Zhang_2017_Nature_549_379

Reference

Title : The Apostasia genome and the evolution of orchids - Zhang_2017_Nature_549_379
Author(s) : Zhang GQ , Liu KW , Li Z , Lohaus R , Hsiao YY , Niu SC , Wang JY , Lin YC , Xu Q , Chen LJ , Yoshida K , Fujiwara S , Wang ZW , Zhang YQ , Mitsuda N , Wang M , Liu GH , Pecoraro L , Huang HX , Xiao XJ , Lin M , Wu XY , Wu WL , Chen YY , Chang SB , Sakamoto S , Ohme-Takagi M , Yagi M , Zeng SJ , Shen CY , Yeh CM , Luo YB , Tsai WC , Van de Peer Y , Liu ZJ
Ref : Nature , 549 :379 , 2017
Abstract :

Constituting approximately 10% of flowering plant species, orchids (Orchidaceae) display unique flower morphologies, possess an extraordinary diversity in lifestyle, and have successfully colonized almost every habitat on Earth. Here we report the draft genome sequence of Apostasia shenzhenica, a representative of one of two genera that form a sister lineage to the rest of the Orchidaceae, providing a reference for inferring the genome content and structure of the most recent common ancestor of all extant orchids and improving our understanding of their origins and evolution. In addition, we present transcriptome data for representatives of Vanilloideae, Cypripedioideae and Orchidoideae, and novel third-generation genome data for two species of Epidendroideae, covering all five orchid subfamilies. A. shenzhenica shows clear evidence of a whole-genome duplication, which is shared by all orchids and occurred shortly before their divergence. Comparisons between A. shenzhenica and other orchids and angiosperms also permitted the reconstruction of an ancestral orchid gene toolkit. We identify new gene families, gene family expansions and contractions, and changes within MADS-box gene classes, which control a diverse suite of developmental processes, during orchid evolution. This study sheds new light on the genetic mechanisms underpinning key orchid innovations, including the development of the labellum and gynostemium, pollinia, and seeds without endosperm, as well as the evolution of epiphytism; reveals relationships between the Orchidaceae subfamilies; and helps clarify the evolutionary history of orchids within the angiosperms.

PubMedSearch : Zhang_2017_Nature_549_379
PubMedID: 28902843
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9aspa-a0a2i0b2l6 , 9aspa-a0a2i0w093 , 9aspa-a0a2i0asr1 , 9aspa-a0a2i0vyy1 , 9aspa-a0a2i0a218 , 9aspa-a0a2i0x5j6 , 9aspa-a0a2i0aji0 , 9aspa-a0a2i0a3k8 , 9aspa-a0a2i0win6 , 9aspa-a0a2i0vg82 , 9aspa-a0a2h9zyy3

Citations formats

Zhang GQ, Liu KW, Li Z, Lohaus R, Hsiao YY, Niu SC, Wang JY, Lin YC, Xu Q, Chen LJ, Yoshida K, Fujiwara S, Wang ZW, Zhang YQ, Mitsuda N, Wang M, Liu GH, Pecoraro L, Huang HX, Xiao XJ, Lin M, Wu XY, Wu WL, Chen YY, Chang SB, Sakamoto S, Ohme-Takagi M, Yagi M, Zeng SJ, Shen CY, Yeh CM, Luo YB, Tsai WC, Van de Peer Y, Liu ZJ (2017)
The Apostasia genome and the evolution of orchids
Nature 549 :379

Zhang GQ, Liu KW, Li Z, Lohaus R, Hsiao YY, Niu SC, Wang JY, Lin YC, Xu Q, Chen LJ, Yoshida K, Fujiwara S, Wang ZW, Zhang YQ, Mitsuda N, Wang M, Liu GH, Pecoraro L, Huang HX, Xiao XJ, Lin M, Wu XY, Wu WL, Chen YY, Chang SB, Sakamoto S, Ohme-Takagi M, Yagi M, Zeng SJ, Shen CY, Yeh CM, Luo YB, Tsai WC, Van de Peer Y, Liu ZJ (2017)
Nature 549 :379