Lichtenegger J

References (2)

Title : Hypoxia-inducible lipid droplet-associated protein inhibits adipose triglyceride lipase - Padmanabha_2018_J.Lipid.Res_59_531
Author(s) : Padmanabha Das KM , Wechselberger L , Liziczai M , De la Rosa Rodriguez M , Grabner GF , Heier C , Viertlmayr R , Radler C , Lichtenegger J , Zimmermann R , Borst JW , Zechner R , Kersten S , Oberer M
Ref : J Lipid Res , 59 :531 , 2018
Abstract : Elaborate control mechanisms of intracellular triacylglycerol (TAG) breakdown are critically involved in the maintenance of energy homeostasis. Hypoxia-inducible lipid droplet-associated protein (HILPDA)/hypoxia-inducible gene-2 (Hig-2) has been shown to affect intracellular TAG levels, yet, the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here, we show that HILPDA inhibits adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), the enzyme catalyzing the first step of intracellular TAG hydrolysis. HILPDA shares structural similarity with G0/G1 switch gene 2 (G0S2), an established inhibitor of ATGL. HILPDA inhibits ATGL activity in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 value of approximately 2 muM. ATGL inhibition depends on the direct physical interaction of both proteins and involves the N-terminal hydrophobic region of HILPDA and the N-terminal patatin domain-containing segment of ATGL. Finally, confocal microscopy combined with Forster resonance energy transfer-fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy analysis indicated that HILPDA and ATGL colocalize and physically interact intracellularly. These findings provide a rational biochemical explanation for the tissue-specific increased TAG accumulation in HILPDA-overexpressing transgenic mouse models.
ESTHER : Padmanabha_2018_J.Lipid.Res_59_531
PubMedSearch : Padmanabha_2018_J.Lipid.Res_59_531
PubMedID: 29326160

Title : Crystal structure of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae monoglyceride lipase Yju3p - Aschauer_2016_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1861_462
Author(s) : Aschauer P , Rengachari S , Lichtenegger J , Schittmayer M , Das KM , Mayer N , Breinbauer R , Birner-Gruenberger R , Gruber CC , Zimmermann R , Gruber K , Oberer M
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta , 1861 :462 , 2016
Abstract : Monoglyceride lipases (MGLs) are a group of alpha/beta-hydrolases that catalyze the hydrolysis of monoglycerides (MGs) into free fatty acids and glycerol. This reaction serves different physiological functions, namely in the last step of phospholipid and triglyceride degradation, in mammalian endocannabinoid and arachidonic acid metabolism, and in detoxification processes in microbes. Previous crystal structures of MGLs from humans and bacteria revealed conformational plasticity in the cap region of this protein and gave insight into substrate binding. In this study, we present the structure of a MGL from Saccharomyces cerevisiae called Yju3p in its free form and in complex with a covalently bound substrate analog mimicking the tetrahedral intermediate of MG hydrolysis. These structures reveal a high conservation of the overall shape of the MGL cap region and also provide evidence for conformational changes in the cap of Yju3p. The complex structure reveals that, despite the high structural similarity, Yju3p seems to have an additional opening to the substrate binding pocket at a different position compared to human and bacterial MGL. Substrate specificities towards MGs with saturated and unsaturated alkyl chains of different lengths were tested and revealed highest activity towards MG containing a C18:1 fatty acid.
ESTHER : Aschauer_2016_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1861_462
PubMedSearch : Aschauer_2016_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1861_462
PubMedID: 26869448
Gene_locus related to this paper: yeast-mgll