Morono Y

References (2)

Title : High frequency of phylogenetically diverse reductive dehalogenase-homologous genes in deep subseafloor sedimentary metagenomes - Kawai_2014_Front.Microbiol_5_80
Author(s) : Kawai M , Futagami T , Toyoda A , Takaki Y , Nishi S , Hori S , Arai W , Tsubouchi T , Morono Y , Uchiyama I , Ito T , Fujiyama A , Inagaki F , Takami H
Ref : Front Microbiol , 5 :80 , 2014
Abstract : Marine subsurface sediments on the Pacific margin harbor diverse microbial communities even at depths of several hundreds meters below the seafloor (mbsf) or more. Previous PCR-based molecular analysis showed the presence of diverse reductive dehalogenase gene (rdhA) homologs in marine subsurface sediment, suggesting that anaerobic respiration of organohalides is one of the possible energy-yielding pathways in the organic-rich sedimentary habitat. However, primer-independent molecular characterization of rdhA has remained to be demonstrated. Here, we studied the diversity and frequency of rdhA homologs by metagenomic analysis of five different depth horizons (0.8, 5.1, 18.6, 48.5, and 107.0 mbsf) at Site C9001 off the Shimokita Peninsula of Japan. From all metagenomic pools, remarkably diverse rdhA-homologous sequences, some of which are affiliated with novel clusters, were observed with high frequency. As a comparison, we also examined frequency of dissimilatory sulfite reductase genes (dsrAB), key functional genes for microbial sulfate reduction. The dsrAB were also widely observed in the metagenomic pools whereas the frequency of dsrAB genes was generally smaller than that of rdhA-homologous genes. The phylogenetic composition of rdhA-homologous genes was similar among the five depth horizons. Our metagenomic data revealed that subseafloor rdhA homologs are more diverse than previously identified from PCR-based molecular studies. Spatial distribution of similar rdhA homologs across wide depositional ages indicates that the heterotrophic metabolic processes mediated by the genes can be ecologically important, functioning in the organic-rich subseafloor sedimentary biosphere.
ESTHER : Kawai_2014_Front.Microbiol_5_80
PubMedSearch : Kawai_2014_Front.Microbiol_5_80
PubMedID: 24624126
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9zzzz-x0wci8 , 9zzzz-x1k9j7 , 9zzzz-x0se68 , 9zzzz-x0tpm6 , 9zzzz-x0tv89 , 9zzzz-x0ws69 , 9zzzz-x1tg33 , 9zzzz-x1anx0 , 9zzzz-x1m8t8 , 9zzzz-x1a5i7 , 9zzzz-x1k2t2 , 9zzzz-x0uzq5

Title : Application of glutaraldehyde for the staining of esterase-active cells with carboxyfluorescein diacetate - Morono_2004_Biotechnol.Lett_26_379
Author(s) : Morono Y , Takano S , Miyanaga K , Tanji Y , Unno H , Hori K
Ref : Biotechnol Lett , 26 :379 , 2004
Abstract : Staining of esterase-active bacteria with carboxyfluorescein diacetate (CFDA) has been used to evaluate the viability of various types of cell. However, the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria prevents CFDA from permeating into the cell. Although EDTA can increase the permeability of the outer membrane allowing CFDA to enter the cells, it was experimentally confirmed that there is still considerable difficulty in visualizing viable cells due to passive diffusion of carboxyfluorescein (CF), a hydrolyzed product of CFDA, out of the cells. We found that glutaraldehyde enhances the discriminative recognition of esterase-active Gram-negative bacteria under microscopic observation by improving the efficacy of staining. We believe the successful staining in the presence of glutaraldehyde is due to two separate effects: an increase in the permeability of CFDA into the cell and prevention of leakage of CF out of the cell.
ESTHER : Morono_2004_Biotechnol.Lett_26_379
PubMedSearch : Morono_2004_Biotechnol.Lett_26_379
PubMedID: 15104134