Lee HH

References (12)

Title : Poststroke cognitive impairment: a longitudinal follow-up and pre\/poststroke mini-mental state examination comparison - Hong_2022_Curr.Alzheimer.Res__
Author(s) : Hong CT , Lee HH , Chung CC , Chiu WT , Lee TY , Chen DY , Huang LK , Hu CJ , Chan L
Ref : Curr Alzheimer Res , : , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Poststroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is a prevalent cause of disability in people with stroke. PSCI results from either lesion-dependent loss of cognitive function or augmentation of Alzheimer's pathology due to vascular insufficiency. The lack of prestroke cognitive assessments limits the clear understanding of the impact of PSCI on cognition. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to make a direct comparison of longitudinal cognitive assessment results to clarify the impact of ischemic stroke on PSCI and assess the cognitive decline in PSCI compared to people with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: All study participants had their Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) at the chronic poststroke stage (<=6 months after stroke), which was compared with prestroke or acute poststroke (<6 months after stroke) MMSE to investigate the two aspects of PSCI. A group of patients with AD was used to reference the speed of neurodegenerative cognitive deterioration. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to compare the longitudinal change of MMSE. RESULTS: MMSE score between acute and chronic poststroke revealed a 1.8 +/- 6.49 decline per year (n=76), which was not significantly different from the AD patients who underwent cholinesterase inhibitors treatment (-1.11 +/- 2.61, p=0.35, n=232). MMSE score between prestroke and chronic poststroke (n=33) revealed a significant decline (-6.52 +/- 6.86, p < 0.001). In addition, their cognitive deterioration was significantly associated with sex, age, and stroke over the white matter or basal ganglia. CONCLUSION: Ischemic stroke substantially affects cognition with an average six-point drop in MMSE. The rate of cognitive decline in PSCI was similar to AD, and those with white matter or basal ganglia infarct were at greater risk of PSCI.
ESTHER : Hong_2022_Curr.Alzheimer.Res__
PubMedSearch : Hong_2022_Curr.Alzheimer.Res__
PubMedID: 35927922

Title : Structural and Biophysical Analyses of Human N-Myc Downstream-Regulated Gene 3 (NDRG3) Protein - Kim_2020_Biomolecules_10_
Author(s) : Kim KR , Kim KA , Park JS , Jang JY , Choi Y , Lee HH , Lee DC , Park KC , Yeom YI , Kim HJ , Han BW
Ref : Biomolecules , 10 : , 2020
Abstract : The N-Myc downstream-regulated gene (NDRG) family belongs to the alpha/beta-hydrolase fold and is known to exert various physiologic functions in cell proliferation, dierentiation, and hypoxia-induced cancer metabolism. In particular, NDRG3 is closely related to proliferation and migration of prostate cancer cells, and recent studies reported its implication in lactate-triggered hypoxia responses or tumorigenesis. However, the underlying mechanism for the functions of NDRG3 remains unclear. Here, we report the crystal structure of human NDRG3 at 2.2 resolution, with six molecules in an asymmetric unit. While NDRG3 adopts the alpha/beta-hydrolase fold, complete substitution of the canonical catalytic triad residues to non-reactive residues and steric hindrance around the pseudo-active site seem to disable the alpha/beta-hydrolase activity. While NDRG3 shares a high similarity to NDRG2 in terms of amino acid sequence and structure, NDRG3 exhibited remarkable structural differences in a flexible loop corresponding to helix alpha6 of NDRG2 that is responsible for tumor suppression. Thus, this flexible loop region seems to play a distinct role in oncogenic progression induced by NDRG3. Collectively, our studies could provide structural and biophysical insights into the molecular characteristics of NDRG3.
ESTHER : Kim_2020_Biomolecules_10_
PubMedSearch : Kim_2020_Biomolecules_10_
PubMedID: 31935861
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-NDRG3

Title : A Fungus-Inducible Pepper Carboxylesterase Exhibits Antifungal Activity by Decomposing the Outer Layer of Fungal Cell Walls - Seo_2018_Mol.Plant.Microbe.Interact_31_505
Author(s) : Seo HH , Park AR , Lee HH , Park S , Han YJ , Hoang QTN , Choi GJ , Kim JC , Kim YS , Kim JI
Ref : Mol Plant Microbe Interact , 31 :505 , 2018
Abstract : Colletotrichum species are major fungal pathogens that cause devastating anthracnose diseases in many economically important crops. In this study, we observed the hydrolyzing activity of a fungus-inducible pepper carboxylesterase (PepEST) on cell walls of C. gloeosporioides, causing growth retardation of the fungus by blocking appressorium formation. To determine the cellular basis for the growth inhibition, we observed the localization of PepEST on the fungus and found the attachment of the protein on surfaces of conidia and germination tubes. Moreover, we examined the decomposition of cell-wall materials from the fungal surface after reaction with PepEST, which led to the identification of 1,2-dithiane-4,5-diol (DTD) by gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis. Exogenous DTD treatment did not elicit expression of defense-related genes in the host plant but did trigger the necrosis of C. gloeosporioides. Furthermore, the DTD compound displayed protective effects on pepper fruits and plants against C. gloeosporioides and C. coccodes, respectively. In addition, DTD was also effective in preventing other diseases, such as rice blast, tomato late blight, and wheat leaf rust. Therefore, our results provide evidence that PepEST is involved in hydrolysis of the outmost layer of the fungal cell walls and that DTD has antifungal activity, suggesting an alternative strategy to control agronomically important phytopathogens.
ESTHER : Seo_2018_Mol.Plant.Microbe.Interact_31_505
PubMedSearch : Seo_2018_Mol.Plant.Microbe.Interact_31_505
PubMedID: 29189097

Title : Comparative and population genomic landscape of Phellinus noxius: A hypervariable fungus causing root rot in trees - Chung_2017_Mol.Ecol_26_6301
Author(s) : Chung CL , Lee TJ , Akiba M , Lee HH , Kuo TH , Liu D , Ke HM , Yokoi T , Roa MB , Lu MJ , Chang YY , Ann PJ , Tsai JN , Chen CY , Tzean SS , Ota Y , Hattori T , Sahashi N , Liou RF , Kikuchi T , Tsai IJ
Ref : Mol Ecol , 26 :6301 , 2017
Abstract : The order Hymenochaetales of white rot fungi contain some of the most aggressive wood decayers causing tree deaths around the world. Despite their ecological importance and the impact of diseases they cause, little is known about the evolution and transmission patterns of these pathogens. Here, we sequenced and undertook comparative genomic analyses of Hymenochaetales genomes using brown root rot fungus Phellinus noxius, wood-decomposing fungus Phellinus lamaensis, laminated root rot fungus Phellinus sulphurascens and trunk pathogen Porodaedalea pini. Many gene families of lignin-degrading enzymes were identified from these fungi, reflecting their ability as white rot fungi. Comparing against distant fungi highlighted the expansion of 1,3-beta-glucan synthases in P. noxius, which may account for its fast-growing attribute. We identified 13 linkage groups conserved within Agaricomycetes, suggesting the evolution of stable karyotypes. We determined that P. noxius has a bipolar heterothallic mating system, with unusual highly expanded ~60 kb A locus as a result of accumulating gene transposition. We investigated the population genomics of 60 P. noxius isolates across multiple islands of the Asia Pacific region. Whole-genome sequencing showed this multinucleate species contains abundant poly-allelic single nucleotide polymorphisms with atypical allele frequencies. Different patterns of intra-isolate polymorphism reflect mono-/heterokaryotic states which are both prevalent in nature. We have shown two genetically separated lineages with one spanning across many islands despite the geographical barriers. Both populations possess extraordinary genetic diversity and show contrasting evolutionary scenarios. These results provide a framework to further investigate the genetic basis underlying the fitness and virulence of white rot fungi.
ESTHER : Chung_2017_Mol.Ecol_26_6301
PubMedSearch : Chung_2017_Mol.Ecol_26_6301
PubMedID: 28926153
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9homo-a0a286uk81

Title : Constitutive expression of a fungus-inducible carboxylesterase improves disease resistance in transgenic pepper plants - Ko_2016_Planta_244_379
Author(s) : Ko M , Cho JH , Seo HH , Lee HH , Kang HY , Nguyen TS , Soh HC , Kim YS , Kim JI
Ref : Planta , 244 :379 , 2016
Abstract : MAIN CONCLUSION: Resistance against anthracnose fungi was enhanced in transgenic pepper plants that accumulated high levels of a carboxylesterase, PepEST in anthracnose-susceptible fruits, with a concurrent induction of antioxidant enzymes and SA-dependent PR proteins. A pepper esterase gene (PepEST) is highly expressed during the incompatible interaction between ripe fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and a hemibiotrophic anthracnose fungus (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides). In this study, we found that exogenous application of recombinant PepEST protein on the surface of the unripe pepper fruits led to a potentiated state for disease resistance in the fruits, including generation of hydrogen peroxide and expression of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes that encode mostly small proteins with antimicrobial activity. To elucidate the role of PepEST in plant defense, we further developed transgenic pepper plants overexpressing PepEST under the control of CaMV 35S promoter. Molecular analysis confirmed the establishment of three independent transgenic lines carrying single copy of transgenes. The level of PepEST protein was estimated to be approximately 0.002 % of total soluble protein in transgenic fruits. In response to the anthracnose fungus, the transgenic fruits displayed higher expression of PR genes, PR3, PR5, PR10, and PepThi, than non-transgenic control fruits did. Moreover, immunolocalization results showed concurrent localization of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and PR3 proteins, along with the PepEST protein, in the infected region of transgenic fruits. Disease rate analysis revealed significantly low occurrence of anthracnose disease in the transgenic fruits, approximately 30 % of that in non-transgenic fruits. Furthermore, the transgenic plants also exhibited resistance against C. acutatum and C. coccodes. Collectively, our results suggest that overexpression of PepEST in pepper confers enhanced resistance against the anthracnose fungi by activating the defense signaling pathways.
ESTHER : Ko_2016_Planta_244_379
PubMedSearch : Ko_2016_Planta_244_379
PubMedID: 27074836

Title : Simple amino acid tags improve both expression and secretion of Candida antarctica lipase B in recombinant Escherichia coli - Kim_2015_Biotechnol.Bioeng_112_346
Author(s) : Kim SK , Park YC , Lee HH , Jeon ST , Min WK , Seo JH
Ref : Biotechnol Bioeng , 112 :346 , 2015
Abstract : Escherichia coli is the best-established microbial host strain for production of proteins and chemicals, but has a weakness for not secreting high amounts of active heterologous proteins to the extracellular culture medium, of which origins belong to whether prokaryotes or eukaryotes. In this study, Candida antarctica lipase B (CalB), a popular eukaryotic enzyme which catalyzes a number of biochemical reactions and barely secreted extracellularly, was expressed functionally at a gram scale in culture medium by using a simple amino acid-tag system of E. coli. New fusion tag systems consisting of a pelB signal sequence and various anion amino acid tags facilitated both intracellular expression and extracellular secretion of CalB. Among them, the N-terminal five aspartate tag changed the quaternary structure of the dimeric CalB and allowed production of 1.9 g/L active CalB with 65 U/mL activity in culture medium, which exhibited the same enzymatic properties as the commercial CalB. This PelB-anion amino acid tag-based expression system for CalB can be extended to production of other industrial proteins hardly expressed and exported from E. coli, thereby increasing target protein concentrations and minimizing purification steps. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2015;112: 346-355. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ESTHER : Kim_2015_Biotechnol.Bioeng_112_346
PubMedSearch : Kim_2015_Biotechnol.Bioeng_112_346
PubMedID: 25182473

Title : Tyrosine phosphorylation regulates the membrane trafficking of the potassium chloride co-transporter KCC2 - Lee_2010_Mol.Cell.Neurosci_45_173
Author(s) : Lee HH , Jurd R , Moss SJ
Ref : Molecular & Cellular Neurosciences , 45 :173 , 2010
Abstract : The activity of the neuronal-specific potassium chloride co-transporter KCC2 allows neurons to maintain low intracellular Cl(-) concentrations. These low Cl(-) concentrations are critical in mediating fast synaptic inhibition upon the activation of Cl(-)-permeable ligand-gated ion channels such as type A gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABA(A)Rs). Deficits in KCC2 functional expression thus play central roles in the etiology of epilepsy and ischemia. It is emerging that KCC2 is phosphorylated on tyrosine residues, but the molecular substrates for this covalent modification within KCC2 and its functional significance remain poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that in HEK-293 cells the principal sites of tyrosine phosphorylation within KCC2 are residues 903 and 1087 (Y903/1087), which lie within the major C-terminal intracellular domain of KCC2. Phosphorylation of Y903/1087 decreases the cell surface stability of KCC2 principally by enhancing their lysozomal degradation. We further demonstrate that in cultured hippocampal neurons prolonged activation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) enhances KCC2 tyrosine phosphorylation and lysozomal degradation. Consistent with our in vitro studies, induction of status epilepticus (SE) in mice using pilocarpine, a mAChR agonist, induces large deficits in the cell surface stability of KCC2 together with enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation. Tyrosine phosphorylation of KCC2 is thus likely to play a key role in regulating the degradation of KCC2, a process that may be responsible for pathological losses of KCC2 function that are evident in SE and other forms of epilepsy.
ESTHER : Lee_2010_Mol.Cell.Neurosci_45_173
PubMedSearch : Lee_2010_Mol.Cell.Neurosci_45_173
PubMedID: 20600929

Title : Identification of mouse Prp19p as a lipid droplet-associated protein and its possible involvement in the biogenesis of lipid droplets - Cho_2007_J.Biol.Chem_282_2456
Author(s) : Cho SY , Shin ES , Park PJ , Shin DW , Chang HK , Kim D , Lee HH , Lee JH , Kim SH , Song MJ , Chang IS , Lee OS , Lee TR
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 282 :2456 , 2007
Abstract : Prp19p is an integral component of the heteromeric protein complex (the NineTeen complex) in the nucleus, and it is essential for the structural integrity of NineTeen complex and its subsequent activation of the spliceosome. We identified Prp19p, which has never been reported in relation to any function outside of the nucleus, as a member of proteins associated with lipid droplets. Down-regulation of Prp19p expression with RNA interference in 3T3-L1 cells repressed lipid droplet formation with the reduction in the level of expression of perilipin and S3-12. The levels of expression of SCD1 (stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1), DGAT-1 (acyl-CoA diacylglycerol acyltransferase-1), and glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase were also reduced in Prp19p down-regulated cells, and a significant decrease in triglycerides was observed. Unlike perilipin, which is one of the most extensively studied lipid droplet-associated proteins, Prp19p is not essential for cAMP- and hormone-sensitive lipase-dependent lipolysis pathways, even though Prp19p is a component of the lipid droplet phospholipid monolayer, and down-regulation of Prp19p represses fat accretion significantly. These results suggest that Prp19p or Prp19-interacting proteins during lipid droplet biogenesis in adipocytes may be considered as another class of potential targets for attacking obesity and obesity-related problems.
ESTHER : Cho_2007_J.Biol.Chem_282_2456
PubMedSearch : Cho_2007_J.Biol.Chem_282_2456
PubMedID: 17118936

Title : A Colletotrichum gloeosporioides-induced esterase gene of nonclimacteric pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruit during ripening plays a role in resistance against fungal infection - Ko_2005_Plant.Mol.Biol_58_529
Author(s) : Ko MK , Jeon WB , Kim KS , Lee HH , Seo HH , Kim YS , Oh BJ
Ref : Plant Mol Biol , 58 :529 , 2005
Abstract : Ripe fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum) are resistant to the anthracnose fungus, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, whereas unripe-mature fruits are susceptible. A pepper esterase gene (PepEST) that is highly expressed during an incompatible interaction between the ripe fruit of pepper and C. gloeosporioides was previously cloned. Deduced amino acid sequence of PepEST cDNA showed homology to both esterases and lipases, and contained -HGGGF- and -GXSXG- motifs and a catalytic triad. Inhibition of PepEST activity by a specific inhibitor of serine hydrolase demonstrated that a serine residue is critical for the enzyme activity. Expression of PepEST gene was fruit-specific in response to C. gloeosporioides inoculation, and up-regulated by wounding or jasmonic acid treatment during ripening. PepEST mRNA and protein was differentially accumulated in ripe vs. unripe fruit from 24 h after inoculation when C. gloeosporioides is invading into fruits. Immunochemical examination revealed that PepEST accumulation was localized in epidermal and cortical cell layers in infected ripe fruit, but rarely even in epidermal cells in infected unripe one. Over-expression of PepEST in transgenic Arabidopsis plants caused restriction of Alternaria brassicicola colonization by inhibition of spore production, resulting in enhanced resistance against A.brassicicola. These results suggest that PepEST is involved in the resistance of ripe fruit against C.gloeosporioides infection.
ESTHER : Ko_2005_Plant.Mol.Biol_58_529
PubMedSearch : Ko_2005_Plant.Mol.Biol_58_529
PubMedID: 16021337
Gene_locus related to this paper: capan-PepEST

Title : Genomic blueprint of Hahella chejuensis, a marine microbe producing an algicidal agent - Jeong_2005_Nucleic.Acids.Res_33_7066
Author(s) : Jeong H , Yim JH , Lee C , Choi SH , Park YK , Yoon SH , Hur CG , Kang HY , Kim D , Lee HH , Park KH , Park SH , Park HS , Lee HK , Oh TK , Kim JF
Ref : Nucleic Acids Research , 33 :7066 , 2005
Abstract : Harmful algal blooms, caused by rapid growth and accumulation of certain microalgae in the ocean, pose considerable impacts on marine environments, aquatic industries and even public health. Here, we present the 7.2-megabase genome of the marine bacterium Hahella chejuensis including genes responsible for the biosynthesis of a pigment which has the lytic activity against a red-tide dinoflagellate. H.chejuensis is the first sequenced species in the Oceanospiralles clade, and sequence analysis revealed its distant relationship to the Pseudomonas group. The genome was well equipped with genes for basic metabolic capabilities and contained a large number of genes involved in regulation or transport as well as with characteristics as a marine heterotroph. Sequence analysis also revealed a multitude of genes of functional equivalence or of possible foreign origin. Functions encoded in the genomic islands include biosynthesis of exopolysacchrides, toxins, polyketides or non-ribosomal peptides, iron utilization, motility, type III protein secretion and pigmentation. Molecular structure of the algicidal pigment, which was determined through LC-ESI-MS/MS and NMR analyses, indicated that it is prodigiosin. In conclusion, our work provides new insights into mitigating algal blooms in addition to genetic make-up, physiology, biotic interactions and biological roles in the community of a marine bacterium.
ESTHER : Jeong_2005_Nucleic.Acids.Res_33_7066
PubMedSearch : Jeong_2005_Nucleic.Acids.Res_33_7066
PubMedID: 16352867
Gene_locus related to this paper: hahch-q2s6v8 , hahch-q2s7u4 , hahch-q2s8m0 , hahch-q2s9b5 , hahch-q2s9n3 , hahch-q2s796 , hahch-q2s803 , hahch-q2s809 , hahch-q2s829 , hahch-q2sae5 , hahch-q2sav4 , hahch-q2sbd6 , hahch-q2sc65 , hahch-q2scc5 , hahch-q2sci6 , hahch-q2sct6 , hahch-q2scw7 , hahch-q2sdy2 , hahch-q2seh8 , hahch-q2seq6 , hahch-q2sfm2 , hahch-q2sfm4 , hahch-q2sfm9 , hahch-q2sfx3 , hahch-q2sgj4 , hahch-q2sgn6 , hahch-q2sgt0 , hahch-q2sgz8 , hahch-q2shj8 , hahch-q2shp0 , hahch-q2shq5 , hahch-q2shv0 , hahch-q2shv4 , hahch-q2shz6 , hahch-q2sic0 , hahch-q2sil6 , hahch-q2sj56 , hahch-q2sje1 , hahch-q2sje8 , hahch-q2skf9 , hahch-q2skg3 , hahch-q2skl5 , hahch-q2skv5 , hahch-q2sl80 , hahch-q2sll2 , hahch-q2slq4 , hahch-q2sls7 , hahch-q2sm17 , hahch-q2sn09 , hahch-q2sn54 , hahch-q2snn5 , hahch-q2snq6 , hahch-q2snw9 , hahch-q2spi5 , hahch-q2spk1 , hahch-q2spm8 , hahch-q2sq02 , hahch-q2sqg8 , hahch-q2sqn4 , hahch-q2sqx6 , hahch-q2sjs2

Title : Transcriptional regulation of acetylcholinesterase-associated collagen ColQ: differential expression in fast and slow twitch muscle fibers is driven by distinct promoters - Lee_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_27098
Author(s) : Lee HH , Choi RC , Ting AK , Siow NL , Jiang JX , Massoulie J , Tsim KWK
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 279 :27098 , 2004
Abstract : The presence of a collagenous protein (ColQ) characterizes the collagen-tailed forms of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase at vertebrate neuromuscular junctions which is tethered in the synaptic basal lamina. ColQ subunits, differing mostly by their signal sequences, are encoded by transcripts ColQ-1 and ColQ-1a, which are differentially expressed in slow and fast twitch muscles in mammals. Two distinct promoters, pColQ-1 and pColQ-1a, were isolated from the upstream sequences of human COLQ gene; they showed muscle-specific expression and were activated by myogenic transcriptional elements in cultured myotubes. After in vivo DNA transfection, pColQ-1 showed strong activity in slow twitch muscle (e.g. soleus), whereas pColQ-1a was preferably expressed in fast twitch muscle (e.g. tibialis). Mutation analysis of the ColQ promoters suggested that the muscle fiber type-specific expression pattern of ColQ transcripts were regulated by a slow upsteam regulatory element (SURE) and a fast intronic regulatory element (FIRE). These regulatory elements were responsive to a calcium ionophore and to calcineurin inhibition by cyclosporine A. The slow fiber type-specific expression of ColQ-1 was abolished by the mutation of an NFAT element in pColQ-1. Moreover, both the ColQ promoters contained N-box element that was responsible for the synapse-specific expression of ColQ transcripts. These results explain the specific expression patterns of collagen-tailed acetylcholinesterase in slow and fast muscle fibers.
ESTHER : Lee_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_27098
PubMedSearch : Lee_2004_J.Biol.Chem_279_27098
PubMedID: 15102835

Title : Muscle induces neuronal expression of acetylcholinesterase in neuron-muscle co-culture: transcriptional regulation mediated by cAMP-dependent signaling - Jiang_2003_J.Biol.Chem_278_45435
Author(s) : Jiang JX , Choi RC , Siow NL , Lee HH , Wan DC , Tsim KWK
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 278 :45435 , 2003
Abstract : Presynaptic motor neuron synthesizes and secretes acetylcholinesterase (AChE) at vertebrate neuromuscular junctions. In order to determine the retrograde role of muscle in regulating the expression of AChE in motor neuron, a chimeric co-culture of NG108-15 cell, a cholinergic cell line that resembles motor neuron, with chick myotube was established to mimic the neuromuscular contact in vitro. A DNA construct of human AChE promoter tagged with luciferase (pAChE-Luc) was stably transfected into NG108-15 cells. The co-culture with myotubes robustly stimulated the promoter activity as well as the endogenous expression of AChE in pAChE-Luc stably transfected NG108-15 cells. Muscle extract derived from chick embryos when applied onto pAChE-Luc-expressing NG108-15 cells induced expressions of AChE promoter and endogenous AChE. The cAMP-responsive element mutation on human AChE promoter blocked the muscle-induced AChE transcriptional activity in cultured NG108-15 cells either in co-culturing with myotube or in applying muscle extract. The accumulation of intracellular cAMP and the phosphorylation of cAMP-responsive element-binding protein in cultured NG108-15 cells were stimulated by applied muscle extract. Part of the muscle-induced signaling was mimicked by application of calcitonin gene-related peptide in cultured NG108-15 cells. These results suggest the muscle-induced neuronal AChE expression in the co-culture is mediated by a cAMP-dependent signaling.
ESTHER : Jiang_2003_J.Biol.Chem_278_45435
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2003_J.Biol.Chem_278_45435
PubMedID: 12963741