Rokhsar DS

References (26)

Title : Genome evolution in the allotetraploid frog Xenopus laevis - Session_2016_Nature_538_336
Author(s) : Session AM , Uno Y , Kwon T , Chapman JA , Toyoda A , Takahashi S , Fukui A , Hikosaka A , Suzuki A , Kondo M , van Heeringen SJ , Quigley I , Heinz S , Ogino H , Ochi H , Hellsten U , Lyons JB , Simakov O , Putnam N , Stites J , Kuroki Y , Tanaka T , Michiue T , Watanabe M , Bogdanovic O , Lister R , Georgiou G , Paranjpe SS , van Kruijsbergen I , Shu S , Carlson J , Kinoshita T , Ohta Y , Mawaribuchi S , Jenkins J , Grimwood J , Schmutz J , Mitros T , Mozaffari SV , Suzuki Y , Haramoto Y , Yamamoto TS , Takagi C , Heald R , Miller K , Haudenschild C , Kitzman J , Nakayama T , Izutsu Y , Robert J , Fortriede J , Burns K , Lotay V , Karimi K , Yasuoka Y , Dichmann DS , Flajnik MF , Houston DW , Shendure J , DuPasquier L , Vize PD , Zorn AM , Ito M , Marcotte EM , Wallingford JB , Ito Y , Asashima M , Ueno N , Matsuda Y , Veenstra GJ , Fujiyama A , Harland RM , Taira M , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Nature , 538 :336 , 2016
Abstract : To explore the origins and consequences of tetraploidy in the African clawed frog, we sequenced the Xenopus laevis genome and compared it to the related diploid X. tropicalis genome. We characterize the allotetraploid origin of X. laevis by partitioning its genome into two homoeologous subgenomes, marked by distinct families of 'fossil' transposable elements. On the basis of the activity of these elements and the age of hundreds of unitary pseudogenes, we estimate that the two diploid progenitor species diverged around 34 million years ago (Ma) and combined to form an allotetraploid around 17-18 Ma. More than 56% of all genes were retained in two homoeologous copies. Protein function, gene expression, and the amount of conserved flanking sequence all correlate with retention rates. The subgenomes have evolved asymmetrically, with one chromosome set more often preserving the ancestral state and the other experiencing more gene loss, deletion, rearrangement, and reduced gene expression.
ESTHER : Session_2016_Nature_538_336
PubMedSearch : Session_2016_Nature_538_336
PubMedID: 27762356
Gene_locus related to this paper: xenla-a0a1l8f4t7 , xenla-a0a1l8fbc6 , xenla-a0a1l8fct2 , xenla-q2tap9 , xenla-q4klb6 , xenla-q5xh09 , xenla-q6ax59 , xenla-q6dcw6 , xenla-q6irp4 , xenla-q6pad5 , xenla-q7sz70 , xenla-Q7ZXQ6 , xenla-q66kx1 , xenla-q640y7 , xenla-q642r3 , xenla-Q860X9 , xenla-BCHE2 , xenla-a0a1l8g7v4 , xenla-a0a1l8g1u7 , xenla-a0a1l8fmc5 , xenla-a0a1l8g467 , xenla-a0a1l8g4e4 , xenla-a0a1l8ga66 , xenla-a0a1l8gaw4 , xenla-a0a1l8gt68 , xenla-a0a1l8h0b2 , xenla-a0a1l8fdr1 , xenla-a0a1l8fdt7 , xenla-a0a1l8fi72 , xenla-a0a1l8fi73 , xenla-a0a1l8fi77 , xenla-a0a1l8fi96 , xenla-a0a1l8hc38 , xenla-a0a1l8hn27 , xenla-a0a1l8hry6 , xenla-a0a1l8hw96 , xenla-a0a1l8i2x6 , xenla-a0a1l8hei7 , xenla-a0a1l8gnd1 , xenla-a0a1l8i2g3 , xenla-a0a1l8hdn0 , xenla-a0a1l8h622

Title : The genome of Eucalyptus grandis - Myburg_2014_Nature_510_356
Author(s) : Myburg AA , Grattapaglia D , Tuskan GA , Hellsten U , Hayes RD , Grimwood J , Jenkins J , Lindquist E , Tice H , Bauer D , Goodstein DM , Dubchak I , Poliakov A , Mizrachi E , Kullan AR , Hussey SG , Pinard D , van der Merwe K , Singh P , van Jaarsveld I , Silva-Junior OB , Togawa RC , Pappas MR , Faria DA , Sansaloni CP , Petroli CD , Yang X , Ranjan P , Tschaplinski TJ , Ye CY , Li T , Sterck L , Vanneste K , Murat F , Soler M , Clemente HS , Saidi N , Cassan-Wang H , Dunand C , Hefer CA , Bornberg-Bauer E , Kersting AR , Vining K , Amarasinghe V , Ranik M , Naithani S , Elser J , Boyd AE , Liston A , Spatafora JW , Dharmwardhana P , Raja R , Sullivan C , Romanel E , Alves-Ferreira M , Kulheim C , Foley W , Carocha V , Paiva J , Kudrna D , Brommonschenkel SH , Pasquali G , Byrne M , Rigault P , Tibbits J , Spokevicius A , Jones RC , Steane DA , Vaillancourt RE , Potts BM , Joubert F , Barry K , Pappas GJ , Strauss SH , Jaiswal P , Grima-Pettenati J , Salse J , Van de Peer Y , Rokhsar DS , Schmutz J
Ref : Nature , 510 :356 , 2014
Abstract : Eucalypts are the world's most widely planted hardwood trees. Their outstanding diversity, adaptability and growth have made them a global renewable resource of fibre and energy. We sequenced and assembled >94% of the 640-megabase genome of Eucalyptus grandis. Of 36,376 predicted protein-coding genes, 34% occur in tandem duplications, the largest proportion thus far in plant genomes. Eucalyptus also shows the highest diversity of genes for specialized metabolites such as terpenes that act as chemical defence and provide unique pharmaceutical oils. Genome sequencing of the E. grandis sister species E. globulus and a set of inbred E. grandis tree genomes reveals dynamic genome evolution and hotspots of inbreeding depression. The E. grandis genome is the first reference for the eudicot order Myrtales and is placed here sister to the eurosids. This resource expands our understanding of the unique biology of large woody perennials and provides a powerful tool to accelerate comparative biology, breeding and biotechnology.
ESTHER : Myburg_2014_Nature_510_356
PubMedSearch : Myburg_2014_Nature_510_356
PubMedID: 24919147
Gene_locus related to this paper: eucgr-a0a059d0n8 , eucgr-a0a059cm68 , eucgr-a0a059d783 , eucgr-a0a059af93 , eucgr-a0a059awi0 , eucgr-a0a059awt4 , eucgr-a0a059ar83 , eucgr-a0a059ayw5 , eucgr-a0a059az75 , eucgr-a0a059azj1 , eucgr-a0a059azq5 , eucgr-a0a059bkm2 , eucgr-a0a059bl38 , eucgr-a0a059a7m2 , eucgr-a0a059a6p6 , eucgr-a0a059a6p1 , eucgr-a0a059a5e9 , eucgr-a0a059cpq4 , eucgr-a0a059b8v5

Title : A reference genome for common bean and genome-wide analysis of dual domestications - Schmutz_2014_Nat.Genet_46_707
Author(s) : Schmutz J , McClean PE , Mamidi S , Wu GA , Cannon SB , Grimwood J , Jenkins J , Shu S , Song Q , Chavarro C , Torres-Torres M , Geffroy V , Moghaddam SM , Gao D , Abernathy B , Barry K , Blair M , Brick MA , Chovatia M , Gepts P , Goodstein DM , Gonzales M , Hellsten U , Hyten DL , Jia G , Kelly JD , Kudrna D , Lee R , Richard MM , Miklas PN , Osorno JM , Rodrigues J , Thareau V , Urrea CA , Wang M , Yu Y , Zhang M , Wing RA , Cregan PB , Rokhsar DS , Jackson SA
Ref : Nat Genet , 46 :707 , 2014
Abstract : Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the most important grain legume for human consumption and has a role in sustainable agriculture owing to its ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen. We assembled 473 Mb of the 587-Mb genome and genetically anchored 98% of this sequence in 11 chromosome-scale pseudomolecules. We compared the genome for the common bean against the soybean genome to find changes in soybean resulting from polyploidy. Using resequencing of 60 wild individuals and 100 landraces from the genetically differentiated Mesoamerican and Andean gene pools, we confirmed 2 independent domestications from genetic pools that diverged before human colonization. Less than 10% of the 74 Mb of sequence putatively involved in domestication was shared by the two domestication events. We identified a set of genes linked with increased leaf and seed size and combined these results with quantitative trait locus data from Mesoamerican cultivars. Genes affected by domestication may be useful for genomics-enabled crop improvement.
ESTHER : Schmutz_2014_Nat.Genet_46_707
PubMedSearch : Schmutz_2014_Nat.Genet_46_707
PubMedID: 24908249
Gene_locus related to this paper: phavu-v7azs2 , phavu-v7awu7 , phavu-v7bpt6 , phavu-v7b6k3 , phavu-v7cry4

Title : Fine-scale variation in meiotic recombination in Mimulus inferred from population shotgun sequencing - Hellsten_2013_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_110_19478
Author(s) : Hellsten U , Wright KM , Jenkins J , Shu S , Yuan Y , Wessler SR , Schmutz J , Willis JH , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 110 :19478 , 2013
Abstract : Meiotic recombination rates can vary widely across genomes, with hotspots of intense activity interspersed among cold regions. In yeast, hotspots tend to occur in promoter regions of genes, whereas in humans and mice, hotspots are largely defined by binding sites of the positive-regulatory domain zinc finger protein 9. To investigate the detailed recombination pattern in a flowering plant, we use shotgun resequencing of a wild population of the monkeyflower Mimulus guttatus to precisely locate over 400,000 boundaries of historic crossovers or gene conversion tracts. Their distribution defines some 13,000 hotspots of varying strengths, interspersed with cold regions of undetectably low recombination. Average recombination rates peak near starts of genes and fall off sharply, exhibiting polarity. Within genes, recombination tracts are more likely to terminate in exons than in introns. The general pattern is similar to that observed in yeast, as well as in positive-regulatory domain zinc finger protein 9-knockout mice, suggesting that recombination initiation described here in Mimulus may reflect ancient and conserved eukaryotic mechanisms.
ESTHER : Hellsten_2013_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_110_19478
PubMedSearch : Hellsten_2013_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_110_19478
PubMedID: 24225854
Gene_locus related to this paper: erygu-a0a022qsc9 , erygu-a0a022qjb4 , erygu-a0a022px28 , erygu-a0a022rcn8 , erygu-a0a022r7z4 , erygu-a0a022rcp2 , erygu-a0a022r9s7 , erygu-a0a022put8 , erygu-a0a022r922 , erygu-a0a022qmg0 , erygu-a0a022rf01 , erygu-a0a022qnf5 , erygu-a0a022qs63 , erygu-a0a022rvn4 , erygu-a0a022rnw2 , erygu-a0a022s0h3 , erygu-a0a022qr26 , erygu-a0a022qi72 , erygu-a0a022qi30 , erygu-a0a022q165 , erygu-a0a022r728 , erygu-a0a022r7n8 , erygu-a0a022rm64 , erygu-a0a022s4c6 , erygu-a0a022rbl0 , erygu-a0a022rwi3 , erygu-a0a022rzg9

Title : Insights into bilaterian evolution from three spiralian genomes - Simakov_2013_Nature_493_526
Author(s) : Simakov O , Marletaz F , Cho SJ , Edsinger-Gonzales E , Havlak P , Hellsten U , Kuo DH , Larsson T , Lv J , Arendt D , Savage R , Osoegawa K , de Jong P , Grimwood J , Chapman JA , Shapiro H , Aerts A , Otillar RP , Terry AY , Boore JL , Grigoriev IV , Lindberg DR , Seaver EC , Weisblat DA , Putnam NH , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Nature , 493 :526 , 2013
Abstract : Current genomic perspectives on animal diversity neglect two prominent phyla, the molluscs and annelids, that together account for nearly one-third of known marine species and are important both ecologically and as experimental systems in classical embryology. Here we describe the draft genomes of the owl limpet (Lottia gigantea), a marine polychaete (Capitella teleta) and a freshwater leech (Helobdella robusta), and compare them with other animal genomes to investigate the origin and diversification of bilaterians from a genomic perspective. We find that the genome organization, gene structure and functional content of these species are more similar to those of some invertebrate deuterostome genomes (for example, amphioxus and sea urchin) than those of other protostomes that have been sequenced to date (flies, nematodes and flatworms). The conservation of these genomic features enables us to expand the inventory of genes present in the last common bilaterian ancestor, establish the tripartite diversification of bilaterians using multiple genomic characteristics and identify ancient conserved long- and short-range genetic linkages across metazoans. Superimposed on this broadly conserved pan-bilaterian background we find examples of lineage-specific genome evolution, including varying rates of rearrangement, intron gain and loss, expansions and contractions of gene families, and the evolution of clade-specific genes that produce the unique content of each genome.
ESTHER : Simakov_2013_Nature_493_526
PubMedSearch : Simakov_2013_Nature_493_526
PubMedID: 23254933
Gene_locus related to this paper: capte-r7t7t5 , capte-r7tx98 , capte-r7ua57 , capte-r7ua73 , capte-ACHE1 , capte-ACHE2 , capte-ACHE3 , capte-ACHE4 , helro-ACHE1 , helro-ACHE1b , lotgi-ACHE1 , lotgi-ACHE2 , lotgi-v4aaa2 , lotgi-v3zx52 , lotgi-v4b4v9 , capte-r7tuq9 , capte-r7v997 , capte-r7vgb9 , lotgi-v3zwe9 , capte-r7tu45 , lotgi-v4bvy3 , lotgi-v3zh31 , capte-r7uie6 , lotgi-v4b898 , capte-r7u3w8 , capte-r7uxb2 , lotgi-v3za62 , capte-r7ux79 , capte-r7uq81 , capte-r7vcc3 , capte-r7ts12 , capte-r7u1x0 , capte-r7uhi1 , capte-r7vei7 , capte-r7v0v3 , lotgi-v4bvi8 , lotgi-v3zyd8 , capte-r7tzy6 , lotgi-v3z9i1 , helro-t1fsg3 , capte-x1yv75 , capte-x2b306 , lotgi-v3zcw8 , capte-r7thp6 , helro-t1fy80 , lotgi-v4bky5 , capte-r7tsq9 , lotgi-v4ali9 , lotgi-v4a9f2 , lotgi-v3zjj3 , helro-t1eej5 , helro-t1g9b7 , capte-r7tiy1 , capte-r7tbl5 , helro-t1exa6 , lotgi-v4a5l7 , helro-t1fm33 , capte-r7ud05 , capte-r7tql8 , capte-r7u5g6 , capte-r7u5z3 , capte-r7ue07 , lotgi-v3zk54 , lotgi-v4a4r1 , lotgi-v4aw76 , lotgi-v4b250 , lotgi-v4bbk1 , lotgi-v3zq85 , lotgi-v4a6s5 , lotgi-v4amq2 , lotgi-v4aqm2 , lotgi-v4crq0 , capte-r7tad7 , capte-r7vgm6 , lotgi-v4agl2 , lotgi-v3zur2 , lotgi-v4aui4 , capte-r7tlv8 , lotgi-v3zu07 , helro-t1g0w9

Title : The high-quality draft genome of peach (Prunus persica) identifies unique patterns of genetic diversity, domestication and genome evolution - Verde_2013_Nat.Genet_45_487
Author(s) : Verde I , Abbott AG , Scalabrin S , Jung S , Shu S , Marroni F , Zhebentyayeva T , Dettori MT , Grimwood J , Cattonaro F , Zuccolo A , Rossini L , Jenkins J , Vendramin E , Meisel LA , Decroocq V , Sosinski B , Prochnik S , Mitros T , Policriti A , Cipriani G , Dondini L , Ficklin S , Goodstein DM , Xuan P , Del Fabbro C , Aramini V , Copetti D , Gonzalez S , Horner DS , Falchi R , Lucas S , Mica E , Maldonado J , Lazzari B , Bielenberg D , Pirona R , Miculan M , Barakat A , Testolin R , Stella A , Tartarini S , Tonutti P , Arus P , Orellana A , Wells C , Main D , Vizzotto G , Silva H , Salamini F , Schmutz J , Morgante M , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Nat Genet , 45 :487 , 2013
Abstract : Rosaceae is the most important fruit-producing clade, and its key commercially relevant genera (Fragaria, Rosa, Rubus and Prunus) show broadly diverse growth habits, fruit types and compact diploid genomes. Peach, a diploid Prunus species, is one of the best genetically characterized deciduous trees. Here we describe the high-quality genome sequence of peach obtained from a completely homozygous genotype. We obtained a complete chromosome-scale assembly using Sanger whole-genome shotgun methods. We predicted 27,852 protein-coding genes, as well as noncoding RNAs. We investigated the path of peach domestication through whole-genome resequencing of 14 Prunus accessions. The analyses suggest major genetic bottlenecks that have substantially shaped peach genome diversity. Furthermore, comparative analyses showed that peach has not undergone recent whole-genome duplication, and even though the ancestral triplicated blocks in peach are fragmentary compared to those in grape, all seven paleosets of paralogs from the putative paleoancestor are detectable.
ESTHER : Verde_2013_Nat.Genet_45_487
PubMedSearch : Verde_2013_Nat.Genet_45_487
PubMedID: 23525075
Gene_locus related to this paper: prupe-a0a251pfr7 , prupe-a0a251r634 , prupe-m5x0p5 , prupe-m5xkg4 , prupe-m5x0q4 , prupe-m5vqa7 , prupe-m5wiw5 , prupe-a0a0u2wu32 , prupe-a0a251mtk1 , prupe-m5vl29 , prupe-m5vn82 , prupe-m5vq88 , prupe-m5y2s7 , prupe-m5wye7 , prupe-m5wxm4 , prupe-m5xqp6 , prupe-m5x4q4 , prupe-m5x4m1 , prupe-m5x6b3 , prupe-m5vlb6 , prupe-m5w4h3 , prupe-m5vlu4 , prupe-m5vln3 , prupe-a0a251myy7 , prupe-a0a251mws4 , prupe-m5vi18 , prupe-m5vh66 , prupe-m5xd54 , prupe-m5xqn2 , prupe-m5xr64 , prupe-m5vrm7 , prupe-m5vrk6 , prupe-m5vqp6 , prupe-a0a251nbb1 , prupe-a0a251nbd3 , prupe-a0a251nbb3 , prupe-a0a251nba0 , prupe-a0a251ndd4 , prupe-a0a251nbb6 , prupe-m5w315 , prupe-a0a251mwh1 , prupe-a0a251qn57 , prupe-m5vzh8 , prupe-m5xpz7 , prupe-m5xrp5 , prupe-m5wsr5 , prupe-m5xs20 , prupe-m5vl10 , prupe-a0a251nay9 , prupe-a0a251ndz1 , prupe-a0a251puf0 , prupe-m5wr61 , prupe-a0a251nyu6 , prupe-m5vl63

Title : Repeated polyploidization of Gossypium genomes and the evolution of spinnable cotton fibres - Paterson_2012_Nature_492_423
Author(s) : Paterson AH , Wendel JF , Gundlach H , Guo H , Jenkins J , Jin D , Llewellyn D , Showmaker KC , Shu S , Udall J , Yoo MJ , Byers R , Chen W , Doron-Faigenboim A , Duke MV , Gong L , Grimwood J , Grover C , Grupp K , Hu G , Lee TH , Li J , Lin L , Liu T , Marler BS , Page JT , Roberts AW , Romanel E , Sanders WS , Szadkowski E , Tan X , Tang H , Xu C , Wang J , Wang Z , Zhang D , Zhang L , Ashrafi H , Bedon F , Bowers JE , Brubaker CL , Chee PW , Das S , Gingle AR , Haigler CH , Harker D , Hoffmann LV , Hovav R , Jones DC , Lemke C , Mansoor S , ur Rahman M , Rainville LN , Rambani A , Reddy UK , Rong JK , Saranga Y , Scheffler BE , Scheffler JA , Stelly DM , Triplett BA , Van Deynze A , Vaslin MF , Waghmare VN , Walford SA , Wright RJ , Zaki EA , Zhang T , Dennis ES , Mayer KF , Peterson DG , Rokhsar DS , Wang X , Schmutz J
Ref : Nature , 492 :423 , 2012
Abstract : Polyploidy often confers emergent properties, such as the higher fibre productivity and quality of tetraploid cottons than diploid cottons bred for the same environments. Here we show that an abrupt five- to sixfold ploidy increase approximately 60 million years (Myr) ago, and allopolyploidy reuniting divergent Gossypium genomes approximately 1-2 Myr ago, conferred about 30-36-fold duplication of ancestral angiosperm (flowering plant) genes in elite cottons (Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense), genetic complexity equalled only by Brassica among sequenced angiosperms. Nascent fibre evolution, before allopolyploidy, is elucidated by comparison of spinnable-fibred Gossypium herbaceum A and non-spinnable Gossypium longicalyx F genomes to one another and the outgroup D genome of non-spinnable Gossypium raimondii. The sequence of a G. hirsutum A(t)D(t) (in which 't' indicates tetraploid) cultivar reveals many non-reciprocal DNA exchanges between subgenomes that may have contributed to phenotypic innovation and/or other emergent properties such as ecological adaptation by polyploids. Most DNA-level novelty in G. hirsutum recombines alleles from the D-genome progenitor native to its New World habitat and the Old World A-genome progenitor in which spinnable fibre evolved. Coordinated expression changes in proximal groups of functionally distinct genes, including a nuclear mitochondrial DNA block, may account for clusters of cotton-fibre quantitative trait loci affecting diverse traits. Opportunities abound for dissecting emergent properties of other polyploids, particularly angiosperms, by comparison to diploid progenitors and outgroups.
ESTHER : Paterson_2012_Nature_492_423
PubMedSearch : Paterson_2012_Nature_492_423
PubMedID: 23257886
Gene_locus related to this paper: gosra-a0a0d2qg22 , gosra-a0a0d2w3z1 , gosra-a0a0d2uuz7 , gosra-a0a0d2rxs2 , gosra-a0a0d2sdk0 , gosra-a0a0d2tng2 , gosra-a0a0d2twz7 , gosra-a0a0d2vdc5 , gosra-a0a0d2vj24 , gosra-a0a0d2sr31 , goshi-a0a1u8knd1 , goshi-a0a1u8nhw9 , goshi-a0a1u8kis4 , gosra-a0a0d2pul0 , gosra-a0a0d2p3f2 , gosra-a0a0d2ril5 , gosra-a0a0d2s7d5 , gosra-a0a0d2t9b3 , gosra-a0a0d2tw88 , gosra-a0a0d2umz5 , gosra-a0a0d2pzd7 , gosra-a0a0d2scu7 , gosra-a0a0d2vcx6

Title : The genome of the Western clawed frog Xenopus tropicalis - Hellsten_2010_Science_328_633
Author(s) : Hellsten U , Harland RM , Gilchrist MJ , Hendrix D , Jurka J , Kapitonov V , Ovcharenko I , Putnam NH , Shu S , Taher L , Blitz IL , Blumberg B , Dichmann DS , Dubchak I , Amaya E , Detter JC , Fletcher R , Gerhard DS , Goodstein D , Graves T , Grigoriev IV , Grimwood J , Kawashima T , Lindquist E , Lucas SM , Mead PE , Mitros T , Ogino H , Ohta Y , Poliakov AV , Pollet N , Robert J , Salamov A , Sater AK , Schmutz J , Terry A , Vize PD , Warren WC , Wells D , Wills A , Wilson RK , Zimmerman LB , Zorn AM , Grainger R , Grammer T , Khokha MK , Richardson PM , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Science , 328 :633 , 2010
Abstract : The western clawed frog Xenopus tropicalis is an important model for vertebrate development that combines experimental advantages of the African clawed frog Xenopus laevis with more tractable genetics. Here we present a draft genome sequence assembly of X. tropicalis. This genome encodes more than 20,000 protein-coding genes, including orthologs of at least 1700 human disease genes. Over 1 million expressed sequence tags validated the annotation. More than one-third of the genome consists of transposable elements, with unusually prevalent DNA transposons. Like that of other tetrapods, the genome of X. tropicalis contains gene deserts enriched for conserved noncoding elements. The genome exhibits substantial shared synteny with human and chicken over major parts of large chromosomes, broken by lineage-specific chromosome fusions and fissions, mainly in the mammalian lineage.
ESTHER : Hellsten_2010_Science_328_633
PubMedSearch : Hellsten_2010_Science_328_633
PubMedID: 20431018
Gene_locus related to this paper: xenla-q6pcj9 , xentr-a9umk0 , xentr-abhdb , xentr-ACHE , xentr-b0bm77 , xentr-b1h0y7 , xentr-b2guc4 , xentr-b7zt03 , xentr-b7ztj4 , xentr-BCHE1 , xentr-BCHE2 , xentr-cxest2 , xentr-d2x2k4 , xentr-d2x2k6 , xentr-f6rff6 , xentr-f6v0g3 , xentr-f6v2j6 , xentr-f6v3z1 , xentr-f6y4c8 , xentr-f6yve5 , xentr-f7a4y9 , xentr-f7acc5 , xentr-f7e2e2 , xentr-LOC394897 , xentr-ndrg1 , xentr-q0vfb6 , xentr-f7cpl7 , xentr-f6yj44 , xentr-f7ejk4 , xentr-f6q8j8 , xentr-f6z8f0 , xentr-f7d709 , xentr-b0bmb8 , xentr-f7af63 , xentr-a0a1b8y2w9 , xentr-f7d4k9 , xentr-f6r032 , xentr-f6yvq3 , xentr-a0a1b8y2z3 , xentr-f7afg4 , xentr-f6xb15 , xentr-f7e1r2 , xentr-a4ihf1 , xentr-f7eue5 , xentr-f6u7u3 , xentr-f172a , xentr-f7equ8 , xentr-f7dd89 , xentr-a9jtx5

Title : Genomic analysis of organismal complexity in the multicellular green alga Volvox carteri - Prochnik_2010_Science_329_223
Author(s) : Prochnik SE , Umen J , Nedelcu AM , Hallmann A , Miller SM , Nishii I , Ferris P , Kuo A , Mitros T , Fritz-Laylin LK , Hellsten U , Chapman J , Simakov O , Rensing SA , Terry A , Pangilinan J , Kapitonov V , Jurka J , Salamov A , Shapiro H , Schmutz J , Grimwood J , Lindquist E , Lucas S , Grigoriev IV , Schmitt R , Kirk D , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Science , 329 :223 , 2010
Abstract : The multicellular green alga Volvox carteri and its morphologically diverse close relatives (the volvocine algae) are well suited for the investigation of the evolution of multicellularity and development. We sequenced the 138-mega-base pair genome of V. carteri and compared its approximately 14,500 predicted proteins to those of its unicellular relative Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Despite fundamental differences in organismal complexity and life history, the two species have similar protein-coding potentials and few species-specific protein-coding gene predictions. Volvox is enriched in volvocine-algal-specific proteins, including those associated with an expanded and highly compartmentalized extracellular matrix. Our analysis shows that increases in organismal complexity can be associated with modifications of lineage-specific proteins rather than large-scale invention of protein-coding capacity.
ESTHER : Prochnik_2010_Science_329_223
PubMedSearch : Prochnik_2010_Science_329_223
PubMedID: 20616280
Gene_locus related to this paper: volca-d8tmz1 , volca-d8tne9 , volca-d8tnn6 , volca-d8tns6 , volca-d8tr92 , volca-d8u2d3 , volca-d8u5r0 , volca-d8u7s7 , volca-d8u7s8 , volca-d8u9w4 , volca-d8u460 , volca-d8uab7 , volca-d8uai0 , volca-d8uev0 , volca-d8uhi9 , volca-d8uiw9 , volca-d8ujv0 , volca-d8uf23 , volca-d8tmz9 , volca-d8u6e0

Title : The genome of Naegleria gruberi illuminates early eukaryotic versatility - Fritz-Laylin_2010_Cell_140_631
Author(s) : Fritz-Laylin LK , Prochnik SE , Ginger ML , Dacks JB , Carpenter ML , Field MC , Kuo A , Paredez A , Chapman J , Pham J , Shu S , Neupane R , Cipriano M , Mancuso J , Tu H , Salamov A , Lindquist E , Shapiro H , Lucas S , Grigoriev IV , Cande WZ , Fulton C , Rokhsar DS , Dawson SC
Ref : Cell , 140 :631 , 2010
Abstract : Genome sequences of diverse free-living protists are essential for understanding eukaryotic evolution and molecular and cell biology. The free-living amoeboflagellate Naegleria gruberi belongs to a varied and ubiquitous protist clade (Heterolobosea) that diverged from other eukaryotic lineages over a billion years ago. Analysis of the 15,727 protein-coding genes encoded by Naegleria's 41 Mb nuclear genome indicates a capacity for both aerobic respiration and anaerobic metabolism with concomitant hydrogen production, with fundamental implications for the evolution of organelle metabolism. The Naegleria genome facilitates substantially broader phylogenomic comparisons of free-living eukaryotes than previously possible, allowing us to identify thousands of genes likely present in the pan-eukaryotic ancestor, with 40% likely eukaryotic inventions. Moreover, we construct a comprehensive catalog of amoeboid-motility genes. The Naegleria genome, analyzed in the context of other protists, reveals a remarkably complex ancestral eukaryote with a rich repertoire of cytoskeletal, sexual, signaling, and metabolic modules.
ESTHER : Fritz-Laylin_2010_Cell_140_631
PubMedSearch : Fritz-Laylin_2010_Cell_140_631
PubMedID: 20211133
Gene_locus related to this paper: naegr-d2ux86 , naegr-d2uyl7 , naegr-d2uyn1 , naegr-d2uzk6 , naegr-d2uzp4 , naegr-d2v1m1 , naegr-d2v3p5 , naegr-d2v5p1 , naegr-d2v6f6 , naegr-d2v6y9 , naegr-d2v8x8 , naegr-d2v186 , naegr-d2v339 , naegr-d2v556 , naegr-d2vbq7 , naegr-d2vdq6 , naegr-d2ve51 , naegr-d2vga2 , naegr-d2vgm9 , naegr-d2vh14 , naegr-d2vha2 , naegr-d2vj80 , naegr-d2vjj7 , naegr-d2vl41 , naegr-d2vmj5 , naegr-d2vms7 , naegr-d2vqi5 , naegr-d2vr44 , naegr-d2vrq2 , naegr-d2vs01 , naegr-d2vs58 , naegr-d2vts5 , naegr-d2vu69 , naegr-d2vvg8 , naegr-d2vxp2 , naegr-d2vyl1 , naegr-d2vzy5 , naegr-d2w0l5 , naegr-d2w0v9 , naegr-d2w3g8 , naegr-d2w3v7 , naegr-d2w3v8 , naegr-d2vct1

Title : The dynamic genome of Hydra - Chapman_2010_Nature_464_592
Author(s) : Chapman JA , Kirkness EF , Simakov O , Hampson SE , Mitros T , Weinmaier T , Rattei T , Balasubramanian PG , Borman J , Busam D , Disbennett K , Pfannkoch C , Sumin N , Sutton GG , Viswanathan LD , Walenz B , Goodstein DM , Hellsten U , Kawashima T , Prochnik SE , Putnam NH , Shu S , Blumberg B , Dana CE , Gee L , Kibler DF , Law L , Lindgens D , Martinez DE , Peng J , Wigge PA , Bertulat B , Guder C , Nakamura Y , Ozbek S , Watanabe H , Khalturin K , Hemmrich G , Franke A , Augustin R , Fraune S , Hayakawa E , Hayakawa S , Hirose M , Hwang JS , Ikeo K , Nishimiya-Fujisawa C , Ogura A , Takahashi T , Steinmetz PR , Zhang X , Aufschnaiter R , Eder MK , Gorny AK , Salvenmoser W , Heimberg AM , Wheeler BM , Peterson KJ , Bottger A , Tischler P , Wolf A , Gojobori T , Remington KA , Strausberg RL , Venter JC , Technau U , Hobmayer B , Bosch TC , Holstein TW , Fujisawa T , Bode HR , David CN , Rokhsar DS , Steele RE
Ref : Nature , 464 :592 , 2010
Abstract : The freshwater cnidarian Hydra was first described in 1702 and has been the object of study for 300 years. Experimental studies of Hydra between 1736 and 1744 culminated in the discovery of asexual reproduction of an animal by budding, the first description of regeneration in an animal, and successful transplantation of tissue between animals. Today, Hydra is an important model for studies of axial patterning, stem cell biology and regeneration. Here we report the genome of Hydra magnipapillata and compare it to the genomes of the anthozoan Nematostella vectensis and other animals. The Hydra genome has been shaped by bursts of transposable element expansion, horizontal gene transfer, trans-splicing, and simplification of gene structure and gene content that parallel simplification of the Hydra life cycle. We also report the sequence of the genome of a novel bacterium stably associated with H. magnipapillata. Comparisons of the Hydra genome to the genomes of other animals shed light on the evolution of epithelia, contractile tissues, developmentally regulated transcription factors, the Spemann-Mangold organizer, pluripotency genes and the neuromuscular junction.
ESTHER : Chapman_2010_Nature_464_592
PubMedSearch : Chapman_2010_Nature_464_592
PubMedID: 20228792
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9burk-c9y6c0 , 9burk-c9y8q9 , 9burk-c9y9d4 , 9burk-c9ya28 , 9burk-c9yb37 , 9burk-c9ycr9 , 9burk-c9ydq0 , 9burk-c9ydr2 , 9burk-c9yew1 , 9burk-c9yf78 , 9burk-c9ygh2 , 9burk-c9y7j2

Title : The Sorghum bicolor genome and the diversification of grasses - Paterson_2009_Nature_457_551
Author(s) : Paterson AH , Bowers JE , Bruggmann R , Dubchak I , Grimwood J , Gundlach H , Haberer G , Hellsten U , Mitros T , Poliakov A , Schmutz J , Spannagl M , Tang H , Wang X , Wicker T , Bharti AK , Chapman J , Feltus FA , Gowik U , Grigoriev IV , Lyons E , Maher CA , Martis M , Narechania A , Otillar RP , Penning BW , Salamov AA , Wang Y , Zhang L , Carpita NC , Freeling M , Gingle AR , Hash CT , Keller B , Klein P , Kresovich S , McCann MC , Ming R , Peterson DG , Mehboob ur R , Ware D , Westhoff P , Mayer KF , Messing J , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Nature , 457 :551 , 2009
Abstract : Sorghum, an African grass related to sugar cane and maize, is grown for food, feed, fibre and fuel. We present an initial analysis of the approximately 730-megabase Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench genome, placing approximately 98% of genes in their chromosomal context using whole-genome shotgun sequence validated by genetic, physical and syntenic information. Genetic recombination is largely confined to about one-third of the sorghum genome with gene order and density similar to those of rice. Retrotransposon accumulation in recombinationally recalcitrant heterochromatin explains the approximately 75% larger genome size of sorghum compared with rice. Although gene and repetitive DNA distributions have been preserved since palaeopolyploidization approximately 70 million years ago, most duplicated gene sets lost one member before the sorghum-rice divergence. Concerted evolution makes one duplicated chromosomal segment appear to be only a few million years old. About 24% of genes are grass-specific and 7% are sorghum-specific. Recent gene and microRNA duplications may contribute to sorghum's drought tolerance.
ESTHER : Paterson_2009_Nature_457_551
PubMedSearch : Paterson_2009_Nature_457_551
PubMedID: 19189423
Gene_locus related to this paper: sorbi-b3vtb2 , sorbi-c5wp75 , sorbi-c5wts6 , sorbi-c5wu07 , sorbi-c5wvl7 , sorbi-c5ww85 , sorbi-c5ww86 , sorbi-c5wxa4 , sorbi-c5x1f6 , sorbi-c5x2x9 , sorbi-c5x5z9 , sorbi-c5x6q0 , sorbi-c5x230 , sorbi-c5x290 , sorbi-c5x345 , sorbi-c5x399 , sorbi-c5x610 , sorbi-c5xbm4 , sorbi-c5xct0 , sorbi-c5xdv0 , sorbi-c5xe87 , sorbi-c5xf40 , sorbi-c5xfu9 , sorbi-c5xh40 , sorbi-c5xh41 , sorbi-c5xh42 , sorbi-c5xh43 , sorbi-c5xh44 , sorbi-c5xh46 , sorbi-c5xhr2 , sorbi-c5xiw7 , sorbi-c5xjf0 , sorbi-c5xky2 , sorbi-c5xm54 , sorbi-c5xmb9 , sorbi-c5xmz5 , sorbi-c5xp10 , sorbi-c5xpm6 , sorbi-c5xr91 , sorbi-c5xr92 , sorbi-c5xs33 , sorbi-c5xtz0 , sorbi-c5xwd3 , sorbi-c5y0d2 , sorbi-c5y0h4 , sorbi-c5y3i5 , sorbi-c5y7x0 , sorbi-c5y517 , sorbi-c5y545 , sorbi-c5ydr3 , sorbi-c5yec0 , sorbi-c5yf71 , sorbi-c5yi32 , sorbi-c5yih2 , sorbi-c5ylw6 , sorbi-c5yn66 , sorbi-c5ynp8 , sorbi-c5yt11 , sorbi-c5yur5 , sorbi-c5ywz3 , sorbi-c5ywz4 , sorbi-c5yx73 , sorbi-c5yyn0 , sorbi-c5z2m6 , sorbi-c5z6a9 , sorbi-c5z6j1 , sorbi-c5z6s5 , sorbi-c5z177 , sorbi-Q9XE80 , sorbi-c5xyg4 , sorbi-c5z4q0 , sorbi-c5xly4 , sorbi-c5z4u8 , sorbi-c5xxg5 , sorbi-c5z9b9 , sorbi-a0a1z5r970 , sorbi-c5xhf9 , sorbi-c5yxt7 , sorbi-c5yxt6 , sorbi-c5y1m2 , sorbi-c5xdy6 , sorbi-a0a194ysf6 , sorbi-a0a1b6pnr2 , sorbi-a0a1b6qcb9 , sorbi-c5xx30 , sorbi-a0a1b6psg4 , sorbi-a0a1z5rj80 , sorbi-a0a1b6qfm2 , sorbi-a0a1b6qmu5 , sorbi-c6jru0

Title : The Phaeodactylum genome reveals the evolutionary history of diatom genomes - Bowler_2008_Nature_456_239
Author(s) : Bowler C , Allen AE , Badger JH , Grimwood J , Jabbari K , Kuo A , Maheswari U , Martens C , Maumus F , Otillar RP , Rayko E , Salamov A , Vandepoele K , Beszteri B , Gruber A , Heijde M , Katinka M , Mock T , Valentin K , Verret F , Berges JA , Brownlee C , Cadoret JP , Chiovitti A , Choi CJ , Coesel S , De Martino A , Detter JC , Durkin C , Falciatore A , Fournet J , Haruta M , Huysman MJ , Jenkins BD , Jiroutova K , Jorgensen RE , Joubert Y , Kaplan A , Kroger N , Kroth PG , La Roche J , Lindquist E , Lommer M , Martin-Jezequel V , Lopez PJ , Lucas S , Mangogna M , McGinnis K , Medlin LK , Montsant A , Oudot-Le Secq MP , Napoli C , Obornik M , Parker MS , Petit JL , Porcel BM , Poulsen N , Robison M , Rychlewski L , Rynearson TA , Schmutz J , Shapiro H , Siaut M , Stanley M , Sussman MR , Taylor AR , Vardi A , von Dassow P , Vyverman W , Willis A , Wyrwicz LS , Rokhsar DS , Weissenbach J , Armbrust EV , Green BR , Van de Peer Y , Grigoriev IV
Ref : Nature , 456 :239 , 2008
Abstract : Diatoms are photosynthetic secondary endosymbionts found throughout marine and freshwater environments, and are believed to be responsible for around one-fifth of the primary productivity on Earth. The genome sequence of the marine centric diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana was recently reported, revealing a wealth of information about diatom biology. Here we report the complete genome sequence of the pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum and compare it with that of T. pseudonana to clarify evolutionary origins, functional significance and ubiquity of these features throughout diatoms. In spite of the fact that the pennate and centric lineages have only been diverging for 90 million years, their genome structures are dramatically different and a substantial fraction of genes ( approximately 40%) are not shared by these representatives of the two lineages. Analysis of molecular divergence compared with yeasts and metazoans reveals rapid rates of gene diversification in diatoms. Contributing factors include selective gene family expansions, differential losses and gains of genes and introns, and differential mobilization of transposable elements. Most significantly, we document the presence of hundreds of genes from bacteria. More than 300 of these gene transfers are found in both diatoms, attesting to their ancient origins, and many are likely to provide novel possibilities for metabolite management and for perception of environmental signals. These findings go a long way towards explaining the incredible diversity and success of the diatoms in contemporary oceans.
ESTHER : Bowler_2008_Nature_456_239
PubMedSearch : Bowler_2008_Nature_456_239
PubMedID: 18923393
Gene_locus related to this paper: phatc-b7fp91 , phatc-b7fqd3 , phatc-b7frf9 , phatc-b7fry8 , phatc-b7ftw8 , phatc-b7fv70 , phatc-b7fw66 , phatc-b7g2b2 , phatc-b7g5z5 , phatc-b7g6f1 , phatc-b7g6r8 , phatc-b7g957 , phatc-b7ga73 , phatc-b7gb22 , phatc-b7gc60 , phatc-b7gdm3 , phatc-b7gdq6 , phatc-b7ge82 , phatc-b7gee0 , phatr-b7frs5 , phatr-b7g1k3 , phatr-b7s4a4 , thaps-b8bsy4 , thaps-b8cfn8 , phatc-b7g635 , phatc-b7gaj3 , thaps-b8c079

Title : Sequence and genetic map of Meloidogyne hapla: A compact nematode genome for plant parasitism - Opperman_2008_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_105_14802
Author(s) : Opperman CH , Bird DM , Williamson VM , Rokhsar DS , Burke M , Cohn J , Cromer J , Diener S , Gajan J , Graham S , Houfek TD , Liu Q , Mitros T , Schaff J , Schaffer R , Scholl E , Sosinski BR , Thomas VP , Windham E
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 105 :14802 , 2008
Abstract : We have established Meloidogyne hapla as a tractable model plant-parasitic nematode amenable to forward and reverse genetics, and we present a complete genome sequence. At 54 Mbp, M. hapla represents not only the smallest nematode genome yet completed, but also the smallest metazoan, and defines a platform to elucidate mechanisms of parasitism by what is the largest uncontrolled group of plant pathogens worldwide. The M. hapla genome encodes significantly fewer genes than does the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (most notably through a reduction of odorant receptors and other gene families), yet it has acquired horizontally from other kingdoms numerous genes suspected to be involved in adaptations to parasitism. In some cases, amplification and tandem duplication have occurred with genes suspected of being acquired horizontally and involved in parasitism of plants. Although M. hapla and C. elegans diverged >500 million years ago, many developmental and biochemical pathways, including those for dauer formation and RNAi, are conserved. Although overall genome organization is not conserved, there are areas of microsynteny that may suggest a primary biological function in nematodes for those genes in these areas. This sequence and map represent a wealth of biological information on both the nature of nematode parasitism of plants and its evolution.
ESTHER : Opperman_2008_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_105_14802
PubMedSearch : Opperman_2008_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_105_14802
PubMedID: 18809916
Gene_locus related to this paper: melha-a0a1i8byx0 , melha-a0a1i8bkb4

Title : Genome sequencing and analysis of the biomass-degrading fungus Trichoderma reesei (syn. Hypocrea jecorina) - Martinez_2008_Nat.Biotechnol_26_553
Author(s) : Martinez D , Berka RM , Henrissat B , Saloheimo M , Arvas M , Baker SE , Chapman J , Chertkov O , Coutinho PM , Cullen D , Danchin EG , Grigoriev IV , Harris P , Jackson M , Kubicek CP , Han CS , Ho I , Larrondo LF , de Leon AL , Magnuson JK , Merino S , Misra M , Nelson B , Putnam N , Robbertse B , Salamov AA , Schmoll M , Terry A , Thayer N , Westerholm-Parvinen A , Schoch CL , Yao J , Barabote R , Nelson MA , Detter C , Bruce D , Kuske CR , Xie G , Richardson P , Rokhsar DS , Lucas SM , Rubin EM , Dunn-Coleman N , Ward M , Brettin TS
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 26 :553 , 2008
Abstract : Trichoderma reesei is the main industrial source of cellulases and hemicellulases used to depolymerize biomass to simple sugars that are converted to chemical intermediates and biofuels, such as ethanol. We assembled 89 scaffolds (sets of ordered and oriented contigs) to generate 34 Mbp of nearly contiguous T. reesei genome sequence comprising 9,129 predicted gene models. Unexpectedly, considering the industrial utility and effectiveness of the carbohydrate-active enzymes of T. reesei, its genome encodes fewer cellulases and hemicellulases than any other sequenced fungus able to hydrolyze plant cell wall polysaccharides. Many T. reesei genes encoding carbohydrate-active enzymes are distributed nonrandomly in clusters that lie between regions of synteny with other Sordariomycetes. Numerous genes encoding biosynthetic pathways for secondary metabolites may promote survival of T. reesei in its competitive soil habitat, but genome analysis provided little mechanistic insight into its extraordinary capacity for protein secretion. Our analysis, coupled with the genome sequence data, provides a roadmap for constructing enhanced T. reesei strains for industrial applications such as biofuel production.
ESTHER : Martinez_2008_Nat.Biotechnol_26_553
PubMedSearch : Martinez_2008_Nat.Biotechnol_26_553
PubMedID: 18454138
Gene_locus related to this paper: hypjq-g0rh85 , hypjq-cip2 , hypjq-g0r9d1 , hypjq-g0r810 , hypjq-g0rbm4 , hypjq-g0rez4 , hypjq-g0rfr3 , hypjq-g0rg60 , hypjq-g0rij9 , hypjq-g0riu1 , hypjq-g0rl87 , hypjq-g0rlh4 , hypjq-g0rme5 , hypjq-g0rwy5 , hypje-axylest , hypje-q7z9m3 , hypjq-g0r6x2 , hypje-a0a024s1b8 , hypjr-a0a024s1s9 , hypjq-g0rxi5

Title : The amphioxus genome and the evolution of the chordate karyotype - Putnam_2008_Nature_453_1064
Author(s) : Putnam NH , Butts T , Ferrier DE , Furlong RF , Hellsten U , Kawashima T , Robinson-Rechavi M , Shoguchi E , Terry A , Yu JK , Benito-Gutierrez EL , Dubchak I , Garcia-Fernandez J , Gibson-Brown JJ , Grigoriev IV , Horton AC , de Jong PJ , Jurka J , Kapitonov VV , Kohara Y , Kuroki Y , Lindquist E , Lucas S , Osoegawa K , Pennacchio LA , Salamov AA , Satou Y , Sauka-Spengler T , Schmutz J , Shin IT , Toyoda A , Bronner-Fraser M , Fujiyama A , Holland LZ , Holland PW , Satoh N , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Nature , 453 :1064 , 2008
Abstract : Lancelets ('amphioxus') are the modern survivors of an ancient chordate lineage, with a fossil record dating back to the Cambrian period. Here we describe the structure and gene content of the highly polymorphic approximately 520-megabase genome of the Florida lancelet Branchiostoma floridae, and analyse it in the context of chordate evolution. Whole-genome comparisons illuminate the murky relationships among the three chordate groups (tunicates, lancelets and vertebrates), and allow not only reconstruction of the gene complement of the last common chordate ancestor but also partial reconstruction of its genomic organization, as well as a description of two genome-wide duplications and subsequent reorganizations in the vertebrate lineage. These genome-scale events shaped the vertebrate genome and provided additional genetic variation for exploitation during vertebrate evolution.
ESTHER : Putnam_2008_Nature_453_1064
PubMedSearch : Putnam_2008_Nature_453_1064
PubMedID: 18563158
Gene_locus related to this paper: brafl-ACHE1 , brafl-ACHE2 , brafl-ACHEA , brafl-ACHEB , brafl-c3xqm2 , brafl-c3xqm5 , brafl-c3xtl0 , brafl-c3xtl1 , brafl-c3xut6 , brafl-c3xut7 , brafl-c3xvw5 , brafl-c3xx27 , brafl-c3xx28 , brafl-c3xx30 , brafl-c3xx32 , brafl-c3xx36 , brafl-c3xx38 , brafl-c3xx39 , brafl-c3xx40 , brafl-c3xx41 , brafl-c3xxt9 , brafl-c3xyd7 , brafl-c3xyd8 , brafl-c3xyd9 , brafl-c3xye0 , brafl-c3xyt7 , brafl-c3xzy1 , brafl-c3xzy2 , brafl-c3y1p9 , brafl-c3y1t3 , brafl-c3y2u3 , brafl-c3y4l1 , brafl-c3y6v9 , brafl-c3y6y4 , brafl-c3y7d7 , brafl-c3y7s1 , brafl-c3y8k5 , brafl-c3y8t3 , brafl-c3y8t4 , brafl-c3y8t5 , brafl-c3y8v8 , brafl-c3y8w1.1 , brafl-c3y8w2 , brafl-c3y9i7 , brafl-c3y9i8 , brafl-c3y9l9 , brafl-c3y9y3 , brafl-c3y087 , brafl-c3yan2 , brafl-c3yaw4 , brafl-c3ybw7 , brafl-c3yc67 , brafl-c3ydm8 , brafl-c3yfm5 , brafl-c3yfz8 , brafl-c3ygc7 , brafl-c3ygc9.1 , brafl-c3ygd0 , brafl-c3ygd1 , brafl-c3ygd2.1 , brafl-c3ygd4 , brafl-c3ygg6 , brafl-c3ygr1 , brafl-c3yi63 , brafl-c3yi64 , brafl-c3yi67 , brafl-c3yi68 , brafl-c3yi69 , brafl-c3yk61 , brafl-c3ykb2 , brafl-c3yla7 , brafl-c3ylp9 , brafl-c3ylq0 , brafl-c3ylq1 , brafl-c3ymu0 , brafl-c3yne9 , brafl-c3ypm6 , brafl-c3yr72 , brafl-c3yra8 , brafl-c3ys59 , brafl-c3yv27 , brafl-c3ywf1 , brafl-c3ywh9 , brafl-c3yx17 , brafl-c3yx19 , brafl-c3yxb9 , brafl-c3yxi7 , brafl-c3yyq5 , brafl-c3yz04 , brafl-c3z1c7 , brafl-c3z1u9 , brafl-c3z1v0 , brafl-c3z3n7 , brafl-c3z5c8 , brafl-c3z9f4 , brafl-c3z066 , brafl-c3z139 , brafl-c3z975 , brafl-c3zab8 , brafl-c3zab9 , brafl-c3zbr4 , brafl-c3zci7 , brafl-c3zcy8 , brafl-c3zd14 , brafl-c3zer1 , brafl-c3zf44 , brafl-c3zf47 , brafl-c3zf48 , brafl-c3zfs6 , brafl-c3zhm6 , brafl-c3ziv7.1 , brafl-c3ziv7.2 , brafl-c3zlg0 , brafl-c3zlg2 , brafl-c3zlg3 , brafl-c3zli5 , brafl-c3zme7 , brafl-c3zme8 , brafl-c3zmp8 , brafl-c3zmv1 , brafl-c3zmv2 , brafl-c3znd6 , brafl-c3znl2 , brafl-c3zqg7 , brafl-c3zqz2 , brafl-c3zs46 , brafl-c3zs49 , brafl-c3zs56 , brafl-c3zv54 , brafl-c3zvv1 , brafl-c3zwz6 , brafl-c3zxg2 , brafl-c3zxq3 , brafl-c3yim2 , brafl-c3zfs5 , brafl-c3zfs3 , brafl-c3xr79 , brafl-c3y7r2 , brafl-c3yj62 , brafl-c3zg22 , brafl-c3y2t9 , brafl-c3y2u0 , brafl-c3ycg1 , brafl-c3ycg2 , brafl-c3ycg4 , brafl-c3z1l3 , brafl-c3zn71 , brafl-c3zj72 , brafl-c3yf35 , brafl-c3z474 , brafl-c3zqr8 , brafl-c3yde6

Title : The genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis reveals adaptations for milk utilization within the infant microbiome - Sela_2008_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_105_18964
Author(s) : Sela DA , Chapman J , Adeuya A , Kim JH , Chen F , Whitehead TR , Lapidus A , Rokhsar DS , Lebrilla CB , German JB , Price NP , Richardson PM , Mills DA
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 105 :18964 , 2008
Abstract : Following birth, the breast-fed infant gastrointestinal tract is rapidly colonized by a microbial consortium often dominated by bifidobacteria. Accordingly, the complete genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis ATCC15697 reflects a competitive nutrient-utilization strategy targeting milk-borne molecules which lack a nutritive value to the neonate. Several chromosomal loci reflect potential adaptation to the infant host including a 43 kbp cluster encoding catabolic genes, extracellular solute binding proteins and permeases predicted to be active on milk oligosaccharides. An examination of in vivo metabolism has detected the hallmarks of milk oligosaccharide utilization via the central fermentative pathway using metabolomic and proteomic approaches. Finally, conservation of gene clusters in multiple isolates corroborates the genomic mechanism underlying milk utilization for this infant-associated phylotype.
ESTHER : Sela_2008_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_105_18964
PubMedSearch : Sela_2008_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_105_18964
PubMedID: 19033196
Gene_locus related to this paper: bifli-c2gxu7 , biflo-BL0073 , biflo-BL0336 , biflo-BL0581 , biflo-BL0582 , biflo-BL0787 , biflo-BL0807 , biflo-BL1514 , biflo-PTRB , bifln-c2gtr2

Title : The Trichoplax genome and the nature of placozoans - Srivastava_2008_Nature_454_955
Author(s) : Srivastava M , Begovic E , Chapman J , Putnam NH , Hellsten U , Kawashima T , Kuo A , Mitros T , Salamov A , Carpenter ML , Signorovitch AY , Moreno MA , Kamm K , Grimwood J , Schmutz J , Shapiro H , Grigoriev IV , Buss LW , Schierwater B , Dellaporta SL , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Nature , 454 :955 , 2008
Abstract : As arguably the simplest free-living animals, placozoans may represent a primitive metazoan form, yet their biology is poorly understood. Here we report the sequencing and analysis of the approximately 98 million base pair nuclear genome of the placozoan Trichoplax adhaerens. Whole-genome phylogenetic analysis suggests that placozoans belong to a 'eumetazoan' clade that includes cnidarians and bilaterians, with sponges as the earliest diverging animals. The compact genome shows conserved gene content, gene structure and synteny in relation to the human and other complex eumetazoan genomes. Despite the apparent cellular and organismal simplicity of Trichoplax, its genome encodes a rich array of transcription factor and signalling pathway genes that are typically associated with diverse cell types and developmental processes in eumetazoans, motivating further searches for cryptic cellular complexity and/or as yet unobserved life history stages.
ESTHER : Srivastava_2008_Nature_454_955
PubMedSearch : Srivastava_2008_Nature_454_955
PubMedID: 18719581
Gene_locus related to this paper: triad-b3rka6 , triad-b3rkc3 , triad-b3rkc4 , triad-b3rkc5 , triad-b3rkr2 , triad-b3rks9 , triad-b3rkt0 , triad-b3rl14 , triad-b3rls2 , triad-b3rnj7 , triad-b3rnw5 , triad-b3rrr2 , triad-b3rsh1 , triad-b3rsh3 , triad-b3rty7 , triad-b3ru11 , triad-b3rur2 , triad-b3rut0 , triad-b3rvc1 , triad-b3rw12 , triad-b3rwp0 , triad-b3rwr4 , triad-b3rxn2 , triad-b3ry59 , triad-b3s1y9 , triad-b3s3d8 , triad-b3s3e9 , triad-b3s8a0 , triad-b3s9x4 , triad-b3s445 , triad-b3s449 , triad-b3s478 , triad-b3s705 , triad-b3s706 , triad-b3s898 , triad-b3s899 , triad-b3s949 , triad-b3s950 , triad-b3sa20 , triad-b3sa22 , triad-b3sa23 , triad-b3sa24 , triad-b3sa25 , triad-b3sa26 , triad-b3sa27 , triad-b3sa28 , triad-b3sa29 , triad-b3sa31 , triad-b3sa33 , triad-b3sa34 , triad-b3sa36 , triad-b3sb39 , triad-b3scd3 , triad-b3scg3 , triad-b3scg4 , triad-b3scr3 , triad-b3seb0 , triad-b3seb1 , triad-b3seu9 , triad-b3sf12 , triad-b3rt61 , triad-b3rt62 , triad-b3rj15 , triad-b3sdi1

Title : The Chlamydomonas genome reveals the evolution of key animal and plant functions - Merchant_2007_Science_318_245
Author(s) : Merchant SS , Prochnik SE , Vallon O , Harris EH , Karpowicz SJ , Witman GB , Terry A , Salamov A , Fritz-Laylin LK , Marechal-Drouard L , Marshall WF , Qu LH , Nelson DR , Sanderfoot AA , Spalding MH , Kapitonov VV , Ren Q , Ferris P , Lindquist E , Shapiro H , Lucas SM , Grimwood J , Schmutz J , Cardol P , Cerutti H , Chanfreau G , Chen CL , Cognat V , Croft MT , Dent R , Dutcher S , Fernandez E , Fukuzawa H , Gonzalez-Ballester D , Gonzalez-Halphen D , Hallmann A , Hanikenne M , Hippler M , Inwood W , Jabbari K , Kalanon M , Kuras R , Lefebvre PA , Lemaire SD , Lobanov AV , Lohr M , Manuell A , Meier I , Mets L , Mittag M , Mittelmeier T , Moroney JV , Moseley J , Napoli C , Nedelcu AM , Niyogi K , Novoselov SV , Paulsen IT , Pazour G , Purton S , Ral JP , Riano-Pachon DM , Riekhof W , Rymarquis L , Schroda M , Stern D , Umen J , Willows R , Wilson N , Zimmer SL , Allmer J , Balk J , Bisova K , Chen CJ , Elias M , Gendler K , Hauser C , Lamb MR , Ledford H , Long JC , Minagawa J , Page MD , Pan J , Pootakham W , Roje S , Rose A , Stahlberg E , Terauchi AM , Yang P , Ball S , Bowler C , Dieckmann CL , Gladyshev VN , Green P , Jorgensen R , Mayfield S , Mueller-Roeber B , Rajamani S , Sayre RT , Brokstein P , Dubchak I , Goodstein D , Hornick L , Huang YW , Jhaveri J , Luo Y , Martinez D , Ngau WC , Otillar B , Poliakov A , Porter A , Szajkowski L , Werner G , Zhou K , Grigoriev IV , Rokhsar DS , Grossman AR
Ref : Science , 318 :245 , 2007
Abstract : Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a unicellular green alga whose lineage diverged from land plants over 1 billion years ago. It is a model system for studying chloroplast-based photosynthesis, as well as the structure, assembly, and function of eukaryotic flagella (cilia), which were inherited from the common ancestor of plants and animals, but lost in land plants. We sequenced the approximately 120-megabase nuclear genome of Chlamydomonas and performed comparative phylogenomic analyses, identifying genes encoding uncharacterized proteins that are likely associated with the function and biogenesis of chloroplasts or eukaryotic flagella. Analyses of the Chlamydomonas genome advance our understanding of the ancestral eukaryotic cell, reveal previously unknown genes associated with photosynthetic and flagellar functions, and establish links between ciliopathy and the composition and function of flagella.
ESTHER : Merchant_2007_Science_318_245
PubMedSearch : Merchant_2007_Science_318_245
PubMedID: 17932292
Gene_locus related to this paper: chlre-a0a2k3e2k6 , chlre-a8hmd4 , chlre-a8hqa9 , chlre-a8htq0 , chlre-a8hus6.1 , chlre-a8hus6.2 , chlre-a8icg4 , chlre-a8iwm0 , chlre-a8ize5 , chlre-a8j2s9 , chlre-a8j5w6 , chlre-a8j7f8 , chlre-a8j8u9 , chlre-a8j8v0 , chlre-a8j9u6 , chlre-a8j143 , chlre-a8j248 , chlre-a8jd32 , chlre-a8jd42 , chlre-a8jgj2 , chlre-a8jhc8 , chlre-a8jhe5 , chlre-a8iwj1 , chlre-a8j7d5 , chlre-a0a2k3dii0

Title : Sea anemone genome reveals ancestral eumetazoan gene repertoire and genomic organization - Putnam_2007_Science_317_86
Author(s) : Putnam NH , Srivastava M , Hellsten U , Dirks B , Chapman J , Salamov A , Terry A , Shapiro H , Lindquist E , Kapitonov VV , Jurka J , Genikhovich G , Grigoriev IV , Lucas SM , Steele RE , Finnerty JR , Technau U , Martindale MQ , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Science , 317 :86 , 2007
Abstract : Sea anemones are seemingly primitive animals that, along with corals, jellyfish, and hydras, constitute the oldest eumetazoan phylum, the Cnidaria. Here, we report a comparative analysis of the draft genome of an emerging cnidarian model, the starlet sea anemone Nematostella vectensis. The sea anemone genome is complex, with a gene repertoire, exon-intron structure, and large-scale gene linkage more similar to vertebrates than to flies or nematodes, implying that the genome of the eumetazoan ancestor was similarly complex. Nearly one-fifth of the inferred genes of the ancestor are eumetazoan novelties, which are enriched for animal functions like cell signaling, adhesion, and synaptic transmission. Analysis of diverse pathways suggests that these gene "inventions" along the lineage leading to animals were likely already well integrated with preexisting eukaryotic genes in the eumetazoan progenitor.
ESTHER : Putnam_2007_Science_317_86
PubMedSearch : Putnam_2007_Science_317_86
PubMedID: 17615350
Gene_locus related to this paper: nemve-a7rfc6 , nemve-a7rhs0 , nemve-a7rhw2 , nemve-a7ric9 , nemve-a7riu9 , nemve-a7rk54 , nemve-a7rlg8 , nemve-a7rlv4 , nemve-a7rn07 , nemve-a7rn08 , nemve-a7rn68 , nemve-a7rnv3 , nemve-a7rpb3 , nemve-a7rpq4 , nemve-a7rqa8 , nemve-a7rqw3 , nemve-a7rwv1 , nemve-a7rxl6 , nemve-a7s1d5 , nemve-a7s3l3 , nemve-a7s3q1 , nemve-a7s5u3 , nemve-a7s6g4 , nemve-a7s6s7 , nemve-a7sa46 , nemve-a7sbd9 , nemve-a7sbe0 , nemve-a7sbm6 , nemve-a7scy7 , nemve-a7sex0 , nemve-a7sfa0 , nemve-a7sff3 , nemve-a7sgb1 , nemve-a7shf2 , nemve-a7siv4 , nemve-a7sj77 , nemve-a7sjw1 , nemve-a7skr3 , nemve-a7slm1 , nemve-a7slm2 , nemve-a7sp35 , nemve-a7sq47 , nemve-a7sq73 , nemve-a7sqk0 , nemve-a7su21 , nemve-a7su25 , nemve-a7svn0 , nemve-a7svu2 , nemve-a7sx21 , nemve-a7syk4 , nemve-a7t3e6 , nemve-a7suy2 , nemve-a7s803 , nemve-a7t3m9 , nemve-a0a1t4jh34 , nemve-a7rvd5 , nemve-a7rhu9 , nemve-a7si15

Title : Phytophthora genome sequences uncover evolutionary origins and mechanisms of pathogenesis - Tyler_2006_Science_313_1261
Author(s) : Tyler BM , Tripathy S , Zhang X , Dehal P , Jiang RH , Aerts A , Arredondo FD , Baxter L , Bensasson D , Beynon JL , Chapman J , Damasceno CM , Dorrance AE , Dou D , Dickerman AW , Dubchak IL , Garbelotto M , Gijzen M , Gordon SG , Govers F , Grunwald NJ , Huang W , Ivors KL , Jones RW , Kamoun S , Krampis K , Lamour KH , Lee MK , McDonald WH , Medina M , Meijer HJ , Nordberg EK , Maclean DJ , Ospina-Giraldo MD , Morris PF , Phuntumart V , Putnam NH , Rash S , Rose JK , Sakihama Y , Salamov AA , Savidor A , Scheuring CF , Smith BM , Sobral BW , Terry A , Torto-Alalibo TA , Win J , Xu Z , Zhang H , Grigoriev IV , Rokhsar DS , Boore JL
Ref : Science , 313 :1261 , 2006
Abstract : Draft genome sequences have been determined for the soybean pathogen Phytophthora sojae and the sudden oak death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum. Oomycetes such as these Phytophthora species share the kingdom Stramenopila with photosynthetic algae such as diatoms, and the presence of many Phytophthora genes of probable phototroph origin supports a photosynthetic ancestry for the stramenopiles. Comparison of the two species' genomes reveals a rapid expansion and diversification of many protein families associated with plant infection such as hydrolases, ABC transporters, protein toxins, proteinase inhibitors, and, in particular, a superfamily of 700 proteins with similarity to known oomycete avirulence genes.
ESTHER : Tyler_2006_Science_313_1261
PubMedSearch : Tyler_2006_Science_313_1261
PubMedID: 16946064
Gene_locus related to this paper: phyrm-h3ga89 , phyrm-h3gbl6.1 , phyrm-h3gbl6.2 , phyrm-h3gbl7 , phyrm-h3gdd4 , phyrm-h3gl36 , phyrm-h3gq42 , phyrm-h3gx86 , phyrm-h3gyi2 , phyrm-h3gyi3 , phyrm-h3gyi4 , phyrm-h3h292 , phyrm-h3h293 , phyrm-h3h967 , phyrm-h3hcf9 , physp-g4ynp3 , physp-g4yut6 , physp-g4yut8 , physp-g4yw23 , physp-g4zis3 , physp-g4zqe3 , physp-g4zqe4 , physp-g4zqf0 , physp-g4zqn9 , physp-g4zwy9 , physp-g5a582 , physp-g5a583 , physp-g5aav9 , phyrm-h3g9e7 , physp-g4zwu9 , phyrm-h3ggp1 , physp-g4ztq5 , physp-g4zwu8 , physp-g4zwv7 , physp-g4zwv6 , physp-g4zwv0 , physp-g4zwv8 , phyrm-h3gp95 , phyrm-h3g6r5 , physp-g4zwv9 , physp-g5a510 , phyrm-h3glu3 , physp-g5aci1 , phyrm-h3h2d0 , physp-g4ztb2 , physp-g4yg47 , phyrm-h3h2c9 , physp-g4ztb3 , phyrm-h3gvj3 , phyrm-h3gy62 , physp-g4yg46 , physp-g4zdt9 , phyrm-h3gdh5 , physp-g4zm41 , physp-g5abj7 , phyrm-h3gz76 , physp-g5a425 , phyrm-h3h080 , physp-g4ytv0 , phyrm-h3gcw7

Title : The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19 - Grimwood_2004_Nature_428_529
Author(s) : Grimwood J , Gordon LA , Olsen A , Terry A , Schmutz J , Lamerdin J , Hellsten U , Goodstein D , Couronne O , Tran-Gyamfi M , Aerts A , Altherr M , Ashworth L , Bajorek E , Black S , Branscomb E , Caenepeel S , Carrano A , Caoile C , Chan YM , Christensen M , Cleland CA , Copeland A , Dalin E , Dehal P , Denys M , Detter JC , Escobar J , Flowers D , Fotopulos D , Garcia C , Georgescu AM , Glavina T , Gomez M , Gonzales E , Groza M , Hammon N , Hawkins T , Haydu L , Ho I , Huang W , Israni S , Jett J , Kadner K , Kimball H , Kobayashi A , Larionov V , Leem SH , Lopez F , Lou Y , Lowry S , Malfatti S , Martinez D , McCready P , Medina C , Morgan J , Nelson K , Nolan M , Ovcharenko I , Pitluck S , Pollard M , Popkie AP , Predki P , Quan G , Ramirez L , Rash S , Retterer J , Rodriguez A , Rogers S , Salamov A , Salazar A , She X , Smith D , Slezak T , Solovyev V , Thayer N , Tice H , Tsai M , Ustaszewska A , Vo N , Wagner M , Wheeler J , Wu K , Xie G , Yang J , Dubchak I , Furey TS , DeJong P , Dickson M , Gordon D , Eichler EE , Pennacchio LA , Richardson P , Stubbs L , Rokhsar DS , Myers RM , Rubin EM , Lucas SM
Ref : Nature , 428 :529 , 2004
Abstract : Chromosome 19 has the highest gene density of all human chromosomes, more than double the genome-wide average. The large clustered gene families, corresponding high G + C content, CpG islands and density of repetitive DNA indicate a chromosome rich in biological and evolutionary significance. Here we describe 55.8 million base pairs of highly accurate finished sequence representing 99.9% of the euchromatin portion of the chromosome. Manual curation of gene loci reveals 1,461 protein-coding genes and 321 pseudogenes. Among these are genes directly implicated in mendelian disorders, including familial hypercholesterolaemia and insulin-resistant diabetes. Nearly one-quarter of these genes belong to tandemly arranged families, encompassing more than 25% of the chromosome. Comparative analyses show a fascinating picture of conservation and divergence, revealing large blocks of gene orthology with rodents, scattered regions with more recent gene family expansions and deletions, and segments of coding and non-coding conservation with the distant fish species Takifugu.
ESTHER : Grimwood_2004_Nature_428_529
PubMedSearch : Grimwood_2004_Nature_428_529
PubMedID: 15057824

Title : The sequence and analysis of duplication-rich human chromosome 16 - Martin_2004_Nature_432_988
Author(s) : Martin J , Han C , Gordon LA , Terry A , Prabhakar S , She X , Xie G , Hellsten U , Chan YM , Altherr M , Couronne O , Aerts A , Bajorek E , Black S , Blumer H , Branscomb E , Brown NC , Bruno WJ , Buckingham JM , Callen DF , Campbell CS , Campbell ML , Campbell EW , Caoile C , Challacombe JF , Chasteen LA , Chertkov O , Chi HC , Christensen M , Clark LM , Cohn JD , Denys M , Detter JC , Dickson M , Dimitrijevic-Bussod M , Escobar J , Fawcett JJ , Flowers D , Fotopulos D , Glavina T , Gomez M , Gonzales E , Goodstein D , Goodwin LA , Grady DL , Grigoriev I , Groza M , Hammon N , Hawkins T , Haydu L , Hildebrand CE , Huang W , Israni S , Jett J , Jewett PB , Kadner K , Kimball H , Kobayashi A , Krawczyk MC , Leyba T , Longmire JL , Lopez F , Lou Y , Lowry S , Ludeman T , Manohar CF , Mark GA , McMurray KL , Meincke LJ , Morgan J , Moyzis RK , Mundt MO , Munk AC , Nandkeshwar RD , Pitluck S , Pollard M , Predki P , Parson-Quintana B , Ramirez L , Rash S , Retterer J , Ricke DO , Robinson DL , Rodriguez A , Salamov A , Saunders EH , Scott D , Shough T , Stallings RL , Stalvey M , Sutherland RD , Tapia R , Tesmer JG , Thayer N , Thompson LS , Tice H , Torney DC , Tran-Gyamfi M , Tsai M , Ulanovsky LE , Ustaszewska A , Vo N , White PS , Williams AL , Wills PL , Wu JR , Wu K , Yang J , DeJong P , Bruce D , Doggett NA , Deaven L , Schmutz J , Grimwood J , Richardson P , Rokhsar DS , Eichler EE , Gilna P , Lucas SM , Myers RM , Rubin EM , Pennacchio LA
Ref : Nature , 432 :988 , 2004
Abstract : Human chromosome 16 features one of the highest levels of segmentally duplicated sequence among the human autosomes. We report here the 78,884,754 base pairs of finished chromosome 16 sequence, representing over 99.9% of its euchromatin. Manual annotation revealed 880 protein-coding genes confirmed by 1,670 aligned transcripts, 19 transfer RNA genes, 341 pseudogenes and three RNA pseudogenes. These genes include metallothionein, cadherin and iroquois gene families, as well as the disease genes for polycystic kidney disease and acute myelomonocytic leukaemia. Several large-scale structural polymorphisms spanning hundreds of kilobase pairs were identified and result in gene content differences among humans. Whereas the segmental duplications of chromosome 16 are enriched in the relatively gene-poor pericentromere of the p arm, some are involved in recent gene duplication and conversion events that are likely to have had an impact on the evolution of primates and human disease susceptibility.
ESTHER : Martin_2004_Nature_432_988
PubMedSearch : Martin_2004_Nature_432_988
PubMedID: 15616553
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CES1 , human-CES2 , human-CES3 , human-CES4A , human-CES5A

Title : The genome of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana: ecology, evolution, and metabolism - Armbrust_2004_Science_306_79
Author(s) : Armbrust EV , Berges JA , Bowler C , Green BR , Martinez D , Putnam NH , Zhou S , Allen AE , Apt KE , Bechner M , Brzezinski MA , Chaal BK , Chiovitti A , Davis AK , Demarest MS , Detter JC , Glavina T , Goodstein D , Hadi MZ , Hellsten U , Hildebrand M , Jenkins BD , Jurka J , Kapitonov VV , Kroger N , Lau WW , Lane TW , Larimer FW , Lippmeier JC , Lucas S , Medina M , Montsant A , Obornik M , Parker MS , Palenik B , Pazour GJ , Richardson PM , Rynearson TA , Saito MA , Schwartz DC , Thamatrakoln K , Valentin K , Vardi A , Wilkerson FP , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Science , 306 :79 , 2004
Abstract : Diatoms are unicellular algae with plastids acquired by secondary endosymbiosis. They are responsible for approximately 20% of global carbon fixation. We report the 34 million-base pair draft nuclear genome of the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana and its 129 thousand-base pair plastid and 44 thousand-base pair mitochondrial genomes. Sequence and optical restriction mapping revealed 24 diploid nuclear chromosomes. We identified novel genes for silicic acid transport and formation of silica-based cell walls, high-affinity iron uptake, biosynthetic enzymes for several types of polyunsaturated fatty acids, use of a range of nitrogenous compounds, and a complete urea cycle, all attributes that allow diatoms to prosper in aquatic environments.
ESTHER : Armbrust_2004_Science_306_79
PubMedSearch : Armbrust_2004_Science_306_79
PubMedID: 15459382
Gene_locus related to this paper: thaps-b5ymy7 , thaps-b5yn04 , thaps-b5ynz7 , thaps-b8bq57 , thaps-b8bsn5 , thaps-b8bsy4 , thaps-b8bv00 , thaps-b8bxb3 , thaps-b8byx0 , thaps-b8bzg5 , thaps-b8c0a3 , thaps-b8c2d8 , thaps-b8c2k9 , thaps-b8c2s5 , thaps-b8c3p0 , thaps-b8c5l7 , thaps-b8c6y7 , thaps-b8c9k8 , thaps-b8c9t6 , thaps-b8c345 , thaps-b8c584 , thaps-b8c885 , thaps-b8c954 , thaps-b8cdd7 , thaps-b8cdt3 , thaps-b8cf07 , thaps-b8cfn8 , thaps-b8c079

Title : Community structure and metabolism through reconstruction of microbial genomes from the environment - Tyson_2004_Nature_428_37
Author(s) : Tyson GW , Chapman J , Hugenholtz P , Allen EE , Ram RJ , Richardson PM , Solovyev VV , Rubin EM , Rokhsar DS , Banfield JF
Ref : Nature , 428 :37 , 2004
Abstract : Microbial communities are vital in the functioning of all ecosystems; however, most microorganisms are uncultivated, and their roles in natural systems are unclear. Here, using random shotgun sequencing of DNA from a natural acidophilic biofilm, we report reconstruction of near-complete genomes of Leptospirillum group II and Ferroplasma type II, and partial recovery of three other genomes. This was possible because the biofilm was dominated by a small number of species populations and the frequency of genomic rearrangements and gene insertions or deletions was relatively low. Because each sequence read came from a different individual, we could determine that single-nucleotide polymorphisms are the predominant form of heterogeneity at the strain level. The Leptospirillum group II genome had remarkably few nucleotide polymorphisms, despite the existence of low-abundance variants. The Ferroplasma type II genome seems to be a composite from three ancestral strains that have undergone homologous recombination to form a large population of mosaic genomes. Analysis of the gene complement for each organism revealed the pathways for carbon and nitrogen fixation and energy generation, and provided insights into survival strategies in an extreme environment.
ESTHER : Tyson_2004_Nature_428_37
PubMedSearch : Tyson_2004_Nature_428_37
PubMedID: 14961025

Title : The draft genome of Ciona intestinalis: insights into chordate and vertebrate origins - Dehal_2002_Science_298_2157
Author(s) : Dehal P , Satou Y , Campbell RK , Chapman J , Degnan B , De Tomaso A , Davidson B , Di Gregorio A , Gelpke M , Goodstein DM , Harafuji N , Hastings KE , Ho I , Hotta K , Huang W , Kawashima T , Lemaire P , Martinez D , Meinertzhagen IA , Necula S , Nonaka M , Putnam N , Rash S , Saiga H , Satake M , Terry A , Yamada L , Wang HG , Awazu S , Azumi K , Boore J , Branno M , Chin-Bow S , DeSantis R , Doyle S , Francino P , Keys DN , Haga S , Hayashi H , Hino K , Imai KS , Inaba K , Kano S , Kobayashi K , Kobayashi M , Lee BI , Makabe KW , Manohar C , Matassi G , Medina M , Mochizuki Y , Mount S , Morishita T , Miura S , Nakayama A , Nishizaka S , Nomoto H , Ohta F , Oishi K , Rigoutsos I , Sano M , Sasaki A , Sasakura Y , Shoguchi E , Shin-I T , Spagnuolo A , Stainier D , Suzuki MM , Tassy O , Takatori N , Tokuoka M , Yagi K , Yoshizaki F , Wada S , Zhang C , Hyatt PD , Larimer F , Detter C , Doggett N , Glavina T , Hawkins T , Richardson P , Lucas S , Kohara Y , Levine M , Satoh N , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Science , 298 :2157 , 2002
Abstract : The first chordates appear in the fossil record at the time of the Cambrian explosion, nearly 550 million years ago. The modern ascidian tadpole represents a plausible approximation to these ancestral chordates. To illuminate the origins of chordate and vertebrates, we generated a draft of the protein-coding portion of the genome of the most studied ascidian, Ciona intestinalis. The Ciona genome contains approximately 16,000 protein-coding genes, similar to the number in other invertebrates, but only half that found in vertebrates. Vertebrate gene families are typically found in simplified form in Ciona, suggesting that ascidians contain the basic ancestral complement of genes involved in cell signaling and development. The ascidian genome has also acquired a number of lineage-specific innovations, including a group of genes engaged in cellulose metabolism that are related to those in bacteria and fungi.
ESTHER : Dehal_2002_Science_298_2157
PubMedSearch : Dehal_2002_Science_298_2157
PubMedID: 12481130
Gene_locus related to this paper: cioin-141645 , cioin-147959 , cioin-150181 , cioin-154370 , cioin-ACHE1 , cioin-ACHE2 , cioin-cxest , cioin-f6qcp0 , cioin-f6r8z1 , cioin-f6u176 , cioin-f6vac9 , cioin-f6x584 , cioin-f6xa69 , cioin-f6y403 , cioin-h2xqb4 , cioin-H2XTI0 , cioin-F6T1M3 , cioin-H2XUP7 , cioin-CIN.7233 , cioin-F6V269 , cioin-Cin16330 , cioin-h2xua2 , cioin-f6vaa5 , cioin-f6v9x6 , cioin-f6swc9 , cioin-f7amz2 , cioin-f6s021 , cioin-h2xxq9 , cioin-h2xne6 , cioin-f6ynr2