Ehrenreich P

References (2)

Title : Alkane degradation under anoxic conditions by a nitrate-reducing bacterium with possible involvement of the electron acceptor in substrate activation - Zedelius_2011_Environ.Microbiol.Rep_3_125
Author(s) : Zedelius J , Rabus R , Grundmann O , Werner I , Brodkorb D , Schreiber F , Ehrenreich P , Behrends A , Wilkes H , Kube M , Reinhardt R , Widdel F
Ref : Environ Microbiol Rep , 3 :125 , 2011
Abstract : Microorganisms can degrade saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes) not only under oxic but also under anoxic conditions. Three denitrifying isolates (strains HxN1, OcN1, HdN1) able to grow under anoxic conditions by coupling alkane oxidation to CO(2) with NO(3) (-) reduction to N(2) were compared with respect to their alkane metabolism. Strains HxN1 and OcN1, which are both Betaproteobacteria, utilized n-alkanes from C(6) to C(8) and C(8) to C(12) respectively. Both activate alkanes anaerobically in a fumarate-dependent reaction yielding alkylsuccinates, as suggested by present and previous metabolite and gene analyses. However, strain HdN1 was unique in several respects. It belongs to the Gammaproteobacteria and was more versatile towards alkanes, utilizing the range from C(6) to C(30). Neither analysis of metabolites nor analysis of genes in the complete genome sequence of strain HdN1 hinted at fumarate-dependent alkane activation. Moreover, whereas strains HxN1 and OcN1 grew with alkanes and NO(3) (-), NO(2) (-) or N(2)O added to the medium, strain HdN1 oxidized alkanes only with NO(3) (-) or NO(2) (-) but not with added N(2)O; but N(2)O was readily used for growth with long-chain alcohols or fatty acids. Results suggest that NO(2) (-) or a subsequently formed nitrogen compound other than N(2)O is needed for alkane activation in strain HdN1. From an energetic point of view, nitrogen-oxygen species are generally rather strong oxidants. They may enable enzymatic mechanisms that are not possible under conditions of sulfate reduction or methanogenesis and thus allow a special mode of alkane activation.
ESTHER : Zedelius_2011_Environ.Microbiol.Rep_3_125
PubMedSearch : Zedelius_2011_Environ.Microbiol.Rep_3_125
PubMedID: 21837252
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9gamm-e1vi37 , 9gamm-e1vjh4 , 9gamm-e1vli3 , 9gamm-e1vqy3 , 9gamm-e1vnt0 , 9gamm-e1vj65 , 9gamm-e1vpf8

Title : The complete genome sequence of Bacillus licheniformis DSM13, an organism with great industrial potential - Veith_2004_J.Mol.Microbiol.Biotechnol_7_204
Author(s) : Veith B , Herzberg C , Steckel S , Feesche J , Maurer KH , Ehrenreich P , Baumer S , Henne A , Liesegang H , Merkl R , Ehrenreich A , Gottschalk G
Ref : J Molecular Microbiology Biotechnol , 7 :204 , 2004
Abstract : The genome of Bacillus licheniformis DSM13 consists of a single chromosome that has a size of 4,222,748 base pairs. The average G+C ratio is 46.2%. 4,286 open reading frames, 72 tRNA genes, 7 rRNA operons and 20 transposase genes were identified. The genome shows a marked co-linearity with Bacillus subtilis but contains defined inserted regions that can be identified at the sequence as well as at the functional level. B. licheniformis DSM13 has a well-conserved secretory system, no polyketide biosynthesis, but is able to form the lipopeptide lichenysin. From the further analysis of the genome sequence, we identified conserved regulatory DNA motives, the occurrence of the glyoxylate bypass and the presence of anaerobic ribonucleotide reductase explaining that B. licheniformis is able to grow on acetate and 2,3-butanediol as well as anaerobically on glucose. Many new genes of potential interest for biotechnological applications were found in B. licheniformis; candidates include proteases, pectate lyases, lipases and various polysaccharide degrading enzymes.
ESTHER : Veith_2004_J.Mol.Microbiol.Biotechnol_7_204
PubMedSearch : Veith_2004_J.Mol.Microbiol.Biotechnol_7_204
PubMedID: 15383718
Gene_locus related to this paper: bacld-q62u01 , bacld-q62yz9 , bacld-q65dz7 , bacld-q65e02 , bacld-q65eq1 , bacld-q65fc5 , bacld-q65fg2 , bacld-q65fg3 , bacld-q65fk9 , bacld-q65ft3 , bacld-q65fw3 , bacld-q65fy2 , bacld-q65gx2 , bacld-q65hn8 , bacld-q65hr4 , bacld-q65if8 , bacld-q65iy4 , bacld-q65j72 , bacld-q65le0 , bacld-q65ly2 , bacld-q65m29 , bacld-q65mg8 , bacld-q65my7 , bacld-q65n63 , bacld-q65nk2 , bacld-q65nm7 , bacli-LICC