References (1)

Title : The Antimalarial Natural Product Salinipostin A Identifies Essential alpha\/beta Serine Hydrolases Involved in Lipid Metabolism in P. falciparum Parasites - Yoo_2020_Cell.Chem.Biol_27_143
Author(s) : Yoo E , Schulze CJ , Stokes BH , Onguka O , Yeo T , Mok S , Gnadig NF , Zhou Y , Kurita K , Foe IT , Terrell SM , Boucher MJ , Cieplak P , Kumpornsin K , Lee MCS , Linington RG , Long JZ , Uhlemann AC , Weerapana E , Fidock DA , Bogyo M
Ref : Cell Chemical Biology , 27 :143 , 2020
Abstract : Salinipostin A (Sal A) is a potent antiplasmodial marine natural product with an undefined mechanism of action. Using a Sal A-derived activity-based probe, we identify its targets in the Plasmodium falciparum parasite. All of the identified proteins contain alpha/beta serine hydrolase domains and several are essential for parasite growth. One of the essential targets displays a high degree of homology to human monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) and is able to process lipid esters including a MAGL acylglyceride substrate. This Sal A target is inhibited by the anti-obesity drug Orlistat, which disrupts lipid metabolism. Resistance selections yielded parasites that showed only minor reductions in sensitivity and that acquired mutations in a PRELI domain-containing protein linked to drug resistance in Toxoplasma gondii. This inability to evolve efficient resistance mechanisms combined with the non-essentiality of human homologs makes the serine hydrolases identified here promising antimalarial targets.
ESTHER : Yoo_2020_Cell.Chem.Biol_27_143
PubMedSearch : Yoo_2020_Cell.Chem.Biol_27_143
PubMedID: 31978322
Gene_locus related to this paper: plaf7-q8ii19 , plafa-a0a143zya4 , plaf7-q8iik5 , plafa-MAL8P1.38 , plafa-PF07.0040 , plafa-PF10.0020 , plafa-PF10.0379 , plafa-PF13.0153