Kuhn P

References (3)

Title : Multisite promiscuity in the processing of endogenous substrates by human carboxylesterase 1 - Bencharit_2006_J.Mol.Biol_363_201
Author(s) : Bencharit S , Edwards CC , Morton CL , Howard-Williams EL , Kuhn P , Potter PM , Redinbo MR
Ref : Journal of Molecular Biology , 363 :201 , 2006
Abstract : Human carboxylesterase 1 (hCE1) is a drug and endobiotic-processing serine hydrolase that exhibits relatively broad substrate specificity. It has been implicated in a variety of endogenous cholesterol metabolism pathways including the following apparently disparate reactions: cholesterol ester hydrolysis (CEH), fatty acyl Coenzyme A hydrolysis (FACoAH), acyl-Coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransfer (ACAT), and fatty acyl ethyl ester synthesis (FAEES). The structural basis for the ability of hCE1 to perform these catalytic actions involving large substrates and products has remained unclear. Here we present four crystal structures of the hCE1 glycoprotein in complexes with the following endogenous substrates or substrate analogues: Coenzyme A, the fatty acid palmitate, and the bile acids cholate and taurocholate. While the active site of hCE1 was known to be promiscuous and capable of interacting with a variety of chemically distinct ligands, these structures reveal that the enzyme contains two additional ligand-binding sites and that each site also exhibits relatively non-specific ligand-binding properties. Using this multisite promiscuity, hCE1 appears structurally capable of assembling several catalytic events depending, apparently, on the physiological state of the cellular environment. These results expand our understanding of enzyme promiscuity and indicate that, in the case of hCE1, multiple non-specific sites are employed to perform distinct catalytic actions.
ESTHER : Bencharit_2006_J.Mol.Biol_363_201
PubMedSearch : Bencharit_2006_J.Mol.Biol_363_201
PubMedID: 16962139
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CES1

Title : Crystal structure of an alpha\/beta serine hydrolase (YDR428C) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae at 1.85 A resolution -
Author(s) : Arndt JW , Schwarzenbacher R , Page R , Abdubek P , Ambing E , Biorac T , Canaves JM , Chiu HJ , Dai X , Deacon AM , DiDonato M , Elsliger MA , Godzik A , Grittini C , Grzechnik SK , Hale J , Hampton E , Han GW , Haugen J , Hornsby M , Klock HE , Koesema E , Kreusch A , Kuhn P , Jaroszewski L , Lesley SA , Levin I , McMullan D , McPhillips TM , Miller MD , Morse A , Moy K , Nigoghossian E , Ouyang J , Peti WS , Quijano K , Reyes R , Sims E , Spraggon G , Stevens RC , van den Bedem H , Velasquez J , Vincent J , von Delft F , Wang X , West B , White A , Wolf G , Xu Q , Zagnitko O , Hodgson KO , Wooley J , Wilson IA
Ref : Proteins , 58 :755 , 2005
PubMedID: 15624212
Gene_locus related to this paper: yeast-YDR428C

Title : Crystal structure of human carboxylesterase 1 complexed with the Alzheimer's drug tacrine: from binding promiscuity to selective inhibition - Bencharit_2003_Chem.Biol_10_341
Author(s) : Bencharit S , Morton CL , Hyatt JL , Kuhn P , Danks MK , Potter PM , Redinbo MR
Ref : Chemical Biology , 10 :341 , 2003
Abstract : Human carboxylesterase 1 (hCE1) is a broad-spectrum bioscavenger that plays important roles in narcotic metabolism, clinical prodrug activation, and the processing of fatty acid and cholesterol derivatives. We determined the 2.4 A crystal structure of hCE1 in complex with tacrine, the first drug approved for treating Alzheimer's disease, and compare this structure to the Torpedo californica acetylcholinesterase (AcChE)-tacrine complex. Tacrine binds in multiple orientations within the catalytic gorge of hCE1, while it stacks in the smaller AcChE active site between aromatic side chains. Our results show that hCE1's promiscuous action on distinct substrates is enhanced by its ability to interact with ligands in multiple orientations at once. Further, we use our structure to identify tacrine derivatives that act as low-micromolar inhibitors of hCE1 and may provide new avenues for treating narcotic abuse and cholesterol-related diseases.
ESTHER : Bencharit_2003_Chem.Biol_10_341
PubMedSearch : Bencharit_2003_Chem.Biol_10_341
PubMedID: 12725862
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CES1