Liebl W

References (14)

Title : Identification of novel esterase-active enzymes from hot environments by use of the host bacterium Thermus thermophilus - Leis_2015_Front.Microbiol_6_275
Author(s) : Leis B , Angelov A , Mientus M , Li H , Pham VT , Lauinger B , Bongen P , Pietruszka J , Goncalves LG , Santos H , Liebl W
Ref : Front Microbiol , 6 :275 , 2015
Abstract : Functional metagenomic screening strategies, which are independent of known sequence information, can lead to the identification of truly novel genes and enzymes. Since E. coli has been used exhaustively for this purpose as a host, it is important to establish alternative expression hosts and to use them for functional metagenomic screening for new enzymes. In this study we show that Thermus thermophilus HB27 is an excellent screening host and can be used as an alternative provider of truly novel biocatalysts. In a previous study we constructed mutant strain BL03 with multiple markerless deletions in genes for major extra- and intracellular lipolytic activities. This esterase-diminished strain was no longer able to grow on defined minimal medium supplemented with tributyrin as the sole carbon source and could be used as a host to screen for metagenomic DNA fragments that could complement growth on tributyrin. Several thousand single fosmid clones from thermophilic metagenomic libraries from heated compost and hot spring water samples were subjected to a comparative screening for esterase activity in both T. thermophilus strain BL03 and E. coli EPI300. We scored a greater number of active esterase clones in the thermophilic bacterium than in the mesophilic E. coli. From several thousand functionally screened clones only two thermostable alpha/beta-fold hydrolase enzymes with high amino acid sequence similarity to already characterized enzymes were identifiable in E. coli. In contrast, five further fosmids were found that conferred lipolytic activities in T. thermophilus only. Four open reading frames (ORFs) were found which did not share significant similarity to known esterase enzymes but contained the conserved GXSXG motif regularly found in lipolytic enzymes. Two of the genes were expressed in both hosts and the novel thermophilic esterases, which based on their primary structures could not be assigned to known esterase or lipase families, were purified and preliminarily characterized. Our work underscores the benefit of using additional screening hosts other than E. coli for the identification of novel biocatalysts with industrial relevance.
ESTHER : Leis_2015_Front.Microbiol_6_275
PubMedSearch : Leis_2015_Front.Microbiol_6_275
PubMedID: 25904908

Title : Novel Flp pilus biogenesis-dependent natural transformation - Angelov_2015_Front.Microbiol_6_84
Author(s) : Angelov A , Bergen P , Nadler F , Hornburg P , Lichev A , Ubelacker M , Pachl F , Kuster B , Liebl W
Ref : Front Microbiol , 6 :84 , 2015
Abstract : Natural transformation has been described in bacterial species spread through nearly all major taxonomic groups. However, the current understanding of the structural components and the regulation of competence development is derived from only a few model organisms. Although natural transformation was discovered in members of the Actinobacteria (high GC Gram-positive bacteria) more than four decades ago, the structural components or the regulation of the competence system have not been studied in any representative of the entire phylum. In this report we identify a new role for a distinct type of pilus biogenesis genes (tad genes, for tight adherence), which so far have been connected only with biofilm formation, adherence and virulence traits. The tad-like genes found in the genome of Micrococcus luteus were shown to be required for genetic transformation in this actinobacterial species. We generated and analyzed individual knockout mutants for every open reading frame of the two predicted tad gene clusters as well as for a potential prepilin processing peptidase and identified the major component of the putative pili. By expressing a tagged variant of the major prepilin subunit and immunofluorescence microscopy we visualized filamentous structures extending from the cell surface. Our data indicate that the two tad gene islands complementarily contribute to the formation of a functional competence pilus in this organism. It seems likely that the involvement of tad genes in natural transformation is not unique only for M. luteus but may also prove to be the case in other representatives of the Actinobacteria, which contains important medically and biotechnologically relevant species.
ESTHER : Angelov_2015_Front.Microbiol_6_84
PubMedSearch : Angelov_2015_Front.Microbiol_6_84
PubMedID: 25713572
Gene_locus related to this paper: miclu-d3lls7

Title : Sequence similarity of Clostridium difficile strains by analysis of conserved genes and genome content is reflected by their ribotype affiliation - Kurka_2014_PLoS.One_9_e86535
Author(s) : Kurka H , Ehrenreich A , Ludwig W , Monot M , Rupnik M , Barbut F , Indra A , Dupuy B , Liebl W
Ref : PLoS ONE , 9 :e86535 , 2014
Abstract : PCR-ribotyping is a broadly used method for the classification of isolates of Clostridium difficile, an emerging intestinal pathogen, causing infections with increased disease severity and incidence in several European and North American countries. We have now carried out clustering analysis with selected genes of numerous C. difficile strains as well as gene content comparisons of their genomes in order to broaden our view of the relatedness of strains assigned to different ribotypes. We analyzed the genomic content of 48 C. difficile strains representing 21 different ribotypes. The calculation of distance matrix-based dendrograms using the neighbor joining method for 14 conserved genes (standard phylogenetic marker genes) from the genomes of the C. difficile strains demonstrated that the genes from strains with the same ribotype generally clustered together. Further, certain ribotypes always clustered together and formed ribotype groups, i.e. ribotypes 078, 033 and 126, as well as ribotypes 002 and 017, indicating their relatedness. Comparisons of the gene contents of the genomes of ribotypes that clustered according to the conserved gene analysis revealed that the number of common genes of the ribotypes belonging to each of these three ribotype groups were very similar for the 078/033/126 group (at most 69 specific genes between the different strains with the same ribotype) but less similar for the 002/017 group (86 genes difference). It appears that the ribotype is indicative not only of a specific pattern of the amplified 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer but also reflects specific differences in the nucleotide sequences of the conserved genes studied here. It can be anticipated that the sequence deviations of more genes of C. difficile strains are correlated with their PCR-ribotype. In conclusion, the results of this study corroborate and extend the concept of clonal C. difficile lineages, which correlate with ribotypes affiliation.
ESTHER : Kurka_2014_PLoS.One_9_e86535
PubMedSearch : Kurka_2014_PLoS.One_9_e86535
PubMedID: 24482682
Gene_locus related to this paper: pepd6-pip , pepdi-g6brr4

Title : Genetic analysis of lipolytic activities in Thermus thermophilus HB27 - Leis_2014_J.Biotechnol_191_150
Author(s) : Leis B , Angelov A , Li H , Liebl W
Ref : J Biotechnol , 191 :150 , 2014
Abstract : The extremely thermophilic bacterium Thermus thermophilus HB27 displays lipolytic activity for the hydrolysis of triglycerides. In this study we performed a mutational in vivo analysis of esterases and lipases that confer growth on tributyrin. We interrupted 10 ORFs suspected to encode lipolytic enzymes. Two chromosomal loci were identified that resulted in reduced hydrolysis capabilities against tributyrin and various para-nitrophenyl acyl esters. By implementation of a convenient new one-step method which abstains from the use of selectable markers, a mutant strain with multiple scar-less deletions was constructed by sequentially deleting ORFs TT_C1787, TT_C0340, TT_C0341 and TT_C0904. The quadruple deletion mutant of T. thermophilus exhibited significantly lower lipolytic activity (approximately 25% residual activity compared to wild type strain) over a broad range of fatty acyl esters and had lost the ability to grow on agar plates containing tributyrin as the sole carbon source. Furthermore, we were able to determine the impact of each gene disruption on the lipolytic activity profile in this model organism and show that the esterase activity in T. thermophilus HB27 is due to a concerted action of several hydrolases having different substrate preferences and activities. The esterase-less T. thermophilus multi-deletion mutant from this study can be used as a screening and expression host for esterase genes from thermophiles or metagenomes.
ESTHER : Leis_2014_J.Biotechnol_191_150
PubMedSearch : Leis_2014_J.Biotechnol_191_150
PubMedID: 25102235

Title : Complete Genome Sequence of Clostridium stercorarium subsp. stercorarium Strain DSM 8532, a Thermophilic Degrader of Plant Cell Wall Fibers - Poehlein_2013_Genome.Announc_1_e0007313
Author(s) : Poehlein A , Zverlov VV , Daniel R , Schwarz WH , Liebl W
Ref : Genome Announc , 1 :e0007313 , 2013
Abstract : Clostridium stercorarium strain DSM 8532 is a thermophilic bacterium capable of efficiently degrading polysaccharides in plant biomass and converting the resulting sugars to ethanol and acetate. The complete genome sequence of 2.96 Mbp reveals a multitude of genes for hydrolytic enzymes and enables further study of the organism and its enzymes, and their exploitation for biotechnological processes.
ESTHER : Poehlein_2013_Genome.Announc_1_e0007313
PubMedSearch : Poehlein_2013_Genome.Announc_1_e0007313
PubMedID: 23516204
Gene_locus related to this paper: closh-l7vmb2

Title : Involvement of two latex-clearing proteins during rubber degradation and insights into the subsequent degradation pathway revealed by the genome sequence of Gordonia polyisoprenivorans strain VH2 - Hiessl_2012_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_78_2874
Author(s) : Hiessl S , Schuldes J , Thurmer A , Halbsguth T , Broker D , Angelov A , Liebl W , Daniel R , Steinbuchel A
Ref : Applied Environmental Microbiology , 78 :2874 , 2012
Abstract : The increasing production of synthetic and natural poly(cis-1,4-isoprene) rubber leads to huge challenges in waste management. Only a few bacteria are known to degrade rubber, and little is known about the mechanism of microbial rubber degradation. The genome of Gordonia polyisoprenivorans strain VH2, which is one of the most effective rubber-degrading bacteria, was sequenced and annotated to elucidate the degradation pathway and other features of this actinomycete. The genome consists of a circular chromosome of 5,669,805 bp and a circular plasmid of 174,494 bp with average GC contents of 67.0% and 65.7%, respectively. It contains 5,110 putative protein-coding sequences, including many candidate genes responsible for rubber degradation and other biotechnically relevant pathways. Furthermore, we detected two homologues of a latex-clearing protein, which is supposed to be a key enzyme in rubber degradation. The deletion of these two genes for the first time revealed clear evidence that latex-clearing protein is essential for the microbial utilization of rubber. Based on the genome sequence, we predict a pathway for the microbial degradation of rubber which is supported by previous and current data on transposon mutagenesis, deletion mutants, applied comparative genomics, and literature search.
ESTHER : Hiessl_2012_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_78_2874
PubMedSearch : Hiessl_2012_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_78_2874
PubMedID: 22327575
Gene_locus related to this paper: gorpv-h6mtj1 , gorpv-h6mzw9 , gorpv-h6n0e3 , gorpv-h6n0g6 , gorpv-h6n0p7 , gorpv-h6mts4 , 9acto-h0rbp9 , 9acto-h0rc96 , gorpv-h6mu09 , gorpv-h6mtj7 , gorpv-h6n352 , gorpv-h6mui9 , gorpv-h6n4w7

Title : Genomic analysis reveals Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis as stable element in traditional sourdoughs - Vogel_2011_Microb.Cell.Fact_10 Suppl 1_S6
Author(s) : Vogel RF , Pavlovic M , Ehrmann MA , Wiezer A , Liesegang H , Offschanka S , Voget S , Angelov A , Bocker G , Liebl W
Ref : Microb Cell Fact , 10 Suppl 1 :S6 , 2011
Abstract : Sourdough has played a significant role in human nutrition and culture for thousands of years and is still of eminent importance for human diet and the bakery industry. Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis is the predominant key bacterium in traditionally fermented sourdoughs.The genome of L. sanfranciscensis TMW 1.1304 isolated from an industrial sourdough fermentation was sequenced with a combined Sanger/454-pyrosequencing approach followed by gap closing by walking on fosmids. The sequencing data revealed a circular chromosomal sequence of 1,298,316 bp and two additional plasmids, pLS1 and pLS2, with sizes of 58,739 bp and 18,715 bp, which are predicted to encode 1,437, 63 and 19 orfs, respectively. The overall GC content of the chromosome is 34.71%. Several specific features appear to contribute to the ability of L. sanfranciscensis to outcompete other bacteria in the fermentation. L. sanfranciscensis contains the smallest genome within the lactobacilli and the highest density of ribosomal RNA operons per Mbp genome among all known genomes of free-living bacteria, which is important for the rapid growth characteristics of the organism. A high frequency of gene inactivation and elimination indicates a process of reductive evolution. The biosynthetic capacity for amino acids scarcely availably in cereals and exopolysaccharides reveal the molecular basis for an autochtonous sourdough organism with potential for further exploitation in functional foods. The presence of two CRISPR/cas loci versus a high number of transposable elements suggests recalcitrance to gene intrusion and high intrinsic genome plasticity.
ESTHER : Vogel_2011_Microb.Cell.Fact_10 Suppl 1_S6
PubMedSearch : Vogel_2011_Microb.Cell.Fact_10 Suppl 1_S6
PubMedID: 21995419

Title : The genome of a Bacillus isolate causing anthrax in chimpanzees combines chromosomal properties of B. cereus with B. anthracis virulence plasmids - Klee_2010_PLoS.One_5_e10986
Author(s) : Klee SR , Brzuszkiewicz EB , Nattermann H , Bruggemann H , Dupke S , Wollherr A , Franz T , Pauli G , Appel B , Liebl W , Couacy-Hymann E , Boesch C , Meyer FD , Leendertz FH , Ellerbrok H , Gottschalk G , Grunow R , Liesegang H
Ref : PLoS ONE , 5 :e10986 , 2010
Abstract : Anthrax is a fatal disease caused by strains of Bacillus anthracis. Members of this monophyletic species are non motile and are all characterized by the presence of four prophages and a nonsense mutation in the plcR regulator gene. Here we report the complete genome sequence of a Bacillus strain isolated from a chimpanzee that had died with clinical symptoms of anthrax. Unlike classic B. anthracis, this strain was motile and lacked the four prohages and the nonsense mutation. Four replicons were identified, a chromosome and three plasmids. Comparative genome analysis revealed that the chromosome resembles those of non-B. anthracis members of the Bacillus cereus group, whereas two plasmids were identical to the anthrax virulence plasmids pXO1 and pXO2. The function of the newly discovered third plasmid with a length of 14 kbp is unknown. A detailed comparison of genomic loci encoding key features confirmed a higher similarity to B. thuringiensis serovar konkukian strain 97-27 and B. cereus E33L than to B. anthracis strains. For the first time we describe the sequence of an anthrax causing bacterium possessing both anthrax plasmids that apparently does not belong to the monophyletic group of all so far known B. anthracis strains and that differs in important diagnostic features. The data suggest that this bacterium has evolved from a B. cereus strain independently from the classic B. anthracis strains and established a B. anthracis lifestyle. Therefore we suggest to designate this isolate as "B. cereus variety (var.) anthracis".
ESTHER : Klee_2010_PLoS.One_5_e10986
PubMedSearch : Klee_2010_PLoS.One_5_e10986
PubMedID: 20634886
Gene_locus related to this paper: bacan-BA1866 , bacan-BA2392 , bacan-BA4324 , bacan-BA5009 , bacan-BA5110 , bacce-BC2171 , bacce-BC5130

Title : Clostridium ljungdahlii represents a microbial production platform based on syngas - Kopke_2010_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_107_13087
Author(s) : Kopke M , Held C , Hujer S , Liesegang H , Wiezer A , Wollherr A , Ehrenreich A , Liebl W , Gottschalk G , Durre P
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 107 :13087 , 2010
Abstract : Clostridium ljungdahlii is an anaerobic homoacetogen, able to ferment sugars, other organic compounds, or CO(2)/H(2) and synthesis gas (CO/H(2)). The latter feature makes it an interesting microbe for the biotech industry, as important bulk chemicals and proteins can be produced at the expense of CO(2), thus combining industrial needs with sustained reduction of CO and CO(2) in the atmosphere. Sequencing the complete genome of C. ljungdahlii revealed that it comprises 4,630,065 bp and is one of the largest clostridial genomes known to date. Experimental data and in silico comparisons revealed a third mode of anaerobic homoacetogenic metabolism. Unlike other organisms such as Moorella thermoacetica or Acetobacterium woodii, neither cytochromes nor sodium ions are involved in energy generation. Instead, an Rnf system is present, by which proton translocation can be performed. An electroporation procedure has been developed to transform the organism with plasmids bearing heterologous genes for butanol production. Successful expression of these genes could be demonstrated, leading to formation of the biofuel. Thus, C. ljungdahlii can be used as a unique microbial production platform based on synthesis gas and carbon dioxide/hydrogen mixtures.
ESTHER : Kopke_2010_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_107_13087
PubMedSearch : Kopke_2010_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_107_13087
PubMedID: 20616070
Gene_locus related to this paper: clold-d8gi04 , clold-d8gqb1 , clold-d8gsx2 , clold-d8gue9

Title : The complete genome sequence of the algal symbiont Dinoroseobacter shibae: a hitchhiker's guide to life in the sea - Wagner-Dobler_2010_Isme.J_4_61
Author(s) : Wagner-Dobler I , Ballhausen B , Berger M , Brinkhoff T , Buchholz I , Bunk B , Cypionka H , Daniel R , Drepper T , Gerdts G , Hahnke S , Han C , Jahn D , Kalhoefer D , Kiss H , Klenk HP , Kyrpides N , Liebl W , Liesegang H , Meincke L , Pati A , Petersen J , Piekarski T , Pommerenke C , Pradella S , Pukall R , Rabus R , Stackebrandt E , Thole S , Thompson L , Tielen P , Tomasch J , von Jan M , Wanphrut N , Wichels A , Zech H , Simon M
Ref : Isme J , 4 :61 , 2010
Abstract : Dinoroseobacter shibae DFL12(T), a member of the globally important marine Roseobacter clade, comprises symbionts of cosmopolitan marine microalgae, including toxic dinoflagellates. Its annotated 4 417 868 bp genome sequence revealed a possible advantage of this symbiosis for the algal host. D. shibae DFL12(T) is able to synthesize the vitamins B(1) and B(12) for which its host is auxotrophic. Two pathways for the de novo synthesis of vitamin B(12) are present, one requiring oxygen and the other an oxygen-independent pathway. The de novo synthesis of vitamin B(12) was confirmed to be functional, and D. shibae DFL12(T) was shown to provide the growth-limiting vitamins B(1) and B(12) to its dinoflagellate host. The Roseobacter clade has been considered to comprise obligate aerobic bacteria. However, D. shibae DFL12(T) is able to grow anaerobically using the alternative electron acceptors nitrate and dimethylsulfoxide; it has the arginine deiminase survival fermentation pathway and a complex oxygen-dependent Fnr (fumarate and nitrate reduction) regulon. Many of these traits are shared with other members of the Roseobacter clade. D. shibae DFL12(T) has five plasmids, showing examples for vertical recruitment of chromosomal genes (thiC) and horizontal gene transfer (cox genes, gene cluster of 47 kb) possibly by conjugation (vir gene cluster). The long-range (80%) synteny between two sister plasmids provides insights into the emergence of novel plasmids. D. shibae DFL12(T) shows the most complex viral defense system of all Rhodobacterales sequenced to date.
ESTHER : Wagner-Dobler_2010_Isme.J_4_61
PubMedSearch : Wagner-Dobler_2010_Isme.J_4_61
PubMedID: 19741735
Gene_locus related to this paper: dinsh-a8lqy2 , dinsh-a8luk0 , dinsh-a8lpz7

Title : Hyperthermostable acetyl xylan esterase - Drzewiecki_2010_Microb.Biotechnol_3_84
Author(s) : Drzewiecki K , Angelov A , Ballschmiter M , Tiefenbach KJ , Sterner R , Liebl W
Ref : Microb Biotechnol , 3 :84 , 2010
Abstract : An esterase which is encoded within a Thermotoga maritima chromosomal gene cluster for xylan degradation and utilization was characterized after heterologous expression of the corresponding gene in Escherichia coli and purification of the enzyme. The enzyme, designated AxeA, shares amino acid sequence similarity and its broad substrate specificity with the acetyl xylan esterase from Bacillus pumilus, the cephalosporin C deacetylase from Bacillus subtilis, and other (putative) esterases, allowing its classification as a member of carbohydrate esterase family 7. The recombinant enzyme displayed activity with p-nitrophenyl-acetate as well as with various acetylated sugar substrates such as glucose penta-acetate, acetylated oat spelts xylan and DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide)-extracted beechwood xylan, and with cephalosporin C. Thermotoga maritima AxeA represents the most thermostable acetyl xylan esterase known to date. In a 10 min assay at its optimum pH of 6.5 the enzyme's activity peaked at 90 degrees C. The inactivation half-life of AxeA at a protein concentration of 0.3 microg microl(-1) in the absence of substrate was about 13 h at 98 degrees C and about 67 h at 90 degrees C. Differential scanning calorimetry analysis of the thermal stability of AxeA corroborated its extreme heat resistance. A multi-phasic unfolding behaviour was found, with two apparent exothermic peaks at approximately 100-104 degrees C and 107.5 degrees C. In accordance with the crystal structure, gel filtration analysis at ambient temperature revealed that the enzyme has as a homohexameric oligomerization state, but a dimeric form was also found.
ESTHER : Drzewiecki_2010_Microb.Biotechnol_3_84
PubMedSearch : Drzewiecki_2010_Microb.Biotechnol_3_84
PubMedID: 21255309
Gene_locus related to this paper: thema-TM0077

Title : Genome sequence of the polysaccharide-degrading, thermophilic anaerobe Spirochaeta thermophila DSM 6192 - Angelov_2010_J.Bacteriol_192_6492
Author(s) : Angelov A , Liebl S , Ballschmiter M , Bomeke M , Lehmann R , Liesegang H , Daniel R , Liebl W
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 192 :6492 , 2010
Abstract : Spirochaeta thermophila is a thermophilic, free-living anaerobe that is able to degrade various alpha- and beta-linked sugar polymers, including cellulose. We report here the complete genome sequence of S. thermophila DSM 6192, which is the first genome sequence of a thermophilic, free-living member of the Spirochaetes phylum. The genome data reveal a high density of genes encoding enzymes from more than 30 glycoside hydrolase families, a noncellulosomal enzyme system for (hemi)cellulose degradation, and indicate the presence of a novel carbohydrate-binding module.
ESTHER : Angelov_2010_J.Bacteriol_192_6492
PubMedSearch : Angelov_2010_J.Bacteriol_192_6492
PubMedID: 20935097
Gene_locus related to this paper: spitd-e0rq60 , spitd-e0rrc2 , spitd-e0rsy8

Title : Genome sequence of Picrophilus torridus and its implications for life around pH 0 - Futterer_2004_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_101_9091
Author(s) : Futterer O , Angelov A , Liesegang H , Gottschalk G , Schleper C , Schepers B , Dock C , Antranikian G , Liebl W
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 101 :9091 , 2004
Abstract : The euryarchaea Picrophilus torridus and Picrophilus oshimae are able to grow around pH 0 at up to 65 degrees C, thus they represent the most thermoacidophilic organisms known. Several features that may contribute to the thermoacidophilic survival strategy of P. torridus were deduced from analysis of its 1.55-megabase genome. P. torridus has the smallest genome among nonparasitic aerobic microorganisms growing on organic substrates and simultaneously the highest coding density among thermoacidophiles. An exceptionally high ratio of secondary over ATP-consuming primary transport systems demonstrates that the high proton concentration in the surrounding medium is extensively used for transport processes. Certain genes that may be particularly supportive for the extreme lifestyle of P. torridus appear to have been internalized into the genome of the Picrophilus lineage by horizontal gene transfer from crenarchaea and bacteria. Finally, it is noteworthy that the thermoacidophiles from phylogenetically distant branches of the Archaea apparently share an unexpectedly large pool of genes.
ESTHER : Futterer_2004_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_101_9091
PubMedSearch : Futterer_2004_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_101_9091
PubMedID: 15184674
Gene_locus related to this paper: picto-q6kyx8 , picto-q6kz86 , picto-q6kzp3 , picto-q6kzx6 , picto-q6kzy9 , picto-q6l0c9 , picto-q6l018 , picto-q6l189 , picto-q6l217

Title : Studies on lipase directed export of Escherichia coli beta-lactamase in Staphylococcus carnosus - Liebl_1986_Mol.Gen.Genet_204_166
Author(s) : Liebl W , Gotz F
Ref : Molecular & General Genetics , 204 :166 , 1986
Abstract : The lipase (lip) gene of Staphylococcus hyicus was used to study the expression of the Escherichia coli beta-lactamase (bla) gene in S. carnosus. The bla gene, devoid of its promotor and most of the signal sequence, was fused to the lip structural gene at various positions. A set of 11 secretion vectors (pLL beta 1 to pLL beta 11) was isolated and analysed. All secretion vectors caused beta-lactamase production and activity in S. carnosus. However, the amount of hybrid proteins secreted was influenced by the length of the NH2-terminal lipase portion. An increased concentration, comparable to that of the native lipase, of secreted lipase/beta-lactamase hybrid proteins was only found when the lipase portion of the construct comprised more than 101 amino acids of the NH2-terminal region of the lipase preprotein; the proposed lipase signal peptide is 36 amino acids long. If the hybrid proteins constructed contained 101 or less amino acids of the NH2-terminal lipase preprotein, only low amounts of secreted hybrid proteins were detectable and a significant portion of the hybrid proteins and beta-lactamase activity was found in the cellular fraction. The results indicate that the lipase possesses adjacent to the signal peptide a peptide domain that is essential for the secretion of the lipase/beta-lactamase hybrid proteins.
ESTHER : Liebl_1986_Mol.Gen.Genet_204_166
PubMedSearch : Liebl_1986_Mol.Gen.Genet_204_166
PubMedID: 3018441