chelators at inhibiting metastasis.
ESTHER : Sun_2013_Mol.Pharmacol_83_454
PubMedSearch : Sun_2013_Mol.Pharmacol_83_454
PubMedID: 23188716

Title : The draft genomes of soft-shell turtle and green sea turtle yield insights into the development and evolution of the turtle-specific body plan - Wang_2013_Nat.Genet_45_701
Author(s) : Wang Z , Pascual-Anaya J , Zadissa A , Li W , Niimura Y , Huang Z , Li C , White S , Xiong Z , Fang D , Wang B , Ming Y , Chen Y , Zheng Y , Kuraku S , Pignatelli M , Herrero J , Beal K , Nozawa M , Li Q , Wang J , Zhang H , Yu L , Shigenobu S , Liu J , Flicek P , Searle S , Kuratani S , Yin Y , Aken B , Zhang G , Irie N
Ref : Nat Genet , 45 :701 , 2013
Abstract : The unique anatomical features of turtles have raised unanswered questions about the origin of their unique body plan. We generated and analyzed draft genomes of the soft-shell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) and the green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas); our results indicated the close relationship of the turtles to the bird-crocodilian lineage, from which they split approximately 267.9-248.3 million years ago (Upper Permian to Triassic). We also found extensive expansion of olfactory receptor genes in these turtles. Embryonic gene expression analysis identified an hourglass-like divergence of turtle and chicken embryogenesis, with maximal conservation around the vertebrate phylotypic period, rather than at later stages that show the amniote-common pattern. Wnt5a expression was found in the growth zone of the dorsal shell, supporting the possible co-option of limb-associated Wnt signaling in the acquisition of this turtle-specific novelty. Our results suggest that turtle evolution was accompanied by an unexpectedly conservative vertebrate phylotypic period, followed by turtle-specific repatterning of development to yield the novel structure of the shell.
ESTHER : Wang_2013_Nat.Genet_45_701
PubMedSearch : Wang_2013_Nat.Genet_45_701
PubMedID: 23624526
Gene_locus related to this paper: chemy-m7c042 , chemy-m7bp40 , chemy-m7cgq9 , chemy-m7bs15 , chemy-m7c0b2 , chemy-m7bkv2 , chemy-m7bnk5 , chemy-m7bzy6

Title : The genomes of four tapeworm species reveal adaptations to parasitism - Tsai_2013_Nature_496_57
Author(s) : Tsai IJ , Zarowiecki M , Holroyd N , Garciarrubio A , Sanchez-Flores A , Brooks KL , Tracey A , Bobes RJ , Fragoso G , Sciutto E , Aslett M , Beasley H , Bennett HM , Cai J , Camicia F , Clark R , Cucher M , De Silva N , Day TA , Deplazes P , Estrada K , Fernandez C , Holland PW , Hou J , Hu S , Huckvale T , Hung SS , Kamenetzky L , Keane JA , Kiss F , Koziol U , Lambert O , Liu K , Luo X , Luo Y , Macchiaroli N , Nichol S , Paps J , Parkinson J , Pouchkina-Stantcheva N , Riddiford N , Rosenzvit M , Salinas G , Wasmuth JD , Zamanian M , Zheng Y , Cai X , Soberon X , Olson PD , Laclette JP , Brehm K , Berriman M
Ref : Nature , 496 :57 , 2013
Abstract : Tapeworms (Cestoda) cause neglected diseases that can be fatal and are difficult to treat, owing to inefficient drugs. Here we present an analysis of tapeworm genome sequences using the human-infective species Echinococcus multilocularis, E. granulosus, Taenia solium and the laboratory model Hymenolepis microstoma as examples. The 115- to 141-megabase genomes offer insights into the evolution of parasitism. Synteny is maintained with distantly related blood flukes but we find extreme losses of genes and pathways that are ubiquitous in other animals, including 34 homeobox families and several determinants of stem cell fate. Tapeworms have specialized detoxification pathways, metabolism that is finely tuned to rely on nutrients scavenged from their hosts, and species-specific expansions of non-canonical heat shock proteins and families of known antigens. We identify new potential drug targets, including some on which existing pharmaceuticals may act. The genomes provide a rich resource to underpin the development of urgently needed treatments and control.
ESTHER : Tsai_2013_Nature_496_57
PubMedSearch : Tsai_2013_Nature_496_57
PubMedID: 23485966
Gene_locus related to this paper: echgr-k4epc5 , hymmi-a0a068x9f5 , echmu-u6hbw4 , echgr-w6ugl0 , echmu-u6hr32 , echmu-a0a068y5f4 , hymmi-a0a068xag4 , hymmi-a0a068x810 , hymmi-a0a068xcc1 , echmu-a0a068yf54 , echgr-a0a068wxj3 , echgr-a0a068wgw1 , hymmi-a0a068xge7 , hymmi-a0a068x8h9 , echmu-a0a068y747 , hymmi-a0a068xgj7 , echgr-a0a068wl60

Title : Lipases as biocatalysts for the synthesis of structured lipids - Jala_2012_Methods.Mol.Biol_861_403
Author(s) : Jala RC , Hu P , Yang T , Jiang Y , Zheng Y , Xu X
Ref : Methods Mol Biol , 861 :403 , 2012
Abstract : Structured lipids (SL) are broadly referred to as modified or synthetic oils and fats or lipids with functional or pharmaceutical applications. Some structured lipids, such as triglycerides that contain both long-chain (mainly essential) fatty acids and medium- or short-chain fatty acids and also artificial products that mimic the structure of natural materials, namely human milk fat substitutes and cocoa butter equivalents, have been discussed. Further, other modified or synthetic lipids, such as structured phospholipids and synthetic phenolic lipids are also included in this chapter. For all the products described in this chapter, enzymatic production in industry has been already conducted in one way or another. Cocoa butter equivalents, healthy oil containing medium-chain fatty acids, phosphatidyl serine, and phenol lipids from enzyme technology have been reported for commercial operation. As the demand for better quality functional lipids is increasing, the production of structured lipids becomes an interesting area. Thus, in this chapter we have discussed latest developments as well as present industrial situation of all commercially important structured lipids.
ESTHER : Jala_2012_Methods.Mol.Biol_861_403
PubMedSearch : Jala_2012_Methods.Mol.Biol_861_403
PubMedID: 22426731

Title : Protective effects of nizofenone administration on the cognitive impairments induced by chronic restraint stress in mice - Liu_2012_Pharmacol.Biochem.Behav_103_474
Author(s) : Liu Y , Zhuang X , Gou L , Ling X , Tian X , Liu L , Zheng Y , Zhang L , Yin X
Ref : Pharmacol Biochem Behav , 103 :474 , 2012
Abstract : The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of nizofenone administration on the chronic restraint stress-induced cognitive impairments in mice. Adult male mice were randomized into five groups: control group, nizofenone control group, chronic restraint stress group, and nizofenone treatment groups (3.0mg/kg and 9.0mg/kg). The changes of cognitive performances were examined by Morris water maze (MWM), open field and step-through tests. Our results showed that the cognitive performances in CRS group were markedly deteriorated, accompanied by noticeable alterations in oxidative parameters, acetylcholinesterase activity and catecholamines levels in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex. These changes could be reversed by nizofenone treatment. Moreover, CRS group showed higher corticosterone levels and lower catecholamines levels in the serum, which were reversed in the nizofenone treatment groups. Collectively, the present results suggested the potential of nizofenone in attenuating the CRS-induced cognitive impairments.
ESTHER : Liu_2012_Pharmacol.Biochem.Behav_103_474
PubMedSearch : Liu_2012_Pharmacol.Biochem.Behav_103_474
PubMedID: 23026061

Title : Bio-resolution of glycidyl (o, m, p)-methylphenyl ethers by Bacillus megaterium - Zhang_2010_Biotechnol.Lett_32_513
Author(s) : Zhang Z , Sheng Y , Jiang K , Wang Z , Zheng Y , Zhu Q
Ref : Biotechnol Lett , 32 :513 , 2010
Abstract : A newly isolated Bacillus megaterium with epoxide hydrolase activity resolved racemic glycidyl (o, m, p)-methylphenyl ethers to give enantiopure epoxides in 84-99% enantiomeric excess and with 21-73 enantiomeric ratios. The (S)-enantiomer was obtained from rac-glycidyl (o or m)-methylphenyl ether while the (R)-epoxides was obtained from glycidyl p-methylphenyl ether. The observations are explained at the level by enzyme-substrate docking studies.
ESTHER : Zhang_2010_Biotechnol.Lett_32_513
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2010_Biotechnol.Lett_32_513
PubMedID: 20013303

Title : Transcriptome sequencing and comparative analysis of cucumber flowers with different sex types - Guo_2010_BMC.Genomics_11_384
Author(s) : Guo S , Zheng Y , Joung JG , Liu S , Zhang Z , Crasta OR , Sobral BW , Xu Y , Huang S , Fei Z
Ref : BMC Genomics , 11 :384 , 2010
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Cucumber, Cucumis sativus L., is an economically and nutritionally important crop of the Cucurbitaceae family and has long served as a primary model system for sex determination studies. Recently, the sequencing of its whole genome has been completed. However, transcriptome information of this species is still scarce, with a total of around 8,000 Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) and mRNA sequences currently available in GenBank. In order to gain more insights into molecular mechanisms of plant sex determination and provide the community a functional genomics resource that will facilitate cucurbit research and breeding, we performed transcriptome sequencing of cucumber flower buds of two near-isogenic lines, WI1983G, a gynoecious plant which bears only pistillate flowers, and WI1983H, a hermaphroditic plant which bears only bisexual flowers. RESULT: Using Roche-454 massive parallel pyrosequencing technology, we generated a total of 353,941 high quality EST sequences with an average length of 175bp, among which 188,255 were from gynoecious flowers and 165,686 from hermaphroditic flowers. These EST sequences, together with approximately 5,600 high quality cucumber EST and mRNA sequences available in GenBank, were clustered and assembled into 81,401 unigenes, of which 28,452 were contigs and 52,949 were singletons. The unigenes and ESTs were further mapped to the cucumber genome and more than 500 alternative splicing events were identified in 443 cucumber genes. The unigenes were further functionally annotated by comparing their sequences to different protein and functional domain databases and assigned with Gene Ontology (GO) terms. A biochemical pathway database containing 343 predicted pathways was also created based on the annotations of the unigenes. Digital expression analysis identified approximately 200 differentially expressed genes between flowers of WI1983G and WI1983H and provided novel insights into molecular mechanisms of plant sex determination process. Furthermore, a set of SSR motifs and high confidence SNPs between WI1983G and WI1983H were identified from the ESTs, which provided the material basis for future genetic linkage and QTL analysis. CONCLUSION: A large set of EST sequences were generated from cucumber flower buds of two different sex types. Differentially expressed genes between these two different sex-type flowers, as well as putative SSR and SNP markers, were identified. These EST sequences provide valuable information to further understand molecular mechanisms of plant sex determination process and forms a rich resource for future functional genomics analysis, marker development and cucumber breeding.
ESTHER : Guo_2010_BMC.Genomics_11_384
PubMedSearch : Guo_2010_BMC.Genomics_11_384
PubMedID: 20565788
Gene_locus related to this paper: cucsa-a0a0a0ktw5 , cucsa-a0a0a0lnt6 , cucsa-a0a0a0kpn7 , cucsa-a0a0a0lvt9 , cucsa-a0a0a0kdx8 , cucsa-a0a0a0m228 , cucsa-a0a0a0kz31 , cucsa-a0a0a0k5t5 , cucsa-a0a0a0kfs7 , cucsa-a0a0a0kjj7 , cucsa-a0a0a0kzs7 , cucsa-a0a0a0l0a6 , cucsa-a0a0a0l4w4 , cucsa-a0a0a0lpz0

Title : The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome - Li_2010_Nature_463_311
Author(s) : Li R , Fan W , Tian G , Zhu H , He L , Cai J , Huang Q , Cai Q , Li B , Bai Y , Zhang Z , Zhang Y , Wang W , Li J , Wei F , Li H , Jian M , Nielsen R , Li D , Gu W , Yang Z , Xuan Z , Ryder OA , Leung FC , Zhou Y , Cao J , Sun X , Fu Y , Fang X , Guo X , Wang B , Hou R , Shen F , Mu B , Ni P , Lin R , Qian W , Wang G , Yu C , Nie W , Wang J , Wu Z , Liang H , Min J , Wu Q , Cheng S , Ruan J , Wang M , Shi Z , Wen M , Liu B , Ren X , Zheng H , Dong D , Cook K , Shan G , Zhang H , Kosiol C , Xie X , Lu Z , Li Y , Steiner CC , Lam TT , Lin S , Zhang Q , Li G , Tian J , Gong T , Liu H , Zhang D , Fang L , Ye C , Zhang J , Hu W , Xu A , Ren Y , Zhang G , Bruford MW , Li Q , Ma L , Guo Y , An N , Hu Y , Zheng Y , Shi Y , Li Z , Liu Q , Chen Y , Zhao J , Qu N , Zhao S , Tian F , Wang X , Wang H , Xu L , Liu X , Vinar T , Wang Y , Lam TW , Yiu SM , Liu S , Huang Y , Yang G , Jiang Z , Qin N , Li L , Bolund L , Kristiansen K , Wong GK , Olson M , Zhang X , Li S , Yang H
Ref : Nature , 463 :311 , 2010
Abstract : Using next-generation sequencing technology alone, we have successfully generated and assembled a draft sequence of the giant panda genome. The assembled contigs (2.25 gigabases (Gb)) cover approximately 94% of the whole genome, and the remaining gaps (0.05 Gb) seem to contain carnivore-specific repeats and tandem repeats. Comparisons with the dog and human showed that the panda genome has a lower divergence rate. The assessment of panda genes potentially underlying some of its unique traits indicated that its bamboo diet might be more dependent on its gut microbiome than its own genetic composition. We also identified more than 2.7 million heterozygous single nucleotide polymorphisms in the diploid genome. Our data and analyses provide a foundation for promoting mammalian genetic research, and demonstrate the feasibility for using next-generation sequencing technologies for accurate, cost-effective and rapid de novo assembly of large eukaryotic genomes.
ESTHER : Li_2010_Nature_463_311
PubMedSearch : Li_2010_Nature_463_311
PubMedID: 20010809
Gene_locus related to this paper: ailme-ABH15 , ailme-ACHE , ailme-BCHE , ailme-d2gtv3 , ailme-d2gty9 , ailme-d2gu87 , ailme-d2gu97 , ailme-d2gve7 , ailme-d2gwu1 , ailme-d2gx08 , ailme-d2gyt0 , ailme-d2gz36 , ailme-d2gz37 , ailme-d2gz38 , ailme-d2gz39 , ailme-d2gz40 , ailme-d2h5r9 , ailme-d2h7b7 , ailme-d2h9c9 , ailme-d2h794 , ailme-d2hau7 , ailme-d2hau8 , ailme-d2hcd9 , ailme-d2hdi6 , ailme-d2heu6 , ailme-d2hga4 , ailme-d2hqw5 , ailme-d2hs98 , ailme-d2hsx4 , ailme-d2hti6 , ailme-d2htv3 , ailme-d2htz6 , ailme-d2huc7 , ailme-d2hwj8 , ailme-d2hwy7 , ailme-d2hxm1 , ailme-d2hyc8 , ailme-d2hyv2 , ailme-d2hz11 , ailme-d2hza3 , ailme-d2hzr4 , ailme-d2i1l4 , ailme-d2i2g8 , ailme-g1l7m3 , ailme-g1lu36 , ailme-g1m769 , ailme-g1mc29 , ailme-g1mdj8 , ailme-g1mdr5 , ailme-g1mfp4 , ailme-g1mfx5 , ailme-g1lj41 , ailme-g1lm28 , ailme-g1l3u1 , ailme-g1l7l1 , ailme-g1m5i3 , ailme-g1l2f6 , ailme-g1lji5 , ailme-g1lqk3 , ailme-g1l8s9 , ailme-d2h717 , ailme-d2h718 , ailme-d2h719 , ailme-d2h720 , ailme-g1m5v0 , ailme-g1m5y7 , ailme-g1lkt7 , ailme-g1l2a1 , ailme-g1lsc8 , ailme-g1lrp4 , ailme-d2gv02 , ailme-g1mik5 , ailme-g1ljr1 , ailme-g1lxw7 , ailme-d2h8b5 , ailme-d2h2r2 , ailme-d2h9w7 , ailme-g1meh3 , ailme-g1m719

Title : Enhancement in the synthesis of novel feruloyl lipids (feruloyl butyryl glycerides) by enzymatic biotransformation using response surface methodology - Zheng_2008_J.Agric.Food.Chem_56_11493
Author(s) : Zheng Y , Quan J , Ning X , Zhu LM
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 56 :11493 , 2008
Abstract : Response surface methodology was successfully employed to optimize lipase-catalyzed synthesis of feruloyl butyryl glycerides (FBGs). The effects of the reaction parameters, including the reaction time, reaction temperature, enzyme concentration, substrate molar ratio, and water activity, and the interaction parameters were examined. The analysis suggested that the conversion of the FBGs was significantly (p < 0.05) affected by independent factors of reaction time, reaction temperature, substrate molar ratio, and water activity as well as interactive terms of reaction temperature/reaction time, reaction temperature/enzyme concentration, substrate molar ratio/reaction temperature, water activity/reaction temperature, reaction time/enzyme concentration, and enzyme concentration/water activity. The highest conversion yield of FBGs was 81.2% at the following optimized reaction conditions: reaction temperature of 53.6 degrees C, reaction time of 5.5 days, enzyme concentration of 50.8 mg/mL, water activity of 0.14, and substrate molar ratio of 2.9. The conversion is higher as compared to that at the conditions before optimization.
ESTHER : Zheng_2008_J.Agric.Food.Chem_56_11493
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2008_J.Agric.Food.Chem_56_11493
PubMedID: 18998698

Title : Saponins (Ginsenosides) from stems and leaves of Panax quinquefolium prevented high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice - Liu_2008_Phytomedicine_15_1140
Author(s) : Liu W , Zheng Y , Han L , Wang H , Saito M , Ling M , Kimura Y , Feng Y
Ref : Phytomedicine , 15 :1140 , 2008
Abstract : The present study was performed to clarify whether the crude saponins from stems and leaves of Panax quinquefolium inhibited lipase activity in vitro, and prevented obesity induced in mice by feeding a high-fat diet for 8 weeks. For in vitro experiments, assay for the inhibitory effects of saponins from stems and leaves of Panax quinquefolium on pancreatic lipase activity was performed by measuring the rate of release of oleic acid from triolein. For in vivo experiments, female ICR mice were fed a high-fat diet with or without saponins from stems and leaves of Panax quinquefolium for 8 weeks. The crude saponins inhibited pancreatic lipase activity in vitro. Furthermore, crude saponins (lg/kg body weight) inhibited the elevations of plasma triacylglycerol in rats administered the oral lipid emulsion tolerance test. In addition, long-term administration of crude saponins, the parametrial adipose tissue weight was decreased by feeding a high-fat diet containing l% or 3% crude saponins compared to those of high-fat diet group. It is demonstrated that the anti-obesity effects of the crude saponins from stems and leaves of Panax quinquefolium in high-fat diet-treated mice may be due to the inhibition of intestinal absorption of dietary fat by ginsenosides Rc, Rb(1) and Rb(2).
ESTHER : Liu_2008_Phytomedicine_15_1140
PubMedSearch : Liu_2008_Phytomedicine_15_1140
PubMedID: 18768305

Title : A review of plastic waste biodegradation - Zheng_2005_Crit.Rev.Biotechnol_25_243
Author(s) : Zheng Y , Yanful EK , Bassi AS
Ref : Critical Reviews in Biotechnology , 25 :243 , 2005
Abstract : With more and more plastics being employed in human lives and increasing pressure being placed on capacities available for plastic waste disposal, the need for biodegradable plastics and biodegradation of plastic wastes has assumed increasing importance in the last few years. This review looks at the technological advancement made in the development of more easily biodegradable plastics and the biodegradation of conventional plastics by microorganisms. Additives, such as pro-oxidants and starch, are applied in synthetic materials to modify and make plastics biodegradable. Recent research has shown that thermoplastics derived from polyolefins, traditionally considered resistant to biodegradation in ambient environment, are biodegraded following photo-degradation and chemical degradation. Thermoset plastics, such as aliphatic polyester and polyester polyurethane, are easily attacked by microorganisms directly because of the potential hydrolytic cleavage of ester or urethane bonds in their structures. Some microorganisms have been isolated to utilize polyurethane as a sole source of carbon and nitrogen source. Aliphatic-aromatic copolyesters have active commercial applications because of their good mechanical properties and biodegradability. Reviewing published and ongoing studies on plastic biodegradation, this paper attempts to make conclusions on potentially viable methods to reduce impacts of plastic waste on the environment.
ESTHER : Zheng_2005_Crit.Rev.Biotechnol_25_243
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2005_Crit.Rev.Biotechnol_25_243
PubMedID: 16419620

Title : Cloning and expression of a novel lipase gene from Pseudomonas fluorescens B52 - Jiang_2005_Mol.Biotechnol_31_95
Author(s) : Jiang Z , Zheng Y , Luo Y , Wang G , Wang H , Ma Y , Wei D
Ref : Mol Biotechnol , 31 :95 , 2005
Abstract : A novel lipase gene (lipB52) was isolated directly from the genomic DNA of Pseudomonas fluorescens B52 with the genome-walking method, an effective method for isolating lipase gene from bacteria. There was an open reading frame (ORF) of 1854 bp, which encoded 617 amino acids. The lipase gene (lipB52) was cloned into expression vector pPIC9K and successfully integrated into a heterologous fungal host, Pichia pastoris KM71, and the recombinant Pichia pastoris were screened with a high throughput method. The recombinant was induced by methanol to secrete active lipase into the culture medium. The recombinant lipase LipB52 was also purified and characterized. The optimum temperature for the purified lipase LipB52 was 40 degrees C at pH 8.0. It exhibited better thermostability and pH stability than its homologs.
ESTHER : Jiang_2005_Mol.Biotechnol_31_95
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2005_Mol.Biotechnol_31_95
PubMedID: 16170209
Gene_locus related to this paper: psefl-q6gx93

Title : Effects of genetic polymorphisms of metabolic enzymes on cytokinesis-block micronucleus in peripheral blood lymphocyte among coke-oven workers - Leng_2004_Cancer.Epidemiol.Biomarkers.Prev_13_1631
Author(s) : Leng S , Dai Y , Niu Y , Pan Z , Li X , Cheng J , He F , Zheng Y
Ref : Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev , 13 :1631 , 2004
Abstract : Exploring the associations between genetic polymorphisms of metabolic enzymes and susceptibility to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-induced chromosomal damage is of great significance for understanding PAH carcinogenesis. Cytochrome P450, glutathione S-transferase, microsomal epoxide hydrolase, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, and N-acetyltransferase are PAH-metabolizing enzymes. In this study, we genotyped for the polymorphisms of these genes and assessed their effects on cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) frequencies in peripheral blood lymphocytes among 141 coke-oven workers and 66 non-coke-oven worker controls. The geometric means of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene levels in coke-oven workers and the controls were 12.0 and 0.7 micromol/mol creatinine, respectively (P < 0.01). The CBMN frequency (number of micronuclei per 1,000 binucleated lymphocytes) was significantly higher in coke-oven workers (9.5 +/- 6.6 per thousand) than in the controls (4.0 +/- 3.6 per thousand; P < 0.01). Among the coke-oven workers, age was positively associated with CBMN frequency; the mEH His113 variant genotype exhibited significantly lower CBMN frequency (8.5 +/- 6.5 per thousand) than did the Tyr113/Tyr113 genotype (11.3 +/- 6.4 per thousand; P < 0.01); the low mEH activity phenotype exhibited a lower CBMN frequency (8.6 +/- 6.8 per thousand) than did the high mEH activity phenotype (13.2 +/- 6.7 per thousand; P = 0.01); the GSTP1 Val105/Val105 genotype exhibited a higher CBMN frequency (15.0 +/- 5.8 per thousand) than did the GSTP1 Ile105/Ile105 or Ile105/Val105 genotypes (9.3 +/- 6.5 per thousand; P < 0.01); the joint effect of high mEH activity phenotype and GSTM1 null genotype on CBMN frequencies was also found. Gene-environment interactions between occupational PAH exposure and polymorphisms of mEH and/or GSTM1 were also evident. These results indicate that the mEH, GSTP1, and GSTM1 polymorphisms may play a role in sensitivity or genetic susceptibility to the genotoxic effects of PAH exposure in the coke-oven workers.
ESTHER : Leng_2004_Cancer.Epidemiol.Biomarkers.Prev_13_1631
PubMedSearch : Leng_2004_Cancer.Epidemiol.Biomarkers.Prev_13_1631
PubMedID: 15466980

Title : [Study on monitoring and clearing of organophosphate in blood in organophosphate poisoned rats] - Zhang_2002_Zhonghua.Lao.Dong.Wei.Sheng.Zhi.Ye.Bing.Za.Zhi_20_413
Author(s) : Zhang J , Zhao J , Zheng Y , Shao X
Ref : Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi , 20 :413 , 2002
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To study the new method of monitoring and clearing organophosphate in blood during single or mixed organophosphate(OP) poisoning. METHOD: (1) Mixed equal volumes of blood of OP poisoned rat and healthy rat, then determine whole blood cholinesterase (ChE) activity. The descending range of ChE activity represents the level of residual OP in blood. (2) Poisoned rats by single or mixed OP pesticides were injected with 5% NaHCO3 15 ml/kg intraperitoneally, then the level of OP in blood was detected.
RESULTS: (1) The monitoring results of blood residual OP by gas chromatography were similar to that by "Mixes blood method", which showed significant difference(P < 0.05) from that before OP administration. (2) NaHCO3 injection could not improve the toxic symptoms and whole blood or brain ChE inhibition in 10 CP poisoned rats, blood residual OP level was also not affected, but lung pathological changes by OP such as interstitial inflammation and oedema showed some relief. CONCLUSION: The monitoring of blood ChE by "mixed blood method" may reflect the general level of the blood residual OP within the range of exposure dose. The effect of NaHCO3 was not satisfactory, but it may improve OP-induced lung pathological changes.
ESTHER : Zhang_2002_Zhonghua.Lao.Dong.Wei.Sheng.Zhi.Ye.Bing.Za.Zhi_20_413
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2002_Zhonghua.Lao.Dong.Wei.Sheng.Zhi.Ye.Bing.Za.Zhi_20_413
PubMedID: 14694586