Le L

References (6)

Title : Feruloyl Esterase (LaFae) from Lactobacillus acidophilus: Structural Insights and Functional Characterization for Application in Ferulic Acid Production - Jeon_2023_Int.J.Mol.Sci_24_11170
Author(s) : Jeon S , Hwang J , Do H , Le L , Lee CW , Yoo W , Lee MJ , Shin SC , Kim KK , Kim HW , Lee JH
Ref : Int J Mol Sci , 24 :11170 , 2023
Abstract : Ferulic acid and related hydroxycinnamic acids, used as antioxidants and preservatives in the food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, are among the most abundant phenolic compounds present in plant biomass. Identification of novel compounds that can produce ferulic acid and hydroxycinnamic acids, that are safe and can be mass-produced, is critical for the sustainability of these industries. In this study, we aimed to obtain and characterize a feruloyl esterase (LaFae) from Lactobacillus acidophilus. Our results demonstrated that LaFae reacts with ethyl ferulate and can be used to effectively produce ferulic acid from wheat bran, rice bran and corn stalks. In addition, xylanase supplementation was found to enhance LaFae enzymatic hydrolysis, thereby augmenting ferulic acid production. To further investigate the active site configuration of LaFae, crystal structures of unliganded and ethyl ferulate-bound LaFae were determined at 2.3 and 2.19 A resolutions, respectively. Structural analysis shows that a Phe34 residue, located at the active site entrance, acts as a gatekeeper residue and controls substrate binding. Mutating this Phe34 to Ala produced an approximately 1.6-fold increase in LaFae activity against p-nitrophenyl butyrate. Our results highlight the considerable application potential of LaFae to produce ferulic acid from plant biomass and agricultural by-products.
ESTHER : Jeon_2023_Int.J.Mol.Sci_24_11170
PubMedSearch : Jeon_2023_Int.J.Mol.Sci_24_11170
PubMedID: 37446348
Gene_locus related to this paper: lacac-q5fi30

Title : Dual functional roles of a novel bifunctional beta-lactamase\/esterase from Lactococcus garvieae - Le_2022_Int.J.Biol.Macromol__
Author(s) : Le L , Yoo W , Wang Y , Jeon S , Kim KK , Kim HW , Kim TD
Ref : Int J Biol Macromol , : , 2022
Abstract : A novel bifunctional beta-lactamase/esterase (LgLacI), which is capable of hydrolyzing beta-lactam-containing antibiotics including ampicillin, oxacillin, and cefotaxime as well as synthesizing biodiesels, was cloned from Lactococcus garvieae. Unlike most bacterial esterases/lipases that have G-x-S-x-G motif, LgLacI, which contains S-x-x-K catalytic motif, has sequence similarities to bacterial family VIII esterase as well as beta-lactamases. The catalytic properties of LgLacI were explored using a wide range of biochemical methods including spectroscopy, assays, structural modeling, mutagenesis, and chromatography. We confirmed the bifunctional property of LgLacI hydrolyzing both esters and beta-lactam antibiotics. This study provides novel perspectives into a bifunctional enzyme from L. garvieae, which can degrade beta-lactam antibiotics with high esterase activity.
ESTHER : Le_2022_Int.J.Biol.Macromol__
PubMedSearch : Le_2022_Int.J.Biol.Macromol__
PubMedID: 35183603

Title : Characterization, immobilization, and mutagenesis of a novel cold-active acetylesterase (EaAcE) from Exiguobacterium antarcticum B7 - Wang_2019_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_136_1042
Author(s) : Wang Y , Le L , Yoo W , Lee CW , Kim KK , Lee JH , Kim TD
Ref : Int J Biol Macromol , 136 :1042 , 2019
Abstract : Cold-active enzymes with distinctive properties from a psychrophilic Exiguobacterium antarcticum B7 could be excellent biocatalysts in industrial and biotechnological processes. Here, the characterization, immobilization, and site-directed mutagenesis of a novel cold-active acetylesterase (EaAcE) from E. antarcticum B7 is reported. EaAcE does not belong to any currently known lipase/esterase family, although there are some sequence similarities with family III and V members. Biochemical characterization of EaAcE was carried out using activity staining, mass spectrometry analysis, circular dichroism spectra, freeze-thaw experiments, kinetic analysis, acetic acid release assays, and enantioselectivity determination. Furthermore, immobilization of EaAcE using four different approaches was explored to enhance its thermal stability and recyclability. Based on a homology model of EaAcE, four mutations (F45A, S118A, S141A, and T216A) within the substrate-binding pocket were investigated to elucidate their roles in EaAcE catalysis and substrate specificity. This work has provided invaluable information on the properties of EaAcE, which can now be used to understand the acetylesterase enzyme family.
ESTHER : Wang_2019_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_136_1042
PubMedSearch : Wang_2019_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_136_1042
PubMedID: 31229546
Gene_locus related to this paper: exiab-EaAcE

Title : Structural and functional characterization of a novel cold-active S-formylglutathione hydrolase (SfSFGH) homolog from Shewanella frigidimarina, a psychrophilic bacterium - Lee_2019_Microb.Cell.Fact_18_140
Author(s) : Lee CW , Yoo W , Park SH , Le L , Jeong CS , Ryu BH , Shin SC , Kim HW , Park H , Kim KK , Kim TD , Lee JH
Ref : Microb Cell Fact , 18 :140 , 2019
Abstract : BACKGROUND: S-Formylglutathione is hydrolyzed to glutathione and formate by an S-formylglutathione hydrolase (SFGH) (3.1.2.12). This thiol esterase belongs to the esterase family and is also known as esterase D. SFGHs contain highly conserved active residues of Ser-Asp-His as a catalytic triad at the active site. Characterization and investigation of SFGH from Antarctic organisms at the molecular level is needed for industrial use through protein engineering. RESULTS: A novel cold-active S-formylglutathione hydrolase (SfSFGH) from Shewanella frigidimarina, composed of 279 amino acids with a molecular mass of ~ 31.0 kDa, was characterized. Sequence analysis of SfSFGH revealed a conserved pentapeptide of G-X-S-X-G found in various lipolytic enzymes along with a putative catalytic triad of Ser148-Asp224-His257. Activity analysis showed that SfSFGH was active towards short-chain esters, such as p-nitrophenyl acetate, butyrate, hexanoate, and octanoate. The optimum pH for enzymatic activity was slightly alkaline (pH 8.0). To investigate the active site configuration of SfSFGH, we determined the crystal structure of SfSFGH at 2.32 A resolution. Structural analysis shows that a Trp182 residue is located at the active site entrance, allowing it to act as a gatekeeper residue to control substrate binding to SfSFGH. Moreover, SfSFGH displayed more than 50% of its initial activity in the presence of various chemicals, including 30% EtOH, 1% Triton X-100, 1% SDS, and 5 M urea. CONCLUSIONS: Mutation of Trp182 to Ala allowed SfSFGH to accommodate a longer chain of substrates. It is thought that the W182A mutation increases the substrate-binding pocket and decreases the steric effect for larger substrates in SfSFGH. Consequently, the W182A mutant has a broader substrate specificity compared to wild-type SfSFGH. Taken together, this study provides useful structure-function data of a SFGH family member and may inform protein engineering strategies for industrial applications of SfSFGH.
ESTHER : Lee_2019_Microb.Cell.Fact_18_140
PubMedSearch : Lee_2019_Microb.Cell.Fact_18_140
PubMedID: 31426813
Gene_locus related to this paper: shefn-SfSFGH

Title : A novel enantioselective SGNH family esterase (NmSGNH1) from Neisseria meningitides: Characterization, mutational analysis, and ester synthesis - Yoo_2019_Biochim.Biophys.Acta.Mol.Cell.Biol.Lipids_1864_1438
Author(s) : Yoo W , Le L , Lee JH , Kim KK , Kim TD
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta Molecular & Cellular Biology Lipids , 1864 :1438 , 2019
Abstract : In Neisseria sp., SGNH family esterases are involved in bacterial pathogenesis as well as cell wall peptidoglycan maturation. Here, a novel enantioselective SGNH family esterase (NmSGNH1) from Neisseria meningitidis, which has sequence similarity to carbohydrate esterase (CE3) family, was catalytically characterized and functionally explored. NmSGNH1 exhibited a wide range of substrate specificities including naproxol acetate, tert-butyl acetate, glucose pentaacetate as well as p-nitrophenyl esters. Deletion of C-terminal residues (NmSGNH1Delta11) led to the altered substrate specificity, reduced catalytic activity, and increased thermostability. Furthermore, a hydrophobic residue of Leu(92) in the substrate-binding pocket was identified to be critical in catalytic activity, thermostability, kinetics, and enantioselectivity. Interestingly, immobilization of NmSGNH1 by hybrid nanoflowers (hNFs) and crosslinked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs) showed increased level of activity, recycling property, and enhanced stability. Finally, synthesis of butyl acetate, oleic acid esters, and fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) were verified. In summary, this work provides a molecular understanding of substrate specificities, catalytic regulation, immobilization, and industrial applications of a novel SGNH family esterase from Neisseria meningitidis.
ESTHER : Yoo_2019_Biochim.Biophys.Acta.Mol.Cell.Biol.Lipids_1864_1438
PubMedSearch : Yoo_2019_Biochim.Biophys.Acta.Mol.Cell.Biol.Lipids_1864_1438
PubMedID: 31325637

Title : Genome sequencing and comparison of two nonhuman primate animal models, the cynomolgus and Chinese rhesus macaques - Yan_2011_Nat.Biotechnol_29_1019
Author(s) : Yan G , Zhang G , Fang X , Zhang Y , Li C , Ling F , Cooper DN , Li Q , Li Y , van Gool AJ , Du H , Chen J , Chen R , Zhang P , Huang Z , Thompson JR , Meng Y , Bai Y , Wang J , Zhuo M , Wang T , Huang Y , Wei L , Li J , Wang Z , Hu H , Yang P , Le L , Stenson PD , Li B , Liu X , Ball EV , An N , Huang Q , Fan W , Zhang X , Wang W , Katze MG , Su B , Nielsen R , Yang H , Wang X
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 29 :1019 , 2011
Abstract : The nonhuman primates most commonly used in medical research are from the genus Macaca. To better understand the genetic differences between these animal models, we present high-quality draft genome sequences from two macaque species, the cynomolgus/crab-eating macaque and the Chinese rhesus macaque. Comparison with the previously sequenced Indian rhesus macaque reveals that all three macaques maintain abundant genetic heterogeneity, including millions of single-nucleotide substitutions and many insertions, deletions and gross chromosomal rearrangements. By assessing genetic regions with reduced variability, we identify genes in each macaque species that may have experienced positive selection. Genetic divergence patterns suggest that the cynomolgus macaque genome has been shaped by introgression after hybridization with the Chinese rhesus macaque. Macaque genes display a high degree of sequence similarity with human disease gene orthologs and drug targets. However, we identify several putatively dysfunctional genetic differences between the three macaque species, which may explain functional differences between them previously observed in clinical studies.
ESTHER : Yan_2011_Nat.Biotechnol_29_1019
PubMedSearch : Yan_2011_Nat.Biotechnol_29_1019
PubMedID: 22002653
Gene_locus related to this paper: macfa-BCHE , macfa-g7nzc0 , macfa-g7nze2 , macfa-g7p4b9 , macfa-g7pa87 , macfa-g7pd01 , macfa-g7q259 , macfa-3neur , macfa-g8f585 , macfa-KANSL3 , macfa-q4r8p0 , macfa-SPG21 , macfa-TEX30 , macmu-3neur , macmu-ACHE , macmu-BCHE , macmu-f6sz31 , macmu-f6the6 , macmu-f6zkq5 , macmu-f7buk8 , macmu-f7cfi8 , macmu-f7flv1 , macmu-f7ggk1 , macmu-f7hir7 , macmu-g7n054 , macmu-g7npb8 , macmu-g7nq39 , macmu-KANSL3 , macmu-TEX30 , macfa-g7pgg6 , macmu-g7n4x3 , macfa-g7nzx2 , macfa-g8f4f7 , macmu-f7ba84 , macfa-g7psx7 , macmu-h9er02 , macfa-g8f3k0 , macfa-a0a2k5w1n7 , macmu-g7mxj6 , macfa-g7pbk1 , macfa-a0a2k5urk5 , macfa-a0a2k5wye4 , macfa-g7pe14 , macmu-f7hkw9 , macmu-f7hm08 , macmu-g7mke4 , macfa-g7nxn9 , macmu-a0a1d5rh04 , macmu-h9fud6 , macfa-g8f3e1 , macfa-i7gcw6 , macmu-f6qwx1 , macmu-f7h4t2 , macfa-a0a2k5wkd0 , macfa-a0a2k5v7v4 , macfa-g7p7y3 , macfa-a0a2k5uqq3 , macmu-i2cu80 , macfa-g8f5i1 , macmu-f7h550 , macmu-f7gkb9 , macfa-a0a2k5tui1